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WEEKLY BRIEFING 17TH - 23RD OCTOBER 2013

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Headlines
 
IPIS' News
 
IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Central African Republic
 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC
Burundi
Central African Republic
 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC
Central African Republic
Other
 
Other
DRC
Uganda
Burundi

IPIS Recent publications
 

HEADLINES



DR Congo:
 
·         Kampala talks suspended, despite international pressure
 
·         new M23 attack on UN helicopter
 
·         UN Intervention Brigade complete, deploying in M23-occupied territory
 
·         North Kivu: militias fighting in Masisi, presumed FDLR on Lake Edward, militia                activity in Lubero and Beni
 
·         South Kivu: FDLR activity, Raia Mutomboki chased in Shabunda, Mai-Mai                      attack in Fizi
 
·         Ituri: clash with armed men in Aru
 
·         MONUSCO urges Govt to prosecute soldiers for Minova rapes
 
·         potential new mining deal Gécamines – Dan Gertler
 
·         President Kabila announces formation government of “national cohesion”
 
 
Central African Republic:
 
·         regional summit authorises force to disarm “foreign armed elements”
 
·         UN to send more troops to guard its mission
 
 
International Criminal Court (ICC):
 
·         Bemba won’t testify in his own defence
 
·         new investigation strategy
 
 
African countries to curb illegal timber trade in Congo Basin
 

 
 

IPIS’ Latest Publications


 
IPIS Insights: Why businesses should assess human rights impacts from the outset of projects. SOCO International Oil Company in Virunga National Park, DRC | 26 August 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS)
SOCO International, a British oil company, is prospecting for oil in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Virunga National Park – a World Heritage Site. For the past year, their presence has been criticised for putting a fragile environment at risk. However, more recently, their impact on human rights has also been questioned. In this Insights IPIS looks at why it is so vital for companies to employ rights-respectful processes, such as those advised in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, from the very beginning of the prospection stage.


Strijd tegen conflictmineralen: sleutel tot conflictresolutie in Oost-Congo? | 25 July  2013 | IPIS (Internationale Spectator)
De PDF van dit artikel is met toestemming van de redactie overgenomen uit de 'Internationale Spectator, Clingendael Magazine voor Internationale Betrekkingen', uitgegeven door de Koninklijke Van Gorcum, te Assen namens het Nederlands Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen ‘Clingendael’ te Den Haag.

Business, Human Rights, and Uganda's Oil. Part I: Uganda's oil sector and potential threats to human rights | 25 July 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS) – ActionAid International Uganda
The following report is the first of a series of four collaborations between IPIS Research and ActionAid International Uganda. The series sheds a light on the oil sector in Uganda, its possible impact on human rights, and how government, companies, and civil society can best enable a positive bond between oil and the welfare of the Ugandan people.


The formalisation of artisanal mining in the DRC and Rwanda | December 2012 [April 2013] | IPIS
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned. We hope that these perspectives will support the formation of well-informed policy and regulatory options – both by the EU and by harvesting countries – concerning the formalisation of timber production in tropical countries.
The report was commissioned by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), which is dedicated to advancing human well-being, environmental conservation and equity through providing information that leads to better informed and equitable decision making about the use and management of forests in tropical countries.


Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
Gold and diamonds in Central Africa easily conjure up images of conflict, rebel funding, human rights violations, and smuggling. As a country landlocked within an unstable region, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and recently the scene of another coup, the Central African Republic (CAR) might be considered an appropriate candidate for analysis within the conflict-mineral perspective. Yet this framework would ignore the country’s mining sector’s very specific characteristics. The sector offers an essential livelihood to many households, represents the country’s second most important export product, and is organised in a particular way. Nonetheless, a wide range of issues regarding the country’s mining sector persist.
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.
 
 
 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region 


Brussels meeting on Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
Civil Society Urges Governments On LRA | 17 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Religious Leaders Want Urgent Action Against LRA | 18 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Leaders of civil society organisations from each country affected by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) as well as Europe and the United States have called for urgent action to end LRA atrocities and support the recovery of affected communities.
 
 
UN on disarmament
Despite recent successes, much work remains to advance disarmament – UN Assembly President | 17 October 2013 | UN News Centre
While there have been several noteworthy successes in the field of disarmament, there are still important areas where greater progress is needed, the President of the General Assembly told the United Nations committee tackling disarmament and international security issues today.
 
 
UN resolution on women in conflict prevention and resolution
Security Council Adopts Resolution 2122 (2013), Aiming to Strengthen Women's Role in All Stages of Conflict Prevention, Resolution | 18 October 2013 | UN Security Council | Reliefweb
The Security Council adopted a resolution that puts stronger measures in place for women to participate in all phases of conflict prevention, resolution and recovery, placing the onus of providing them with seats at the peace table on Member States, regional organizations and the United Nations itself.


 

DRC 

Kampala talks
RDC: reprise des négociations entre le pouvoir congolais et le M23 à Kampala | 17 October 2013 | RFI
A Kampala, les négociations entre le pouvoir congolais et la rébellion du M23 ont repris le mercredi 16 octobre au soir dans la capitale ougandaise. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères congolais, Raymond Tshibanda, mais aussi l’envoyée spéciale des Nations unies pour les Grands Lacs, Mary Robinson, ainsi que le chef de la Monusco - la mission de paix au Congo - Martin Kobler se sont déplacés.
 
La Belgique appelle à une conclusion rapide des pourparlers de Kampala | 18 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
President Kagame Supports Great Lakes Envoys Efforts to Conclude Kampala Talks | 18 October 2013 | Government of Rwanda | allAfrica
Kagame Supports Efforts to Conclude Kampala Talks | 19 October 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
President Paul Kagame received a delegation of five Great Lakes Envoys led by UNSG Special Envoy for the Great Lakes, Mary Robinson who are in the region to lend their support for the conclusion of the peace talks taking place in Kampala, Uganda between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and M23 rebels.
 
Congo rebels expect 'major breakthroughs' in peace talks | 19 October 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
M23 Rebels May Sign Peace Accord With Congo in ‘Coming Hours’ | 19 October 2013 | Bloomberg
Pourparlers de Kampala: le M23 parle de «grandes avancées», en dépit des divergences persistantes | 19 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: accélération des négociations à Kampala | 19 October 2013 | RFI
Rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) said Saturday they are heading toward "major breakthroughs" with the Kinshasa government in peace talks in Uganda.
 
RDC: à Kampala, les avancées concrètes des discussions se font attendre | 19 October 2013 | RFI
A Kampala, capitale de l'Ouganda, alors que le mouvement rebelle congolais du M23, dans un communiqué, se dit toujours optimiste sur la possibilité de conclure un accord de paix avec le gouvernement de Kinshasa, des sources diplomatiques sur place sont beaucoup moins optimistes.
 
RDC: poursuite des pourparlers à Kampala dans un contexte des plus tendus sur le terrain | 20 October 2013 | RFI
Les négociations à Kampala piétinent | 20 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Alors que la communauté internationale évoquait un accord ce week-end, les négociations entre le gouvernement congolais et le M23 pour mettre fin au conflit dans l'Est de la RDC, bloquent toujours.
 
RDC : "Vers un échec" des négociations de Kampala avec le M23, selon un responsable congolais | 21 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Les négociations de Kampala entre la RDC et le M23 seraient au bord de l'échec, à en croire les paroles, dimanche, d'un haut responsable congolais.
 
Congo peace talks stall, government rejects amnesty proposal | 21 October 2013 | Reuters
Les pourparlers entre Kinshasa et le M23 suspendus | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC : les négociations de Kampala entre le M23 et Kinshasa sont suspendues | 21 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
RDC: l’espoir d’un accord s’éloigne après la suspension des pourparlers | 21 October 2013 | RFI
Talks to end a two-year-old insurgency in eastern Congo stalled on Monday after the government rejected calls for an amnesty for leaders of the M23 rebel movement, despite weekend statements suggesting a deal was close.
 
International Team of Special Envoys for the Great Lakes Joint Statement on Kampala Dialogue | 21 October 2013 | MONUSCO
Déclaration conjointe des Envoyés Speciaux pour la Région des Grands Lacs sur le Dialogue de Kampala | 21 October 2013 | MONUSCO
 
Security Council: UN envoys urge resumption of talks between DR Congo, rebels | 21 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Grands Lacs: l'Accord-cadre, «meilleure base de travail» pour résoudre la crise dans l'Est congolais, selon le Conseil | 21 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Any peace accord between Democratic Republic of Congo, armed group must not allow amnesty for war crimes, Security Council told | 21 October 2013 | UN Security Council
Back from a visit to Africa’s Great Lakes region, members of the United Nations Security Council heard today from UN envoys who urged progress in regional peace efforts in the wake of an apparent stall in the so-called Kampala talks between the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the M23 rebel group.
 
Congo peace talks stall, U.N. concerned by military buildup | 21 October 2013 | Reuters
RDC: l'ONU pointe du doigt le M23 dans le blocage des négociations de Kampala | 22 October 2013 | RFI
Talks to end a two-year insurgency in eastern Congo stalled on Monday after the government rejected a call for amnesty for M23 rebel leaders as the United Nations expressed concern at a military buildup by the group around the provincial capital Goma.
 
Suspension des pourparlers de Kampala : la RDC regrette, les USA s’inquiètent | 22 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
La RDC est prête à poursuivre les pourparlers de Kampala, selon Lambert Mende | 22 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
M23: Kinshasa privilégie le dialogue | 22 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Le gouvernement de la République démocratique du Congo affirme qu'il n'a pas définitivement quitte la table des négociations avec les rebelles du M23.
 
DRC Goma Residents Worry Over Peace Talks’ Suspension | 22 October 2013 | Voice of America
Residents in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC) North Kivu province fear a resumption of violent clashes following the suspension of peace talks between the government and the M23 rebels.
 
Pourparlers de Kampala : Martin Kobler sollicite un soutien total du conseil de sécurité | 23 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le patron de la Monusco, Martin Kobler, a demandé, lundi 21 octobre, au Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies d’apporter son appui total aux négociations de Kampala entre le gouvernement congolais et la rébellion du Mouvement du 23 mars (M23). Il a formulé cette requête lors de la présentation, le même jour, de son rapport sur la situation de la République démocratique du Congo.
 
US ups pressure to end to DRC's M23 rebellion | 23 October 2013 | RFI English
Les Etats-Unis en première ligne pour sortir de la crise dans l’est de la RDC | 22 October 2013 | RFI
Washington espère un démantèlement du M23 après les pourparlers de Kampala | 23 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
The US's new representative for Africa's Great Lakes region has upped the pressure on Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to end the bloody M23 rebellion in north-east DRC. After years of close relations between Washington and Rwanda, Russ Feingold is being welcomed as more "balanced" in his dealings with both governments.
 
 
M23, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: des déplacés accusent le M23 de préparer la guerre | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nord-Kivu : 150 familles de Kibumba réfugiées à Kanyaruchinya pour fuir le M23 | 19 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les élus du Nord-Kivu alertent le gouvernement sur une « attaque imminente » du Rwanda | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Une centaine de familles ont fui depuis le dimanche 10 octobre dernier les exactions des rebelles du M23 dans les localités de Kibumba et Buhumba, une trentaine de km au Nord de Goma. Elles accusent les rebelles de préparer une guerre et d’imposer aux hommes des travaux forcés.
 
DR Congo: new attack against UN helicopter draws condemnation from senior officials | 18 October 2013 | UN News Centre
L'ONU condamne une nouvelle attaque du M23 contre un hélicoptère de la MONUSCO | 18 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Nord-Kivu : nouveaux tirs du M23 contre un hélicoptère de la Monusco | 18 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
United Nations officials have strongly condemned today’s attack by the M23 rebel group against an unarmed helicopter belonging to the UN peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the second such incident in less than a week.
 
Nord-Kivu: le M23 menace d’interdire la circulation des casques bleus à Rutshuru | 20 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le général autoproclamé du M23, Sultani Makenga aurait annoncé, samedi 19 octobre, sur une radio locale son intention d’interdire toute circulation des casques bleus, à Rutshuru, à 75 km de Goma (Nord-Kivu). Des sources concordantes affirment que la tension est perceptible dans la cité de Kiwanja et au chef lieu du territoire de Rutshuru, où le M23 aurait installé un important équipement militaire à la hauteur de la base de la Monusco.
 
Le M23 mène des opérations de bouclage dans les zones sous son contrôle | 19 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Harcèlement, arrestation arbitraire, intimidation... Tels sont les abus commis par le M23 au cours des opérations de bouclage et ratissage qu'il mène dans les localités sous son occupation.
 
Kinshasa accuses M23 of recruiting soldiers in Rwanda | 22 October 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : selon Lambert Mende, le M23 "recrute et importe du Rwanda de la main d'oeuvre militaire" | 22 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
The eastern Democratic Republic of Congo's M23 rebels are recruiting forces in neighbouring Rwanda, Kinshasa charged Tuesday, a day after peace talks collapsed.
 
M23's Congo Cadres: The Rebel Movement with a Taste for Local Politics | 23 October 2013 | ThinkAfricaPress
While peace talks stretch on in Kampala, the M23 is teaching hundreds of new officials about Che Guevara, Gandhi and how to get ahead in regional governance.
 
 
UN report on MONUSCO
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo | 30 September [21 October] 2013 | UN Security Council
Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la Mission de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en République démocratique du Congo (S/2013/581) | 30 September [21 October] 2013 | UN Security Council | Reliefweb
The present report covers major developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since my report of 28 June 2013 (S/2013/388), (...).

 
MONUSCO – Intervention Brigade
Nord Kivu : La MONUSCO obtient la libération de 12 écoliers enlevés par la milice armée de Sheka | 18 October 2013 | MONUSCO
Après un effort de médiation, la Mission de l’ONU pour la Stabilisation en République du Congo (MONUSCO) a pu obtenir, le 14 octobre 2013, la libération de 12 écoliers détenus depuis la dernière semaine de septembre dernier par la milice armée Nduma Defense of Congo (NDC) de Sheka.
 
Last batch of Malawi troops now in Goma for the UN Force Intervention Brigade | 21 October 2013 | MONUSCO
Les troupes malawites rejoignent la Brigade d’Intervention de la MONUSCO au Nord-Kivu | 18 October 2013 | MONUSCO
The last batch of the Malawi troops committed to the MONUSCO Force Intervention Brigade arrived in Goma, North Kivu province, on 7 October 2013. They will be part of the 3000- strong force to which Tanzania and South Africa are the other two troop contributing countries.
 
Nord-Kivu: la brigade d’intervention de la Monusco se déploie à Kiwanja | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
La brigade d’intervention de l’Onu s’est déployée depuis la semaine dernière à Kiwanja à 75 km au nord de Goma dans le territoire de Rutshuru. Ce déploiement a été décidé en vue de renforcer la présence de la mission onusienne dans cette partie sous occupation de la rébellion du M23.
 
Blue Helmet Blues: UN Force in the Congo, Take Two | 18 October 2013 | ThinkAfricaPress
The UN's Force Intervention Brigade has been heralded as breaking new peacekeeping territory, but this isn't the first time the UN has taken the fight to Congolese rebels.
 
 
Fighting between militias in Masisi/Walikale, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : les notables de Walikale plaident pour un déploiement militaire à Pinga | 19 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le Bureau d’étude et de développement de Walikale (Bedewa), réunissant les notables de ce territoire, plaide pour un déploiement des Forces armées de la RDC à Pinga.
 
Nord-Kivu: le chef rebelle Cheka de Nduma Defense of Congo délogé de Pinga | 20 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nord-Kivu: le chef rebelle Cheka a repris ce matin le contrôle de Pinga | 20 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nord-Kivu : deux employés de Caritas blessés dans les combats entre miliciens à Pinga | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le chef rebelle Cheka de Nduma Defense of Congo (NDC) a repris, dimanche 20 octobre dans la matinée, le contrôle de la localité de Pinga, après être délogé 24 heures avant par la coalition de miliciens de l’Alliance des Patriotes pour un Congo Libre et Souverain (APCLS) du chef Janvier Kalahiri et le groupe Nyatura/FDD, allié à des rebelles rwandais des FDLR.
 
Nord-Kivu : des miliciens Nyatura auraient tué 21 personnes à Masisi | 20 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nord-Kivu: 20 personnes kidnappées à Osso-Banyungu | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Vingt personnes, dont deux femmes, douze mineurs et six hommes ont été kidnappées, depuis le mercredi 16 octobre dans le secteur Osso-Banyungu, en territoire de Masisi, à plus de 90 km au Nord-Ouest de Goma (Nord-Kivu). La société civile locale affirme que ces personnes ont été enlevées par les miliciens Nyatura du chef Mangara dans les localités de Ngululu, Mulema et Lutanda. Cette milice a kidnappé ces personnes après un affrontement avec les Raïa Mutomboki en secteur d’Ufamandu (Nord-Kivu). La société civile estime que ces kidnappés seraient déjà tués et appelle les autorités provinciales du Nord-Kivu à ouvrir une enquête.
 
 
Presumed FDLR on Lake Edward (Rutshuru), North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : 21 pêcheurs pris en otage par des présumés FDLR sur le lac Edouard | 18 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Vingt et un pêcheurs de Vitshumbi et Nyakakoma sont portés disparus depuis la nuit de mercredi à jeudi 17 octobre sur le lac Edouard au Nord-Kivu. Selon plusieurs sources locales, ils seraient pris en otage par un groupe de rebelles rwandais des FDLR opérant dans la partie sud de ce lac.
 
 
Mai-Mai group attacks army in Lubero, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: un groupe Maï-Maï attaque une position des FARDC à Kamandi | 18 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un groupe Maï-Maï dénommé Forces Armées pour la libération et la résistance pour la paix (FALRP) a attaqué ce vendredi 18 octobre une position de l’armée congolaise dans la localité de Kamandi, à près de 150 km de Goma, au Nord-Kivu.
 
 
Insecurity in Beni, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: un groupe de miliciens occupe Vurundo | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un groupe de miliciens occupent, depuis trois jours, la localité de Vurondo dans le groupement des Bashu à plus ou moins 80 km au Nord-Est de Beni (Nord-Kivu).
 
Backlash fears after “Islamist” attacks in eastern DRC | 17 October 2013 | IRIN
Beni - "Eight months ago no one had heard of Al-Shabab," said Henri Ladyi, a Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) expert and director of the Conflict Resolution Centre (CRC) in Beni, a town and territory in North Kivu Province in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
 
RDC: trois prêtres catholiques de Mbau otages des hommes armés depuis une année | 19 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les trois prêtres de la paroisse catholique Notre Dame des Pauvres de Mbau kidnappés par des hommes armés dans leur couvent totalisent ce samedi 19 octobre une année entre les mains de leurs ravisseurs.
 
Nord -Kivu : le Dr Augustin Mutsunga libéré après le paiement d’une rançon | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nord-Kivu : les médecins de Beni et Lubero en grève pour protester contre l’insécurité | 22 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le médecin du centre de santé de Maboya a été relâché par ses ravisseurs samedi 19 octobre après le paiement d’une rançon dont le montant n’a pas été révélé.
 
 
FDLR activity in South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: les FDLR kidnappent 20 personnes à Mwenga | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Environ vingt personnes ont été kidnappées, mercredi 16 octobre, à Wilebela dans le territoire de Mwenga (Sud-Kivu) par des hommes armés, identifiés comme des rebelles des Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda (FDLR).
 
RDC: 4 femmes otages des FDLR depuis 9 ans échappent à leurs ravisseurs | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Après cinq mois d’errance dans la forêt, quatre femmes avec un bébé d’un an, otages des rebelles des FDLR (Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda) depuis 2004 dans l’est de la RDC, ont échappé à leurs ravisseurs.
 
Sud-Kivu : affrontements entre FARDC et FDLR à Nyamibungu | 18 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC) et les rebelles rwandais des FDLR s’affrontent depuis jeudi 17 octobre en début d’après-midi dans la localité de Nyamibungu dans le territoire de Mwenga (Sud-Kivu).
 
 
Army chases Raia Mutomboki from villages in Shabunda, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: les FARDC délogent les Raïa Mutomboki de 4 villages de Shabunda | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: l'armée déloge une violente milice de plusieurs villages dans l'est | 22 October 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Quatre villages du groupement Beygala, dans la collectivité Bakisi, territoire de Shabunda, jadis sous occupation Raïa Mutomboki, sont passés depuis le 17 octobre sous contrôle du 1091e bataillon des Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC).
 
 
Mai-Mai attack army in Fizi, South Kivu
Katanga: 2 militaires faits prisonniers par des miliciens après une attaque à Yungu | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Deux militaires congolais ont été faits prisonniers après une attaque des miliciens Maï-Maï dans le secteur de Yungu au Nord du Katanga (ndlr : Sud-Kivu, territoire de Fizi) la semaine dernière.
 
 
Gunfight between army and armed group in Aru (Ituri), Province Orientale
Province Orientale : 2 morts dans un affrontement entre FARDC et hommes armés à Aru | 22 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un policier et un militaire congolais ont été tués samedi dernier lors d’un échange des tirs entre un groupe d’hommes armés non identifiés et les forces armées de la RDC (FARDC) en chefferie Kakwa dans le territoire d’Aru (Province Orientale).
 
 
LRA activity in Haut- & Bas-Uele districts, Province Orientale
«Des activités criminelles » de la LRA signalées dans les Uélé | 23 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Des informations en provenance de l'Ituri (Province Orientale) font état des « activités criminelles » commises par des éléments de l'Armée de résistance du seigneur (LRA), dans les districts du Haut-Uélé et Bas-Uélé.
 
 
MONUSCO urges Govt to prosecute soldiers for Minova rapes
UN urges DR Congo to prosecute soldiers for rape in east | 20 October 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : la Monusco déplore le manque de poursuites judiciaires contre les auteurs des viols à Minova | 20 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: un an après les viols de Minova, la Monusco déplore l'absence de poursuites | 20 October 2013 | RFI
The United Nations on Sunday urged the Kinshasa government to prosecute soldiers for dozens of sexual assaults against women in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo last year.
 
RDC: le gouvernement rejette les accusations de la Monusco concernant les viols de Minova | 21 October 2013 | RFI
 
 
Amani Itakuya essay series
La contruction de la paix dans l’Est de la RDC – Les opportunités et les obstacles | 18 October 2013 | ChristophVogel.net
Amani Itakuya #1, by Josaphat Musamba
La République Démocratique du Congo, si l’on s’en tenait à son histoire politique connait toujours des problèmes en commençant par des crises qui l’ont secouées et qui l’on cisaillées voire même coupée en plusieurs parties.
 
We need Justice! | 19 October 2013 | ChristophVogel.net
Amani Itakuya #2, by Ley Uwera
Congo ma chère patrie. Longtemps submergé dans la violence des guerres incessantes. « Nous avons tant entendu ce que moi j’appelle un slogan. Qu’on nous a imposé une guerre injuste ». Je ne le nie pas. Mais que faisons pour que justice soit rendu pour ces millions des congolais qui périssent?
 
En finir avec les FDLR, un pas vers la consolidation de la paix dans l’est de la RDC | 21 October 2013 | ChristophVogel.net
Amani Itakuya #3, by Passy Mubalama
La question de la consolidation de la paix dans l’est de la RDC reste encore une question épineuse tant pour la communauté internationale que pour la République Démocratique du Congo.
 
…when a West Bank-like separation barrier will be built along the DRC-Rwanda border | 23 October 2013 | ChristophVogel.net
Amani Itakuya #4, by Alex Engwete
Watching the Congolese soukous music star Papa Wemba being interviewed on TV one Sunday morning in mid-June 2004 in Kinshasa – shortly after pro-Rwandan rogue troops of renegade Col. Jules Mutebusi had left Bukavu, the provincial capital of South-Kivu Province – I was struck to hear him say something along the following lines.
 

 

Uganda

Uganda alert after US warns of 'Westgate-style' attack | 18 October 2013 | BBC Africa
U.S. issues alert for Uganda amid reports of potential 'Westgate-style' attack | 18 October 2013 | CNN
Uganda Increases Vigilance after US Embassy Security Alert | 20 October 2013 | Voice of America
Uganda’s government spokesman says the US embassy has shared intelligence with the administration warning of a possible terrorist attack, similar to the one on Kenya’s Westgate mall nearly a month ago.
 

 

Central African Republic

Regional summit in Chad
Sommet sur la RCA lundi à N'Djamena | 20 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Centrafrique : nouveau sommet de l'Afrique centrale lundi au Tchad | 20 October 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
Centrafrique: sommet extraordinaire de la CEEAC au Tchad | 21 October 2013 | RFI
"Tragédie" en Centrafrique : Idriss Déby convoque un sommet extraordinaire | 21 October 2013 | Afrik.com
Les dix pays membres de la Communauté économique des Etats d’Afrique centrale (CEEAC) se réuniront lundi 21 octobre à N’Djamena dans le cadre d’un sommet extraordinaire dédié à la crise en Centrafrique.
 
Region's leaders seek to push foreign fighters from Central African Republic | 21 October 2013 | Reuters
La CEEAC autorise l'emploi de la force pour désarmer les éléments armés en Centrafrique | 21 October 2013 | RFI
La CEEAC ordonne le désarmement forcé des "éléments armés étrangers" en Centrafrique | 22 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Centrafrique : les chefs d’Etat de la CEEAC menacent d’utiliser la force contre les ex-rebelles | 22 October 2013 | Afrik.com
Centrafrique: l’Afrique centrale augmente son investissement dans la Misca | 23 October 2013 | RFI

N’Djamena - Regional leaders on Monday decided to reinforce the international mission deployed to Central African Republic (Misca) so as to “disarm all foreign armed elements that sow trouble and desolation” in the country.
 
 
Security situation
Briefing: Terror grips Central African Republic | 17 October 2013 | IRIN
The crisis in Central African Republic (CAR) is deepening more than six months after a Séléka rebel coalition coup in March. Hundreds of civilians have been killed in violence since the coup, thousands have fled their homes, basic services have been adversely affected and senior humanitarian figures have warned of a possible spillover of violence into neighbouring countries.
 
Central African Republic - Reply given by Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to a question in the Senate (Paris, October 17, 2013) | 17 October 2013 | France Diplomatie
The Central African Republic: the abbreviation is CAR, and the problem is that the A now means “abandonment.” Abandonment means that 10% of the population has now been displaced, that the rate of infant mortality is now higher than 10% and with the exception of Bangui, its capital, where security is more or less being ensured thanks to the French troops, the rest of the country is plagued by armed gangs.
 
Anarchy, Violence Grip Central African Republic | 18 October 2013 | DW | allAfrica
The violence in the Central African Republic is increasingly taking on religious overtones. Tens of thousands are fleeing, and at least 30,000 people are waiting for help in the town of Bossangoa alone - so far in vain.
 
Centrafrique: un général de l’ex-Seleka mis en cause dans un trafic d’armes présumé | 19 October 2013 | RFI
La FOMAC, la force d'Afrique centrale, dit avoir arrêté ce jeudi un intermédiaire qui tentait de lui acheter des armes pour le compte d'un général de l'ex-Seleka. Sa démarche pose question sur la volonté des chefs de l'ancienne rébellion d'intégrer une armée régulière.
 
Djotodia en croisade contre la violence | 19 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Le président de la RCA appelle les jeunes de son pays à éviter les "manipulations" pouvant dresser "les uns contre les autres".
 
Début de solution à Bossangoa, mais beaucoup reste à faire selon l’UNFPA | 21 October 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
Bientôt un ouf de soulagement pour la population de Bossangoa. L’effectif des hommes de la Force multinationale d’Afrique centrale (FOMAC) qui doivent assurer la sécurité dans cette ville, est revu à la hausse. Deux cents (200) éléments de la FOMAC, ceux des Forces Armées Centrafricaines (FACA), la gendarmerie et la police vont être aussi déployés dans la ville.
 
Centrafrique: retour au Soudan du général Moussa Assimeh ex-Seleka | 21 October 2013 | RFI
RCA: quid du sort du Général Moussa Assimeh? | 23 October 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
En République centrafricaine, quid du sort du Général Moussa Assimeh issu de la Séléka ? Cet officier semblait indésirable à Bangui où on lui reproche un certain nombre de crimes. Mais son départ de la capitale centrafricaine, le lundi 21 octobre, pour s'installer à Birao dans le nord-est de la Centrafrique, n’est pas du goût de la société civile et des organisations de défense des droits humains qui y voient une façon d’échapper à la justice.
  
Renforcement de l’autorité de l’Etat dans les provinces alors que plus de 60.000 personnes contraintes à l’asile | 22 October 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
Trois mois après l’installation de la préfète de Kémo, les éléments de la gendarmerie ont regagné ce lundi leurs bases à Damara et à Sibut. La mission se dirige ce mardi à Mbaïki dans la Lobaye pour le même but.
 
Une attaque armée fait dix morts dans la Lobaye, le BINUCA réclame les élections d’ici 2015 | 23 October 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
Dans la Lobaye, une attaque criminelle s’est produite dans la nuit de samedi à dimanche dans un campement d’éleveurs peulhs bororos.
 
 
UN to send more troops to protect mission
United Nations set to send mission guards to Central African Republic | 23 October 2013 | Reuters
RCA : l'ONU veut renforcer sa présence pour protéger sa mission | 24 October 2013 | RFI
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has recommended 560 troops be sent to the Central African Republic to protect a United Nations political mission in the virtually lawless country.
 
 
EU on CAR
Conclusions du Conseil relatives à la République Centrafricaine, 21 octobre 2013 | 21 October 2013 | Union européenne/European Union | Reliefweb
L'Union européenne (UE) est vivement préoccupée par la situation en République centrafricaine (RCA) où l'insécurité et l'effondrement total de l'ordre public exposent les populations civiles, en particulier les enfants qui sont les plus vulnérables, à des graves atteintes aux droits de l'Homme. 

 
 
 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 

A call for collective action in troubled east | 21 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Réponse collective necessaire pour l’Est de la RDC | 21 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
UN and NGO Emergency Directors to visit the Democratic Republic of the Congo | 21 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Les Directeurs chargés des secours d’urgence des agences des Nations Unies et des ONG en visite en République Démocratique du Congo | 21 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
The Emergency Directors of eight the world’s largest humanitarian organizations have begun a four-day visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where they will assess firsthand one of the world’s most protracted and complex humanitarian crises.
 
 
Uvira: le gouvernement appelé à faciliter le retour de plus de 20 000 déplacés dans leurs villages | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
 
DR Congo: hit by funding shortfall, UN agency to cut some food relief operations | 22 October 2013 | UN News Centre
RDC: le PAM contraint de réduire son aide alimentaire en raison du manque de fonds | 22 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Facing a $70 million funding shortfall, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) warned today that starting as early as November, the agency and its partners will be forced to scale back activities in strife-torn provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
 
 
Les déplacés du Nord Katanga retrouvent leurs écoles saccagées | 23 October 2013 | IPS
 
 
UNOCHA bulletins
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Sud-Kivu, N° 42/13, 15 octobre 2013 | 17 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Katanga No. 40/13, 16 octobre 2013 | 17 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
République Démocratique du Congo : Aperçu humanitaire (octobre 2013) | 18 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Sud-Kivu, N° 43/13, 22 octobre 2013 | 22 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Maniema No. 31/13, 22 octobre 2013 | 23 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Katanga No. 41/13, 23 octobre 2013 | 23 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 


Burundi 

UNHCR Burundi Bulletin 4, July - September 2013 | 23 October 2013 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
 

 
 

Central African Republic

UNICEF: 70 per cent of children in Central African Republic still not in school | 18 October 2013 | UN News Centre
L'UNICEF indique que 70% des enfants en République centrafricaine ne sount toujours pas retournés à l'école | 18 October 2013 | UN News Centre
 
 
Humanitarian Situation Continues to Deteriorate | 18 October 2013 | ICRC | allAfrica
La situation humanitaire continue de se dégrader | 18 October 2013 | ICRC | allAfrica
 
 
Mission UN agencies
Chaos in CAR Prevents Life-Saving Aid From Reaching Needy | 18 October 2013 | Voice of America
Centrafrique: «il faut que le gouvernement prenne ses responsabilités» | 20 October 2013 | RFI
The United Nations says 1.6 million people in the Central African Republic are in urgent need of food, protection, health care and other life-saving services. Emergency directors from seven U.N. and two private agencies are in the midst of a three-day mission to assess the current situation and see how humanitarian aid can best be distributed in the country.
 
 

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region


Africa and the ICC
Pour son président, la CPI n'a "jamais pourchassé aucun pays africain" | 17 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le président de la CPI, le juge coréen Sang-hyun song, a tenté de répondre aux critiques d'une partie des dirigeants africains. "Nous n'avons jamais pourchassé aucun pays africain", a-t-il affirmé, jeudi.
 
ICC: Does politics win over justice? | 17 October 2013 | Pambazuka News
The fact remains that African nations, which are now unhappy with the International Criminal Court, voluntarily accepted the ICC jurisdiction by ratifying the Rome Statute. And it is not true that the court is targeting Africa. But, yes, it has political weaknesses that need addressing.
 
Zuma says Africa isn't supporting impunity | 18 October 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
For many Africans it was a slap in the face; yet another attempt by African leaders to protect themselves from being tried for the terrible atrocities committed while in power.
 
AU Summit on the ICC - Protecting leaders in office to the detriment of victims and peace | 18 October 2013 | FIDH
African Union (AU) held an extraordinary summit meeting in Addis Ababa on 11 and 12 October, in response to proceedings initiated by the International Criminal Court (ICC) involving Sudanese and Kenyan Heads of State and one deputy-president. Despite the support for international justice expressed by Heads of State during the meeting or by their absence, the AU adopted a decision which undermines one of the pillars of its mandate : the fight against impunity for the most serious crimes.
 
Africa and the Curse of the ICC | 18 October 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Opinion. How the International Criminal Court is seeking to usurp our sovereignty and why progressive Africa should reject it
 
The ICC has offered more Justice to Africa than the AU did on politics! (Part 1) | 20 October 2013 | South Sudan News Agency
The African Union (AU) in its current shape is nothing but a gross misnomer. On the one hand it has spectacularly failed to unify the continent of Africa, while on the other hand it has only concerned itself with appeasing those African tyrants who kill their subjects in broad day light.
 
Rwanda and the ICC - Playing Politics With Justice | 21 October 2013 | African Arguments | allAfrica
Rwanda's stated position on the International Criminal Court (ICC) is highly critical. Rwandan Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo called the ICC "a political court" and said that Rwanda has "never believed in its jurisdiction".
 
 
New investigation strategy for ICC
ICC to Unveil New Investigation Strategy | 21 October 2013 | IWPR
Experts say a new investigation strategy due to be adopted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) needs to address longstanding issues about evidence-gathering that have left multiple trials on an uncertain footing.

 


DRC

ICC Bemba trial
Judges to Call Two Witnesses in Bemba's Trial | 21 October 2013 | Bemba Trial website | allAfrica
 
CPI/Bemba - Jean-Pierre Bemba ne témoignera pas pour sa défense | 22 October 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
 
Joseph Kabila charge le gouvernement de « faire le suivi » du dossier Jean-Pierre Bemba devant la CPI | 23 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le président Joseph Kabila a chargé mercredi 23 octobre 2013 à Kinshasa le gouvernement de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) de « faire le suivi » du dossier Jean-Pierre Bemba devant la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) et de tous les Congolais poursuivis par les instances judiciaires internationales.

 
 

Rwanda 

Habyarimana attack
Attentat Habyarimana: l'Afrique du Sud sourde aux requêtes du juge français | 17 October 2013 | RFI
Afrique du Sud: le cas épineux du Rwandais Kayumba Nyamwasa | 19 October 2013 | RFI
C’est une exclusivité RFI : depuis un an et demi, la justice française demande en vain à l’Afrique du Sud l’autorisation d’interroger le général rwandais en exil Kayumba Nyamwasa dans le cadre de l’enquête sur l’attentat du 6 avril 1994 contre l’avion de l'ancien président rwandais Juvenal Habyarimana au Rwanda.
 
Comme le révélait ce vendredi 18 octobre RFI, depuis un an et demi, la justice française demande en vain à l’Afrique du Sud l’autorisation d’interroger le général rwandais en exil Kayumba Nyamwasa dans le cadre de l’enquête sur l’attentat contre l’avion de l'ancien président rwandais Juvenal Habyarimana. Comment expliquer l'embarras des autorités sud-africaines ?
 
 
Mugesera genocide trial
High Court Throws Out Mugesera's Petition as Lawyer Storms Out | 22 October 2013 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica
The High court yesterday rejected genocide suspect Leon Mugesera's request to have First instance Judge Athanase Bakuzakundi removed from his trial.
 


 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region


African countries agree to combat illegal timber trade in Congo Basin
African countries agree to curb illegal timber trade in the Congo Basin | 23 October 2013 | FAO
Les pays africains résolus à réduire le commerce illégal de bois d’œuvre dans le Bassin du Congo | 23 October 2013 | FAO
African countries consent to tackle illegal timber trade in Congo Basin – UN agency | 23 October 2013 | UN News Centre
La FAO salue la conclusion d'un accord entre six pays africains pour réduire le commerce illégal de bois | 23 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Brazzaville/Rome - Governments from Africa's main timber producing countries, together with timber industry representatives and civil society organizations agreed to jointly combat illegal timber trade in the Congo Basin, FAO said today following an international wood industry meeting in Brazzaville.
 
 
Elephant poaching
Death in China, One Dollar in Africa - the Irony of Ivory Poaching Penalties | 23 October 2013 | Daily Maverick | allAfrica
In China the penalty for poaching an elephant is death. In Africa, it is considerably less. The irony in this is that the global trade in illegal ivory is driven, for the most part, by China, some of whose citizens are helping to lay waste to Africa's elephants, largely without fear of retribution.
Earlier this year a Chinese smuggler, apprehended in Kenya whilst in transit from the Democratic Republic of Congo to Hong Kong, was fined a mere US$350 for the haul of 439 pieces of ivory found in his possession before being released. That's less than US$1 apiece.

 


DRC 

Forest protection – REDD programme
Isangi: les conflits communautaires retardent la mise en œuvre du projet Redd | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les conflits sur les forêts intercommunautaires retardent la mise en place des programmes de protection de la forêt dans le cadre du processus Redd à Isangi, cité située à 125 km à l’ouest de Kisangani dans la Province Orientale.
 
 
Railroad Katanga-Angola for miners discussed
La liaison ferroviaire Angola-Katanga fait son chemin | 22 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Les compagnies ferroviaires nationales de la RD Congo et de l'Angola veulent mettre en place une liaison qui permettrait aux opérateurs miniers de la RD Congo d'expédier leur production vers le port de Lobito, sur la côte atlantique de l'Angola.
 
 
Women and resource governance
Des femmes à l'école de la gouvernance des ressources minières, forestières et pétrolières | 22 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Gestion des ressources naturelles - Les Congolaises veulent voir clair | 22 October 2013 | Le Phare | allAfrica
Des femmes en formation sur la gouvernance des ressources naturelles | 22 October 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
Des femmes venues de différentes structures féminines bénéficient depuis lundi à Kinshasa d’une session de formation sur la « gouvernance des ressources minières, forestières et pétrolières » organisée par OSISA, SARW et FEJE.
 

 

Uganda

Uganda seizes huge ivory shipment worth millions | 18 October 2013 | BBC Africa
Ugandan officials have seized some two tonnes (4,600lb) of ivory - one of the country's biggest such hauls for many years.
 

 
 

Rwanda

Police Arrest Illegal Miners | 17 October 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Fifteen people are in police custody after they were caught red-handed illegally mining coltan from a farm in Nyamagana cell, Remera district.
 


 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

DRC

Concerns about potential new mining deal Gécamines – Dan Gertler
Gecamines Didn’t Tell Government of KCC Gertler Deal | 18 October 2013 | Bloomberg
Gecamines, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s state-owned mining company, didn’t tell the Mines Ministry of a possible sale of its stake in Kamoto Copper Co. to billionaire Dan Gertler, according to a letter from the mines minister.
 
Panel urges transparency in potential DRC mining deal | 18 October 2013 | Africa Progress Panel
Recent history shows the systematic undervaluation of state-owned mineral assets has been disastrous for the people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Africa Progress Panel voices its concern over a possible mining deal in the DRC and urges the country’s state-owned mining company, Gécamines, to ensure full transparency.
 
Secretive plans to sell a lucrative Congolese mining asset raise further Congo corruption concerns | 18 October 2013 | Global Witness
RDC : soupçons de corruption autour d'un projet de cession minière | 19 October 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
La Gécamines compte céder 20 % de ses parts dans la mine de cuivre de KCC | 21 October 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
New reports indicate that the Democratic Republic of Congo’s state-owned mining company, Gécamines, is in an advanced stage of negotiations to sell its stake in a lucrative copper mine without informing the Congolese Ministry of Mines. If true, this would follow a pattern of opaque deals in Congo mining sector giving rise to concerns about poor value for money and possible corruption, said Global Witness today.
 
Mines de cuivre de Kamoto : la Gécamines tente de s'expliquer | 18 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Gécamines Sarl revient sur les publications récentes sur ses parts minoritaires dans Kamoto Copper Company (KCC) | 18 October 2013 | PR Newswire | allAfrica
Après avoir annoncé son intention de céder ses parts dans la mine de cuivre de Kamoto, la Gécamines confirme avoir lancé un appel d'offres, mais précise... pouvoir toujours revenir sur sa décision.
 
Gecamines sees need for higher spending | 22 October 2013 | Africa Mining Intelligence
It's not $630 million that Generale des Carrieres et des Mines Sarl (GCM) requires for its investment budget but rather $2.8 billion!
 
 
Recovery plan for state-owned industries
L’Assemblée nationale vote une loi pour le redressement de certaines entreprises | 22 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un plan de sauvetage des sociétés Miba, Sokimo et a Sotexki en préparation au gouvernement | 23 October 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
Les entreprises Miba, Sokimo, Gécamines, Minocongo, Sotexki, QuoVadis, PLZ et Brikin et quelque 200 autres industries vitales, en péril depuis des années, pourront bénéficier d’un appui du gouvernement congolais pour leur redressement.
 
 
GW wants transparency on corruption scandals
Global Witness calls on UK Select Committee to lift the lid on corruption scandals | 23 October 2013 | Global Witness
Global Witness has submitted written evidence to the Business, Innovation and Skills Select Committee’s inquiry into the mining and oil sectors, calling on it to lift the lid on corruption scandals surrounding UK companies. The submission provides detail on alleged corporate malpractice involving UK-listed and UK-registered firms: the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation and Glencore; (...). ENRC and Glencore struck deals involving a friend of the president of the Democratic Republic of Congo that deprived the nation of at least $1.36 billion, nearly twice its annual spending on health and education combined.
 
 
Katanga governor denounces fiscal “harassment” of miners
Lubumbashi: Moïse Katumbi dénonce les tracasseries du fisc sur les sociétés minières | 17 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le gouverneur du Katanga, Moïse Katumbi a dénoncé mercredi 16 octobre à Lubumbashi «les tracasseries des régies financières» sur les opérateurs miniers de sa province. «Le Katanga est devenu presqu’une grande vache laitière qu’on ne veut pas nourrir», a-t-il affirmé.
 
 
WWF against oil exploration in Virunga Park
Exploitation du pétrole dans le parc de Virunga: une option «pas envisageable» pour WWF | 20 October 2013 | RFI
Le Fonds mondial pour la nature (WWF) a déposé une plainte contre la compagnie pétrolière anglaise Soco auprès de l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE). La pomme de discorde, c’est le projet de cette entreprise d’explorer du pétrole dans le plus vieux parc naturel d’Afrique, le parc des Virunga, classé au Patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco depuis 1979. Jean-Baptiste Roelens est en charge de ce dossier chez WWF.
 

  
 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 


EITI
Corruption in African mining declining due to transparency - EITI | 17 October 2013 | Bloomberg | Mineweb
Oslo-based Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative says there is less corruption in African mining due to increasing transparency.
 
Reflections from the EITI Board meeting | 19 October 2013 | EITI
Jonas Moberg shares his reflections from the meeting held in Abidjan last week.
 

 

DRC

GW wants transparency on corruption scandals
Global Witness calls on UK Select Committee to lift the lid on corruption scandals | 23 October 2013 | Global Witness
Global Witness has submitted written evidence to the Business, Innovation and Skills Select Committee’s inquiry into the mining and oil sectors, calling on it to lift the lid on corruption scandals surrounding UK companies. The submission provides detail on alleged corporate malpractice involving UK-listed and UK-registered firms: the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation and Glencore; (...). ENRC and Glencore struck deals involving a friend of the president of the Democratic Republic of Congo that deprived the nation of at least $1.36 billion, nearly twice its annual spending on health and education combined.
 

 

Central African Republic

Bangui. The mines ministry’s bright idea | 22 October 2013 | Africa Mining Intelligence
Anxious to re-join the Kimberley Process, the authorities in Central African Republic have sent a new road map they intend to follow in the diamond trade.
 

 

Other 

Cameroon Attains EITI Compliance Status | 17 October 2013 | Cameroon Tribune | allAfrica
The Board of Directors of the Extractive Industries for Transparency Initiative has declared Cameroon a "compliant country." The announcement was made on Thursday October 17, 2013 in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, during the 25th session of the board.
 

 
 
 

Other


DRC

President Kabila responds to conclusions of National Consultations, promising government of “national cohesion”
Joseph Kabila va répondre aux recommandations des concertations nationales le 23 octobre | 19 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Joseph Kabila devant le congrès : les attentes de la classe politique | 21 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: après les concertations nationales, place aux décisions | 23 October 2013 | RFI
En RDC, s’achevaient il y a un peu plus de deux semaines des concertations nationales qui réunissaient pouvoir et opposition. Ce mercredi 23 octobre, le président Kabila doit s'adresser aux deux chambres réunies en congrès pour faire connaître la suite qu'il compte donner aux propositions issues de la rencontre.
 
RDC: Joseph Kabila annonce la formation imminente d’un gouvernement de cohésion nationale | 23 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
« Un gouvernement de cohésion nationale sera bientôt mis en place », a annoncé mercredi 23 octobre le président de la RDC, Joseph Kabila qui s’exprimait devant les deux chambres du Parlement réunies en congrès. Le chef de l’Etat congolais a dévoilé une série de mesures qui répondent aux recommandations formulées lors des concertations nationales qu’il a convoquées le mois dernier à Kinshasa.
 
DRC's Kabila Pledges to Create Unity Government | 23 October 2013 | Voice of America
DR Congo's Kabila promises national unity government | 23 October 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Congo's Kabila pledges unity government, pressures rebels | 23 October 2013 | Reuters
En RDC, le président Kabila annonce un gouvernement de cohésion nationale | 23 October 2013 | RFI
Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila has pledged to create a unity government to help stabilize the volatile country. In a speech before parliament on Wednesday, he said the unity government "would soon be in place" and would include members of the opposition and civil society.
The president said he would take action on more than 600 recommendations that were drafted by government, opposition and civil society members who wrapped up three weeks of talks earlier this month.
 
Kabila announces national reforms, a new government | 23 October 2013 | Congo Siasa
Today President Joseph Kabila finally addressed the nation and a joint session of parliament in Kinshasa. It was his response to the conclusions of the concertations nationales, which had brought together the government, opposition, and civil society to debate the challenges facing the country.
 
République démocratique du Congo: les promesses de Kabila | 23 October 2013 | RFI
Un peu plus de deux semaines après la fin des concertations nationales, qui ont réuni le pouvoir congolais et une partie de l’opposition, le président Kabila s’est adressé ce mardi 23 octobre aux membres du Congrès pour répondre aux quelque 600 propositions de réformes qui lui avaient été soumises.
 
RDC : Joseph Kabila promet de rapatrier la dépouille de Mobutu | 23 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
La dépouille de l'ancien président congolais, Mobutu Sese Seko, mais aussi celle de l'ancien Premier ministre Moïse Tshombe, vont être rapatriées en RDC, a déclaré, mercredi, le président Joseph Kabila.
 
RDC : Kabila signe une "mesure de grâce collective" à l'issue des concertations nationales | 24 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Mercredi 23 octobre, le président congolais Joseph Kabila a signé une ordonnace de "grace collective" - en fait des commutations de peine - en faveur de nombreux condamnés.


 

Uganda 

HRW report on high-level corruption
Uganda: Free Pass on High-Level Corruption | 21 October 2013 | Human Rights Watch
Uganda Fails to Prosecute High-Level Corruption, Report Says | 21 October 2013 | Voice of America
Ugandan ministers failing to tackle corruption, says HRW report | 22 October 2013 | The Guardian
The government of Uganda has failed to hold to account senior officials implicated in the theft and diversion of public funds, Human Rights Watch and Yale Law School’s Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic said in a joint report released today. 



Burundi

Burundi: les FNL, principal parti d'opposition, ont un nouveau chef | 21 October 2013 | RFI
Le parti des Forces nationales de libération (FNL), deuxième force politique du Burundi, s’est doté lors de son congrès hier, dimanche 20 octobre, d’une nouvelle direction. Le secrétaire général et jusqu’ici numéro deux du parti, Jacques Bigirimana, a été porté à la tête des FNL. Le leader historique de l’ex-rébellion hutue, lui, dénonce une mascarade.
 
Burundi at crossroads: tensions are rising ahead of the 2015 elections | 23 October 2013 | Peace Direct | Reliefweb
Once again, Burundi is at crossroads. As the 2015 elections approach, Jean Claude Nkundwa analyses the current political situation and the risks the country is facing.
 
 

 

IPIS Recent Publications


 
Pinocchio Ltd. The NRA and its corporate partners: US shipments of small arms ammunition by sea | 25 March 2013 | TA-R | IPIS
The National Rifle Association (NRA) claims to have monitored in the last 20 years all United Nations activities that could impact Second Amendment rights. Its latest target is the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), an international treaty to establish common international standards for the import, export, and transfer of conventional arms presently under discussion at the United Nations. The international community has been calling for the inclusion of ammunition and civilian arms within the scope of the ATT. This reasonable call is used by the NRA to claim that the ATT could restrict the lawful ownership of firearms in the United States.


Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | OECD - IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.
 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
 
 
 
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