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WEEKLY BRIEFING 26TH SEPTEMBER - 2ND OCTOBER 2013

Content

News in brief
 

IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi
Central African Republic
 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
Central African Republic

 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
Burundi
Other

 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda

 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda

 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Other

IPIS Recent publications
 

NEWS IN BRIEF


Last week, the UN Security Council passed its first resolution dedicated exclusively to the issue of small arms and light weapons.
 
According to a UN report covering the period from November 2011 to May 2013, the human rights situation in eastern DR Congo significantly deteriorated, despite the Government’s efforts, with the majority of violations being committed by security and defence forces as well as by combatants of M23 and other armed groups. The security and human rights situation has not improved over the last months, as described by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in his report on the implementation of the Addis Ababa Framework Agreement. On the margins of the UN General Assembly, African heads of state met to discuss the conflict.
 
In Kampala, the talks with M23, by now well beyond the deadline of two weeks set by the ICGLR, seem to be at a deadlock over the issue of amnesty and integration into the Congolese army.
 
In Rutshuru, North Kivu, the settlement of about 200 Rwandophone families in a zone controlled by M23 has caused controversy.
 
Masisi, also in North Kivu, saw some heavy fighting again between several armed groups.
 
In southern Ituri, clashes between the Congolese army (FARDC) and FRPI rebels continued. The local population of the villages retaken by FARDC is accusing the army of pillaging, torturing and killing civilians.
 
Elsewhere in Province Orientale, local civil society and authorities say military and police commit abuses in the gold and diamond mines and along roads and rivers in Banalia and Bafwasende.
 
 
The US has decided to suspend its military aid to Rwanda because it supports the M23 rebel movement in the DRC, which uses child soldiers.
 
A meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly on the catastrophic situation in the Central African Republic does not seem to lead to concrete results. Meanwhile, the transitional authorities and the multinational force Fomac are trying to disarm the ‘generals’ of the ex-rebel coalition Seleka, so far with no effect.
 
The Special Court for Sierra Leone’s Appeals Chamber upheld the conviction of former Liberian president Charles Taylor for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
 
The European Court of Auditors published a report on the concrete results of the aid the EU granted to the DR Congo between 2003 and 2011, judging them very limited.
 
 

 


IPIS’ Latest Publications



NEW* IPIS Insights: Why businesses should assess human rights impacts from the outset of projects. SOCO International Oil Company in Virunga National Park, DRC | 26 August 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS)
SOCO International, a British oil company, is prospecting for oil in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Virunga National Park – a World Heritage Site. For the past year, their presence has been criticised for putting a fragile environment at risk. However, more recently, their impact on human rights has also been questioned. In this Insights IPIS looks at why it is so vital for companies to employ rights-respectful processes, such as those advised in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, from the very beginning of the prospection stage.


Strijd tegen conflictmineralen: sleutel tot conflictresolutie in Oost-Congo? | 25 July  2013 | IPIS (Internationale Spectator)
De PDF van dit artikel is met toestemming van de redactie overgenomen uit de 'Internationale Spectator, Clingendael Magazine voor Internationale Betrekkingen', uitgegeven door de Koninklijke Van Gorcum, te Assen namens het Nederlands Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen ‘Clingendael’ te Den Haag.

Business, Human Rights, and Uganda's Oil. Part I: Uganda's oil sector and potential threats to human rights | 25 July 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS) – ActionAid International Uganda
The following report is the first of a series of four collaborations between IPIS Research and ActionAid International Uganda. The series sheds a light on the oil sector in Uganda, its possible impact on human rights, and how government, companies, and civil society can best enable a positive bond between oil and the welfare of the Ugandan people.


The formalisation of artisanal mining in the DRC and Rwanda | December 2012 [April 2013] | IPIS
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned. We hope that these perspectives will support the formation of well-informed policy and regulatory options – both by the EU and by harvesting countries – concerning the formalisation of timber production in tropical countries.
The report was commissioned by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), which is dedicated to advancing human well-being, environmental conservation and equity through providing information that leads to better informed and equitable decision making about the use and management of forests in tropical countries.


Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
Gold and diamonds in Central Africa easily conjure up images of conflict, rebel funding, human rights violations, and smuggling. As a country landlocked within an unstable region, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and recently the scene of another coup, the Central African Republic (CAR) might be considered an appropriate candidate for analysis within the conflict-mineral perspective. Yet this framework would ignore the country’s mining sector’s very specific characteristics. The sector offers an essential livelihood to many households, represents the country’s second most important export product, and is organised in a particular way. Nonetheless, a wide range of issues regarding the country’s mining sector persist.
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.
 
 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region


First UN resolution on small arms and light weapons
Security Council urges strengthened efforts to tackle small arms scourge | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Le Conseil de sécurité se mobilise contre le fléau des armes légères | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Security Council Adopts First-Ever Resolution Dedicated to Question of Small Arms, Light Weapons | 26 September 2013 | UN Security Council
UN Security Council passes first resolution on small arms trade | 27 September 2013 | AFP | Space War
The Security Council today, meeting at the ministerial level, voiced its grave concern at the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation and misuse of small arms and light weapons, which perpetuate conflict and instability worldwide and cause significant loss of life. In a resolution adopted by a vote of 14 in favour, with Russia abstaining, the Council welcomed efforts that have been made to tackle this scourge, and urged the further strengthening of cooperation and information sharing to combat the problem.
 
Amb. Power At UN Security Council On Small Arms, Light Weapons | 26 September 2013 | US Department of State | allAfrica
Remarks by Ambassador Samantha Power, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, At the Security Council High-Level Meeting on the Small Arms / Light Weapons, September 26, 2013.
 
 
Arms Trade Treaty
World leaders urged to make Arms Trade Treaty work after more than 100 sign on | 26 September 2013 | Amnesty International
Amnesty International’s Secretary General Salil Shetty called on governments to act on their promises to end the flow of conventional arms that fuel atrocities and abuse, after the number of countries that signed the historic Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) passed the 100 mark.
 

 
 

DRC 

MONUSCO weekly press conference
Conférence de presse des Nations Unies du mercredi 2 octobre 2013 | 2 October 2013 | MONUSCO
 
 
UN Human Rights report
DR Congo: UN officials cite progress in rule of law, but also continued rights abuses in the east | 25 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights and the activities of her Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo | 12 July 2013 | UN General Assembly
Rapport de la Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l'homme sur la situation des droits de l'homme et les activités du Haut-Commissariat en République démocratique du Congo | 12 July 2013 | UN General Assembly
L’ONU déplore la détérioration de la situation des droits de l’homme en RDC | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Progress has been made in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in putting in place a legal regime to combat impunity for human rights violations, but the rights situation in the east of the country continues to deteriorate, according to a new United Nations report presented to the press in Kinshasa today.
 
 
UN meeting on implementation of Addis Ababa Framework Agreement
Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the region (S/2013/569) | 24 (30) September 2013 | UN Security Council | Reliefweb
Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la mise en œuvre de l’Accord-cadre pour la paix, la sécurité et la coopération pour la République démocratique du Congo et la région (S/2013/569) | 24 September (1 October) 2013 | UN Security Council
 
Rwandan Support for Rebels Frustrates Attempts to End Fighting in Eastern Congo | 26 September 2013 | Voice of America
U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon called the attacks being carried out by rebels in Eastern Congo against civilians "appalling". African heads of state met at the United Nations to discuss the conflict, which the United States says Rwanda is fueling by backing those rebels.
 
Kagame, Museveni Speak Out On DR Congo At UN | 27 September 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
President Paul Kagame wants action not words for the benefit of peace in the Great Lakes region.
 
Stop asking me how to fix Congo, says Rwanda's Kagame | 30 September 2013 | Reuters
Rwandan President Paul Kagame says he doesn't understand why people keep asking him how to end decades of conflict in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo, despite accusations by U.N. experts that Rwanda backs Congolese rebels.
 
L'ONU accuse le M23 d’aggraver la situation humanitaire dans l’est du pays | 1 October 2013 | RFI
Le secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a présenté au Conseil de sécurité un rapport d'étape sur la mise en application de l'accord-cadre d'Addis-Abeba, signé en février 2013 par onze pays, accord qui vise à instaurer la paix en République démocratique du Congo. Le rapport pointe une situation humanitaire qui se détériore, des violences sexuelles sont en augmentation et se focalise surtout sur le cas du M23.
 
 
President Kabila at UN General Assembly
Joseph Kabila exige à l’ONU des sanctions contre les Etats qui violent la souveraineté des autres | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Devant l’ONU, Joseph Kabila pose ses conditions pour une paix en RDC | 26 September 2013 | RFI
Au Cours de la 68ème session de l’assemblée générale des Nations unies à New-York, le président de la République Démocratique du Congo, Joseph Kabila a demandé, mercredi 25 septembre 2013, des sanctions à l’endroit des Etats qui violent la souveraineté des autres Etats. Il a aussi ajouté, que la paix dans la région dépend notamment de  la mise en œuvre diligente, par les autres signataires de l’accord-cadre d’Addis-Abeba, des engagements qui leur incombent.
 
 
Interviews with UN envoys
Martin Kobler sur RFI: «après le succès militaire, il faut une avancée politique en RDC» | 26 September 2013 | RFI
Lundi 24 septembre, à New York, en marge de l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU, les chefs d'Etat de la région des Grands lacs se sont retrouvés en sommet. Une rencontre à laquelle était présent le nouveau chef de la Monusco, l'Allemand Martin Kobler, qui témoigne au micro de Christophe Boisbouvier et raconte « la victoire militaire » de ses casques bleus.
 
Trumping History with Hope in Great Lakes Region: Interview with Mary Robinson | 2 October 2013 | The Global Observatory
To implement the new “Framework of Hope” signed by eleven member states from arguably the most troubled region of Africa requires the involvement of a wide cross-section of the population in each of the signatory countries, said Mary Robinson, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General to the Great Lakes region in Africa.
 
 
Kampala talks
Les 78 commandants, assimilés et hommes de troupes du M23 non éligibles à l'intégration au sein des FARDC sont identifiés | 26 September 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le gouvernement de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) a transmis le 19 septembre 2013 au facilitateur ougandais des pourparlers de Kampala, le ministre de la Défense Crispus Kiyonga, la liste de 78 sur 1.700 commandants, assimilés et hommes de troupes qu'il juge « non éligibles à l'intégration au sein des FARDC ».
 
RDC: les négociations avec le M23 s’enlisent sur la question des amnisties | 27 September 2013 | RFI
Alors qu'il y a eu des combats, jeudi 26 septembre, dans l'est de la RDC, où en sont les négociations entre le M23 et le gouvernement congolais ?
 
Les pourparlers de Kampala se jouent désormais à New York | 27 September 2013 | IPS
 
Pourparlers de Kampala : l’Ouganda va présenter un projet d’accord de paix entre Kinshasa et le M23 | 28 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le médiateur ougandais des pourparlers de Kampala entre le gouvernement congolais et la rébellion du M23 devrait présenter un projet d’accord de paix ce samedi 28 septembre.
 
RDC : les rebelles du M23 disent vouloir privilégier la réconciliation | 28 September 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
La rébellion Mouvement du 23 mars (M23), active dans l'Est de la République démocratique du Congo, affirme vouloir privilégier le retour des réfugiés et la réconciliation nationale aux pourparlers de paix en cours à Kampala.
 
Le M23 juge « subsidiaires » les questions d'amnistie et d'intégration dans les FARDC | 29 September 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La rébellion du M23 souhaite voir les pourparlers de Kampala (Ouganda) « accorder beaucoup plus d'importance à la sécurité de la population et à la réconciliation nationale », jugeant « subsidiaires » les questions d'amnistie et d'intégration à laquelle s'oppose Kinshasa pour une centaine de commandants, assimilés et hommes de troupes.
 
Pourparlers de Kampala : les débats ont dépassé le délai préconisé par la CIRGL | 30 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les pourparlers entre le gouvernement congolais et la rébellion du M23 se déroulent depuis le 10 septembre dernier à Kampala, en Ouganda, soit depuis 20 jours.
 
RDC : l'avenir des rebelles du M23 en question à Kampala | 30 September 2013 | Jeune Afrique
 
La société civile du Nord-Kivu toujours opposée à l’intégration du M23 dans les FARDC | 30 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Dans une lettre  adressée à Mary Robinson, l’envoyée spéciale du secrétaire général de l’Onu pour les Grands Lacs, et à Martin Kobler, représentant spécial du secrétaire général de l’Onu en RDC, la société civile du Nord-Kivu s’oppose à l’idée d’amnistier  et d’intégrer tous les rebelles du M23 dans l’armée tel que le propose le président ougandais Yoweri Museveni médiateur dans la crise entre Kinshasa et le M23.
 
How many M23 can reintegrate? | 2 October 2013 | Congo Siasa
The peace talks in Kampala have stalled since President Kabila went to the UN General Assembly. The two week extension announced by the facilitation has expired, and while the parties are set to convene again this week in Kampala––and despite occasions outbursts of optimism from diplomats––there is little sign that much has fundamentally changed.
 
DRC Hopeful Peace Talks with Rebels Ends Next Week | 2 October 2013 | Voice of America
An official of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) says peace talks between the government and the M23 rebel group in neighboring Uganda’s capital, Kampala could be concluded next week.
 
 
M23 on the ground, North Kivu
At least two dead as DR Congo troops and rebels clash | 26 September 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Nord-Kivu: les FARDC tuent 2 rebelles du M23 à Kahunga | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC : nouveaux incidents entre les FARDC et le M23 dans l’Est du pays | 26 September 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
RDC : le M23 affirme être attaqué | 26 September 2013 | BBC Afrique
Les pourparlers de Kampala se jouent désormais à New York | 27 September 2013 | IPS
Fighting among rebels and government troops left at least two dead on Thursday in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, ending a short lull in violence as negotiations continue between the two sides.
The clashes in the town of Kahunga, north of the provincial capital of Goma, were the first since UN peacekeeping troops and government soldiers forced rebels from the M23 movement to retreat on August 30.
 
Nord-Kivu: le M23 accusé d’avoir pillé un centre médical à Kiwanja | 27 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des hommes armés identifiés comme des combattants du Mouvement du 23 mars (M23) ont pillé dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi 27 septembre le centre de santé « Mapendo » de Kiwanja à Rutshuru (Nord-Kivu).
 
L'ONU accuse le M23 d’aggraver la situation humanitaire dans l’est du pays | 1 October 2013 | RFI
Le secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a présenté au Conseil de sécurité un rapport d'étape sur la mise en application de l'accord-cadre d'Addis-Abeba. Le rapport pointe une situation humanitaire qui se détériore, des violences sexuelles sont en augmentation et se focalise surtout sur le cas du M23.
 
Controversy erupts over returnees | 2 October 2013 | Congo Siasa
RDC : l'arrivée en zone M23 de 200 familles venues du Rwanda fait débat | 1 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Nord-Kivu: controverse autour de l’arrivée d’une centaine de familles à Rutshuru | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Arrivée de 200 familles rwandophones à Rutshuru: la RDC demande des explications au HCR et à Kigali | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les habitants de Rutsuru inquiets de l'afflux à Chengerero d'un millier de refugiés venus du Rwanda | 2 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Controversy has broken out over the alleged presence of up to several thousand Kinyarwanda-speaking returnees in M23 territory.
 
 
UN peacekeeper dies
Ban offers condolences after death of UN peacekeeper wounded in DR Congo attack | 27 September 2013 | UN News Centre
RDC : Ban déplore la mort d'un soldat de la paix de la MONUSCO | 27 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has expressed his condolences following the death of a United Nations peacekeeper who was wounded last month during clashes in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
 
 
Heavy fighting between armed groups in Masisi, North Kivu
L'activité des milices à Masisi et Walikale constitue « une préoccupation majeure » | 27 September 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Des groupes armés sont toujours actifs dans les territoires de Masisi et Walikale, ainsi que dans les localités de Pinga et Kamango.
 
RDC: 16 morts après 2 jours des combats entre miliciens à Masisi | 29 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Trois milices se sont affrontées vendredi 27 et samedi 28 septembre à Kalembe, dans la chefferie Bashali, dans le territoire de Masisi au Nord-Kivu. Ces combats ont opposé, d’une part, les combattants de Nduma Defense of Congo (NDC) à ceux de l’Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) et, d’autre part, le NDC au Nyatura FDDH, une milice locale.
 
Militia clashes kill 10 in east DR Congo | 30 September 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : au moins 10 morts dans des affrontements entre milices dans l'Est | 30 September 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Fighting between two rival militia forces has killed at least 10 people in the Masisi territory of the east of Democratic Republic of Congo, official and civic sources said Monday. "There were clashes between the APCLS (Alliance of Patriots for a Free and Sovereign Congo) and elements of Sheka on Friday and Saturday at Kalembe," John Banyene, chairman of Masisi's civil society association, told AFP.
 
DRC: MSF denounces acts of violence perpetrated against civilians in Masisi | 1 October 2013 | Médecins Sans Frontières | Reliefweb
Following recent violent clashes between armed groups and attacks on villages in Masisi, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) is providing emergency care to the people affected and is calling on armed groups to respect civilians in accordance with international humanitarian law.
 
Nord-Kivu: des miliciens Maï-Maï appelés à se retirer de Pinga | 1 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Une délégation mixte des communautés Nyanga, Hunde, Baraza la Wazee et la société civile demande aux miliciens de l’Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) de Janvier Kalahiri et le Nduma Defense of Congo (NDC) de Cheka de se retirer de la cité de Pinga et ses environs (Nord-Kivu).
 
 
Human rights activist killed by presumed FDLR in Lubero, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : vive tension à Miriki après la mort d’un défenseur des droits de l’Homme | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
 
ADF-Nalu kidnap 36 and kill 5 in Beni, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: 5 personnes tuées en une semaine à Beni | 30 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Dans l’est de la RDC, près de 36 personnes ont été enlevées en une semaine par des groupes armés | 1 October 2013 | RFI
La société civile de Beni accuse les rebelles ougandais de l’ADF-Nalu d’avoir tué cinq personnes et kidnappé trente-six autres, en l’espace d’une semaine, dans le territoire de Beni (Nord-Kivu).
 
 
Militia leader surrenders in Beni, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : le chef de la milice Folc se rend aux FARDC avec une cinquantaine d’hommes | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le leader du groupe armé Force œcuménique pour la libération du Congo (Folc), le général autoproclamé Kava Waseli, s’est rendu mardi 1er octobre aux Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC), accompagné d’une cinquantaine d’hommes, dont une dizaine d’officiers.
 
 
Military training camp for integrating Mai-Mai opened in Beni, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu - 44 éléments de 11 groupes armés Maï-Maï admis au centre d'entrainement militaire de Mangango | 2 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le Centre d'entraînement militaire de Mangango, à une dizaine des kilomètres de la ville de Beni (Nord-Kivu), a été ouvert officiellement ce mardi 01 octobre 2013 et servira à l'encadrement des éléments Maï-Maï du Nord-Kivu pour les intégrer au sein des Forces armées de la RD Congo (FARDC).
 
 
Two convicted army officers escape from Bukavu prison, South Kivu
DR Congo: UN envoy voices concern at escape of two convicted army officers | 28 September 2013 | UN News Centre
La MONUSCO préoccupée par l'évasion de la prison de Bukavu de deux militaires condamnés | 28 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Bukavu : le chef de la Monusco « vivement préoccupé » par l’évasion de deux condamnés militaires | 29 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Scott Campbell: «L’évasion des 2 militaires de la prison de Bukavu est contraire à lutte contre l’impunité» | 30 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
The top United Nations official in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) on Saturday voiced deep concern at the escape from prison of two national army officers who were convicted of gross human rights violations, including rape and murder.
 
 
Clashes with FRPI in southern Ituri, Province Orientale
Province Orientale : les FARDC délogent des miliciens FRPI de 3 localités | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Ituri: l’armée salue l’apport de la Monusco dans la traque des miliciens | 30 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC) ont repris ces trois derniers jours le contrôle de trois localités de la collectivité de Walendu Bindi (Province Orientale) qui étaient occupées par des miliciens des Forces de résistance patriotique de l’Ituri (FRPI).
 
Province Orientale: les FARDC accusées de commettre des exactions à Walendu Bindi | 1 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Moins d’une semaine après la reprise de plusieurs localités jadis sous occupation de la milice des Forces patriotiques de résistance de l’Ituri (FRPI) dans la chefferie de Walendu Bindi, les FARDC sont accusées de plusieurs exactions contre le population civile. Des sources locales dénoncent des pillages et des tortures contre des jeunes perpétrés par les forces loyalistes à Gety et à Aveba ainsi que des tueries des dizaines de civils à Nyarada.
 
Le climat sécuritaire demeure « tendu et volatile » dans le district d'Ituri | 2 October 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La Monusco juge « tendu et volatile » le climat sécuritaire dans le district d'Ituri (Province Orientale) à la suite des combats intermittents opposant les militaires des Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC) aux miliciens du Front de résistance patriotique de l'Ituri (FRPI) au sud du territoire d'Irumu.
 
 
Rebels killed in northern Ituri, Province Orientale
Province Orientale : les FARDC tuent 6 rebelles de l’ALPC à Aru | 1 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Six rebelles de l’Armée pour la libération du peuple congolais (ALPC) ont succombé, le week-end dernier, au cours d’un accrochage qui les a opposés aux Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC) à Ingi dans le territoire d’Aru (Province Orientale).
 
 
Mai-Mai militiamen exploit minerals in Bafwasende, Province Orientale
Province Orientale: les autorités dénoncent l’exploitation du coltan par les Maï-Maï à Opienge | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les autorités du district de la Tshopo s’insurgent contre l’exploitation clandestine du minerai de coltan et autres richesses, récemment découverts dans le territoire de Bafwasende, par les miliciens Maï-Maï à Opienge dans la Province Orientale.
 
 
Army and police harassing miners in Bafwasende and Banalia, Province Orientale
Province Orientale: les autorités et la société civile de la Tshopo dénoncent les tracasseries militaires | 27 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Cent chefs des secteurs et des chefferies ainsi que les responsables des organisations de la société civile du district de la Tshopo dénoncent les tracasseries militaires et policières dans les carrières minières et sur les voies d’évacuation des produits agricoles. Selon la société civile et les autorités, les militaires et policiers pillent, violent les femmes et ravissent les biens de la population dans les carrières de mine d’or et de diamant dans les territoires de Banalia et Bafwasende ainsi que sur les voies fluviales et routières de ce district.
 
 
Gun fight with Mai-Mai leaves two dead in Katanga
Katanga : un échange de tirs entre des miliciens Maï-Maï et la police fait deux morts | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des affrontements entre les miliciens Maï-Maï fidèles au chef Mangi Yulu et la police ont fait deux morts et un blessé mardi 1er octobre à Kyeja au Katanga. La police a indiqué qu’il y a eu un mort dans chaque camp. Les miliciens ont attaqué la police pour libérer leur chef Mangi Yulu détenu à Kamina par la police depuis le mois d’août dernier.
 
 
Setting up of National Human Rights Commission delayed
Des difficultés logistiques et politiques bloqueraient l’installation de la Commission des droits de l’homme | 27 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le blocage dans la mise en place de la Commission nationale des droits de l’homme (CNDH) serait lié à des pesanteurs logistiques et politiques. C’est en tout cas ce que déclare le président de l’ONG Avocats sans frontières en RDC, Me Richard Bondo.
 
 
Recommendations UN ‘Mapping’ report on crimes 1993-2003 never applied
RDC : les recommandations du rapport «Mapping» sur les violations des droits de l’homme jamais appliquées | 1 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les recommandations du rapport Mapping publié par le Haut commissariat des Nations unies pour les droits de l’homme le 1er octobre 2010 pour dénoncer de graves violations des droits de l’Homme en RDC n’ont toujours pas été appliquées trois années après. Ce rapport visait les crimes commis entre 1993 et 2003 en RDC. Il recommandait notamment au gouvernement congolais de créer des tribunaux mixtes composés de juges congolais et étrangers, afin de sanctionner les crimes internationaux. Aucune de ces recommandations n’a été suivie au 1er octobre 2013.
 

 
 

Uganda

Uganda Bolsters Security after Kenya Terror Attack | 26 September 2013 | Voice of America
A spokesman for Uganda’s police says officials have bolstered security in all sensitive national installations in the wake of the Nairobi mall attack.
 
Ugandan officers court-martialed over alleged coup plot | 28 September 2013 | AFP | Africa Daily
Attorney Says Uganda Soldiers Unlikely to Receive Fair Trial | 30 September 2013 | Voice of America
Four Ugandan army officers have appeared in a military tribunal on charges of plotting a coup against President Yoweri Museveni, their lawyer and the military said Saturday.
 
U.S. Marines Train UPDF in Special Operations | 30 September 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
A group of 148 UPDF officers have completed a 10-week course conducted by the US Marines at the Uganda Peace Support Operations Training Center in Singo, Nakaseke district.
 

 
 

Rwanda

The US blocks military aid to Rwanda | 2 October 2013 | Congo Siasa
U.S. Approves Military Aid For Countries With Child Soldiers | 1 October 2013 | ThinkProgress
Few international news outlets picked this up, but it was an important decision. Yesterday, the US government decided not to grant a waiver to Rwanda for the use of child soldiers. Every year, the White House has to provide waivers to countries that the State Department reports as using child soldiers. This year, that report listed Rwanda as complicit in the recruitment of child soldiers for the M23. Still, the government could have provided a waiver––as it did in the case of four countries––but it chose not to.
 

 
 

Burundi

First States supported by UN Peacebuilding Commission report substantial progress | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Burundi : priorité au développement et à la consolidation de la paix | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Burundi and Sierra Leone, two African States often cited as success stories in United Nations efforts to consolidate peace in countries that have been ravaged by conflict, today reported significant progress on the path to reconstruction in addresses to the General Assembly.
 
 
Le Burundi, menacé par les shebabs somaliens, renforce sa sécurité | 26 September 2013 | RFI
Le Burundi opposé au retrait de ses troupes de Somalie | 27 September 2013 | RFI
Les miliciens shebabs, qui ont mené l’attaque du Westgate Mall à Nairobi, menacent tous les pays qui ont envoyé ou soutenu les soldats de l’Amisom, la force africaine en Somalie. C'est le cas du Burundi qui a en effet déployé un important contingent, aux côtés de l’Ouganda pour lutter contre les shebabs.
 
 
Dossier crimes - Buta, Bugendana et Gatumba | 26 September 2013 | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
Des crimes hallucinants. Oui, des réfugiés Banyamulenge ont été massacrés à Gatumba en 2004. Un crime inamnistiable et les coupables doivent en répondre. Mais aussi à Bugendana et à Buta, où des revendications ont été parfois faites. Et l'amnistie ne doit pas courir pour les auteurs. Rappel de ces crimes qui ont traumatisé les Burundais.
 
 

 

Central African Republic

UN General Assembly
Central African Republic premier at UN calls for urgent action to end violent conflict | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Touchée par une crise humanitaire sans précédent, la RCA demande le soutien de la communauté internationale | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
RCA: l'appel à l'aide du Premier ministre Nicolas Tiangaye devant l'ONU | 27 September 2013 | RFI
Describing the humanitarian situation in his country as “catastrophic,” Central African Republic (CAR) Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye delivered an impassioned plea from the podium of the United Nations General Assembly today for full-scale international support to save his country from the internecine violence now tearing it apart.
 
Le Congo met en garde contre les risques de «somalisation» de la République centrafricaine | 27 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Le Ministre des affaires étrangères et de la coopération de la République du Congo a déclaré vendredi qu'il fallait à tout prix éviter des situations de « vide » de pouvoir, terreaux fertiles des groupes subversifs, comme en témoigne selon lui l'exemple de la République centrafricaine (RCA).
 
 
Mini-summit on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly
RCA: la communauté internationale au chevet d'une crise oubliée | 26 September 2013 | RFI
La situation en Centrafrique a fait l'objet le 25 septembre d'une réunion en marge de l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU. Cette réunion ministérielle a rassemblé la France, l'Union européenne, l'ONU, les Etats-Unis, l'Union africaine et les pays voisins de la Centrafrique. Le ministre français des Affaires étrangères, Laurent Fabius, a expliqué que l'objectif était d'attirer l'attention sur la tragédie humanitaire et sécuritaire qui dure depuis le coup d'Etat de la Seleka, il y a six mois.
 
U.S. Ambassador Power At U.N. Meeting on Central African Republic | 26 September 2013 | US Department of State | allAfrica
Remarks By Ambassador Samantha Power, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, At The EU/OCHA Ministerial Breakfast on the Central African Republic, September 25, 2013.
 
ONU : progrès sur la Syrie et l'Iran, espoirs pour la Centrafrique | 26 September 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Rien de très concret pour l'instant au sujet de la crise centrafricaine.
 
Centrafrique : les dessous de la position de Paris | 26 September 2013 | Afrik.com
Face à la crise centrafricaine, Paris veut convaincre la communauté internationale de se mettre au chevet du pays, en renforçant la Mission internationale de soutien à la Centrafrique (Misca), qui ne dispose que de 1 400 soldats. En réalité, pour Paris, il n’est pas question d’intervenir en Centrafrique.
 
 
UN Human Rights Council appoints expert for CAR
Human Rights Council appoints Experts for Central African Republic extends mandates for Sudan, Cambodia and Somalia | 27 September 2013 | UN Human Rights Council | Reliefweb
On technical assistance to the Central African Republic in the field of human rights, the Council decided to appoint an independent expert, for a period of one year, to monitor the situation of human rights in the Central Africa Republic.
 
 
Seleka disarmament
RCA: les autorités tentent de museler la Seleka | 29 September 2013 | RFI
En Centrafrique, le difficile désarmement des ex-membres de la Seleka | 30 September 2013 | RFI
En Centrafrique, les autorités de transition renouvellent leur mise en garde en direction des « généraux » de la Seleka qui refuseraient de réduire le nombre de combattants dans leurs rangs.
 
Dissolving the Seleka rebel group could be a recipe for disaster in the CAR | 30 September 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
In August, United Nations (UN) Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos warned that ‘the Central African Republic [CAR] is not yet a failed state, but has the potential to become one if swift action is not taken’. This warning became all the more real when on 13 September Michel Djotodia, the interim president of the CAR, decided to dissolve the rebel coalition Seleka, which he had headed during the December 2012 rebellion that led to the overthrow of General Francois Bozizé, the CAR’s former president.
 
Centrafrique: comment désarmer les chefs de guerre de l'ex-Seleka alliés au nouveau pouvoir ? | 1 October 2013 | RFI
Les autorités de transition en Centrafrique et la Fomac, la force d’Afrique centrale, tentent de mettre au pas les « généraux » de l'ex-coalition rebelle Seleka.
 
 
Grave humanitarian and human rights situation
A Paoua, le gouvernement appelle au calme malgré la situation catastrophique dans la région | 26 September 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
La population de Paoua dans l’Ouham Péndé au nord de la République Centrafricaine doit se souder pour éviter des affrontements inter religieux dans la région. C’est l’appel lancé aux habitants de cette ville par la mission parlementaire et gouvernementale envoyée par Bangui.
 
Central African Republic: UN underscores grave humanitarian, human rights situation | 1 October 2013 | UN News Centre
L'ONU s'alarme d'une aggravation de la crise humanitaire en République centrafricaine | 1 October 2013 | UN News Centre
United Nations officials today voiced deep concern at the deteriorating situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) and called on the transitional authorities to take urgent measures to protect the population against the risk of atrocity crimes and to restore the rule of law.
 
Crise centrafricaine, c’est l’horreur dans l’Ouham | 1 October 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka
La situation humanitaire reste dégradée dans le nord-ouest de la République Centrafricaine (RCA). Les  populations sont abandonnées à leur triste sort. La majorité des villages de la région se sont vidées de leurs habitants et sont contrôlées par des jeunes villageois armés.
 
Les rebelles de la Seléka sèment encore la terreur | 2 October 2013 | Africa Info (Douala) | allAfrica
La mission Notre - Dame de Fatima de Bouar dans le Nord-ouest de la Rca a été mis à sac par les rebelles de la Seleka. Dans un communiqué, un missionnaire italien et un diacre centrafricain crient leur désarroi.
 
Centrafrique: après les attaques à Bossangoa, la peur règne toujours en maître | 3 October 2013 | RFI
La crise de confiance entre populations et ex-rebelles de la Seleka s’est manifestée de manière dramatique ces dernières semaines dans le nord-ouest du pays, à Bossangoa et dans sa région. Des groupes d’autodéfense, les « anti-balaka » ont attaqué des positions Seleka, entraînant des représailles sur les civils chrétiens.
 

 
 
 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 

Statement attributable to the Humanitarian Coordinator in the Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Moustapha Soumaré, on the killing of health workers and civilians and the displacement of thousands of people in Orientale province | 26 September 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
The killing of 10 civilians including three health workers this week in Geti in the Ituri district of Orientale province is unacceptable and unjustifiable.
 
Mathotine Dz'dai, displaced in DRC: “We’re risking death again” | 30 September 2013 | IRIN
Mathotine Dz’dai, déplacée en RDC : « Nous risquons encore de mourir » | 1 October 2013 | IRIN
Bunia - In just the last month, fighting between the army and rebels in northeast Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has displaced 100,000 people. Many are now living without humanitarian assistance and in very precarious conditions.
 
Congo: Fighting Increases Number of Refugees | 30 September 2013 | The Associated Press | The New York Times
A new United Nations report says the number of refugees fleeing the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo swelled by more than 350,000 in just the past few months as fighting escalated, pushing the number of people uprooted in the long-running conflict to three million.
 
DRC’s Sister Angelique Helps Brutalized Women Heal | 30 September 2013 | Voice of America
Dungu — A nun in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo has won one of the U.N.'s most prestigious awards for her work with displaced people and brutalized survivors of LRA attacks.
 
RDC : la MONUSCO préoccupée par le sort des civils déplacés en Ituri | 2 October 2013 | UN News Centre
La Mission de l'Organisation des Nations Unies en République démocratique du Congo (MONUSCO) a indiqué mercredi que la situation dans la Province Orientale, située dans le nord-est de la RDC, reste tendue, et qu'un nombre important de civils supplémentaires ont été contraints de se déplacer.
 
 
UNOCHA bulletins
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu No 32/13, 25 septembre 2013 | 26 September 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Hostilités et déplacements au Sud Irumu - 28 septembre 2013 | 30 September 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Katanga No. 38/13, 01 octobre 2013 | 1 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale No 39/13, 1er octobre 2013 | 1 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu No 33/13, 1er octobre 2013 | 2 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo - Note d’information à la presse, 2 octobre 2013 | 2 October 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 

 
 

Uganda

Refugee Influx Into Uganda Worrying | 1 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The Commissioner of Refugees in the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) has said the rising influx of refugees coming to Uganda may cause problems. David Kazungu said the country hosts over 234,000 refugees and of those 65 per cent have just crossed from Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan.

 
 

Rwanda

Tanzania Reportedly Deports 138 Citizens to Camps in Rwanda | 27 September 2013 | Sabahi | allAfrica
Tanzania's Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC) has claimed that at least 138 Tanzanians are detained in refugee camps in Rwanda after Tanzanian authorities mistook them for illegal immigrants and deported them, Tanzania's The Guardian reported Friday (September 27th).
 


Central African Republic

RCA : 400 000 personnes déplacées par les violences | 26 September 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
 
U.S. Announces Additional Humanitarian Assistance in Response to the Darfur and Central African Republic Crises | 27 September 2013 | US Department of State | Reliefweb
 
Central African Republic: UN underscores grave humanitarian, human rights situation | 1 October 2013 | UN News Centre
L'ONU s'alarme d'une aggravation de la crise humanitaire en République centrafricaine | 1 October 2013 | UN News Centre
United Nations officials today voiced deep concern at the deteriorating situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) and called on the transitional authorities to take urgent measures to protect the population against the risk of atrocity crimes and to restore the rule of law.
 
UNHCR operation in CAR: Fact Sheet - 30 September 2013 | 2 October 2013 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
 
 

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

Bemba trial
Hearings in Bemba Trial Postponed to Wednesday | 30 September 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Missing Witness Delays Bemba Hearings Yet Again | 2 October 2013 | Bemba Trial website | allAfrica
 

 

Rwanda 

Genocide prosecution
Premier accusé du TPIR renvoyé à Kigali : Demande de dessaisissement de la justice rwandaise | 27 September 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
Les avocats du premier accusé renvoyé à la justice rwandaise par le Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda (TPIR) demandent le dessaisissement du système judiciaire rwandais, accusant Kigali de ne pas honorer ses engagements, apprend-on jeudi.
 
Le procureur du MTPI rejette les allégations d’un pasteur renvoyé au Rwanda | 30 September 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
Le bureau du procureur auprès du Mécanisme pour les tribunaux pénaux internationaux (MTPI) a appelé le président de l’institution à débouter un pasteur qui demande que la justice rwandaise soit dessaisie de son dossier.



Burundi

Transitional justice
“We Have No Influence”: International Discourse and the Instrumentalisation of Transitional Justice in Burundi | 29 September 2013 | Stability: International Journal of Security & Development | Reliefweb
Burundi may soon reach yet another crossroads in its tumultuous history and on its path towards transitional justice. A contentious draft law for a Truth and Reconciliation Commission awaits approval by the country’s National Assembly, which has raised a number of concerns about the independence of the eventual commission, the likelihood of popular participation in the process and the prospects for criminal justice.
 


Other 

Conviction Charles Taylor upheld
Prosecutor welcomes UN-backed court’s decision to uphold Charles Taylor conviction | 26 September 2013 | UN News Centre
The Prosecutor of the United Nations-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) today welcomed the court’s decision to uphold the conviction of former Liberian President Charles Taylor for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
 
War criminal Charles Taylor finally brought to justice after conviction and sentence are upheld | 26 September 2013 | Global Witness
The upholding of former president of Liberia Charles Taylor's conviction for war crimes marks the final stage of justice for the people of Sierra Leone and the victims of its brutal war, said Global Witness today.
 
Charles Taylor conviction upheld: A major step against impunity in West Africa | 26 September 2013 | Amnesty International
The decision of the Special Court for Sierra Leone’s Appeal Chamber to uphold the conviction of former Liberian President Charles Taylor sends a clear message to leaders across the world that no-one is immune from justice, Amnesty International said today.
 
Upholding of Charles Taylor conviction ‘important step’ for justice – Security Council | 27 September 2013 | UN News Centre
Members of the Security Council today welcomed the decision by a United Nations-backed court to uphold the conviction of former Liberian President Charles Taylor for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during Sierra Leone’s civil war.

 

 

 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region


Artisanal mining
And Another One: the Tragedy of Single-Issue Publications on Small-Scale Gold Mining | 26 September 2013 | ThinkAfricaPress
On September 13, Janine Morna published an article on Think Africa Press to accompany the publication of a new report by Human Rights Watch. The 96 page report primarily documents child labour, and secondarily deals with issues relating to the use of mercury in small-scale gold mining in Tanzania.
 
 
Elephant poaching
NGOs Partner to End Elephant Poaching | 27 September 2013 | Voice of America
The Clinton Global Initiative is working with conservation groups and African governments to step up efforts save one of the planet’s most majestic beasts - the African elephant, which is critically endangered.  In 2012 alone, over 35,000 were killed by poachers for their ivory tusks.
 
 
Oil and the environment
Oil Wealth and Poverty - Africa's Last Eco-Frontier | 2 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Africa is known as the World's richest in terms of Natural resources. These include forests, wetlands, minerals, wild animals, fertile soils, lakes and rivers plus other magnificent land forms therefore, why the continent has remained as a habitat for the World's poor has never been an issue of depravity of natural resources.

 
 

DRC 

Virunga Park ranger arrested
Parc des Virunga : Soco accusée d’avoir commandité l’arrestation d’un conservateur de l’ICCN | 28 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
L’association «Objectif brousse» a accusé vendredi 27 septembre 2013 l’entreprise pétrolière Soco d’avoir commandité l’arrestation d’un conservateur de l’Institut congolais de conservation de la nature (ICCN).
 
Soco opponent jailed | 1 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
The chief curator of the Virunga National Park, Rodrigue Mugaruka, has been held behind bars at the intelligence service Agence Nationale de Renseignements (ANR) in Goma since he was arrested on Sept. 20.
 
 
Clandestine coltan mining by Mai-Mai militia in Bafwasende, Province Orientale
Province Orientale: les autorités dénoncent l’exploitation du coltan par les Maï-Maï à Opienge | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les autorités du district de la Tshopo s’insurgent contre l’exploitation clandestine du minerai de coltan et autres richesses, récemment découverts dans le territoire de Bafwasende, par les miliciens Maï-Maï à Opienge dans la Province Orientale.
 
 
Coltan smuggled to Rwanda
Nord-Kivu : 375 kg de coltan saisis sur un particulier à la frontière rwando-congolaise | 28 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les douaniers congolais ont saisi un colis de 375 Kg de coltan dans la voiture d’un particulier au poste frontière rwando-congolais «grande barrière», à Goma, dans le Nord-Kivu.
 
 
Army and police harass miners in Bafwasende and Banalia, Province Orientale
Province Orientale: les autorités et la société civile de la Tshopo dénoncent les tracasseries militaires | 27 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Cent chefs des secteurs et des chefferies ainsi que les responsables des organisations de la société civile du district de la Tshopo dénoncent les tracasseries militaires et policières dans les carrières minières et sur les voies d’évacuation des produits agricoles.
 
 
Hydropower: Grand Inga
Congo, South Africa to Sign Inga Hydropower Treaty This Month | 1 October 2013 | Bloomberg
RDC : l’accord de vente d’électricité à l’Afrique du sud sera conclu en octobre | 29 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Inga III : la RDC proche d'un accord de vente d'électricité à l'Afrique du Sud | 1 October 2013 | AFP | Digitalcongo.net
The Democratic Republic of Congo and South Africa will sign a treaty this month to cooperate on a hydropower project that could eventually provide more than 44,000 megawatts of energy to the continent. Construction of the Grand Inga project’s first phase, the 4,800-megawatt Inga 3 on the Congo River, may begin in October 2015, according to a statement given to Bloomberg News by Congo’s Energy Ministry today. The plant will start producing electricity in five years, it said.
 
Inga to serve Juba, Cairo & Abuja | 1 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
A lot of African countries are crossing their fingers that the Grand Inga dam will be built. But that’s still far down the road.
 
 
DRC and Brazil against deforestation
La RDC et le Brésil partenaires dans le programme de lutte contre la déforestation Redd | 30 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
La RDC et le Brésil ont signé la semaine passée au Brésil un accord de partenariat dans le domaine de la lutte contre la déforestation via le projet de réduction des émissions de CO² provenant de la déforestation et de la dégradation des forêts (Redd).
 
 
German embassador urges DRC to protect its protected areas
L’Allemagne encourage la RDC à protéger ses aires protégées | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
L’ambassadeur de l’Allemagne en RDC a invité le mardi 1er octobre le gouvernement congolais à protéger les aires protégées du pays. Il a estimé que la RDC n’avait pas besoin des explorations pétrolières dans ces espaces pour accroître ses revenus, faisant allusion à la polémique sur l’exploitation du pétrole dans le parc des Virunga.
 
 
Regional parliaments want ‘Green Brigade’ for transborder nature areas
Province Orientale : les parlementaires de la sous-région veulent créer une brigade verte | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des parlementaires congolais, centrafricains, rwandais, burundais, ougandais et sud-soudanais ont proposé mardi 1er octobre la création d’une brigade verte pour la protection des zones naturelles transfrontalières.
 

 
 

Uganda

Oil
Uganda’s neighbours agree to participate in refinery project | 27 September 2013 | Engineering News
A regional refinery | 1 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
The planned construction of a controversial refinery in Uganda has received a crucial boost after neighbouring countries were incorporated into the project. Uganda Minister of State for Energy Simon D’Ujanga recently said a new share- holding structure has been agreed to in terms of which private investors will own 60% of the facility, while East African Community member States, which include Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania and Burundi, will own the remaining 40%.
 
Aronda Investigates CSO Activities In Oil Region | 27 September 2013 | Red Pepper
The unending complaints over activities of some Civil Society Organizations-CSOs in Bunyoro are attracting the attention of Uganda’s ministry of Internal Affairs. Aronda says most of these organizations are interfering with the government program of building an oil refinery in Kabaale, Buseruka Sub County in Hoima district, by mobilizing residents against the project.
 
Oil refinery: the people matter too | 29 September 2013 | The Observer (Kampala)
For months, the press has been awash with expert arguments and counter arguments on the commercial viability of having a refinery of whatever capacity in a landlocked country that is Uganda.
 
 
New Report Warns Commercial Banks On Oil Industry Investors | 27 September 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
A new report compiled by African Alliance Uganda has lifted the lid on affairs inside Uganda's banking industry, which could give stakeholders some serious food for thought.
 
Oil Recovery Rates to Improve | 1 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
A debate on the optimal percentage of crude oil that should be extracted from the ground has started underscoring the need for dialogue and consultations with stakeholders in public policy making process for the prudent management of Uganda's petroleum resources.
 
Let's All Keep Track of the Oil, Laws and Jets | 1 October 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
Things are looking up in the oil industry. The government last week awarded China's Cnooc a production licence for the Kingfisher field. The Vice President of France's Total E&P in Africa, Serge Matesco, says the oil companies are getting closer to signing agreements with the Government of Uganda over the field development plans.
 
Norwegian Auditor General Tips Uganda On Oil Transparency | 2 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The visiting Auditor General of Norway, Jørgen Kosmo, has advised his counterparts in Uganda to ensure accountability and transparency in the country's nascent oil industry by eliminating secrecy and promoting openness.
 
 
Mining
Mining Guru Asks for All-Inclusive Sector | 1 October 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
South African mining guru Bridgette Radebe has cautioned budding mining states like Uganda to create extractive industries that include and benefit local citizenry.
 

 

 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region


African Union Pushing for More Intercontinental Trade | 30 September 2013 | Voice of America
Both the African Union and the U.N. Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) have held countless meetings and conferences on increasing intra-Africa trade. Efforts so far, however, have not translated into results.

 


DRC

Mining
Freeport Says Tenke Mine in Congo Hit by Power Outages | 30 September 2013 | Bloomberg
DRC mine operators risk losses due to power shortages | 30 September 2013 | Bloomberg | Mineweb
Le déficit en énergie électrique de 332 MW au Katanga pourrait bloquer la production des sociétés minières | 28 September 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc.’s Tenke Fungurume copper and cobalt mine has had to reduce operating rates because of frequent power outages in the past few weeks in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mines such as Tenke aren’t receiving power promised by SNEL, according to a statement on the website of Prime Minister Matata Ponyo. Mine operators risk “enormous losses” because of the power shortages, the government said.
 
Kilo Goldmines Ltd.: Cost Cutting Implementation | 30 September 2013 | Kilo Goldmines Ltd. | Marketwired
Toronto, Ontario - Kilo Goldmines Ltd. announces that it has implemented a series of cost cutting measures to enhance cash retention. DRC staff has been reduced to care and maintenance level only.
 
Minbos to sell DRC assets | 1 October 2013 | Mining Weekly
Phosphate rock developer Minbos Resources has taken the first steps to divest of its assets in the Democratic Republic of Congo, serving first right of refusal to its joint venture (JV) partner Allamanda Trading. Minbos holds a 65% interest over eight exploration permits covering some 2 000 km2 in the Bas Congo province. The permits include the Kanzi development project, with an inferred resource of 58.5-million tonnes grading 14.2% phosphate, as well as numerous previously explored targets.
 
Mwana boosts Zani-Kodo resource to 2.98Moz | 2 October 2013 | Mining Weekly
Johannesburg – Results from a recent drilling programme at Aim-listed Mwana Resources’ Zani-Kodo project, in the Ituri region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, has lifted the tenement’s Joint Ore Reserves Committee-compliant gold resource to 2.98-million ounces at 2.43 g/t, up 13% compared with February 2013.
 
 
Concordia Resource Corp. to Implement Corporate Reorganization | 1 October 2013 | Concordia Resource Corp. | Marketwired
Vancouver, British Columbia - Concordia Resource Corp. announces that the Company is undertaking a significant corporate reorganization. "Going forward, Concordia's focus will be on the application of the new, state-of-the-art HPX TechCo geophysical technologies to gain a competitive advantage in its exploration initiatives on selected prospects in some of the world's emerging mineral belts. We are excited to be able to secure 100% ownership in the Ebende Project in the DRC, (...)," said Mr. Krepiakevich, Interim CEO.
 
High Power Exploration Providing Selected Exploration Assets to Support Reverse Takeover of International Minerals Explorer Concordia Resource Corp. | 2 October 2013 | High Power Exploration Inc. | Marketwired
London - Mark Gibson, Chief Executive Officer of High Power Exploration Inc. (HPX), announced today that the company is combining several assets with those of Concordia Resource Corp., a publicly-listed, Canada-based, mineral exploration company, through a reverse takeover.
The new, combined company will be named Kaizen Discovery Inc. and will focus on the application of HPX's state-of-the-art, proprietary, geophysical technologies to explore prospective underground targets in some of the world's most prolific mineral-producing regions.
 
 
RD Congo : XSML investit dans Alpha Transport | 2 October 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Via son fonds Central Africa SME Fund, le capital-investisseur néerlandais XSML a investi dans Alpha Transport, basé en RD Congo. Le treizième investissement du fonds dans le pays.
 
 
Oil
Caprikat/Foxwhelp seek to shine | 1 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
Oil companies on Lake Albert are preening in the hope of finding partners. And former ENI executives are helping with the beauty contest.
 

 
 

Uganda

China’s CNOOC wins oil production licence
China's CNOOC wins $2bn Uganda oil field contract | 26 September 2013 | BBC Africa
Chinese Firm Awarded Oil Production License | 26 September 2013 | New Vision
Uganda Issues First Oil Production Licence to Chinese Firm | 26 September 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Uganda has awarded a production license for the Kingfisher Oil Field in Lake Albert to China's state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC Uganda).
 
Kingfisher Oil Field to Recover 31 Percent of Its 635 Million Barrel Reserve | 27 September 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Uganda on Wednesday announced the first oil production license to the China's National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) to start the development of the Kingfisher Field in Lake Albert basin. This is in preparation for commercial production expected by 2018, according to Peter Lokeris, the state minister for minerals.
 
 
Total
Total Suspends Oil Search in Nwoya | 26 September 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
Total E&P Uganda has temporarily suspended its operations in the northern district of Nwoya after a team that was conducting seismic surveys in the area found two unexploded ammunitions.
 
Total operates in Exploration Area 1 (EA1) that includes Nwoya district, Murchison Falls national park, and parts of Nebbi. Corporate Affairs Manager Ahlem Friga-Noy yesterday insisted that the suspension with immediate effect was precautionary.
 
 
Tullow
Tullow back in arbitration | 1 October 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
Already engaged in arbitration with Uganda on a sales tax affair (AEI 686), the Irish oil company Tullow has just filed a second application for arbitration before the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), a unit of the World Bank.
 

 
 

Rwanda

Rwanda rail project on track to bridge Africa's economic divide | 30 September 2013 | The Guardian
The $13.5bn line between Kigali and Mombasa in Kenya is one of several African projects aimed at improving infrastructure.
 


 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region


Conflict minerals
Ensuring a balanced and informed debate on conflict minerals: Global Witness’s response to Tim Worstall’s 23rd September piece on Forbes.com | 30 September 2013 | Global Witness
Last week, Forbes.com published a piece by Tim Worstall in which he argued against the introduction of legally binding measures in the EU to tackle conflict minerals. The piece, titled ‘Global Witness’ Latest Silly Suggestion on Conflict Minerals’ argued for a voluntary industry-led scheme and suggested that the cost to business of implementing legally binding measures will be too onerous. Sadly, Forbes.com didn’t want to publish a separate article to present a different opinion to this one-sided piece. As such, we are publishing our full response below.
 
 
Kofi Annan on transparency
Kofi Annan calls on the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to maintain high revenue transparency standards | 30 September 2013 | Global Witness
Kofi Annan talks at Geneva's Graduate Institute (Speech) | 27 September 2013 | Africa Progress Panel
Kofi Annan, Chair of the Africa Progress Panel, gave a speech at the Graduate Institute in Geneva last week, which highlighted the benefits of mandatory transparency rules for the hundreds of billions of dollars that oil, gas and mining companies pay to governments in resource-dependent countries each year, in the form of taxes, royalties, licence fees and other kinds of revenue payments.
 



 

Other



The post-2015 debate: was Tony Blair right about Africa? | 1 October 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
As world leaders gathered in New York last week for the 86th United Nations General Assembly, the crucial question of how to alleviate poverty in Africa and elsewhere was once again hotly debated. This was with the need in mind to formulate new plans, as the Millennium Development Goals are set to expire in 2015.
 


Auditors say EU aid to DRC ineffective
DR Congo: Auditors criticise EU's aid | 1 October 2013 | BBC Africa
Congo : les limites de l'aide | 2 October 2013 | BBC Afrique
Un audit qui critique autant l’aide européenne que le Congo | 1 October 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
L’Union européenne invitée à mieux contrôler son aide destinée à la RDC | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: l’échec de l’aide européenne ne devrait pas être imputé aux Congolais, affirme Lambert Mende | 2 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Many EU projects aimed at building justice and good governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo are failing to deliver results, European auditors say. The EU "needs to improve significantly its aid effectiveness" in DR Congo, the European Court of Auditors says.
 
 
Belgium wants ‘Marshall plan’ for DRC
La Belgique sollicite un « plan Marshall » pour l’Est de la RDC | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
La Belgique sollicite un « plan Marshall » en faveur de l’Est de la RDC en proie à des conflits récurrents depuis plusieurs années. Les ministres belges des Affaires étrangères et de la Coopération, Didier Reynders et Jean-Pascal Labille, l’ont annoncé le mardi 24 septembre à l’issue d’une rencontre avec le chef de l’Etat congolais Joseph Kabila, en marge de la 68ème session de l’assemblée générale de l’Onu à New-York.
 
La RDC favorable au « plan Marshall » proposé par la Belgique | 1 October 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le projet du « plan Marshall » pour le développement social et économique de l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) « ne dérange en rien le gouvernement congolais », a soutenu, lundi 30 septembre, le ministre de la Communication et médias, Lambert Mende. Ce projet concerne notamment les secteurs de l’énergie, de l’eau, de l’agriculture et du commerce transfrontalier.
 
 
“Alternative Nobel Prize” to doctor Denis Mukwege
Le Prix Nobel alternatif décerné au médecin congolais Denis Mukwege | 26 September 2013 | Radio Okapi
Violences sexuelles en RDC : Denis Mukwege reçoit le prix "Right Livehood", un Nobel "alternatif" | 28 September 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le Prix Right Livelihood désigné comme le « Prix Nobel alternatif » a été décerné ce jeudi 26 septembre à quatre lauréats dont le médecin congolais Denis Mukwege.
 
 


 
 
 

IPIS Recent Publications


 
Pinocchio Ltd. The NRA and its corporate partners: US shipments of small arms ammunition by sea | 25 March 2013 | TA-R | IPIS
The National Rifle Association (NRA) claims to have monitored in the last 20 years all United Nations activities that could impact Second Amendment rights. Its latest target is the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), an international treaty to establish common international standards for the import, export, and transfer of conventional arms presently under discussion at the United Nations. The international community has been calling for the inclusion of ammunition and civilian arms within the scope of the ATT. This reasonable call is used by the NRA to claim that the ATT could restrict the lawful ownership of firearms in the United States.


Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | OECD - IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.
 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
 
 
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