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WEEKLY BRIEFING 10TH - 16TH OCTOBER 2013

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Brief

IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Rwanda
Central African Republic
 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC
Central African Republic
 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda


Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC


Other
DRC
Uganda
Burundi

IPIS Recent publications
 

BRIEF


DR Congo:
 
·         no progress at Kampala talks
 
·         M23 attack UN helicopter
 
·         short clash M23 – army
 
·         civil society & governor: M23 reinforced with Rwandans
 
·         North Kivu: militias fighting in Masisi, new armed group at Lake Edward
 
·         Ituri: army chases FRPI militia
 
·         SOCO ceases oil exploration in Bas-Congo province·          
 
·         Constitutional Court created
 
·         DRC 51st of 52 on 2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance
 
·         new essay series
 
 
Central African Republic:
 
·         UN Security Council resolution
 
·         France to send more troops
 
 
African Union decides that ICC cannot prosecute any sitting member of African government
 
 

 


IPIS’ Latest Publications



IPIS Insights: Why businesses should assess human rights impacts from the outset of projects. SOCO International Oil Company in Virunga National Park, DRC | 26 August 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS)
SOCO International, a British oil company, is prospecting for oil in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Virunga National Park – a World Heritage Site. For the past year, their presence has been criticised for putting a fragile environment at risk. However, more recently, their impact on human rights has also been questioned. In this Insights IPIS looks at why it is so vital for companies to employ rights-respectful processes, such as those advised in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, from the very beginning of the prospection stage.


Strijd tegen conflictmineralen: sleutel tot conflictresolutie in Oost-Congo? | 25 July  2013 | IPIS (Internationale Spectator)
De PDF van dit artikel is met toestemming van de redactie overgenomen uit de 'Internationale Spectator, Clingendael Magazine voor Internationale Betrekkingen', uitgegeven door de Koninklijke Van Gorcum, te Assen namens het Nederlands Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen ‘Clingendael’ te Den Haag.

Business, Human Rights, and Uganda's Oil. Part I: Uganda's oil sector and potential threats to human rights | 25 July 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS) – ActionAid International Uganda
The following report is the first of a series of four collaborations between IPIS Research and ActionAid International Uganda. The series sheds a light on the oil sector in Uganda, its possible impact on human rights, and how government, companies, and civil society can best enable a positive bond between oil and the welfare of the Ugandan people.


The formalisation of artisanal mining in the DRC and Rwanda | December 2012 [April 2013] | IPIS
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned. We hope that these perspectives will support the formation of well-informed policy and regulatory options – both by the EU and by harvesting countries – concerning the formalisation of timber production in tropical countries.
The report was commissioned by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), which is dedicated to advancing human well-being, environmental conservation and equity through providing information that leads to better informed and equitable decision making about the use and management of forests in tropical countries.


Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
Gold and diamonds in Central Africa easily conjure up images of conflict, rebel funding, human rights violations, and smuggling. As a country landlocked within an unstable region, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and recently the scene of another coup, the Central African Republic (CAR) might be considered an appropriate candidate for analysis within the conflict-mineral perspective. Yet this framework would ignore the country’s mining sector’s very specific characteristics. The sector offers an essential livelihood to many households, represents the country’s second most important export product, and is organised in a particular way. Nonetheless, a wide range of issues regarding the country’s mining sector persist.
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.
 
 
 
 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region 


Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
Can Radios Stop the Lord’s Resistance Army in Congo? – By Scott Ross | 10 October 2013 | African Arguments
In northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), rural radio stations are used to protect civilians from violence.  Part of a growing network of high frequency (HF) shortwave radios that connects rural villages in remote parts of the DRC and neighboring Central African Republic (CAR), these radios are switched on each day as local radio operators report their village’s status in relation to a widespread conflict in the region.
 
The LRA in Kafia Kingi | 11 October 2013 | Small Arms Survey
The suspension of the Ugandan army operation in the Central African Republic (CAR) following the overthrow of the CAR regime in March 2013 may have given some respite to the LRA, which by the first quarter of 2013 appeared to be at its weakest in its long history. As of May 2013, there were some 500 LRA members in numerous small groups scattered in CAR, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Sudan.
 
 
DDR
TDRP Quarterly Report April - June 2013 | 14 October 2013 | Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program | Reliefweb


 

DRC 


MONUSCO weekly press conference
Conférence de presse des Nations Unies du mercredi 16 octobre 2013 | 16 October 2013 | MONUSCO
 
 
MONUSCO Intervention Brigade
RDC : la Monusco va lancer son premier drone de surveillance fin novembre | 10 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le commandant de la force de la Monusco, le général Dos Santos Cruz, a annoncé le mercredi 9 septembre que la mission onusienne allait lancer son premier drone de surveillance dans l’Est du pays à la fin du mois de novembre prochain. Il a précisé que la base initiale du déploiement de ce drone sera à Goma, dans le Nord-Kivu.
 
Give them the helicopters | 10 October 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
Was it the result of a knee-jerk reaction after South Africa failed so dismally to protect ousted Central African Republic (CAR) strongman Francois Bozizé against Seleka rebels earlier this year? Or is it Africa's attempt at finding ‘African solutions to African problems’ following the ‘humiliation’ of having to rely on French troops to drive Islamists out of Mali? One thing is clear, though: the new Intervention Brigade for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), made up essentially of South African and Tanzanian troops, has done what 17 000 peacekeepers have been unable to do for years: hit back hard against the militias and rebels who wreak havoc in the eastern DRC.
 
 
Redeployment MONUSCO
Monusco : restructuration et redéploiement annoncé du personnel dans l’est de la RDC | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
La décision de redéployer le personnel de la Monusco dans l’Est de la RDC bien accueillie | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
«Nous allons essayer d’accroitre notre présence dans les parties de la RDC touchées par le conflit: les deux Kivu, le Nord-Katanga et l’Ituri», a affirmé vendredi 11 octobre le nouveau représentant adjoint du secrétaire général de l’Onu en charge de la partie Est de la RDC, général Abdallah Wafi.
 
 
Kampala talks
Kampala: les discussions sur le document final achoppent sur la question de l’amnistie des rebelles | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Alors que l’envoyée spéciale du secrétaire général des Nations unies pour les Grands lacs, Mary Robinson, le patron de la Monusco, Martin Kobler, ainsi que le ministre congolais des Affaires étrangères, Raymond Tshibanda, sont arrivés ce mercredi 16 octobre à Kampala, les discussions sur le document final proposé par la médiation continuent d’achopper sur les questions de l’amnistie et du désarmement du M23.
 
M23 Threaten to Abandon Kampala Talks | 16 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
RDC: Le M23 accuse l’armée congolaise de compromettre les négociations de paix | 16 October 2013 | RFI
The M23 rebels have threatened to abandon the current peace negotiations in Uganda if the government's army doesn't stop the offensive within 48 hours.
 
 
M23, North Kivu
M23 Rebels in DRC Using Illegal Gold to Finance Rebellion | 10 October 2013 | Voice of America
RDC: l’exploitation de l’or rapporte aux groupes armés 500 millions USD chaque année, selon Enough Project | 11 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
A report says rebels in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo are financing their campaign by smuggling out gold that ends up in the world's banks and jewelry stores.
 
Le ministre Mende répond au M23: stratagèmes en clair obscur | 10 October 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Par Lambert Mende Omalanga, Ministre des Médias, Porte-parole du Gouvernement de la RDC
« (...) Les quatre vérités de René Abandi au nom du M23 révélées à Colette Braeckman (Le Soir, 8 octobre) sont un effet de la complaisance d’une certaine communauté internationale à l’égard du Rwanda et de sa créature, le M23, en dépit de quelques remontrances cosmétiques (...) ».
 
Nord-Kivu: un obus fait deux morts à Kanyaruchinya | 11 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Deux personnes ont été tuées et une autre blessée le jeudi 10 octobre dans la soirée par un obus tombé à Kanyaruchinya à une dizaine de kilomètres au nord de Goma. Selon la police, le lieu de provenance de l’obus n’est pas connu.
 
DR Congo: Mission chief condemns rebel attack on unarmed UN helicopter | 11 October 2013 | UN News Centre
La MONUSCO condamne une attaque du M23 contre un de ses hélicoptères | 11 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Congo rebels fire on United Nations helicopter | 12 October 2013 | Reuters
Nord-Kivu : un hélicoptère de la Monusco essuie des tirs du M23 à Rumangabo | 12 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
DR Congo: Attack on peacekeeping helicopter 'unacceptable,' says UN envoy | 12 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Nord-Kivu : Mary Robinson condamne les tirs du M23 contre un hélicoptère de la Monusco | 13 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC : le gouvernement condamne les tirs du M23 contre un hélicoptère de la Monusco | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
The M23 rebel movement fired at a United Nations helicopter on Friday in the Rumangabo region, further raising fears of a return to fighting in the volatile region.
 
Nord-Kivu : la Société civile dénonce des renforts rwandais et ougandais au M23 | 13 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
La Société civile du Nord-Kivu a invité dimanche 13 octobre le chef de l’Etat, Joseph Kabila, et le président de l’Assemblée nationale, Aubin Minaku, à déclarer l’état de siège dans les territoires de Rutshuru, Masisi et Nyiragongo, dans le Nord-Kivu. Dans un mémorandum adressé à ces autorités, Omar Kavota, vice-président et porte-parole de cette structure, affirme que plusieurs militaires rwandais et ougandais ont rejoint depuis deux jours les positions du M23 dans ces territoires.
Nord-Kivu: Julien Paluku dénonce l’arrivée à Rumangabo de 80 jeunes en provenance du Rwanda | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le gouverneur du Nord-Kivu, Julien Paluku, dénonce l’arrivée le lundi 14 octobre à Kibumba, zone sous contrôle de la rébellion du M23, de quatre-vingts jeunes en provenance du Rwanda.


Life near the frontline in eastern DRC | 14 October 2013 | IRIN
The frontline of fighting in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is only 6km away, yet most of the inhabitants of Kanyaruchinya, in North Kivu, have returned home, determined to resume their lives.

Nord-Kivu: bref échange de tirs entre FARDC et M23 à Kanyamahoro | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC) se sont affrontées brièvement aux rebelles du M23, la nuit de lundi 14 octobre, dans la localité de Kanyamahoro située à 30 km au Nord de Goma (Nord-Kivu).
 
RDC : le mystère persiste sur la venue au nord-Kivu de 200 familles du Rwanda | 15 October 2013 | Afrik.com
RDC : mais qui sont les nouveaux venus de Chengerero ? | 15 October 2013 | Africa N°1
Les habitants de la localité de Chengerero s’interrogent toujours sur l’installation dans leur localité de 200 familles en provenance du Rwanda. Beaucoup affirment qu’elles ne sont pas d’origine congolaise mais rwandaise.
 
Nord-Kivu: une barrière du M23 à Ruhunda empêche l’accès vers Goma | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les rebelles du M23 ont érigé une barrière à la localité de Ruhunda. Les habitants des groupements Buhumba et Kibumba, dans le territoire de Nyiragongo (Nord-Kivu) affirment qu’ils ne sont plus en mesure de se rendre à Goma.
 
 
Suspicious movements of armed men, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: la société civile dénonce «un mouvement suspect» d’hommes armés dans 3 territoires | 10 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Dans une déclaration officielle rendue publique mardi 8 octobre, la coordination provinciale de la société civile du Nord-Kivu a dénoncé « un mouvement suspect » depuis le week-end dernier de troupes armées dans cinq localités de Rutshuru, sept de Nyiragongo et dans la partie Sud-Est de Masisi.
 
 
Fighting between militias in Masisi, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: deux civils tués dans des combats entre deux milices à Masisi | 11 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les combattants de la milice Nduma Defense Of Congo (NDC) du chef de guerre  Cheka ont attaqué la nuit dernière une position de l’Alliance des Patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) à Kaseke dans le territoire de Masisi au Nord-Kivu.
 
RDC: nouveaux affrontements entre Maï-Maï APCLS et Nyatura à Masisi | 13 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un calme précaire règne depuis dimanche 13 octobre matin dans la localité de Muhanga à plus de 70 kms au nord-ouest de Goma dans le territoire de Masisi au Nord-Kivu, après deux jours d’affrontements entre les Maï-Maï Nyatura et ceux de l’Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS).
 
Nord-Kivu: les combats entre miliciens APCLS et Nyatura font de nouveaux déplacés à Kitchanga | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
De nouveaux déplacés arrivent depuis trois jours dans la cité de Kitchanga au Nord-Kivu, fuyant les combats qui opposent les miliciens de l’Alliance du peuple pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) à ceux de Nyatura dans les villages de Kalembe,  Iringue et Kisimba. 
 
Nord-Kivu: combats entre Raïa Mutomboki et Nyatura à Masisi, 2 morts | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nord-Kivu: environ 2 000 personnes fuient les combats entre FDLR et Maï-Maï à Ufamando | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Environ 2 000 personnes ont abandonné leurs localités pour fuir les affrontements qui opposent, depuis quelques jours, des rebelles des Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda (FDLR) coalisés avec des miliciens Nyatura aux Maï-Maï du groupe Raïa Mutomboki, dans le groupement d’Ufamando 1er, en territoire de Masisi (Nord-Kivu).
 
 
New armed group at Lake Edward, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: un marin tué dans une embuscade des Maï-Maï sur le Lac-Edouard | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un marin a été abattu et un autre blessé, dimanche 13 octobre, au cours d’une embuscade de la milice Maï-Maï des Forces armées pour la libération et la résistance de la paix (FALRP) tendue à une patrouille de la Force navale congolaise sur la côte Ouest du Lac-Edouard.
 
Nord-Kivu : un nouveau groupe armé sème l’insécurité sur les rives du lac Edouard | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un nouveau groupe armé dénommé Forces armées pour la libération et la résistance pour la Paix (FALRP) a vu le jour depuis bientôt une année. La société civile de Kamandi qui a livré, mercredi 16 octobre, cette information, indique que cette milice est principalement formée des combattants ex-PARECO et d’autres jeunes du milieu. Basé dans les secteurs de Tshanika et Ndwali, dans l’ouest du lac Edouard (Nord-Kivu) où ils ses membres vivent principalement de la pêche illicite et du braconnage, ce groupe opère aussi à Kamandi (Nord-Kivu).
 
 
Negotiations with Raia Mutomboki in Shabunda, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: poursuite des négociations de paix avec les deux factions de Raïa Mutomboki à Shabunda | 12 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des négociations pour le rétablissement de la paix dans le territoire de Shabunda se poursuivent  depuis le 10 octobre entre l’administrateur du territoire, les acteurs de la société civile, les notables et autres leaders locaux avec les deux factions de la milice Raïa Mutomboki qui opèrent dans cette région. Il s’agit de celle de Sisawa et de Kikuni.
 
 
Attack by presumed FDLR in Fizi, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: des FDLR ont dévalisé un camion de marchandises à Tulonge | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des rebelles des Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda (FDLR) sont accusés d’avoir dévalisé, le week-end dernier, les commerçants et d’autres passagers d’un camion de marchandises, à Tulonge, localité située près de 150 km au Sud du chef-lieu du territoire de Fizi (Sud-Kivu). Selon la société civile, les mêmes rebelles rwandais avaient pillé, il y a une semaine, un autre bus sur l’axe Kilembwe, dans le territoire de Fizi.
 
 
Army retakes villages occupied by FRPI in Irumu (Ituri), Province Orientale
Ituri : l’armée a repris toutes les localités occupées par le FRPI, selon Alexandre Luba | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le vice-premier ministre en charge de la Défense, Alexandre Luba Ntambo, a loué les efforts des Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC) pour restaurer l’autorité de l’Etat en territoire d’Irumu, en Ituri (Province-Orientale). Selon lui, toutes les localités qui étaient occupées par les miliciens de la FRPI de Cobra Matata sont désormais contrôlées par les FARDC.
 
 
Army liberates presumed LRA hostages in Ango, Province Orientale
Province Orientale : l’armée libère 35 otages de supposés rebelles ougandais de la LRA | 10 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les Forces armées de la RDC ont libéré en début de semaine trente-cinq Congolais pris en otage deux jours plus tôt par des hommes armés en territoire d’Ango, en Province Orientale, a indiqué mercredi 9 septembre le Commissaire de district du Bas-Uélé.
 
 
Presumed LRA elements in Bondo, Province Orientale
Province Orientale/Bondo : Des groupes d’éléments de la LRA dans la région de Sukadi et de Gwane sèment la terreur | 11 October 2013 | Caritas | Reliefweb
Des groupes de la LRA repérés au niveau de la région de Sukadi et de Gwane sèment la terreur, dans le diocèse de Bondo, dans la Province Orientale, en République démocratique du Congo.
 
 
Militia in Maniema
Maniema: les habitants de Lembelembe désertent leur localité après l’incursion d’une milice | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les habitants de Lembelembe au Maniema désertent leur localité depuis le mardi 15 octobre après une incursion du groupe Maï-Maï commandé par un colonel déserteur de l’armé congolaise surnommé Thom’s. Ils fuient les exactions commises par ces hommes armés accusés notamment de tortures, de viols et de pillages.
 
 
 
Congolese and Rwandan senators meeting on security situation
Des sénateurs congolais et rwandais discutent de la crise sécuritaire dans les Grands Lacs | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC-Rwanda : les sénateurs plaident pour des projets intégrateurs entre les deux pays | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des sénateurs congolais et rwandais qui ont participé pendant deux jours aux travaux parlementaires consacrés à la situation sécuritaire dans l’Est de la RDC et dans la région des Grands Lacs ont plaidé mardi 15 octobre pour la relance des projets intégrateurs pour rapprocher les deux pays.
 
Report on Congo-Rwanda relationship
Rwanda’s Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace | 16 October 2013 | Enough Project
Warped and exploitative regional relationships have been one of the most critical factors in Congo becoming the site of the deadliest war in the world over the past two decades. Several of Congo’s neighbors have been deeply involved in the war, and the Congolese government’s deep corruption and bad governance have created conditions in which the army and a host of militias have operated with impunity and destabilized eastern Congo. The Congo-Rwanda relationship, however, has been at the heart of the decade-and-ahalf-long war in Congo and is thus the focus of this report.
 
 
 
EUSEC financing army reform
La réforme des FARDC bénéficie d'un financement de 2 millions d'euros d'EUSEC RDC | 15 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La Mission de l'Union européenne en RD Congo (EUSEC RDC) finance la mise en œuvre du plan de la réforme des FARDC avec une enveloppe de 2 millions d'euros dans le cadre du Programme d'action pour la période allant du 1er octobre 2013 au 30 septembre 2014.
 
 
Police
La RDC aux commandes du comité des chefs de la police d’Afrique centrale | 11 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
La RDC appelle les pays de l’Afrique centrale à renforcer leur coopération dans la lutte contre la criminalité transfrontalière | 14 October 2013 | ACP | Digitalcongo.net
La 14ème réunion du Comité des chefs de police d’Afrique centrale (CCPAC) à Kinshasa a été mise à profit par le ministre de l’Intérieur Richard Muyej pour lancer un vibrant appel aux Etats de cette sous-région à renforcer leur coopération dans le combat contre la criminalité transfrontalière.
 
Lubumbashi: l’école de formation de la police de Kasapa a rouvert | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
L’école de formation de la police de la Kasapa au Katanga a officiellement rouvert ce mercredi 16 octobre. Elle était fermée depuis dix ans.
 
 
Reinsertion of child soldiers
Nord-Kivu: plaidoyer pour la réinsertion des enfants sortis des groupes armés à Walikale | 11 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
L’ONG Groupe d’action et d’appui pour un développement endogène (Graade) appelle le gouvernement à s’impliquer financièrement dans la réinsertion des enfants sortis des groupes armés dans le territoire de Walikale (Nord-Kivu).
 
 
Sexual violence
Towards Ending Sexual Violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo | 15 October 2013 | UN Population Fund | Reliefweb
UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, together with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Hawa Bangura, are on a joint visit to the DRC to deepen political commitment in the fight against sexual violence in the country.
 
Ampleur des violences sexuelles en RDC et actions de lutte contre le phénomène de 2011 à 2012 | 15 October 2013 | Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, UN Population Fund | Reliefweb
La recrudescence des violences sexuelles persiste | 16 October 2013 | IPS
Le présent rapport analyse les données sur les cas incidents de violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre (VSBG) rapportés en 2011 et 2012 par les acteurs de terrain disséminés dans sept provinces de la RDC (Bandundu, Bas Congo, Katanga, Kinshasa, Nord Kivu, Province Orientale et Sud Kivu).
 
DRC sexual violence: UN, at last, recognizes the magnitude of crimes | 16 October 2013 | FIDH
A high-level dialogue on sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a new mechanism adopted through a vote of the U.N. Human Rights Council.
 
Daily Beast: End Sexual Violence In War Zones | 16 October 2013 | Enough Project
 
 
New essay series
Amani Itakuya. Introducing an essay series on peacebuilding in the Congo | 16 October 2013 | ChristophVogel.net
The Amani Itakuya Essay Series is a project to create ideas, to discuss challenges and opportunities, and to engage constructive debates on peacebuilding in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and its surroundings.
Bringing together a range of local and international people – academics, journalists, activists, and practitioners – Amani Itakuya aims at enlarging the spectrum of a debate which is often led in closed and/or within proximate circles among peers. This essay series will attempt at putting some of the ongoing debates and their participants onto one single platform – this website – in order to deepen existing dialogues on peace in the Congo.
 

 

Rwanda

Report on Congo-Rwanda relationship
Rwanda’s Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace | 16 October 2013 | Enough Project
Warped and exploitative regional relationships have been one of the most critical factors in Congo becoming the site of the deadliest war in the world over the past two decades. Several of Congo’s neighbors have been deeply involved in the war, and the Congolese government’s deep corruption and bad governance have created conditions in which the army and a host of militias have operated with impunity and destabilized eastern Congo. The Congo-Rwanda relationship, however, has been at the heart of the decade-and-ahalf-long war in Congo and is thus the focus of this report.
 


Central African Republic

UN Security Council resolution
Central African Republic: Security Council reinforces UN office, backs African Union peacekeeping role | 10 October 2013 | UN News Centre
RCA : le Conseil de sécurité renforce la présence de l'ONU et se dit prêt à envisager des mesures supplémentaires | 10 October 2013 | UN News Centre
Security Council expresses readiness to consider ‘appropriate measures’ against those fuelling violence in Central African Republic - Resolution 2121 (2013) | 10 October 2013 | UN Security Council
Le Conseil de Sécurité exige le règlement pacifique de la crise en République Centrafricaine et se dit prêt à adopter les « mesures appropriées » - résolution 2121 (2013) | 10 October 2013 | UN Security Council
U.N. Security Council asks for Central African peacekeeping options | 10 October 2013 | Reuters
UN Calls for Peacekeeping Force in CAR | 10 October 2013 | Voice of America
Centrafrique : vote d'une résolution à l'ONU, Fabius à Bangui dimanche | 10 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
U.N. Backs Peace Effort for Central African Republic | 10 October 2013 | The New York Times
UN votes to boost humanitarian support in CAR | 10 October 2013 | Al Jazeera
Centrafrique: l'engagement à pas comptés de l'ONU | 11 October 2013 | RFI
Central African Republic: UN considers sending peacekeepers | 16 October 2013 | FIDH
Seriously concerned by the deteriorating security situation and widespread human rights abuses in the Central African Republic (CAR), the Security Council today “reinforced and updated” the United Nations peacebuilding office in the country, while also calling for a political resolution to the conflict.
 
 
African Union
AU Calls for Urgent International Assistance to Peace Mission in CAR | 10 October 2013 | Forum on China-Africa Cooperation | allAfrica
The African Union (AU) has made an urgent call for international assistance to facilitate the operationalization of the international support mission in Central African Republic (CAR).
 
 
France’s Foreign Minister in Bangui: more French troops
France wants action on Central Africa 'sectarian poison' | 11 October 2013 | Reuters
Après la résolution à l'ONU, Laurent Fabius en visite en Centrafrique | 13 October 2013 | RFI
 
Central African Republic – Visit by Laurent Fabius (October 13, 2013) | 13 October 2013 | France Diplomatie
October 13, Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs, visited Bangui in order to signal France’s attachment to a swift improvement in the security situation and the living conditions of the people of the Central African Republic.
 
France to increase troops in Central African Republic | 13 October 2013 | Reuters
RCA: Paris va renforcer ses troupes | 13 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
France Will Increase Troop Strength in CAR | 14 October 2013 | Voice of America
RCA: Laurent Fabius annonce l'envoi de troupes supplémentaires | 14 October 2013 | RFI
En visite à Bangui, Laurent Fabius annonce l'envoi de troupes françaises d'ici la fin 2013 | 14 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Un émissaire français en Centrafrique. Laurent Fabius fixe des axes pour le retour à la paix dans le pays | 15 October 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
France will boost its troop presence in the Central African Republic by the end of the year under a forthcoming U.N. resolution to help prevent the country from spiraling out of control, Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said on Sunday.
 
Quel type d'intervention française en Centrafrique? | 15 October 2013 | RFI
Quelle forme pourrait prendre l'intervention de l'armée française en RCA ? Lundi 14 octobre, le président de la République a évoqué un risque de débordement de la situation. A Paris, on parle d'un risque de « somalisation », et on promet des renforts. L'armée française attend encore un mandat clair de la part des Nations unies pour lancer une opération.
 
 
French President in South Africa
France's Hollande: Central African Republic troubles could spill over | 14 October 2013 | Reuters
Intervention Needed in CAR - Zuma | 14 October 2013 | sapa | allAfrica
Hollande/Zuma: urgence en Centrafrique | 14 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Zuma suppresses his suspicions about France to collaborate on solving the CAR crisis | 17 October 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
France in demand again as Central Africa crisis deepens | 15 October 2013 | Reuters
French President Francois Hollande said on Monday the collapse of the Central African Republic could destabilize the region, as he sought to drum up support for increased military intervention while on a state visit to South Africa.
 
 
Security situation
RCA : un leader de la société civile souhaite une action plus ferme de l’ONU | 11 October 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Gaga, un village minier situé à environ 200 km au nord-ouest de la capitale centrafricaine, a été le théâtre d’affrontements meurtriers pendant plusieurs jours.
 
Centrafrique : le "faux colonel" Mahamat Amine arrêté | 11 October 2013 | Afrik.com
Justice exemplaire pour les auteurs d’actes criminels à Damara et Bangassou | 11 October 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
Le colonel Mahamat Amine, membre de l’ex-coalition Séléka, a été arrêté avec six de ses hommes à Damara, où ils semaient la terreur depuis plusieurs mois.
 
Centrafrique : fin de partie pour le "général" Moussa Assimeh | 14 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le président de transition de la Centrafrique, Michel Djotodia, tente d'écarter l'un des principaux chefs de guerre de Centrafrique, le "général" Moussa Assimeh.
 
 
Organisations denouncing violence
Central African Republic: A Country Overwhelmed by Terror More Each Day | 15 October 2013 | FIDH
The UN Security Council must immediately support international troops
 
Central African Republic: Fighting Reaches Unprecedented Levels of Violence | 16 October 2013 | MSF | allAfrica
Medical Aid Group: Workers Witness CAR Atrocities, Executions | 16 October 2013 | Voice of America
Central African Republic clashes: 'Thousands flee villages' | 16 October 2013 | BBC Africa
RCA: violence “sans précédent” | 16 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Central African Republic: Group Reports New Deadly Attacks | 16 October 2013 | The New York Times
MSF dénonce une violence «sans précédent» en Centrafrique | 17 October 2013 | RFI
Tens of thousands of people have fled in a wave of attacks and ruthless killings by armed groups and government forces in north-western Central African Republic, the international medical aid organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) reports today.
 
 
Analysis
Conflict trends (no. 19): Real-time analysis of African political violence, October 2013 | 11 October 2013 | ACLED | Reliefweb
October issue of the Armed Con-flict Location & Event Dataset (ACLED) Conflict Trends. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime.
 

 
 
 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 


RDC: 100 000 déplacés vivent dans des conditions «catastrophiques» à Walendu Bindi | 11 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Sud-Kivu: des déplacés en difficulté dans un quartier d’Uvira | 13 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Nord-Kivu : 580 familles des déplacés en situation difficile dans le parc des Virunga | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Nord-Kivu: les combats entre miliciens APCLS et Nyatura font de nouveaux déplacés à Kitchanga | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
 
UNOCHA bulletins
Bulletin humanitaire provincial: Province du Sud-Kivu, RD Congo - septembre 2013 | 16 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
RD Congo - Province du Sud-Kivu : Déplacements au 30 septembre 2013 (Janvier 2009 - septembre 2013) | 11 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Katanga No. 39/13, 09 octobre 2013 | 10 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu No 34/13, 9 octobre 2013 | 10 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Maniema No. 30/13, 10 octobre 2013 | 10 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale No 41/13, 16 octobre 2013 | 16 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 


Central African Republic

République centrafricaine: départ imminent d'une mission d'évaluation humanitaire de l'ONU | 16 October 2013 | UN News Centre
 
 

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region


Africa and the ICC
African states must reject calls to withdraw from the ICC | 10 October 2013 | Amnesty International
Cour pénale internationale : le front du refus africain en sommet à Addis-Abeba | 10 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Addis-Abeba: sommet de l’UA sur ses relations houleuses avec la CPI | 11 October 2013 | RFI
Will Africa pull out of the ICC? | 11 October 2013 | BBC Africa
African Nations Discuss Stance on ICC | 11 October 2013 | Voice of America
The African Union (AU) is holding an extraordinary summit in Addis Ababa on 11 and 12 October. It is understood that a proposal will be tabled for the en bloc withdrawal of African countries from the Rome Statute of the ICC. Some AU members are concerned that the ICC is unfairly targeting African countries.
 
In Africa, Seeking a License to Kill | 10 October 2013 | The New York Times
Op-ed, by Desmond Tutu
Nobel Laureate Fights African Pullout from Global Court | 10 October 2013 | IPS
Cape Town — Members of the African Union will meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, today to discuss recent calls by some African leaders to withdraw from the International Criminal Court. These calls must be resisted. The continent has suffered the consequences of unaccountable governance for too long to disown the protections offered by the I.C.C.
 
AU, Kenya and the International Criminal Court: Beyond Impunity | 10 October 2013 | Pambazuka News
 
Saving African dictators from the ICC | 10 October 2013 | Pambazuka News
 
ICC Is Critical Tool for Combating Rape and Sexual Violence | 11 October 2013 | OSISA | allAfrica
The International Campaign to Stop Rape & Gender Violence in Conflict - including 7 Nobel peace laureates - called on members of the African Union (AU) to back the International Criminal Court (ICC) as a critical tool for combating rape and other forms of gender violence.
 
 
African Union runs critical eye over International Criminal Court | 11 October 2013 | Reuters
Portfolio interactif : la CPI, 15 ans et 29 Africains en ligne de mire | 11 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has become a "political instrument", Ethiopia's foreign minister said on Friday, opening a meeting at which Africa will review its ties with the Hague-based war crimes tribunal.
 
African Union condemns 'unfair' ICC | 11 October 2013 | BBC Africa
ICC's 'Unfair Treatment' of Africa 'Completely Unacceptable' - AU | 12 October 2013 | Ethiopian Radio and Television Agency | allAfrica
The African Union (AU) said on Saturday "the unfair treatment that Africa has been subject to by the International Criminal Court (ICC) is completely unacceptable."
 
Africans tell ICC: Heads of state should not be tried | 11 October 2013 | Reuters
African Leaders Want Prosecution Immunity for Heads of State | 12 October 2013 | Bloomberg
African Union urges ICC to defer Uhuru Kenyatta case | 12 October 2013 | BBC Africa
Sommet de l’UA: un consensus semble se dégager pour éviter le retrait de la CPI | 12 October 2013 | RFI
L'UA soutient les Kényans Uhuru Kenyatta et William Ruto face à la CPI | 13 October 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
L'UA veut la suspension des procédures de la CPI contre les présidents en exercice | 13 October 2013 | RFI
Les relations entre la CPI et l'Union africaine toujours sous haute tension | 14 October 2013 | RFI
Africa Chooses to Stay Inside the Law On Kenya | 14 October 2013 | allAfrica
AU Issues Warning, but Not Parting, Shots to the ICC | 14 October 2013 | Daily Maverick | allAfrica
AU and the ICC – How They Voted | 15 October 2013 | ThinkAfricaPress
The AU's ICC summit: A case of elite solidarity for self preservation? | 15 October 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
African nations have agreed that sitting heads of state should not be put on trial by the International Criminal Court where Kenya's leaders are in the dock.
 
Dispatches: Failure of Leadership at AU Summit | 12 October 2013 | Human Rights Watch
When African Union (AU) heads of state gathered in Addis Ababa this weekend for an extraordinary summit, Africans might have expected that their leaders would have extraordinary issues to discuss.
 
AU Summit call for immunity of senior government officials is deplorable | 13 October 2013 | Amnesty International
Amnesty condamne l'Union africaine | 13 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
The African Union’s declaration that no senior government officials should appear before the International Criminal Court (ICC) and their call for deferral of the cases against Kenya’s leaders is deplorable, said Amnesty International.
 
Kenya's Ruto to cooperate with ICC despite African pressure | 15 October 2013 | Reuters
Deputy Kenyan President William Ruto said on Tuesday he would continue to cooperate with the International Criminal Court despite a call from African leaders for his case and that of President Uhuru Kenyatta to be delayed.
 
President Kagame Discusses ICC, FDLR, EAC Integration, Women Majority in Parliament and More At Press Briefing | 15 October 2013 | Government of Rwanda | allAfrica
Rwanda: nouvelle charge du président Kagame contre la CPI | 16 October 2013 | RFI
President Paul Kagame said that Rwanda had already expressed a strong opinion on the International Criminal Court (ICC) at its inception ten years ago - questioning it's premise - and the years that followed proved that Rwanda had made the right decision in not signing the Rome Statute. 




 DRC

Bemba trial
Bemba Hearings Cancelled Until Next Week | 10 October 2013 | Bemba Trial website | allAfrica
 
Bemba's Lawyers Oppose Admission of Untested Witness Statements | 15 October 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
 
Chebeya case
Les veuves Chebeya et Bazana demandent un commissionnement de magistrats militaires de haut rang pour juger le général Numbi | 14 October 2013 | PR Newswire | allAfrica
Alors que leur plainte est restée sans suite depuis plus de trois ans, les veuves de Floribert Chebeya et Fidèle Bazana interpellent de nouveau les autorités congolaises et demandent la traduction du général John Numbi devant une juridiction impartiale et indépendante, afin qu'il réponde de sa responsabilité dans l'assassinat de leurs époux.

 
 

Rwanda 

Genocide prosecution
Transferred Genocide Suspects Say They Don't Understand Their Own Language | 10 October 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency | allAfrica
Mugesera et Munyagishari : la peur d’un procès en langue rwandaise | 10 October 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
Ever since being transferred to Rwanda in July by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), former militiaman Bernard Munyagishari has been fighting to have his genocide trial conducted in French, rather than the Rwandan language Kinyarwanda. He is on the same quest where another transferred Rwandan suspect, Léon Mugesera, failed last year.
 
 
Genocide compensation
The Rwandan case: is it possible to truly compensate victims of genocide? | 11 October 2013 | Peace Direct | Reliefweb
Jean-Paul Mugiraneza discusses why the victims of the Tutsi Genocide- one of the worst incidences of mass killing in the 20th century- are still struggling to receive financial compensation for their physical and material loss 20 years on, and asks, is it even possible to fully compensate these people after such an atrocity?
 
 

 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region


Management of natural resources in Africa
Gestion des ressources naturelles - Matata prône un « leadership fort » dans les Etats fragiles | 13 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La gestion des ressources naturelles exige un leadership et de la détermination dans les Etats fragiles. C'est ce qu'a soutenu Matata Ponyo Mapon dans un forum organisé à Washington, en marge des assemblées annuelles de la Banque mondiale et du FMI.
 
 
Mercury agreement signed
International mercury accord to take effect in January 2014 | 14 October 2013 | Mineweb
A global agreement to protect human health and the environment from emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds has been signed in Minamata, Japan. Delegates from 140 nations and territories have signed the United Nations Minamata Convention on Mercury with the international treaty set to take effect in 90 days.
The treaty gives governments 15 years to end all mercury mining. However, environmental groups have criticized the accord for failing to address the use of mercury in small-scale gold mining.


 

DRC 

Mining code revision
Congo’s Government Wants 15% Stake of New Mines in Revised Code | 11 October 2013 | Bloomberg
The Democratic Republic of Congo plans to raise its free stake in new mining projects to 15 percent from 5 percent, said Chantal Bashizi, the vice president of the commission revising the mining code.
 
 
Prospects for mining industry
Malgré les bonnes perspectives de croissance, le spectre de la guerre hante l'industrie minière | 10 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le dynamisme observé dans le secteur des industries extractives en RDC fait projeter une production de cuivre dépassant 600 000 tonnes en 2013 et atteignant environ 1 million de tonnes en 2014. Celle de l'or, qui est estimée à 2 tonnes pour 2013, devrait grimper à 14 tonnes en 2014.
 
 
Copper
DR Congo Copper Production Rises Despite Electricity Constraints | 15 October 2013 | Bloomberg
The Democratic Republic of Congo may boost copper exports to about 750,000 metric tons this year even as producers are held back by power constraints, Moise Katumbi, governor of mineral-rich Katanga province, said.
 
Congo Rail Seeks to Link Copper Mines to Angola’s Lobito | 17 October 2013 | Bloomberg
Railway companies from Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola will meet to discuss linkages that would allow Congo’s mine operators to ship copper to the port of Lobito in the neighboring African country.
 
 
Miners to be taxed in francs
DRC Plans to Tax Miners in Francs to Cut Dollar Use | 14 October 2013 | Bloomberg
Democratic Republic of Congo Prime Minister Matata Ponyo said his government plans to tax mining companies in local currency in an attempt to “drastically reduce” dollarization in the economy within three years.
 
 
Mineral fraudsters arrested
Sud-Kivu : Quatre fraudeurs des minerais appréhendés à Nyabibwe | 14 October 2013 | ACP | Digitalcongo.net
Selon la source, ces personnes ont volé 200 Kg de cassitérite, produits au site minier de Kalimbi, qu’ils ont embarqués dans un minibus à destination de Goma.
 
 
Investments in power generation
DRC Plans Massive Investments in Power Generation, Agriculture | 14 October 2013 | Voice of America
The Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) says his administration plans to invest about $ 50 billion in power generation both for domestic consumption and for export.
 
Belgiums put money on Bamanisa | 15 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
The numerous mining projects in Orientale call for major supplies of power. Brussels wants to build up its special position in the sphere.
 
 
Hydropower - Inga
SNEL | 15 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
The Belgian company Dredging International is vying with an American company for the contract to dredge the canal leading to turbines of the Inga dam.
 
Jacob Zuma | 15 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
Jacob Zuma, South Africa’s president, is due to visit Kinshasa at the end of this month to sign a contract with his Congolese counterpart Joseph Kabila concerning the supply of electricity from the future Inga 3 dam.
 
 
Oil
Shelf dispute drags on | 15 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
A low-key battle with potentially big consequences is unfolding before the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in New York.
 
 
Campaign against oil exploration in Virunga Park, North Kivu
Anna Friel joins campaign against oil exploration in Democratic Republic of the Congo | 13 October 2013 | The Guardian
Actress Anna Friel is to help publicise a newly invigorated WWF campaign against plans to explore for oil in one of the world's most important regions for wildlife. British-based oil and gas company Soco began aerial surveys of the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo this month, despite pleas from environmental campaigners and the British government.
 
 
Virunga Park chief curator released
Nord-Kivu: un conservateur du parc des Virunga libéré après 17 jours de détention | 14 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Arrêté par des militaires pour s’être opposé à l’exécution d’un projet de la firme Soco International à Nyakakoma et gardé au cachot de l’Agence nationale de renseignements (ANR) à Goma (Nord-Kivu), le conservateur principal du parc des Virunga, Rodrigue Mugaruka Katembo, a été libéré depuis une semaine.
 
 
Parks and reserves
Une enquête sur les parcs et réserves en RD Congo | 14 October 2013 | ACP | Digitalcongo.net
La revue trimestrielle belge « Ardenne et Gaume » consacre son numéro du troisième trimestre 2013 à une longue enquête réalisée par le journaliste François Misser sur les aires protégées en RD Congo.
 

 

Uganda

Oil
Firms Invited to Build Uganda Oil Refinery | 10 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Uganda has invited private firms to express their interest in building and operating the proposed oil refinery to promote valuable use of the country's petroleum resources. The Uganda Refinery Project will have the capacity to process 60,000 barrels per day and will be located in Hoima.
 
Oil Refinery Threatened | 11 October 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Battle lines have been drawn between the government on one hand and activists and locals over the compensation and resettlement of residents to be evicted to create space for oil refinery infrastructure in Hoima, western Uganda.
 
Oil Will Not Make You Rich - Minister | 11 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
State minister for Agriculture, Prof Zerubaberi Nyira has advised people in the Albertine region to embrace agriculture instead of waiting for oil money which is not going to flow in their pockets.
 
With Our Oil, We Must Build a 'Welfare State' | 11 October 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Opinion. With the oil and gas money we should provide completely free education, health and health.
 
 
Minerals
Nation Seeks to Import Mozambique Coal | 12 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
President Yoweri Museveni has revealed that Uganda is targeting to import coal from Mozambique to support the development of its vast iron ore reserves.
 
 
Elephant poaching
Clerics Arrested With Ivory | 13 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
 


 
 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

DRC

Mining code revision
Congo’s Government Wants 15% Stake of New Mines in Revised Code | 11 October 2013 | Bloomberg
The Democratic Republic of Congo plans to raise its free stake in new mining projects to 15 percent from 5 percent, said Chantal Bashizi, the vice president of the commission revising the mining code.
 
Révision du code minier en RDC: les autorités rassurent les opérateurs du secteur | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le secrétaire général au ministère des Mines, Katanda Ngoy, a assuré les opérateurs du secteur minier que la révision du code minier congolais se faisait de manière professionnelle, concertée et équilibrée.
 
 
Randgold – Kibali Gold Mines
Randgold Resources Ld: Kibali signals long-term value creation in DRC | 10 October 2013 | Randgold Resources Ld | Marketwired
Kibali start-up could signal long-term value creation in DRC | 10 October 2013 | Mining Weekly
The new Kibali gold mine, which started production last month, could be the catalyst for substantial long-term value creation in the Democratic Republic of Congo if it is handled correctly by all its stakeholders, Randgold Resources chief executive Mark Bristow told a media briefing here today.
 
La société Kibali Gold Mine annonce pour d’ici fin octobre la commercialisation de l’or qu’elle a commencé à produire en septembre à Doko | 12 October 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
Les dirigeants de la société Kibali Gold Mine annoncent la commercialisation, d’ici la fin de ce mois d’octobre de l’or produit par leur firme à Doko dans la Province Orientale.
 
Banro
Banro Provides Q3 2013 Production Update for its Twangiza Gold Mine, DRC, Brief Operations Overview and Comment on Additional Funding for the Namoya Project | 10 October 2013 | Banro Corporation | Marketwired
Toronto, Ontario - Banro Corporation provides Q3 gold production, a brief operations update for its Twangiza Gold Mine and Namoya construction project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (the "DRC") and details of additional funding arrangements.
Twangiza produced 20,784 ounces of gold for the third quarter of 2013, as Twangiza continued to optimize its processes and undergo its planned expansion to increase future throughput to up to 1.7 million tonnes per year.
 
Tiger
Kipoi hits its stride in Sept quarter - Tiger | 15 October 2013 | Mining Weekly
Perth – Copper miner Tiger Resources has set a new quarterly production record at its Kipoi copper project, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Kipoi project delivered 12 123 t of copper in concentrate during the three months to September, which was 35% above the plant’s nameplate capacity and 9% higher than the previous quarter production record.
 
Tiger secures offtake partner | 17 October 2013 | Mining Weekly
Perth – Dual-listed copper miner Tiger Resources has agreed to a 100 000 t copper cathode offtake agreement from the Stage 2 development of its Kipoi project, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
 
Gecamines
Gecamines of Congo Considering Initial Public Offering by 2015 | 15 October 2013 | Bloomberg
Gecamines, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s state-owned miner, is considering an initial public offering within the next two years, said Mbangu Mwangal, head of research and planning.
 
 
Campaign against SOCO’s oil exploration in Virunga Park
Anna Friel joins campaign against oil exploration in Democratic Republic of the Congo | 13 October 2013 | The Guardian
Anna Friel and Stephen Poliakoff back WWF fight to save Virunga national park – video | 15 October 2013 | The Guardian
Actress Anna Friel is to help publicise a newly invigorated WWF campaign against plans to explore for oil in one of the world's most important regions for wildlife. British-based oil and gas company Soco began aerial surveys of the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo this month, despite pleas from environmental campaigners and the British government.
 
SOCO ceases activities in Bas-Congo province
Annonce de la cessation des activités de la société pétrolière SOCO au Bas-Congo | 14 October 2013 | ACP | Digitalcongo.net
Le vice-gouverneur du Bas-Congo, M. Atou Matubuana, a été informé de la cessation des activités de la société pétrolière SOCO dans le Bas-Fleuve que le directeur général de SOCO-Afrique est parti lui annoncer le week-end dernier, suite aux infructueux essais de forage et exploitation de l’or noir dans ce coin de la République.
 

 

Uganda

Oil
Oil Industry First Dividends | 15 October 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Following the issuance of Uganda's first oil production licence to China's National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) to start the development of the Kingfisher Oil Field in Lake Albert basin, various service providers are looking for ways of positioning themselves to cash in.
 
Oil Bribes - MPs Fails to Pin Mbabazi, Kutesa | 15 October 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
A two-year parliamentary investigation has failed to find evidence pinning top government officials for accepting bribes to influence the award of favourable oil contracts.
 
 
Minerals
Entebbe serves as a hub for Tanzanian mines | 11 October 2013 | Mining Weekly
Global aircraft charter specialists Chapman Freeborn Air Chartering reports that it has centred some of its operations in the city of Entebbe, in Uganda, to service the mining industries in Tanzania and surrounding countries. Chapman Freeborn offers scheduled freighter flights to Mwanza Airport, in northern Tanzania, and scheduled supplying flights to locations, such as Mogadishu, in Somalia, Bunia, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Mozambique,” says Lange.

 

 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 

DRC

Mining code revision
Congo’s Government Wants 15% Stake of New Mines in Revised Code | 11 October 2013 | Bloomberg
The Democratic Republic of Congo plans to raise its free stake in new mining projects to 15 percent from 5 percent, said Chantal Bashizi, the vice president of the commission revising the mining code.
 
Révision du code minier en RDC: les autorités rassurent les opérateurs du secteur | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le secrétaire général au ministère des Mines, Katanda Ngoy, a assuré les opérateurs du secteur minier que la révision du code minier congolais se faisait de manière professionnelle, concertée et équilibrée.
 
 
EITI
La RDC sur la voie de réintégrer le processus ITIE, selon Célestin Vunabandi | 15 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le président du comité exécutif de l’ITIE RDC, Célestin Vunabandi a déclaré lundi 14 octobre que la RDC est sur la voie de réintégrer le processus de l’Initiative pour la transparence des industries extractives (ITIE).
 

 
 
 

Other



No winner of 2013 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership
No Winner of the 2013 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership | 14 October 2013 | Mo Ibrahim Foundation | allAfrica
Afrique: le prix Mo Ibrahim ne sera une nouvelle fois pas décerné en 2013 | 14 October 2013 | RFI
Prix Mo Ibrahim: pas de gagnant | 14 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
The Mo Ibrahim Foundation's independent Prize Committee has decided not to award this year's 2013 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership is the largest prize in the world, worth an annual US$5 million over 10 years and US$200,000 annually for life thereafter.
 
Mo Ibrahim Prize 2013: and the winner is…Afro-realism – By Magnus Taylor | 14 October 2013 | African Arguments
 
 
2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance
2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) | 14 October 2013 | The Ibrahim Index of African Governance
Established in 2007, the IIAG is the most comprehensive collection of quantitative data on governance in Africa.
 
African Governance Improving, Index Finds | 14 October 2013 | Voice of America
Indice Ibrahim: la RDC avant-dernière | 14 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Sudanese magnate Mo Ibrahim announced his seventh annual African Governance Index Monday, saying there are both positive and negative trends to watch.
 
Mo Ibrahim Prize 2013: and the winner is…Afro-realism – By Magnus Taylor | 14 October 2013 | African Arguments

 


DRC

Creation of Constitutional Court
RDC: Joseph Kabila promulgue la loi créant la Cour constitutionnelle | 16 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Une Cour constitutionnelle pour la RDC | 17 October 2013 | RFI
Le chef de l’Etat a promulgué mardi 15 octobre la loi portant organisation et fonctionnement de la Cour constitutionnelle trois ans après son adoption au Parlement.
 
 
DRC 51st of 52 on 2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance
2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) | 14 October 2013 | The Ibrahim Index of African Governance
Established in 2007, the IIAG is the most comprehensive collection of quantitative data on governance in Africa.
 
Indice Ibrahim: la RDC avant-dernière | 14 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
La RDC se classe 51ème sur 52 dans l'Indice Ibrahim de la gouvernance en Afrique 2013 | 15 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Depuis 2000, la RDC a progressé le plus dans la catégorie Développement économique durable.
 



Uganda

Uganda and its president. A leader who cannot bear to retire | 12 October 2013 | The Economist
Once much admired across Africa and the West, Uganda’s tarnished president seems determined to hang on for ever.
 
 
Uganda Opposition Leaders Reject Invitation to Join Ruling Party | 14 October 2013 | Voice of America
Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni has called on two senior opposition leaders to stop fighting losing political battles – and join the ruling National Resistance Movement (NRM).

 

Burundi 

Burundi: les coulisses de la démission du vice-président Térence Sinunguruza | 15 October 2013 | RFI
Au Burundi, Térence Sinunguruza, premier vice-président issu du parti Uprona, le principal parti tutsi de ce pays, a démissionné hier, au bout d’un long bras-de-fer avec son parti. Uprona qui l’accuse de privilégier ses propres intérêts, avait demandé au président, issu du principal parti hutu du Burundi, de le démettre.
 
Burundi : le successeur du Premier vice-ministre fait grincer des dents | 17 October 2013 | RFI
Deux jours après la démission un peu forcée du Premier vice-président du Burundi, le chef de l'Etat a proposé le nom d'un successeur. Il s'agit de Bernard Busokoza, issu lui aussi de l'Uprona, le principal parti burundais à majorité tutsie.
 
 

 

IPIS Recent Publications



Pinocchio Ltd. The NRA and its corporate partners: US shipments of small arms ammunition by sea | 25 March 2013 | TA-R | IPIS
The National Rifle Association (NRA) claims to have monitored in the last 20 years all United Nations activities that could impact Second Amendment rights. Its latest target is the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), an international treaty to establish common international standards for the import, export, and transfer of conventional arms presently under discussion at the United Nations. The international community has been calling for the inclusion of ammunition and civilian arms within the scope of the ATT. This reasonable call is used by the NRA to claim that the ATT could restrict the lawful ownership of firearms in the United States.


Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | OECD - IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.
 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
 
 
 
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