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WEEKLY BRIEFING 1ST - 7TH AUGUST 2013

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Editorial
 

IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC

Rwanda
Burundi
CAR
 

Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda

 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda

CAR
 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi

 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC

 
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IPIS Recent publications
 

EDITORIAL

As MONUSCO’s security zone between around Goma and Sake became effective this week the UN force has stressed that it marks only a first step in its efforts to restore stability to the region. MONUSCO has been criticised for risking peace negotiations in establishing the zone by Rwanda, whilst in North Kivu civil society groups issued the peacekeeping force with their own ultimatum, giving it one week to commence operations against armed groups including the M23, or else face demonstrations. Public unrest amongst Congolese youths in the area manifested on Friday with actions demanding the extension of the security zone beyond Sake and Goma, particularly towards Rutshuru. As the M23 issued threats to retake Goma this week, reports indicate that the group has executed four individuals it had accused of committing looting in Kiwanja. Last Wednesday’s International Conference of the Great Lakes Region special summit on the crisis in the east closed with calls for the speedy diplomatic resolution of the conflict with the M23, whilst requesting troop contributing states for the Intervention brigade to hasten the final deployment of troops.
 
In North Kivu, clashes between FARDC and the Mai-Mai NDC of Cheka have caused displacement in Walikale – a territory that has seen 397 cases of rape and sexual assault reported in 6 months, according to NGO reports. Kibimba has seen the threat of attacks by ADF-Nalu rebels. In South Kivu, insecurity at the hands of the Raia Mutomboki persists with reports of a kidnapping and internal clashes in Shabunda and Kisasa, respectively. A gold mine in Mukungwe has seen conflict between two military factions aligned to two different families both seeking control over the gold rich deposit.
 
In Burundi, Agathon Rwasa, the country’s main opposition leader and former rebel, has come out of hiding and announced his intention to run in the 2015 presidential elections. Meanwhile, the situation in the Central African Republic has been said by UN officials  to render the country “close to collapse” with security and rule of law virtually wholly absent. The comments come as the African Union headed MICOPAX peace mission is replaced with an African support mission (AFISM-CAR).
 
Major news in the natural resource and energy sectors includes a WWF analysis asserting that Virunga National park could provide an annual US$1 billion income stream without the extraction of oil that threatens the park’s well being, whilst the World Bank has approved a US$340 million finance package for the Rusumo Falls Hydroelectricity Plant – part of a Great Lakes regional initiative inaugurated by the World Bank and Ban Ki Moon in May.
 

IPIS’ Latest Publications


 

NEW* Business, Human Rights, and Uganda's Oil. Part I: Uganda's oil sector and potential threats to human rights | 25 July 2013 | International Peace Information Service (IPIS) – ActionAid International Uganda
The following report is the first of a series of four collaborations between IPIS Research and ActionAid International Uganda. The series sheds a light on the oil sector in Uganda, its possible impact on human rights, and how government, companies, and civil society can best enable a positive bond between oil and the welfare of the Ugandan people.


The formalisation of artisanal mining in the DRC and Rwanda | December 2012 [April 2013] | IPIS
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned. We hope that these perspectives will support the formation of well-informed policy and regulatory options – both by the EU and by harvesting countries – concerning the formalisation of timber production in tropical countries.
The report was commissioned by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), which is dedicated to advancing human well-being, environmental conservation and equity through providing information that leads to better informed and equitable decision making about the use and management of forests in tropical countries.


Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
Gold and diamonds in Central Africa easily conjure up images of conflict, rebel funding, human rights violations, and smuggling. As a country landlocked within an unstable region, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and recently the scene of another coup, the Central African Republic (CAR) might be considered an appropriate candidate for analysis within the conflict-mineral perspective. Yet this framework would ignore the country’s mining sector’s very specific characteristics. The sector offers an essential livelihood to many households, represents the country’s second most important export product, and is organised in a particular way. Nonetheless, a wide range of issues regarding the country’s mining sector persist.
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.

Pinocchio Ltd. The NRA and its corporate partners: US shipments of small arms ammunition by sea | 25 March 2013 | TA-R | IPIS
The National Rifle Association (NRA) claims to have monitored in the last 20 years all United Nations activities that could impact Second Amendment rights. Its latest target is the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), an international treaty to establish common international standards for the import, export, and transfer of conventional arms presently under discussion at the United Nations. The international community has been calling for the inclusion of ammunition and civilian arms within the scope of the ATT. This reasonable call is used by the NRA to claim that the ATT could restrict the lawful ownership of firearms in the United States.


Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.
 
 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region. 
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
 
LRA "weaker than it has been in at least 20 years" | 1 August 2013 | IRIN
La LRA, « jamais aussi faible - au cours de ces vingt dernières années au moins » | 6 August 2013 | IRIN
Defections of Fighters Affect LRA | 1 August 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Resolve: Loosening Kony’s Grip and Effective Strategies for Today's LRA | 2 August 2013 | Enough Project
Joseph Kony is losing his grip on the fighters of his rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), with many wanting to defect, according to a new report by The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative, an US-based advocacy group.
 
Great Lakes Countries Urged to Contribute Troops Towards Fighting LRA's Kony | 4 August 2013 | Sudan Tribune | allAfrica
The US Charity Invisible Children has asked the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) to lobby countries in the Great Lakes region to contribute troops towards efforts in fighting the Lords Resistance Army(LRA).
 
International Conference of the Great Lakes Region
 
Les chefs d’Etat des Grands Lacs appellent à une conclusion rapide des pourparlers de Kampala | 2 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Réunis en sommet extraordinaire à Nairobi au Kenya le mercredi 31 juillet dernier, les chefs d’Etat de la Conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs (CIRGL) ont plaidé pour une « conclusion rapide » des pourparlers de Kampala entre le gouvernement congolais et les rebelles du Mouvement du 23 mars (M23). ENG: At a special summit in Nairobi, last Wednesday, the Heads of State of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region argued for a "speedy conclusion" of talks in Kampala between the Congolese government and the M23. 

DRC 

Congolese efforts at peace building
 
La RDC respecte bien ses engagements d’Addis-Abeba, estime François Muamba | 1 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: La République démocratique du Congo (RDC) a bien respecté ses engagements pris dans le cadre de l’accord d’Addis-Abeba pour la paix dans la région des grands Lacs, a affirmé dimanche 4 août, le coordonnateur du mécanisme de suivi de cet accord, François Muamba. ENG: The DRC has met its commitments under the Addis Ababa agreement for peace, said the coordinator of the monitoring of this accord, François Muamba. 
 
DRC Open to Talks With Armed Groups | 1 August 2013 | Voice of America
The Democratic Republic of Congo’s information minister says the government in Kinshasa is not opposed to holding talks with armed groups to resolve conflicts in the restive parts of the Central African nation.
 
MONUSCO security zone between Goma and Sake
 
UN troops patrol DR Congo zone as deadline to disarm ends | 1 August 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
UN Sets Up DRC Security Zone | 1 August 2013 | Voice of America
RDC: l'ONU entame le processus de sécurisation du Nord-Kivu | 1 August 2013 | RFI
RDC : Prudence à Goma après l'ultimatum de l'ONU aux groupes armés | 1 August 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Goma : fin de l’ultimatum lancé par la Monusco aux détenteurs d’armes | 1 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
UN peacekeepers patrolled a new security zone in the volatile eastern Democratic Republic of Congo after a deadline for militia fighters to disarm passed on Thursday afternoon.
 
Nord-Kivu: «Ce qui se passe à Goma et Sake est une première étape», affirme le général Santos Cruz | 1 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Le commandant de la force de la Monusco, général Alberto Dos Santos Cruz, indique que la mesure de sécuriser la zone Goma-Sake et ses environs, vise à protéger plus d'un millions de populations civiles, parmi lesquelles des déplacés. «Ceci ne constitue qu’une première étape. Chaque zone a des réalités qui lui sont propres. Nous allons nous adapter à la situation du terrain. C’est nous qui prenons l’initiative de ce que nous allons faire et le mode d’action que nous allons utiliser », a expliqué le général Alberto Dos Santos Cruz. ENG: MONUSCO head, General Alberto Dos Santos Cruz, has said that the measure to secure the Sake-Goma and the surrounding area, aims to protect more than one million civilians, including IDPs. "This is only the first step. Each area has its own realities. We will adapt to the situation on the ground. It is we who take the initiative on what we do and the mode of action that we use,” said General Alberto Dos Santos Cruz.
 
Rwanda Says UN Ultimatum Threatened Congo Peace Talks | 1 August 2013 | Voice of America
Rwanda said on Wednesday that the decision by a U.N. intervention brigade to forcibly disarm people in a strategic zone of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo had surprised African leaders and risked jeopardizing peace talks.
 
UN Mission in Eastern DRC Ineffective, Says Museveni | 1 August 2013 | The Star | allAfrica
Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni yesterday said fighting has erupted in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo because UN peacekeepers "tolerate" rebels.
 
La MONUSCO s'apprête à sécuriser l'axe Goma-Sake, après l'expiration jeudi 1er août à 16 heures de l'ultimatum lancé aux rebelles | 2 August 2013 | UN News Centre
North Kivu braces for potential UN-armed group clashes | 2 August 2013 | IRIN
À quelques heures de l'expiration le jeudi 1er août à 16 heures de l'ultimatum lancé aux groupes armés pour qu'ils déposent les armes, le chef militaire de la Mission de l'ONU en République démocratique du Congo (MONUSCO) a dit la volonté de la mission de sécuriser la zone Goma-Sake.
 
RDC: convoi de la MONUSCO caillassé | 2 August 2013 | BBC Afrique
RDC: manifestations anti-Monusco à Goma | 3 August 2013 | RFI
La « zone de sécurité » autour de Goma - Pour qui roule la MONUSCO ? | 3 August 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
RDC : la Monusco pressée de "traquer le M23", sinon de "quitter le Kivu" | 5 August 2013 | Jeune Afrique
RDC: frustrations populaires autour de la zone de sécurité de l'ONU | 7 August 2013 | RFI
La zone de sécurité instaurée pour prévenir les assauts rebelles sur Goma, dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo, génère de la frustration. A Goma, les habitants voudraient que le périmètre soit étendu aux territoires sous contrôle de la rébellion M23. La mission de l’ONU rassure en affirmant que le tracé de la zone de sécurité est une « première étape ».
 
Goma: la police disperse une manifestation des jeunes | 2 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Une certaine agitation a été observée vendredi 2 août à Goma sur la route allant du rond point Birere à l’aéroport, et devant les bureaux de la Société civile. Certains jeunes, dont des motards, sont descendus dans la rue pour exiger que la zone de sécurité imposée par la Monusco soit étendue au-delà de Goma et Sake, notamment vers Rutshuru. ENG: Agitation was observed on Friday, August 2 in Goma on the road from the Birere at the airport, and civil society offices. Some young people, including bikers, took to the streets to demand that the security zone imposed by MONUSCO be extended beyond Goma and Sake, especially towards Rutshuru.
 
Nord-Kivu: tout est mis en œuvre pour la sécurité de la population, assure la Monusco  | 4 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: La Mission des Nations unies pour la stabilisation en RDC (Monusco) met tout en œuvre pour assurer la sécurité des populations du Nord-Kivu, a affirmé dimanche 4 août le chef de bureau intérimaire de cette organisation à Goma, Axel Queval. Il réagissait aux revendications de la société civile et de la population de cette province, d’étendre la zone de sécurité sur toute la région, et spécialement aux territoires de Rutshuru et Nyiragongo. ENG: MONUSCO has said that it is making every effort to ensure the safety of the people of North Kivu, in response to the demands of civil society and the people of the province to extend the security zone throughout the region, especially to Rutshuru and Nyiragongo.
 
Nord-Kivu: la Monusco n’est pas revenue sur son ultimatum aux détenteurs illégaux d’armes | 5 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: La Monusco n’est pas revenue sur sa décision de traquer tout détenteur illégal d’armes à feu à Goma et ses environs (Nord-Kivu) comme certains médias l’ont affirmé. ENG: MONUSCO has confirmed that it  has not reversed its decision to track any holder of illegal firearms in Goma and surrounding areas as some media have said. 
 
Nord-Kivu: l’UDPS s’oppose à la violence contre la Monusco | 7 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: La fédération de Goma de l’Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social (UDPS) invite les habitants du Nord-Kivu à ne pas recourir à la violence pour manifester contre la Monusco. Cet appel intervient à la veille de la fin de l’ultimatum d’une semaine lancé par la Société civile de la province à la mission onusienne. Le jeudi dernier, la société civile avait donné sept jours à la brigade d’intervention de la Monusco pour  lancer les opérations offensives contre les groupes armés dont le M23,  promettant « des actions d’envergure » si cette force n’entamait pas la traque contre ces milices passé ce délai. ENG: The UDPS has called upon residents of North Kivu not resort to violence to protest against MONUSCO. The call comes on the eve of the end of one week ultimatum issued by civil society to MONUSCO to launch offensive operations against armed groups, including the M23, promising "major actions" if the force failed to do so.
 
RDC : la Monusco appelle la population de Goma au calme | 7 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Le porte-parole militaire de la Monusco, le lieutenant colonel Prosper Félix Basse, a appelé la population de Goma (Nord-Kivu) au calme. Au cours de la conférence hebdomadaire des  Nations unies organisée mercredi 7 août à Kinshasa, il a assuré que la brigade d’intervention ne ménagera aucun effort pour neutraliser les forces négatives y compris le M23. ENG: MONUSCO spokesman, Lt. Col. Felix Prosper Basse, called upon the population of Goma to remain calm, assuring that the intervention brigade will spare no effort to neutralize negative forces, including the M23.
 
Commentary on MONUSCO
 
RDC : la Monusco va-t-elle vraiment traquer tous les groupes armés au Kivu ? | 1 August 2013 | Jeune Afrique
La Mission de l’Onu pour la stabilisation du Congo (Monusco) enclenchera-t-elle vraiment, le 1er août, la traque des groupes armés du Nord-Kivu dont le Mouvement du 23-Mars (M23) ? Probablement pas.
 
UN Goes On the Attack in the DRC (Dragging South Africa in With It) | 1 August 2013 | Daily Maverick | allAfrica
Analysis. Over the course of its long engagement in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the United Nations has issued plenty of ultimatums.
 
RDC: pourquoi la Monusco revient-elle sur son ultimatum ? | 5 August 2013 | RFI
 
A Goma, on allait voir ce qu’on allait voir. Et… | 7 August 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
De Haïti au Congo | 7 August 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
UN surveillance drones

Congo: U.N. Mission to Get Drones | 1 August 2013 | The Associated Press | The New York Times
The United Nations announced on Thursday that it had selected its first unarmed surveillance drone, an Italian-made plane that will be tried out by peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
 
Kasai Orientale
 
Kasaï-Oriental: la police accusée de pillage des biens de la population à Omehotshia | 5 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Des policiers sont accusés d’avoir pillé, il y a quelques jours, des poules, chèvres, vélos et autres biens de la population, à omehotshia, en territoire de Katako kombe (Kasaï-Oriental). ENG: Police are accused of looting chickens, goats, bicycles and other property from the population of Omehotshia in Katako kombe territory  (Kasai Oriental).
 
North Kivu – M23
 
M23 takes a hit | 2 August 2013 | Africa Confidential
Two weeks of sometimes brutal fighting between the Mouvement du 23 mars and the national army have ramped up the pressure on Kinshasa and Kigali to negotiate a settlement. The Rwandan government of President Paul Kagame found its United States ally accusing it of supporting the rebels, while the uncharacteristically effective attacks on M23 positions by the Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC) have been reined in by pressure from the United Nations, Kinshasa sources say. The UN wants a political solution rather than a military one. The fighting has drastically weakened M23.
 
DR Congo rebels threaten to retake Goma | 3 August 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : le M23 menace de reprendre Goma | 3 August 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
RDC: le M23 menace de marcher sur Goma | 4 August 2013 | RFI
RDC: la rébellion du M23 menace de réoccuper Goma | 4 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
The M23 warned on Saturday that it would not rule out recapturing the main eastern city of Goma if Kinshasa reneged on its pledge to start direct talks.
 
RDC: des coups de feu à Kiwanja, trois morts | 4 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: tensions et violences agitent la ville de Kiwandja au nord de Goma | 5 August 2013 | RFI
FR: Trois personnes ont été tuées dans la nuit de samedi à ce dimanche 4 juillet à Kiwanja, à 70km au Nord de Goma en territoire de Rutshuru. Alors que le M23 présentent les victimes comme des bandits qui pillaient des boutiques, la population locale indique qu'il s'agit des détenus que le M23 a tué pour tenter de se dédouaner des pillages à Kiwanja, dont il est accusé. ENG: Three people were killed in the night from Saturday to Sunday, July 4, at Kiwanja, 70km north of Goma in Rutshuru territory. While the M23 present the victims as being criminals who robbed shops, the local population identifies them as M23 prisoners killed in an attempt to clear themselves of looting in Kiwanja, of which they are accused.
 
RDC : M23, une radio et des relais de propagande à l'étranger | 8 August 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le Mouvement du 23-Mars (M23) s’apprête à lancer une radio pour "diffuser des messages de paix" dans le Nord-Kivu. Une offensive médiatique du groupe rebelle auquel s’ajoutent des relais de propagande sur internet.
 
North Kivu – Other
 
Armed Groups Impose 'Gun Law' in Eastern DRC | 1 August 2013 | Voice of America
Les milices congolaises forceraient les civils à leur acheter des armes | 2 August 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
People who have fled from the Democratic Republic of Congo's eastern conflict zone say the armed groups that control their villages have imposed a new rule: each family must buy a firearm from the local armed group, or face unpleasant consequences.
 
Walikale : les notables demandent la validation des sites miniers pour mettre fin à l’insécurité | 1 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Les Notables du territoire de Walikale au Nord-Kivu, réunis au sein du Bureau d’études et développement de Walikale Bedewa, demandent au gouvernement congolais de valider « le plus rapidement possible » une dizaine de sites miniers qui remplissent toutes les conditions. Pour le secrétaire général de cette organisation, Prince Kihangi, la réouverture des activités dans ces sites miniers contribuera à réduire le chômage et le recrutement des jeunes dans les groupes armés. Ce qui impliquera, selon lui, la fin de l’insécurité dans le territoire. ENG: Notables in Walikale, through the Bureau of engineering and development of Walikale Bedewa have asked the Congolese government to validate "as soon as possible" a dozen mining sites. The secretary general of the organization, Prince Kihangi has stated that the reopening of activities in these mining sites will help reduce unemployment and youth recruitment into armed groups, helping to end insecurity in the country.
 
Goma: la police disperse une manifestation des jeunes | 2 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Une certaine agitation a été observée vendredi 2 août à Goma sur la route allant du rond point Birere à l’aéroport, et devant les bureaux de la Société civile. Certains jeunes, dont des motards, sont descendus dans la rue pour exiger que la zone de sécurité imposée par la Monusco soit étendue au-delà de Goma et Sake, notamment vers Rutshuru. ENG: Agitation was observed on Friday, August 2 in Goma on the road from the Birere at the airport, and civil society offices. Some young people, including bikers, took to the streets to demand that the security zone imposed by MONUSCO be extended beyond Goma and Sake, especially towards Rutshuru.
 
Nord-Kivu : les populations fuient les combats entre l’armée et les Maï-Maï NDC à Walikale | 3 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Les populations de la zone d’Angoa dans le territoire de Walikale fuient les affrontements entre les FARDC et les miliciens Maï-Maï Nduma defense of Congo (NDC) de Cheka. Les combats qui ont débuté le jeudi 1er aout, se poursuivent dans cette partie du Nord-Kivu. Jusqu’ici, aucun bilan n’est disponible. Deux sites miniers notamment Angoa et Kambombo se trouvent dans la zone des combats. ENG: The population of the Angoa area in Walikale have been fleeing clashes between FARDC and the Mai-Mai Nduma defense of Congo (NDC) of Cheka. The fighting, which began on Thursday, 1st August, continues in this part of North Kivu. So far, no record is available. Two mining sites including Angoa and Kambombo are in the combat zone.
 
Des rebelles ougandais ADF/NALU menacent d'attaquer Kibimba au Nord-Kivu | 3 August 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Les rebelles ougandais ADF/NALU et alliés menacent les habitants d'attaquer leur localité de Kibimba (à 3 km de Kamango, chef-lieu de la chefferie des Watalinga), leur intimant l'ordre de « vider sans délai » les lieux.
 
Nord-Kivu: tout est mis en œuvre pour la sécurité de la population, assure la Monusco  | 4 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: La Mission des Nations unies pour la stabilisation en RDC (Monusco) met tout en œuvre pour assurer la sécurité des populations du Nord-Kivu, a affirmé dimanche 4 août le chef de bureau intérimaire de cette organisation à Goma, Axel Queval. Il réagissait aux revendications de la société civile et de la population de cette province, d’étendre la zone de sécurité sur toute la région, et spécialement aux territoires de Rutshuru et Nyiragongo. ENG: MONUSCO has said that it is making every effort to ensure the safety of the people of North Kivu, in response to the demands of civil society and the people of the province to extend the security zone throughout the region, especially to Rutshuru and Nyiragongo.
 
Walikale : près de 400 cas de violences sexuelles répertoriés en 6 mois | 6 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Environ 397 cas de viols et violences sexuelles ont été enregistrés en six mois au cours de cette année à Walikale dans le Nord-Kivu. L’ONG locale Groupe d’appui conseil pour le développement endogène (Grace) a communiqué ces chiffres aux autorités civiles et militaires samedi 3 août lors d’une séance de sensibilisation sur les violences sexuelles. ENG: Approximately 397 cases of rape and sexual violence were recorded in six months this year in Walikale in North Kivu. The local support NGO Advisory Panel for endogenous development (Grace) released these figures from civilian and military authorities on Saturday, August 3 at an awareness session on sexual violence. 
 
Nord-Kivu: l’UDPS s’oppose à la violence contre la Monusco | 7 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: La fédération de Goma de l’Union pour la démocratie et le progrès social (UDPS) invite les habitants du Nord-Kivu à ne pas recourir à la violence pour manifester contre la Monusco. Cet appel intervient à la veille de la fin de l’ultimatum d’une semaine lancé par la Société civile de la province à la mission onusienne. Le jeudi dernier, la société civile avait donné sept jours à la brigade d’intervention de la Monusco pour  lancer les opérations offensives contre les groupes armés dont le M23,  promettant « des actions d’envergure » si cette force n’entamait pas la traque contre ces milices passé ce délai. ENG: The UDPS has called upon residents of North Kivu not resort to violence to protest against MONUSCO. The call comes on the eve of the end of one week ultimatum issued by civil society to MONUSCO to launch offensive operations against armed groups, including the M23, promising "major actions" if the force failed to do so.
 
RDC : la Monusco appelle la population de Goma au calme | 7 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Le porte-parole militaire de la Monusco, le lieutenant colonel Prosper Félix Basse, a appelé la population de Goma (Nord-Kivu) au calme. Au cours de la conférence hebdomadaire des  Nations unies organisée mercredi 7 août à Kinshasa, il a assuré que la brigade d’intervention ne ménagera aucun effort pour neutraliser les forces négatives y compris le M23. ENG: MONUSCO spokesman, Lt. Col. Felix Prosper Basse, called upon the population of Goma to remain calm, assuring that the intervention brigade will spare no effort to neutralize negative forces, including the M23.
 
South Kivu
 
Fizi: conflit entre éleveurs et cultivateurs, plus de 30 vaches tuées en un mois | 1 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Une trentaine de vaches sont tuées depuis le mois de juin suite aux accrochages entre éleveurs et cultivateurs, à Fizi à 300 km de Bukavu. Plusieurs ONG s'impliquent déjà dans la résolution pacifique des conflits entre ces hommes.
ENG: Thirty cows have been killed since June following clashes between pastoralists and farmers in Fizi, 300 km from Bukavu. Several NGOs are already involved in the peaceful resolution of conflicts between these men.
 
Shabunda: un commandant de la police enlevé par des présumés miliciens Raia Mutomboki | 1 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Des hommes armés ont enlevé le mercredi 31 juillet un commandant de la police nationale congolaise à Penenkusu dans le territoire de Shabunda. Des témoins indiquent que l’officier a été enlevé alors qu’il se trouvait à son poste. Les mêmes sources attribuent cet acte aux miliciens Raia Mutomboki. ENG: Gunmen have kidnapped the commander of the Congolese national police from Penenkusu in Shabunda on Wednesday, July 31. Witnesses indicate that the officer was abducted while he was at his post. The same sources attribute this act the Raia Mutomboki.
 
Sud-Kivu : échange de tirs dans le carré minier de Mukungwe | 2 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Des tirs ont retenti jeudi 1er août au carré minier de Mukungwe dans le territoire de Walungu au Sud-Kivu. Les creuseurs se sont dispersés et des pillages ont eu lieu dans le secteur, mais aucune perte en vie humaine n’a été enregistrée. Selon l’administrateur de territoire de Walungu, il s’agit d’un affrontement entre deux groupes de militaires au service de deux familles qui se disputent la gestion de cette carrière riche en or. ENG: Shots were fired on Thursday 1st of August at the quarry in Mukungwe in Walungu. Miners dispersed and looting took place in the area, but no loss of life was recorded. According to the director of Walungu, it was a clash between two groups of soldiers serving two families fighting over the management of the gold-rich quarry.
 
Sud-Kivu : vive tension autour d’un carré minier à Walungu | 4 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Une vive tension a été perceptible dimanche 4 août autour du carré minier « Maroc », dans la localité de Mukungwe dans le territoire de Walungu (Sud-Kivu). Des témoins indiquent que trois familles se battent, en utilisant des militaires pour s’imposer dans la gestion de cette carrière riche en or. Cette situation a occasionné le déplacement des populations vers d’autres localités. ENG: Acute tension was evident on Sunday, August 4, around the "Morocco" mine in the town of Mukungwe in Walungu territory. Witnesses indicate that three families are in a struggle, using the military to succeed in the management of this gold-rich area. This has caused displacement to other areas.
 
Sud-Kivu : les déplacés du groupement Baliga vivent sans assistance et sans abri  | 6 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Les habitants de sept villages du groupement de Baliga quittent leurs localités depuis quatre jours. Ils fuient les affrontements entre deux factions du groupe armé Raia Mutomboki dans le village Kisasa, situé dans ce groupement de la province du Sud-Kivu. ENG: The inhabitants of seven villages in Baliga have left their communities for four days. They flee clashes between two factions of the Raia Mutomboki in Kisasa village. 
 
Katanga
 
Katanga : « la période de l’impunité est finie », assure le commandant de la 6e région militaire | 2 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: A l’occasion de la parade militaire organisée vendredi 2 août au camp Vangu de Lubumbashi (Katanga), le commandant de la 6e région militaire, Mbwayama Nsiona, a appelé les hommes de sa troupe à plus de vigilance, en leur assurant que « la période de l’impunité est finie ». Il a indiqué que plus d'une vingtaine de militaires de Lubumbashi et Mitwaba ont été déférés devant la justice. ENG: At the military parade held Friday, August 2nd at Vangu camp in Lubumbashi, the commander of the 6th military region, Mbwayama Nsiona, called upon the men in his company to be more vigilant in ensuring that their "impunity is over", stating that 20 soldiers from Lubumbashi and Mitwaba are being brought to justice.
 
Katanga : un conflit foncier oppose le ministre des Finances et des villageois à Kipushi | 5 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Les habitants du village Kashimbala accusent le ministre provincial des Finances, Christian Mwando Nsimba de vouloir annexer une grande partie de la localité à sa ferme. Le ministre affirme en revanche que les villageois veulent construire dans sa ferme. ENG: A land conflict has developed 20km from Lubumbashi. Kashimbala villagers accuse the Provincial Minister of Finance, Christian Mwando Nsimba of wanting to annex a large part of the town to his farm. The minister has said, however, that the villagers want to build on his farm.
  
 

Rwanda

Rwanda detainees

Over 60 Rwandans Held in DRC - Envoy | 3 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Arrested Rwandans in DRC Deserve Justice | 4 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
At least 60 Rwandans are detained in different military facilities in the Democratic Republic of Congo capital Kinshasa. The Rwandans who include two females, were transferred from Goma, the capital of North Kivu Province following their arrest at the border between the two countries, according to the Rwandan ambassador to DR Congo, Amandin Rugira.

Arusha Accord Anniversary

20e anniversaire des accords d'Arusha : quand la paix mène au génocide | 5 August 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Il y a tout juste vingt ans, le 4 août 1993, étaient signés à Arusha, en Tanzanie, les accords de paix et de partage du pouvoir censés permettre au Rwanda de sortir de la crise. Un compromis longtemps attendu mais jugé inacceptable par les extrémistes hutus, qui déclencheront le génocide contre les Tutsis huit mois plus tard.

FDLR

FDLR Leader in German Trial Reveals DRC Govt Support | 5 August 2013 | News of Rwanda | allAfrica
DRC Funded FDLR Founding Meet, Court Told | 7 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Former FDLR vice president Straton Musoni, currently on trial in Germany for war crimes has told a court in his first comments that the Rwandan militia group was established with the full backing of DR Congo government in May 2000.

 
FDLR Coordinated July 26 Grenade Attack - Suspects | 6 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The DR Congo-based Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) militia is responsible for the fatal July 26 grenade attack in Kigali's commercial hub of Nyabugogo, which killed three people, the prime suspects have said.

M23 arrest warrants considered by Rwanda

Rwanda/RDC - Kigali examine les mandats d'arrêt émis par Kinshasa (presse) | 6 August 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
Kigali indique avoir commencé l’examen de mandats d’arrêts émis par la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) contre quatre chefs rebelles réfugiés sur le territoire rwandais, rapporte le journal en ligne Igihe.com. Lancés le mois dernier, ces mandats visent Jean-Marie Runiga, président du Mouvement rebelle tutsi congolais du M23, le colonel Baudouin Ngaruye, le lieutenant-colonel Eric Badege et le colonel Innocent Zimurinda, tous également du M 23.
 

Burundi

Truth and recooncilaition commission
 
La réconciliation sans la justice? | 1 August 2013 | IPS
Sept ans après la fin de la guerre civile au Burundi, une Commission vérité et réconciliation doit être mise en place. Mais en voulant imposer le pardon, le gouvernement risque de raviver les tensions qui ont déchiré le pays.

Agathon Rwasa
 
Agathon Rwasa: Burundi ex-rebel leaves hiding | 6 August 2013 | BBC Africa
Burundi: Agathon Rwasa prêt pour son grand retour | 6 August 2013 | RFI
Burundi: la police empêche Agathon Rwasa de rejoindre ses partisans en meeting | 6 August 2013 | RFI
Controverse au Burundi, suite à la réapparition d'Agathon Rwasa | 7 August 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Burundi's main opposition leader and ex-rebel Agathon Rwasa has come out of hiding after three years. He denied that he had been abroad and said he would stand in 2015 presidential elections. The authorities prevented him from holding a public rally, saying he did not have permission, so he spoke to the press at his private residence.

 

CAR

People of strife-torn Central African Republic must not be forgotten, UN official stresses | 1 August 2013 | UN News Centre
N'oublions pas la République centrafricaine, exhorte un haut responsable de l'ONU | 1 August 2013 | UN News Centre
Central African Republic Regional Force Needs Bolstering | 2 August 2013 | Voice of America
La Centrafrique, en pleine décomposition | 2 August 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
A senior United Nations human rights official today urged the international community not to forget the people of the Central African Republic (CAR), where State institutions remain “close to collapse” and security is “virtually non-existent.”
 
La MISCA remplace la MICOPAX | 1 August 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
Centrafrique: la nouvelle mission internationale bientôt sur le terrain | 3 August 2013 | RFI
La Mission de consolidation de la paix en Centrafrique, MICOPAX devrait en principe être transformé à partir de ce 1er août 2013 en une Mission Internationale de Soutien en Centrafrique, MISCA. Cette force sera constituée de 3 500 soldats dont 2 475 militaires, 1025 policiers et 152 civils.
 
Launch of the African-Led International Support Mission in the Central African Republic (AFISM-CAR) (August 2, 2013) | 2 August 2013 | France Diplomatie
France welcomes the establishment of the African-Led International Support Mission in the Central African Republic (AFISM-CAR) which took over from the Mission for the Consolidation of Peace in the Central African Republic (MICOPAX) on August 1, in accordance with the decisions of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union.
 
CAR Soldiers Resist Call to Leave Cameroon | 5 August 2013 | Voice of America
Soldiers from the Central African Republic (CAR) who fled to Cameroon are refusing to go back to their home country. The men are complaining of insecurity in the CAR, where the rebel group Seleka toppled the president in March. They also say they may face charges of manslaughter in the CAR's courts.
 
RCA: des élus locaux s’impliquent dans le processus de désarmement | 5 August 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique: Le difficile désarmement | 6 August 2013 | Cameroon Tribune | allAfrica
Depuis une semaine, les maires et les chefs de villages et de quartiers ont convenu de sensibiliser la population de République centrafricaine à la question du désarmement.
 
Group of UN experts raise alarm over lawlessness in Central African Republic | 6 August 2013 | UN News Centre
A group of United Nations independent experts today warned that the rule of law in the Central African Republic (CAR) is “almost non-existent” as abuses of power and human rights violations have become pervasive in the country.
 
Violent and Chaotic, Central African Republic Lurches Toward a Crisis | 6 August 2013 | The New York Times
Even the prime minister chosen by the rebels calls conditions in the Central African Republic catastrophic.
 
ICC Prosecutor voices concern about ongoing serious crimes in Central African Republic | 7 August 2013 | UN News Centre
RCA/CPI : préoccupée, la Procureure surveille la situation de près | 7 August 2013 | UN News Centre
Séléka dans le collimateur de la CPI | 8 August 2013 | BBC Afrique
The prosecutor of the world’s first permanent court set up to try those accused of genocide and war crimes today voiced her deep concern about the worsening security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) and reports of serious crimes being committed there.

 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 

Humanitrian reports
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale No 30/13, 31 juillet 2013 | 1 August 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire, Province du Katanga No. 29/13, 31 juillet 2013 | 1 August 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale No 31/13, 6 août 2013 | 6 August 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu No 25/13, 6 août 2013 | 7 August 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu No 32/13, 6 août 2013 | 7 August 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo Note d’information à la presse, 07 août 2013 | 7 August 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
IDPs
 
DRC multiple displacements making people more vulnerable | 1 August 2013 | IRIN
Les déplacements multiples en RDC accentuent la vulnérabilité de la population | 4 August 2013 | IRIN
 
Sud-Kivu : les déplacés du groupement Baliga vivent sans assistance et sans abri  | 6 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Les habitants de sept villages du groupement de Baliga quittent leurs localités depuis quatre jours. Ils fuient les affrontements entre deux factions du groupe armé Raia Mutomboki dans le village Kisasa, situé dans ce groupement de la province du Sud-Kivu. Ces déplacés se sont réfugiés dans la forêt ou dans d’autres villages. Selon le président de la Société civile de Baliga, Chadrak  Muganza, ils n’ont pas encore reçu d’aide car le mauvais état des routes ne permet pas d’acheminer des vivres et du matériel dans le secteur. ENG: The inhabitants of seven villages in Baliga have fled due to clashes between two factions of the Raia Mutomboki in Kisasa village. The displaced have sought refuge in the forest or in other villages. According to the President of Baliga’s Civil Society, Shadrach Muganza, they have not yet received help because the bad roads is not possible to deliver food and equipment in the area.
 
 
Refugees
 
Thousands of children escape violence in Eastern DRC, now seeking refuge in Uganda | 2 August 2013 | UNICEF | Reliefweb
At least 37,000 newly arrived refugees in Uganda are children.
 
Le Rwanda accusé d’empêcher le retour de 300 ménages congolais dans leur pays | 3 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Le président de la société civile de Nyiragongo, Mambo Kawaya, accuse Kigali d’empêcher 300 ménages de ce territoire du Nord-Kivu qui ont trouvé refuge au Rwanda de regagner leur pays. ENG: The President of Civil Society in Nyiragongo, Mambo Kawaya, has accused Kigali of preventing 300 households from this area of ​​North Kivu, who had gone to Rwanda to seek refuge, from returning home.
 
La province du Nord-Kivu est incompétente pour résoudre la question des Congolais bloqués au Rwanda | 6 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: La question du retour de trois cents ménages bloqués depuis une semaine au Rwanda n’est pas de la compétence du gouvernement, ni de l’Assemblée provinciale du Nord-Kivu. C’est ce qu’a déclaré le président de l’Assemblée provinciale de cette province, Jules Akizu Mwami, à l’issue d’une réunion tenue à Goma, lundi 5 août. Il a promis de transmettre ce dossier aux ministres nationaux de l’Intérieur et des Affaires étrangères pour tenter de décanter la situation. ENG: The issue of the return of three hundred households blocked for one week in Rwanda is not the responsibility of the government or of the Provincial Assembly of North Kivu. This was declared the president of the Provincial Assembly of that province, Jules AKIZU Mwami, after a meeting in Goma, Monday, Aug. 5. He promised to send the file to the national ministers of the Interior and Foreign Affairs to try to settle the situation.
 
RDC : des réfugiés centrafricains vivant dans un camp en Equateur boudent la nourriture | 7 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Des réfugiés centrafricains vivant en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) ont manifesté dimanche 4 août pour protester contre la qualité et la quantité de la nourriture que leur sert les partenaires du Haut commissariat pour les réfugiés (HCR) dans le camp de Mole. ENG: Central African refugees living in the DRC protested on Sunday against the quality and quantity of food served by the partners of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) at the Mole camp. 

 
 

Uganda

Congolese refugees in Uganda
 
Thousands of children escape violence in Eastern DRC, now seeking refuge in Uganda | 2 August 2013 | UNICEF | Reliefweb
RDC : plus de 37 000 enfants réfugiés en Ouganda après une attaque de l'ADF-Nalu | 3 August 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
At least 37,000 newly arrived refugees in Uganda are children.
 

Rwanda

Congolese Refugees in Rwanda
 
Le Rwanda accusé d’empêcher le retour de 300 ménages congolais dans leur pays | 3 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Le président de la société civile de Nyiragongo, Mambo Kawaya, accuse Kigali d’empêcher 300 ménages de ce territoire du Nord-Kivu qui ont trouvé refuge au Rwanda de regagner leur pays. ENG: The President of Civil Society in Nyiragongo, Mambo Kawaya, has accused Kigali of preventing 300 households from this area of ​​North Kivu, who had gone to Rwanda to seek refuge, from returning home.
 
La province du Nord-Kivu est incompétente pour résoudre la question des Congolais bloqués au Rwanda | 6 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: La question du retour de trois cents ménages bloqués depuis une semaine au Rwanda n’est pas de la compétence du gouvernement, ni de l’Assemblée provinciale du Nord-Kivu. C’est ce qu’a déclaré le président de l’Assemblée provinciale de cette province, Jules Akizu Mwami, à l’issue d’une réunion tenue à Goma, lundi 5 août. Il a promis de transmettre ce dossier aux ministres nationaux de l’Intérieur et des Affaires étrangères pour tenter de décanter la situation. ENG: The issue of the return of three hundred households blocked for one week in Rwanda is not the responsibility of the government or of the Provincial Assembly of North Kivu. This was declared the president of the Provincial Assembly of that province, Jules AKIZU Mwami, after a meeting in Goma, Monday, Aug. 5. He promised to send the file to the national ministers of the Interior and Foreign Affairs to try to settle the situation.

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

Bemba Trial
 
In Recent CAR Coup, Echoes of Past Violence | 6 August 2013 | Bemba Trial website | allAfrica
Commentary written by Matt Solomon, a student at Fordham University School of Law.

 

Rwanda 

Ingabire appeal case
 
Rwanda: l’avocat de Victoire Ingabire met en cause la crédibilité d’un témoin à charge | 1 August 2013 | RFI
Le procès en appel de l'opposante rwandaise Victoire Ingabire, s'est achevé mercredi 31 juillet à la Cour suprême de Kigali avec les plaidoiries de la défense. La présidente des Forces démocratiques unifiées (FDU), formation non reconnue par Kigali, avait été condamnée en première instance à 8 ans de prison ferme pour « conspiration » et « minimisation » du génocide des Tutsi de 1994. Le parquet avait requis 25 ans de prison ferme. Le verdict est attendu pour le 1er novembre 2013.
 
Munyagishari trial
 
Munyagishari Trial Begins | 6 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The trial of Genocide suspect Bernard Munyagishari got underway yesterday at the Nyarugunga Primary Court, in Kigali, with the suspect refusing to speak in Kinyarwanda and a defence lawyer rejected.
 
Kambanda against ICTR
 
Convicted ex-Prime Minister Jean Kambanda publishes damning portrait of Rwanda Tribunal | 7 August 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
Condamné à la perpétuité, l’ex-Premier ministre Jean Kambanda dresse un réquisitoire contre le TPIR | 6 August 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
Writing from his prison cell in Mali, former Rwandan Prime Minister Jean Kambanda has released a book that paints a damning portrait of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

Land grabbing
 
L’accaparement des terre et de la souveraineté par les Brics | 2 August 2013 | Pambazuka News
Comme acteurs mondiaux se trouvant dans un besoin d'expansion économique, énergétique et alimentaire, les Brics, dont le Brésil, sont en train de renforcer et de faciliter des opérations impliquant les terres à l'étranger d'une manière incompatible avec leurs proclamations liées au développement durable, à la coopération, à la solidarité et le respect de la souveraineté étrangère.

DRC 

Oil exploration in Virunga National Park
 
Oil exploration threatens Africa’s billion dollar World Heritage Site | 1 August 2013 | WWF UK
The Economic Value of Virunga National Park | 1 August 2013 | WWF UK
Parc des Virunga : Un site africain du patrimoine mondial d'une valeur de plus d'un milliard de dollars menacé par l'exploration pétrolière | 1 August 2013 | WWF France
Congo's rare mountain gorillas could become victims of oil exploration | 1 August 2013 | The Guardian
Congo Park Could Earn $1.1 Billion a Year Without Oil, WWF Says | 1 August 2013 | Bloomberg
RDC: l’ONG WWF s’oppose au projet d’exploitation pétrolière dans le parc des Virunga | 1 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
Africa’s oldest national park, which the Democratic Republic of Congo has opened up for oil exploration, may generate $1.1 billion annually without crude production, the World Wildlife Fund said. Virunga Park could provide about 45,000 permanent jobs through tourism, fisheries and investments in hydropower, the WWF said today in an e-mailed report prepared by Dalberg Global Development Advisors.
 
SOCO International’s statement on current activities in Virunga National Park | 30 July 2013 | SOCO International
 
Nord-Kivu - Le Peco plaide en faveur du démantèlement des forces négatives dans le parc des Virunga | 5 August 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La viabilité du parc national des Virunga, un patrimoine mondial de l'Unesco en péril, « doit passer par le démantèlement des forces négatives ». La déclaration est du président du parti écologiste (PECO), le député national Didace Pembe. A cet effet, le président du Parti écologiste dit non à l'exploitation du pétrole au Parc des Virunga. Une opposition qui renforce déjà celle exprimée par l'Institut congolais pour la conservation de la nature (ICCN) et d'autres ONG environnementales, dont WWF et Greenpeace.
 
Exploration pétrolière dans le parc des Virunga - Un élu de Rutshuru réagit aux propos d'un député allemand | 6 August 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Un député allemand s’oppose à l’exploitation du pétrole dans le parc national des Virunga | 6 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Le vice-président de la majorité présidentielle au parlement allemand, Dr Christian Ruck s’engage à empêcher la destruction du patrimoine congolais au parc national de Virunga au Nord-Kivu. Il estime que l’exploitation pétrolière détruirait la biodiversité de ce parc classé patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco en péril. Plusieurs espèces animales et végétales rares y vivent. ENG: Vice President of the presidential majority in the German parliament, Dr. Christian Ruck undertakes to prevent the destruction of Virunga National Park in North Kivu. He believes that oil will destroy the biodiversity of the park  and put the UNESCO World Heritage Site in danger. Several rare plant and animal species live there.
 
Logging
 
RDC : Greenpeace se dit préoccupée par l’abattage des arbres à Kinshasa | 6 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: L’ONG britannique Greenpeace se dit profondément préoccupée par l’abattage des arbres à Kinshasa, précisément dans la commune de Bandalungwa. Il s’inquiète du fait que le gouvernement n’a jamais reboisé dans les milieux où les arbres ont été coupés. ENG: Greenpeace has said that it is deeply concerned by logging in Kinshasa, specifically in the town of Bandalungwa. It is concerned that the government has never replanted in areas where trees have been cut.
 
Bunia: l’absence de scanner facilite l’exportation frauduleuse du bois | 2 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: La commercialisation des bois et planches échappe au contrôle du service de l’environnement et conservation de la nature du district de l’Ituri, depuis que le scanner  installé  à Bunia pour cette fin  et  géré par la Société générale de surveillance (SGS) est tombé en panne, il y a depuis deux ans. ENG: The commercialisation of timber has been escaping the control of the Environment and Nature Conservation Service since a scanner installed in Bunia to assisting such regulation broke two years ago.
 
Mining and security
 
Walikale : les notables demandent la validation des sites miniers pour mettre fin à l’insécurité | 1 August 2013| Radio Okapi
FR: Les Notables du territoire de Walikale au Nord-Kivu, réunis au sein du Bureau d’études et développement de Walikale Bedewa, demandent au gouvernement congolais de valider « le plus rapidement possible » une dizaine de sites miniers qui remplissent toutes les conditions. Pour le secrétaire général de cette organisation, Prince Kihangi, la réouverture des activités dans ces sites miniers contribuera à réduire le chômage et le recrutement des jeunes dans les groupes armés. Ce qui impliquera, selon lui, la fin de l’insécurité dans le territoire. ENG: Notables in Walikale, through the Bureau of engineering and development of Walikale Bedewa have asked the Congolese government to validate "as soon as possible" a dozen mining sites. The secretary general of the organization, Prince Kihangi has stated that the reopening of activities in these mining sites will help reduce unemployment and youth recruitment into armed groups, helping to end insecurity in the country.
 
Minerals smuggled to Rwanda
 
Rwanda Contacts DRC Over Smuggled Minerals | 6 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The government of Rwanda has contacted their counterparts in the Democratic Republic of Congo over the tonnes of smuggled minerals from the neighbouring country. The minerals which, according to the State Minister in charge of Mining, Evode Imena, constituted 8.4 metric tonnes of wolfram, tin and coltan, were seized in June as they were being smuggled into the country from DRC.


Uganda

Extractives
 
Uganda Chamber of Mines calls for more local involvement in extractives sector | 5 August 2013 | The Independent (Kampala)
The Uganda Chamber of Mines and Petroleum (UCMP), a local non-profit that represents the interests of the private sector in the country’s extractive sector wants more Ugandans to fully get involved in the sector.
 
Oil - Kufuor Advises On Governance | 6 August 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
Former Ghanaian president John Kufuor says the success or failure of Uganda's petroleum sector is going to depend on governance, particularly politics.

 

Rwanda

Rwanda Contacts DRC Over Smuggled Minerals | 6 August 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The government of Rwanda has contacted their counterparts in the Democratic Republic of Congo over the tonnes of smuggled minerals from the neighbouring country. The minerals which, according to the State Minister in charge of Mining, Evode Imena, constituted 8.4 metric tonnes of wolfram, tin and coltan, were seized in June as they were being smuggled into the country from DRC.

CAR

Looming crisis in CAR prompts call for mining contract assessment | 2 August 2013 | Mining Weekly
A looming new crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) has prompted a call for an assessment of mining contracts and a review of the diamond supply chain.

 
 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region
Extortion another silent enemy of African mining – KPMG | 6 August 2013 | Mining Weekly
Insufficient attention is being paid to the potential extortive elements that lurk in the background of mining projects in countries where discretionary officialdom predominates.

DRC

Hydropower
 
Aga Khan Fund, Blackstone Seek to Build East African Power Plant | 6 August 2013 | Bloomberg
The Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development SA said it has joined with Blackstone Group LP (BX) to bid for construction of a 147-megawatt hydro power plant to be shared by Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Industrial Promotion Services Kenya Ltd., an affiliate of the Aga Khan Fund, and Blackstone through its Sithe Global Power LLP unit are in talks with the three governments.
 
Delrand Resources
 
Delrand Resources Provides Update on DRC Diamond Exploration Activities | 1 August 2013 | Delrand Resources Limited | Marketwired
Delrand Resources Limited provides an update on its diamond exploration activities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The northern DRC has a long history of good quality alluvial diamonds. To date, no primary sources, or kimberlites, for these diamonds have been found. Delrand has prospected large areas in the provinces of Equateur and Orientale in the search of these kimberlites.
 
Kimberlite indicators in DRC diamond search excite Delrand | 6 August 2013 | Mining Weekly
TSX- and JSE-listed exploration company Delrand Resources, which is operating exclusively in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), is excited by kimberlite indicator minerals that exploration activities have unearthed at the company’s southern and northern projects.
 
Mutanda Mining
 
Mutanda mining change la physionomie socioéconomique du Lualaba | 5 August 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le secteur minier reste la locomotive du développement en RDC du fait de son apport considérable au Trésor public. Or, au nombre des opérateurs majeurs dans ce secteur figure Dan Gertler, figure de proue dans Kamoto Copper Company (KCC), à Kolwezi, et de Mutanda mining (MUMI) à Mutshatsha dans le district du Lualaba.
 
Ivanplats
 
Ivanplats considers phased approach to DRC copper project | 6 August 2013 | Mining Weekly
Lower Initial Capital Cost and Significant Smelting Capacity Are Among Key Elements for a Refocused Development Study for Ivanplats' Kamoa Copper Discovery | 6 August 2013 | Ivanplats Limited | Marketwired
Africa-focused project developer Ivanplats has commissioned a study to investigate developing the significant Komoa copper discovery, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in two phases, as it seeks to cut capital expenditures.
 
MDM awarded zinc-copper study on Friedland's 'world's richest mine' | 7 August 2013 | Mineweb
South African based MDM the minerals process and project management company, which has been successful in securing a number of recent engineering contracts, has now been awarded one from Ivanplats for its Kipushi zinc-copper project in the DRC.
 
Randgold
 
Randgold says "more ounces, lower costs" to offset weaker gold | 7 August 2013 | Reuters
Randgold 'revisit' to net debt will be brief: Bristow | 7 August 2013 | Miningmx
Randgold may need to tap debt as DRC mine nears start | 8 August 2013 | Bloomberg | Mineweb
Randgold may have to use a credit facility to fund the $1.7 billion Kibali mine after gold’s steepest decline in at least 90 years cut its income.
 
Kibali Mine: First Gold Pour Targeted for October | 7 August 2013 | Bloomberg
Bloomberg's Ryan Chilcote discusses the Kibali Mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo where final preparations are being made for the first gold pour with Mark Barton on Bloomberg Television's "Countdown."
 

Uganda

Hydropower
 
Uganda Awards Another Dam Project to Chinese Company | 2 August 2013 | Voice of America
China's influence in Uganda is growing, with two dam contracts recently awarded to Chinese companies, offers of cheap credit and even a possible deal to buy the debts of Ugandan MPs. But some rights groups worry that it could come at the expense of the country’s independence.
 
Bujagali Performing Beyond Expectation - Management | 7 August 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Authorities at the Bujagali Energy Project (BEL) have said the power plant is performing beyond expectation.
 
Oil
 
Tullow Oil Profits Rise | 5 August 2013 | East African Business Week | allAfrica
Tullow Oil plc, the independent oil and gas exploration and production Group, announced its half yearly results for the six months ended 30 June 2013. Tullow said it is in the process of "reaching the final stages of agreeing the key components of the Lake Albert Basin development in Uganda".
 
Tullow Gets $287 Million After Uganda Tax Feud With Heritage | 2 August 2013 | Bloomberg
Tullow Oil Plc received $287 million from an escrow account following a tax dispute with Heritage Oil Plc over the sale of assets in Uganda in 2010. Tullow agreed to pay about $1.5 billion for Heritage’s stakes in two Ugandan blocks three years ago

 

Rwanda

World Bank finances Rusumo Falls hydroelectric project
 
World Bank project aims to provide low-cost energy in Africa’s Great Lakes region | 6 August 2013 | UN News Centre
La Banque mondiale débloque 340 millions de dollars pour Rusumo Falls | 7 August 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
World Bank Approves Rusumo Falls Hydropower Plant | 6 August 2013 | World Bank | allAfrica
Grands Lacs : la Banque mondiale finance la centrale de Rusumo | 7 August 2013 | Jeune Afrique
World Bank Approves $340 Million for Africa Hydro-Power Project | 6 August 2013 | Bloomberg
The World Bank said its board approved $340 million of financing for a hydroelectric project intended to provide electricity to 62 million people in Rwanda, Tanzania and Burundi. The Regional Rusumo Falls Hydroelectric Project has a total cost of $468.6 million and will eventually have generation capacity of 80 megawatts, according to a statement released today by the Washington-based bank. Each country is getting $113.3 million from the bank’s International Development Association unit, which offers zero-interest loans and grants to the poorest countries. The project is part of a Great Lakes regional initiative inaugurated by the Bank’s President and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during their first-of-a-kind joint visit to the region in May.
 
Hydropower
 
Aga Khan Fund, Blackstone Seek to Build East African Power Plant | 6 August 2013 | Bloomberg
The Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development SA said it has joined with Blackstone Group LP (BX) to bid for construction of a 147-megawatt hydro power plant to be shared by Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Industrial Promotion Services Kenya Ltd., an affiliate of the Aga Khan Fund, and Blackstone through its Sithe Global Power LLP unit are in talks with the three governments.


Burundi

World Bank finances Rusumo Falls hydroelectric project
 
World Bank project aims to provide low-cost energy in Africa’s Great Lakes region | 6 August 2013 | UN News Centre
La Banque mondiale débloque 340 millions de dollars pour Rusumo Falls | 7 August 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
World Bank Approves Rusumo Falls Hydropower Plant | 6 August 2013 | World Bank | allAfrica
Grands Lacs : la Banque mondiale finance la centrale de Rusumo | 7 August 2013 | Jeune Afrique
World Bank Approves $340 Million for Africa Hydro-Power Project | 6 August 2013 | Bloomberg
The World Bank said its board approved $340 million of financing for a hydroelectric project intended to provide electricity to 62 million people in Rwanda, Tanzania and Burundi. The Regional Rusumo Falls Hydroelectric Project has a total cost of $468.6 million and will eventually have generation capacity of 80 megawatts, according to a statement released today by the Washington-based bank. Each country is getting $113.3 million from the bank’s International Development Association unit, which offers zero-interest loans and grants to the poorest countries. The project is part of a Great Lakes regional initiative inaugurated by the Bank’s President and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during their first-of-a-kind joint visit to the region in May.

 
 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 

DRC

Dodd-Frank
 
The Clash Meet the Congo: Should You (and Your Minerals) Stay, or Should You Go? | 6 August 2013 | L4BB Blog
Companies face difficulties in implementing Section 1502 of the Dodd Frank Act that requires companies to ensure that minerals from the DRC and Great Lakes region are conflict free. One option is to cease purchasing from the region. But there are other options that can offer long-term solutions for the miners and their communities
 
D.C. District Court Upholds Dodd-Frank Conflict Minerals Rule | 7 August 2013 | Enough Project
On July 23, the U.S. District Court in Washington, DC rejected the lawsuit on conflict minerals legislation, section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act. 

 
 

Other


Congolese national dialogue
 
RDC : les concertations nationales sont imminentes | 5 August 2013 | Radio Okapi
FR: Les concertations nationales convoquées par Joseph Kabila pour «créer la cohésion nationale»  face à la guerre dans l’Est de la RDC vont commencer bientôt. Lundi 5 août, les présidents de deux chambres du parlement, qui présideront ces assises, ont tenu une conférence de presse à Kinshasa à ce sujet.  ENG: National consultations convened by Joseph Kabila to "create national unity" against the war in the eastern DRC will begin soon. On Monday, August 5, the presidents of the two chambers of parliament, who will chair these meetings, held a press conference in Kinshasa.  
 
Public order law
 
Uganda: Public Management Order Bill is a serious blow to open political debate | 5 August 2013 | Amnesty International
Uganda public order bill is 'blow to political debate' | 6 August 2013 | BBC Africa
Ugandan Parliament Approves Tough Restrictions on Rallies | 6 August 2013 | Voice of America
Parliament Passes Controversial Public Order Bill | 7 August 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Uganda Groups Oppose Public Order Bill | 7 August 2013 | Voice of America
L'Ouganda veut limiter les manifestations publiques | 7 August 2013 | RFI
Uganda's parliament has passed a bill that critics said will prevent all public rallies against President Yoweri Museveni and his government. Opposition parties are threatening a legal challenge to the measure, known as the Public Management Order Bill -- which the president still has to sign into law.

 

IPIS Recent Publications


 
The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | OECD - IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.
 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix
On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
 
The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R
In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report. 
 
 
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