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WEEKLY BRIEFING 6TH - 12TH JUNE 2013

Content

Editorial
 
IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC

Burundi
CAR
 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC

Rwanda
CAR
 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda

 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda

 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC

Other

IPIS Recent publications
 

EDITORIAL

As the DRC signed the Arms Trade Treaty this week, the first cracks in the M23/FARDC 22 May ceasefire emerged, with exchange of fire between the parties on the periphery of Goma. An undertaking by MONUSCO not to attack the M23 if it returns to the negotiating table in Kampala saw the dispatch of M23 delegates to Uganda by 10th June – a move welcomed by many, though also attended by claims that the M23 nevertheless prepares to resume hostilities in Goma, including allegations that it is re-recruiting children into its ranks. The M23 are reported to have expressed the desire to become a political opposition party in the DRC.
 
As Roger Meece commenced his final tour of the region in the last weeks of his mandate, Ban Ki Moon announced that he is to be succeeded as Head of MONUSCO by German diplomat, Martin Kobler. MONUSCO’s Intervention Brigade is now reported to be at nearly half strength, with those elements already deployed currently engaged in patrols around Goma and its environs.
 
In Province Orientale, Garamba National Park has seen sporadic activities by residual elements of the Lord’s Resistance Army, as communities in Bahema have appealed for increased security efforts in the area following a number of incidents in the locality. In North Kivu, concern has been expressed about serious human rights and international humanitarian law violations committed against civilians, in particular by the Mai-Mai Sheka, during its clashes with the APCLS in and around Pinga. In Kiwanja, the M23 are said to have arrested 50 persons in the course of operations. An M23 convoy was reportedly attacked by Nyatura militiamen in Rutshuru, occasioning what has been said to be around 8 to 9 M23 fatalities, though such testimony is denied by the M23. In South Kivu, local authorities in Minova have called for strengthened deployment to Kahele to quell insecurity at the hands of Raia Mutomboki who are said to be exploiting a security vacuum there. The Bakata Kantanga’s atrocities in Katanga are said to have displaced around 23,000 persons in the region, further heightening the humanitarian crisis.
 
In the CAR there have been reports of a new offensive launched by the Seleka coalition against Abdoulaye Miskine’s Central African Democratic Front (FDPC), resulting in 4 FDPC fatalities.
 
In Uganda, the authorities have begun to draft plans for a national energy company to control one fifth of the country’s crude oil, with the board of directors yet to be named.

 

IPIS’ Latest Publications


 

The formalisation of artisanal mining in the DRC and Rwanda | December 2012 [April 2013] | IPIS
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned. We hope that these perspectives will support the formation of well-informed policy and regulatory options – both by the EU and by harvesting countries – concerning the formalisation of timber production in tropical countries.
The report was commissioned by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), which is dedicated to advancing human well-being, environmental conservation and equity through providing information that leads to better informed and equitable decision making about the use and management of forests in tropical countries.


Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
Gold and diamonds in Central Africa easily conjure up images of conflict, rebel funding, human rights violations, and smuggling. As a country landlocked within an unstable region, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and recently the scene of another coup, the Central African Republic (CAR) might be considered an appropriate candidate for analysis within the conflict-mineral perspective. Yet this framework would ignore the country’s mining sector’s very specific characteristics. The sector offers an essential livelihood to many households, represents the country’s second most important export product, and is organised in a particular way. Nonetheless, a wide range of issues regarding the country’s mining sector persist.
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.

Pinocchio Ltd. The NRA and its corporate partners: US shipments of small arms ammunition by sea | 25 March 2013 | TA-R | IPIS
The National Rifle Association (NRA) claims to have monitored in the last 20 years all United Nations activities that could impact Second Amendment rights. Its latest target is the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), an international treaty to establish common international standards for the import, export, and transfer of conventional arms presently under discussion at the United Nations. The international community has been calling for the inclusion of ammunition and civilian arms within the scope of the ATT. This reasonable call is used by the NRA to claim that the ATT could restrict the lawful ownership of firearms in the United States.


Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.
 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region. 

Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
 
LRA Crisis Tracker Quarterly Security Brief, January – March 2013 | 10 June 2013 | Invisible Children, Resolve | Reliefweb
Kony Attacks On Civilians Increases, Report | 11 June 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The LRA committed 58 attacks between January and March 2013 (Quarter 1 of 2013, or Q1 2013), compared to 36 attacks between October and December 2012 (Q4 2012).

DRC 

DRC signs Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
 
La RDC a signé lundi 3 juin à New York le Traité sur le commerce des armes | 6 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | Digitalcongo.net
L’ambassadeur de la RDC à l’ONU a procédé lundi 3 juin au siège des Nations Unies à New York à la signature au nom du gouvernement de Kinshasa le Traité sur le commerce des armes (TCA) qui consacre le nouveau droit international en matière de réglementation des transferts d’armes.
 
Debate on UN Group of Experts
 
Jason Stearns, Phil Clark And Richard Dowden Debate The UN Group Of Experts (With A Focus On The DRC) | 10 June 2013 | African Arguments
For the motion: Jason K. Stearns, political analyst, director of the Rift Valley Institute’s Usalama Project and author of the book, ‘Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa’ (Public Affairs, 2012). Against the motion: Phil Clark, Lecturer in Comparative and International Politics at SOAS, University of London, and author of the book, ‘The Gacaca Courts, Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda: Justice without Lawyers’ (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
 
M23 back at the negotiating table?
 
Nord-Kivu - Echanges des tirs entre FARDC et M23 à Bujavu | 6 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Les éléments des Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC) en patrouille à Bujavu dans la périphérie de Goma (Nord-Kivu) se sont accrochés, le mardi 4 juin, aux rebelles du Mouvement du 23 mars (M23).
 
La Brigade d'intervention promet de ne « pas attaquer » le M23 s'il retourne aux pourparlers de Kampala | 6 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le porte-parole civil de la Mission de l'ONU pour la stabilisation du Congo (Monusco) a annoncé mercredi 5 juin à Kinshasa que « la Brigade d'intervention n'ira pas les attaquer là où ils sont si les rebelles du Mouvement du 23 mars (M23) retournent effectivement à Kampala pour continuer les négociations »
 
RDC : le M23 annonce son retour à Kampala pour reprendre les pourparlers avec le gouvernement | 6 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
DR Congo rebels say will resume peace talks with govt | 6 June 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : le M23 prêt à reprendre les négociations à Kampala | 6 June 2013 | Jeune Afrique
RDC: le président du M23 a l’intention de reprendre les pourparlers de Kampala | 7 June 2013 | RFI
UN Great Lakes Envoy welcomes impending talks between DR Congo, M23 rebels | 8 June 2013 | UN News Centre
DRC, M23 Peace Talks to Resume in Kampala | 9 June 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
M23 Rebels to Resume Talks With DR Congo | 10 June 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The M23 will send a delegation this weekend to resume peace talks with the government that were suspended in early May, a senior official said on Wednesday.
 
RDC: le Gouvernement salue la décision du M23 de reprendre les pourparlers de Kampala | 6 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese Government welcomes the decision taken by the M23 to return to the negotiating table in Kampala, stated the national coordinator for the monitoring mechanism of the Addis Ababa agreement, François Muamba. He states that Kinshasa expects the rebel movement "to create favourable conditions to finally put an end to these discussions", which began in December 2012.
 
RDC: Mary Robinson salue la prochaine reprise du dialogue entre le gouvernement et le M23  | 8 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General for the Great Lakes, Mary Robinson, has welcomed the forthcoming resumption of negotiations between the Congolese government and the M23 in Kampala (Uganda).
 
Le M23 projette attaquer de nouveau la ville de Goma, selon la Société civile | 8 June 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
Alors qu’il promet revenir à la table des pourparlers de Kampala, le M23 se prépare relancer les hostilités pour s’emparer de nouveau de la ville de Goma.
Cette rébellion voudrait surprendre les uns et les autres, un de ces moments du week-end.
 
DR Congo: UN concerned about dozens of children facing possible M23 re-recruitment | 10 June 2013 | UN News Centre
RDC : l'ONU préoccupée par le sort de 53 enfants dans la province du Nord-Kivu | 10 June 2013 | UN News Centre
Senior United Nations officials today expressed concern about reports of dozens of children who escaped from the M23 in the DRC being retaken by the rebel group and facing other serious security threats.
 
Le M23 ambitionne de devenir un « parti politique de l'opposition » | 10 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le M23, dont la délégation conduite par René Abandi est retournée dimanche 9 juin à Kampala (Ouganda) pour la poursuite des pourparlers avec celle du gouvernement de la RD Congo, a dévoilé son ambition de se transformer en « parti politique de l'opposition », au cours d'une conférence de presse tenue le même jour à l'hôtel Silver Spring.
 
Kampala: le M23 exige des discussions sur la sécurité et la bonne gouvernance en RDC | 10 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The M23 is already in Kampala for the resumption of talks with the government. According to its spokesman, these talks must finish the three points that remain outstanding: the issue of security, social and good governance and the mechanism of verification and border control.
 
UN Intervention Brigade
 
La Brigade d'intervention promet de ne « pas attaquer » le M23 s'il retourne aux pourparlers de Kampala | 6 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le porte-parole civil de la Mission de l'ONU pour la stabilisation du Congo (Monusco) a annoncé mercredi 5 juin à Kinshasa que « la Brigade d'intervention n'ira pas les attaquer là où ils sont si les rebelles du Mouvement du 23 mars (M23) retournent effectivement à Kampala pour continuer les négociations ».
 
Selon F. Basse - la Brigade d'intervention récuperera des zones sous occupation des groupes armés | 6 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Une fois larguée dans le champ des opérations, la Brigade d'intervention des Nations unies doit, en collaboration avec les FARDC, « nettoyer » et « conserver » des zones sous contrôle de différentes milices écumant l'Est de la République démocratique du Congo.
 
Monusco: Dos Santos parle | 10 June 2013 | BBC Afrique
RDC : tolérance zéro pour la violence, a averti le nouveau commandant de la MONUSCO | 12 June 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Le nouveau commandant des casques bleus de la Monusco promet que toutes ses troupes prendront part aux opérations contre les groupes armés dans l'est de la RDC, et pas seulement la nouvelle brigade d'intervention, qui a commencé à se déployer il y a quelques semaines.
 
RDC: la brigade d'intervention de l'ONU poursuit son déploiement à Goma | 11 June 2013 | RFI
La brigade d’intervention de la Monusco continue à se déployer à Goma, dans l’est de la RDC. La totalité du contingent tanzanien et une partie du contingent sud-africain seraient d’ores et déjà arrivées, selon la Mission des Nations unies en RDC.
 
Brigade d’intervention de la Monusco: près de la moitié des troupes déjà déployées | 12 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
MONUSCO military spokesman, Lieutenant Colonel Felix Basse, has said that nearly half the composition of the Intervention Brigade has now already been deployed to Goma. He said the peacekeepers regularly patrol day and night especially in the town of Sake and the axis leading to Goma.
 
Mette Sunnergren: «La solution à long terme à la situation dans l’Est de la RDC n’est pas de nature militaire»  | 10 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
"The long-term solution to the situation in the eastern DRC is not military in nature. It consists mainly of a new policies capable of large reform", said Mette Sunnergren, Ambassador of Sweden to the DRC on Thursday, June 6 in Kinshasa.
 
New head of MONUSCO
 
U.N. chief appoints Germany's Martin Kobler as Congo envoy | 10 June 2013 | Reuters
Ban nomme l'Allemand Martin Kobler en tant que chef de la MONUSCO | 10 June 2013 | UN News Centre
Martin Kobler, nouveau représentant spécial du secrétaire général de l’Onu en RDC | 10 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed former German diplomat Martin Kobler on Monday as his special envoy to the volatile Democratic Republic of Congo, succeeding former U.S. diplomat Roger Meece in July.
 
Des progrès ont été réalisés pour le retour de la paix dans l’Est de la RDC, selon Roger Meece | 12 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Progress has been made over the past three years to restore peace in eastern DRC, said Roger Meece contemplating the expiry of his mandate in Goma, North Kivu, where he made his last tour in the region. Roger Meece made particular reference to the signing of the Addis Ababa framework agreement and the establishment of an intervention brigade within MONUSCO.
 
Kasai-Oriental
 
Kasaï-Oriental: près de 3000 policiers ne sont pas payés depuis 8 mois | 7 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Nearly three thousand police in Kasai Oriental are complaining that they have not received wages for eight months.
 
Province Orientale
 
Des attaques sporadiques de la LRA signalées dans le parc national de la Garamba | 12 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Des éléments résiduels de l'Armée de résistance du seigneur (LRA) menent ces derniers temps des « activités sporadiques » dans le parc national de la Garamba, en Province Orientale.
 
Province Orientale : 2 personnes tuées dans la plaine du lac Albert en une semaine  | 10 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The head of South Bahema has reported the alarm felt by the local population in the region, who are calling for increased patrols and strengthening of FARDC military personnel, citing, amongst others two killings by armed men and the kidnapping of a woman in the space of one week.
 
North Kivu
 
Nord-Kivu - Pinga : Les Nations Unies préoccupées par les violations graves des droits de l’homme | 6 June 2013 | MONUSCO
La Mission de l’ONU pour la Stabilisation en République démocratique du Congo (MONUSCO) a été informée de plusieurs cas de violations graves des droits de l’homme et du droit international humanitaire dans la localité de Pinga et ses environnants dans le territoire de Walikale, province du Nord-Kivu. Ces violations ont été commises lors d’affrontements entre les Maï Maï Sheka et l'Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS).
 
La paix dans les Grands Lacs passe par la démocratisation des institutions au Rwanda et le dialogue avec les Fdlr, dixit Julien Paluku | 6 June 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
Pour Julien Paluku, tous les rwandais se trouvant à l'extérieur ne doivent pas être considérés comme génocidaires car il est d’une catégorie qui ne le sont pas.
 
Beni : le comité de suivi du dialogue social manque de moyens de fonctionnement | 6 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The Monitoring Committee on the achievements of social dialogue, set up two months ago in Beni (North Kivu) by the provincial government to increase the disarmament of armed groups, has reported lacking the resources to function. Social dialogue held in Oicha in March proposed possible solutions to pacify Beni territory, which is plagued by armed groups.
 
Nord-Kivu: la Monusco accuse deux milices de graves violations des droits de l’homme à Pinga | 7 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
MONUSCO has expressed its concern at the serious human rights and international humanitarian law violations committed in the village of Pinga and its surroundings (North Kivu) during fighting between the Mai Mai Sheka and the Alliance of Patriots for a Free and Sovereign Congo (APCLS). It reports that during the clashes, extrajudicial killings and other serious human rights abuses were committed against civilians, including children, mainly by the Mai-Mai Sheka.
 
Nord-Kivu: 53 enfants risquent d’être enrôlés dans le M23, prévient la Monusco | 10 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Roger Meece, and the UN Secretary General Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Leila Zerrougui, have expressed concern about reports that at least 53 children may be being re-recruited by the M23 in the territory of Nyiragongo, in North Kivu. They ask the rebel leaders to stop using children in their ranks.
 
Nord-Kivu: le M23 accusé d’avoir arrêté plus de 50 civils à Kiwanja | 11 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
M23 rebels are accused of arresting over fifty people in the city of Kiwanja, 70 km north of Goma (North Kivu), on Monday. According to reliable sources, these people were arrested during an M23 operation in the Buzito neighborhood. A resident of Kiwanja has said that some people have already been released whilst others are still languishing in prison.
 
Nord-Kivu: les FARDC et les gardes de parc arrêtent 2 miliciens à Chondo | 11 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Two militiamen of the Popular Front for Democracy (FPD) of Colonel Shetani were arrested on Monday, June 10, by FARDC soldiers supported by park wardens in Chondo (North Kivu). A representative of the joint FARDC-Park guard alleged that Mai-Mai from Nyamilima had attacked their position in order to engage in poaching and illegal fishing in Lake Edward.
 
African Smelting wards off armed groups | 11 June 2013 |Africa Mining Intelligence
The tin smelter recently built in Sake, North Kivu, by African Smelting Group Sprl (ASG), a firm based in Goma and in Kyrgyzstan, will shortly start producing at a rate of 50 tons per year. (Subscription required).
 
Attaque d’un convoi du M23 à Rutshuru: 9 morts | 11 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
An M23 convoy was attacked on Monday, June 10, in the town of Rukoro in Rutshuru territory by armed men identified as being Nyatura militiamen. Local sources report nine M23 deaths and several wounded. Civil society in North Kivu reports eight rebels killed. The military spokesman for the M23 totally rejects these assertions.
 
Nord-Kivu : le chômage et la justice inefficace causent l’insécurité à Beni, selon les notables | 12 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Youth unemployment, weak justice, the presence of military camps in the city center and the activism of Ugandan and Rwandan rebels are the basis of insecurity in Beni, notables from North Kivu have said during a meeting with officials from MONUSCO.
 
Goma: vague d’arrestations des civils accusés de collaborer avec le M23 | 12 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Over the last two weeks, several people have been routinely arrested in Goma and sent to Kinshasa accused by the security services of working with the M23. The families of these arrestees state that these persons are simply victims of arbitrary arrest.
 
South Kivu
 
Sud-Kivu : le conseil local de Minova plaide pour l’augmentation des effectifs de l’armée à Kalehe  | 6 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The Minova local council in South Kivu has asked military officials to strengthen the FARDC deployment in Kalehe, explaining that Raïa Mutomboki and other armed groups have taken advantage of the absence of the army to disrupt peace and security in this region, 150 kilometers north-east of Bukavu.
 
Katanga
 
Echapper au «Triangle de la mort» en RDC | 6 June 2013 | WFP | Reliefweb
Le Katanga, province du sud-est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) est le théâtre d’une crise oubliée. En plus des problèmes d’insécurité alimentaire chroniques, la province est en proie depuis novembre 2011 à un conflit armé entrainant d’importants mouvements de population. Le PAM est mobilisé pour porter assistance à ces personnes déplacées, malgré des défis énormes, dont l’insécurité, le manque de route et de fonds.
 
Kalemie : Roger Meece affirme la détermination de la communauté internationale contre l’insécurité | 6 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
MONUSCO Head, Roger Meece, has expressed the determination of the international community to combat insecurity in the north of Katanga. The north of the province has faced several months of armed groups committing abuses against civilians. Meece's visit to the region comes in the wake of an attack by armed men against a military vehicle 58 km from Kalemie. One soldier was killed and another injured.
 
RDC : la mise en garde du ministère de l'intérieur sur le nouveau découpage territorial | 9 June 2013 | RFI
En RDC, le ministre de l'Intérieur, Richard Muyej, a mis en garde contre tous ceux qui s'opposent au découpage territorial initié par le gouvernement dans le cadre de la décentralisation. Parmi les opposants à ce processus figurent des personnalités du Katanga. Par ailleurs, des groupes armés sont mis à contribution pour faire échec à ce découpage territorial. Ce qui a conduit à l'attaque de la ville de Lubumbashi le 23 mars 2013 et à de nombreuses autres violences dans la partie nord de la province.
 
Katanga : 23 000 personnes fuient les exactions des miliciens Bakata Katanga à Nganie | 11 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
About 23,000 people have fled atrocities by the Katanga Bakata in Nganie to take refuge in Mwanza, 95 km from Moba center. Humanitarian aid has been called for to assist the displaced, whose number is considerably higher than the 16,000 inhabitants of the area.

 

Burundi

Burundi : y aller (en Centrafrique) ou pas | 7 June 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le président congolais Denis Sassou Nguesso insiste pour que le Burundi participe à la force de la CEEAC présente en Centrafrique. La réponse de Pierre Nkurunziza se fait attendre.
 
 
UN Human Rights Council - Adoption of the Outcome of the UPR of Burundi | 6 June 2013 | Human Rights Watch | allAfrica
Human Rights Watch welcomes the outcome of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Burundi, which includes important recommendations on the protection of civil and political as well as social, economic and cultural rights.


CAR

CEEAC Force
 
Burundi : y aller (en Centrafrique) ou pas | 7 June 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le président congolais Denis Sassou Nguesso insiste pour que le Burundi participe à la force de la CEEAC présente en Centrafrique. La réponse de Pierre Nkurunziza se fait attendre.
 
Security
 
Centrafrique : quatre morts dans des combats entre la Séléka et le FDPC | 10 June 2013 | Afrik.com
Le 4 juin dernier, les troupes de la coalition Séléka ont lancé une nouvelle offensive sur les éléments du Front démocratique centrafricain (FDPC) d’Abdoulaye Miskine. Le bilan officiel fait état de quatre morts, deux blessés et des prisonniers dans les rangs du FDPC sans oublier d’importants matériels récupérés après la mise en débandade de ces éléments.
 
CAR diplomatic engagements
 
Plaidoyer pour un appui de la communauté internationale à la restauration des droits de l’Homme en RCA | 10 June 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
La 23ème session du Conseil des Droits de l’Homme s’est tenue le 30 mai dernier à Genève en Suisse. La République centrafricaine, en quête d’appui multiforme après le coup de force du 24 mars dernier, a été représentée à ce conseil  par son ministre de la Justice, Arsène Sendé.
 
Noël Léonard Essongo note une amélioration progressive de la sécurité en RCA | 11 June 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
Le général Noël Leonard Essongo, représentant  du médiateur dans la crise centrafricaine s’est entretenu ce 10 juin 2013 à Bangui avec le chef de l’Etat centrafricain de la transition, Michel Djotodia Am Nondroko.
 
Centrafrique : Michel Djotodia invité au sommet de la CEMAC | 11 June 2013 | Afrik.com
Le président de la transition de la Centrafrique, M. Michel Djotodia est officiellement invité à participer au sommet de la Communauté économique et monétaire de l’Afrique centrale (CEMAC) qui se tiendra à Libreville, la capitale gabonaise, le 14 juin. Un véritable sceau de légitimité pour le président autoproclamé.
 
Analysis
 
Central African Republic: Priorities of the Transition | 11 June 2013 | International Crisis Group
République centrafricaine : les urgences de la transition | 11 June 2013 | International Crisis Group
The collapse of the state and the disappearance of security forces from a large part of the territory may turn the Central African Republic (CAR) into a source of instability in the heart of Africa. In its latest report, Central African Republic: Priorities of the Transition, the International Crisis Group, examines the situation in CAR following a coup by the Seleka rebel coalition in March 2013 that ended François Bozizé’s decade-old rule and plunged the nation into crisis. The absence of the state, Seleka’s fragility and tensions between Christians and Muslims make the transition’s future uncertain.
 
Bozize’s exile
 
Centrafrique : l’exil de Bozizé en Afrique du Sud en question | 11 June 2013 | Afrik.com
François Bozizé, l’ancien président centrafricain, ne se rendra pas en Afrique du Sud comme annoncé la semaine dernière. Exilé au Cameroun depuis sa chute, son probable départ pour Afrique du Sud alimente la chronique.
 
BINUCA
 
Senegalese general to head UN peacebuilding office in Central African Republic | 12 June 2013 | UN News Centre
Ban nomme Babacar Gaye, du Sénégal, comme Représentant spécial de l'ONU en République centrafricaine | 12 June 2013 | UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today announced the appointment of Lieutenant General Babacar Gaye as his Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office for the Central African Republic (BINUCA) based in Bangui.

 
 
 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 

Humanitarian Reports
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de Maniema N° 15/13, 04 juin 2013 | 6 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo - Note d'information à la presse, 5 juin 2013 | 7 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Humanitarian Action in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Weekly Bulletin, 7 June 2013 | 7 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N° 20/13, 11 juin 2013 | 11 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo - Note d’information à la presse, 12 juin 2013 | 12 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 24/13, 12 juin 2013 | 12 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Congolese expelled from Angola
 
RDC : 52 231 Congolais expulsés d’Angola en 3 semaines, selon Médecins du monde  | 6 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Doctors of the World is concerned about the massive influx of Congolese persons expelled from Angola in often violent conditions. According to the international NGO, in just three weeks, 52,231 people have crossed the Angolan border at Kamonia in Kasai Occidental. Doctors of the World calls on the Angolan authorities to respect their international commitments on human rights.
 

Rwanda

Rwandan refugee status cessation
 
Repatriation: the politics of (re)-constructing and contesting Rwandan citizenship | 10 June 2013 | Refugee Studies Centre | Reliefweb
UNHCR recently announced that the refugee status of all Rwandans who fled the country between 1959 and December 1998 will cease in June 2013. The declaration follows almost ten years of active lobbying by Rwanda and other host countries to end the Rwandan refugee situation.


CAR

IDPs
 
CAR crisis remains dire - and neglected | 6 June 2013 | IRIN
La crise en RCA reste dramatique… et ignorée | 9 June 2013 | IRIN
International neglect of the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) is partly to blame for the dire humanitarian and security situation there, say officials. The crisis affects the country’s entire population of 4.6 million and has left tens of thousands in need of emergency shelter, healthcare and food aid.
 
Michel Djotodia rassure les humanitaires en RCA | 6 June 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
Michel  Djotodia se dit prêt à assurer la sécurité des humanitaires dans leurs zones d’activités.
 
Humanitarian Reports
 
République centrafricaine - Revue de Presse Hebdomadaire du 03 au 10 juin 2013 | 10 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

ICC Bemba trial
 
Former MLC Officer Says Bemba Never Issued Commands | 6 June 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
L’avocat du Sénateur congolais Jean-Pierre Bemba compte boucler la défense en septembre | 7 June 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency
L’équipe de défense du sénateur et ancien vice-président congolais Jean-Pierre Bemba espère terminer la présentation de ses moyens de preuve en septembre prochain devant la Cour pénale internationale (CPI), a-t-elle indiqué à l’agence Hirondelle.
 
Hearing Cancelled Due to Poor Health of Witness | 7 June 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Witness Questions Accuracy of Bemba's Book | 10 June 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Bemba Was 'Too Busy to Command Troops' | 11 June 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica

 

Rwanda 

Alleged FDLR members charged in Germany
 
Rwanda : trois membres présumés des FDLR jugés en Allemagne | 11 June 2013 | Jeune Afrique
News of Rwanda Names FDLR Suspects Charged in Germany | 11 June 2013 | News of Rwanda | allAfrica
Trois hommes, memebres présumés des Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR), ont été mis en accusation en Allemagne. Ils sont notamment soupçonnés d’avoir assuré des fonction de commandement au sein de leur mouvement.
 
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)

Prosecutor of UN Rwanda genocide tribunal urges cooperation to catch roaming fugitives | 11 June 2013 | UN News Centre
Rwanda : le Procureur du TPIR déterminé à traduire en justice les neuf fugitifs recherchés | 11 June 2013 | UN News Centre
With nine men linked to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda still on the run, the Prosecutor who would help to try them is today urging Member States to cooperate with the United Nations war crimes tribunal and its successor body to track down and arrest the fugitives.
 

 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

Illegal resource exploitation recognised as a security issue
 
Securing Africa's natural resources to avoid conflict | 6 June 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
One of the many challenges posed by the exploitation of natural resources in Africa is its potential for conflict – both internal and between states. At a recent meeting in Harare, African intelligence chiefs declared the illegal exploitation of natural resources a ‘national security issue’ and vowed to ‘defend the continent’s natural and other resources from illicit exploitation and appropriation’.

DRC 

Military involvement in gold trade
 
De nouvelles recherches de Global Witness révèlent l’implication de militaires de haut rang dans le commerce de l’or dans l’est du Congo | 10 June 2013 | Global Witness
Mines de la RDC - le Rwanda et le Burundi au cœur de la mafia | 12 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
French version of the Briefing published on 7 May 2013.
 
Uranium mining
 
Growing Evidence of Radioactive Contamination in DRC | 11 June 2013 | Deutsche Welle | allAfrica
Human rights activists say uranium is being mined illegally in DRC. Doctors record an increase in the number of pre-birth deformities in areas close to mines.
 
Child labour
 
Humanitarian agencies fight child exploitation | 12 June 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
“Quite a few of the most beautiful homes in Bukavu are built on the sweat of children working in the mines,” says a child protection officer who works in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
 
Mining sector will boost economy
 
UPDATE 2-Congo on track for 8 pct growth, fighting corruption - PM | 6 June 2013 | Reuters
Democratic Republic of Congo's economy will grow by more than 8 per cent this year thanks to a booming mining sector but the government knows it must do more to stamp out corruption, the prime minister said on Thursday.
 
World Bank assists DRC in exploiting natural resources for development
 
La BM décidée à aider la RDC à « exploiter les ressources naturelles pour accélérer le développement humain » | 6 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La Banque mondiale a réaffirmé jeudi 6 juin sa détermination d'accompagner la RD Congo dans son défi pour 2013 d'« exploiter les ressources naturelles pour accélérer le développement humain », à l'ouverture du Forum économique international de Kinshasa, dont l'objectif est de s'entendre sur des approches et des politiques faisant que les revenus de ressources naturelles soient au profit du peuple congolais.
 
Artisanal mining
 
Katanga: la Gécamines déloge des creuseurs artisanaux de la carrière de Kafundwa | 8 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Gécamines dislodged hundreds of artisanal miners from the Kafundwa quarry in Kambove territory, 150 km from Lubumbashi (Katanga) on Friday, June 7. Sources on site indicate that the miners have decided to leave their camp, built 2 km from the quarry. The company has placed a concentrator plant there to relaunch its mining operations. It is reported to have indemnified each miner.
 
Gecamines
 
Kambove: saisie de 5 camions de malachites sortis frauduleusement de la Gécamines | 12 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
Industrial guards for Gécamines intercepted five trucks fraudulently removing malachite from its facilities in Kambove on Monday, June 10. Gécamines has commissioned an investigation to discern those behind this fraud.
 
DRC’s Minister of Mines
 
Germain Kambinga exige une plénière pour débattre de la motion contre le ministre des Mines | 12 June 2013 | Radio Okapi
The national deputy Germain Kambinga requires a plenary session before the end of the March to discuss the no-confidence motion against the Minister of Mines, Martin Kabwelulu. In a press conference he held on Wednesday, June 12 in Kinshasa, he hoped that the public would find out where the money from the DRC's mines goes. 
 

Uganda

Oil
 
Uganda Draws Up Plan for National Oil Company to Steer Industry | 6 June 2013 | Bloomberg
Uganda, the East African country seeking to pump its first oil, drew up plans for a national energy company to control as much as a fifth of crude output. The company will start operating after the president names the board and the directors are approved by parliament, the Energy Ministry’s Petroleum Exploration and Production Department said in an e-mail.
 
Conservation
 
NGOs Fight to Save Salt Lake | 9 June 2013 | The Observer (Kampala)
Once a national wonder and sole source of income for over 10,000 households, Lake Katwe is now a shadow of its former self, thanks to decades of uncontrolled human activity.
 
Land grabbing
 
Unwanted investors | 7 June 2013 | The Independent (Kampala)
Deep in Bukuya Sub County in Mubende district, a gold-mining company, AUC Mining Ltd owned by the British and some influential Ugandans, evicted about 400 peasants.
 
Nantaba Lands Committee Gets Boost in Next Budget | 10 June 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Fighting land grabbing and illegal evictions will be a priority for the Lands ministry in the next financial year. 

 


Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

DRC

Off-shore oil concessions
 
La RDC et l’Angola conviennent d’octroyer les autorisations d’exploitation pétrolière à la société MIOC sur leurs eaux territoriales | 8 June 2013 | Digitalcongo.net
Retour de mission à Luanda du ministre des Hydrocarbures qui a discuté pour le compte de la RDC avec les autorités angolaises de l’octroi convenu entre les deux parties à la société MIOC des autorisations d’exploitation pétrolière Off-shore sur les eaux territoriales congolaises et angolaises ensemble.
 
Hydropower – Inga
 
RDC : Le Groupe de la BAD renouvelle son appui au site hydroélectrique d’Inga | 6 June 2013 | African Development Bank
Le Groupe de la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) et le gouvernement de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) ont signé à Marrakech, en marge des Assemblées annuelles du Groupe de la BAD, deux accords de don, d’un montant total de 5,250 millions de dollars EU.
 
Song Dongsheng : "Nous sommes dans une position de collaboration, pas de domination" | 10 June 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Incontournable sur le continent avec 50 000 salariés dans 30 pays africains, le géant chinois Sinohydro n'y relâche pas ses efforts. Entretien avec son président, Song Donsheng. En lice pour la construction du complexe hydroélectrique Grand Inga (RD Congo), il est venu plaider sa cause auprès du gouvernement congolais et des bailleurs, réunis dans la capitale française autour du projet.
 
Inga III pour réduire le déficit énergétique en Afrique | 11 June 2013 | IPS
Le gouvernement de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) projette d’ouvrir, en octobre 2015, un grand chantier sur le fleuve Congo: la construction du barrage hydroélectrique d’Inga III, avec plusieurs partenaires extérieurs.
 
Mining
 
Alphamin Intersects Strong Visual Tin Mineralisation at Its Bisie Tin Project, Democratic Republic of the Congo | 10 June 2013 | Alphamin Resources Corp. | Marketwired
Alphamin Resources Corp. announced that the resource drilling programme at the Gecomines target on its wholly owned Bisie Tin Prospect in east central Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is progressing with 1,444m of the planned 3,695m drilled to date.
 
DRC copper concentrate export ban won’t affect Kipoi project – Tiger | 11 June 2013 | Mining Weekly
Tiger responds on DRC copper/cobalt export ban press suggestions | 11 June 2013 | Mineweb
Australian junior copper and cobalt miner Tiger Resources has refuted speculation that the Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC’s) decision to ban copper and cobalt concentrate exports would affect its Kipoi project. The ASX-listed copper miner has noted that it currently sold more than 80% of its concentrate to smelters within the DRC, adding that there was strong domestic demand for the company’s product.
 
Rio drops iron in Oriental province | 11 June 2013 |Africa Mining Intelligence
Rio Tinto is pulling out of Province Orientale in its turn following the withdrawal of mining giant BHP Billiton from Lower Congo in 2012 after an aluminium smelter project fell through. (Subscription required).
 
African Smelting wards off armed groups | 11 June 2013 |Africa Mining Intelligence
The tin smelter recently built in Sake, North Kivu, by African Smelting Group Sprl (ASG), a firm based in Goma and in Kirghizstan, will shortly start producing at a rate of 50 tons per year. (Subscription required).
 
Creamer Media publishes African Mining Roundup for May 2013 electronic report | 12 June 2013 | Mining Weekly
The African Mining Roundup is a synopsis of mining activity on the continent. The May 2013 roundup not only covers stories from more than 25 countries but also includes more than 110 separate news items in an easy-to-read, disaggregated format. This month’s report includes details the significant resource increase at project developer Ivanplats’ Kamoa project, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. (Purchase required).

 

Uganda

Electricity
 
Karamoja Connected to National Power Grid | 11 June 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Electricity supply to Moroto district has created hope among residents that it will spur development in the area. Several people, including the business community and local leaders, said the region is destined for development because it is now connected to the national power grid.
 
Mining
 
Unwanted investors | 7 June 2013 | The Independent (Kampala)
Deep in Bukuya Sub County in Mubende district, a gold-mining company, AUC Mining Ltd owned by the British and some influential Ugandans, evicted about 400 peasants.

 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 

Kimberly Process
 
KPCS meeting closes | 7 June 2013 | Mining Weekly
A review during a week-long inter-sessional meeting of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) acknowledged the significant impact made by the organisation on the global trade in rough diamonds.
 
Conflict diamonds a challenge in Africa | 7 June 2013 | Mining Weekly
Article discussing the problems surrounding the current Kimberly process and, inter alia, suggesting the possible application of the OECD guidelines in respect of diamond supply chains.
 
EITI
 
EITI Progress Report 2013 | 11 June 2013 | EITI
EITI has evolved much between the Doha Conference in 2009, the Paris Conference in 2011 and the Sydney Conference 2013. Around 50 countries are now engaged in the efforts to improve transparency of revenues from the extractives sector. The EITI Progress Report 2013 brings together highlights from the 37 countries that were implementing the EITI when the report was launched.
 
EU vote marks birth of global transparency standard – G8 to pick up the challenge | 12 June 2013 | Global Witness
Landmark legislation a major defeat for Big Oil and boosts UK’s G8 push for extractive industries transparency.


DRC

Dodd-Frank and conflict minerals
 
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act - Frequently Asked Questions - Conflict Minerals | 30 May 2013 | U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
In these Frequently Asked Questions the Division of Corporation Finance is providing guidance on various aspects of Exchange Act Section 13(p), Rule 13p-1 and Item 1.01 of Form SD relating to disclosure regarding the use of conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo or adjoining countries.
 
SEC issues guidance on conflict minerals rules | 3 June 2013 | Lexology
On May 30, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued its long anticipated guidance on the conflict minerals rules. The highly burdensome rules, which require disclosure regarding use and sources of “conflict minerals,” were mandated by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The FAQs provide significant relief for certain kinds of manufacturers, particularly those in the food industry.

 


Other



DRC  

Malu-Malu reappointed president of electoral commission (CENI)
 
RDC: la désignation du nouveau président de la Céni fait polémique | 8 June 2013 | RFI
L'Assemblée nationale congolaise vient de désigner le nouveau président de la Commission électorale nationale indépendante (Céni). Il s’agit de l’abbé Malu Malu. En RDC la polémique enfle à propos de la mise en place de cette nouvelle commission électorale ; et plus particulièrement sur l’abbé Malu Malu : un pro-Kabila pour l’opposition et une partie de la société civile -son église catholique ne le soutient pas. Une polémique qui n’a pas lieu d’être selon le camp présidentiel.
 
CENI : le come-back de l'abbé Malu Malu, le choix de l'"expérience" ? | 8 June 2013 | Jeune Afrique
L'abbé Apollinaire Malu Malu a été désigné président de la Commission électorale nationale indépendante de RDC, le 7 juin. Une nomination diversement appréciée au sein de la classe politique congolaise.
 
L’abbé Malu Malu revient à la Commission électorale indépendante | 8 June 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
CENI - Malumalu à l'épreuve du calendrier | 10 June 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
L'examen de passage qui attend le nouveau bureau de la Commission électorale nationale indépendante (CENI), pilotée désormais par l'abbé Malumalu, reste la poursuite du processus électoral. L'élaboration du calendrier en est l'épreuve la plus cruciale.


Burundi

Contested press law
 
Burundi: Media Groups Face Debilitating Fines Under New Burundi Law | 6 June 2013 | International Freedom of Expression Exchange Clearing House | allAfrica
The granting of assent to the media law is a severe blow to freedom of expression in Burundi. Article 19 finds the media law to violate international standards on freedom of expression and pose a severe threat to press freedom in the country.
 
Loi sur les médias : le président burundais appelle les journalistes à "la patience" | 6 June 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Pierre Nkurunziza a appelé mercredi à la "patience" les journalistes de son pays mécontents de la promulgation d'une loi controversée sur les médias.
 
Burundi: UN rights office urges revision of new press law to ensure freedom of expression | 7 June 2013 | UN News Centre
L'ONU demande au Burundi de revoir sa loi sur les médias | 7 June 2013 | UN News Centre
The United Nations human rights office today reiterated its call on Burundian authorities to revise a new press law to ensure that it conforms with international human rights standards and protects freedom of expression, a request that was originally made by the UN in April without success.
 


IPIS Recent Publications


 
Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | OECD - IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.
 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix
On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
 
The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R
In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.
 
From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS
The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up. 
 
 
 
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