The legal aspects of the Kimberley ProcessFrans Schram, January 2007
A meeting between governments, NGOs and diamond industry representatives in May 2000 in Kimberley, South Africa, was the start of a 3-year negotiating process that led to the establishment of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). The KPCS is an international diamond certification scheme aimed at preventing the trade in so-called 'conflict diamonds' whilst protecting the legitimate diamond trade. It was put into practice in January 2003 and has been endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Security Council. Participants in the Kimberley Process are required to pass national laws establishing import and export control regimes to keep conflict diamonds out of the legitimate 'diamond pipeline'.