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WEEKLY BRIEFING 21ST - 27TH MARCH 2013

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Editorial
 

IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC

Rwanda
Central African Republic
 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC

Rwanda
Burundi
Central African Republic
 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda

 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda

Central African Republic
 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC

IPIS' Recent publications
 

EDITORIAL


In the Central African Republic (CAR) President Bozizé was overthrown by the Seleka rebel coalition, after the capital Bangui was captured last Sunday. In the clashes at least 13 South African soldiers defending the city were killed. The ousted president fled to Cameroon. Seleka’s leader, Michel Djotodia, declared himself president, suspended the constitution, dissolved parliament and the government, but promised to uphold the January Libreville peace agreement, pledging to hold elections within three years. He also reappointed Nicolas Tiangaye as prime minister of the three-year transition. After several days of heavy looting in Bangui, the situation is beginning to improve.
 
Saturday, nearly 250 armed Mai-Mai fighters of the secessionist Bakata Katanga militia showed up in Lubumbashi, capital of DRC’s industrial mining province Katanga, allegedly with the intention to attack Government institutions. After heavy shooting with the army and police, leaving at least 23 Mai-Mai dead and several wounded, the rebels surrendered to the UN mission in the city. Katanga’s governor, Moïse Katumbi, tried to reassure mining companies saying the attack had tarnished the image of the country’s mining hub but had not interrupted operations.
 
In the south of South Kivu province, the notorious Mai-Mai leader Yakutumba surrendered to the Congolese army.
 
According to local civil society, the mining town of Manguredjipa in Lubero territory, north North Kivu, is occupied by the Mai-Mai militia of army deserter Hilaire Kombi. In adjacent Mambasa territory, Ituri (Province Orientale), Mai-Mai leader Manu and his men pillaged the town of Mabutua.
 
Two men were arrested in the Congolese capital Kinshasa on suspicion of conspiring to kill President Kabila.
 
 
Thursday the UN Security Council is to pass a resolution on the reinforcement of the UN mission in the DR Congo, creating an “Intervention Brigade” to actively fight the armed groups in the east.
 
 
After he turned himself in at the US Embassy in Kigali last week, Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda was transferred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague. He appeared before court on Tuesday to verify his identity and to inform him of the charges against him. He faces 10 counts, including rape, murder and using child soldiers. Without being asked, he pleaded not guilty. On 23 September the confirmation of charges hearing will be opened, a preliminary step to decide whether the case will be referred to a trial or not.
 
 
In Canada the New Democratic Party re-introduces a federal bill to establish laws restricting Canadian companies from buying “conflict minerals”.
 

 

IPIS’ Latest Publications



Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
Gold and diamonds in Central Africa easily conjure up images of conflict, rebel funding, human rights violations, and smuggling. As a country landlocked within an unstable region, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and recently the scene of another coup, the Central African Republic (CAR) might be considered an appropriate candidate for analysis within the conflict-mineral perspective. Yet this framework would ignore the country’s mining sector’s very specific characteristics. The sector offers an essential livelihood to many households, represents the country’s second most important export product, and is organised in a particular way. Nonetheless, a wide range of issues regarding the country’s mining sector persist.
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.

Pinocchio Ltd. The NRA and its corporate partners: US shipments of small arms ammunition by sea | 25 March 2013 | TA-R | IPIS
The National Rifle Association (NRA) claims to have monitored in the last 20 years all United Nations activities that could impact Second Amendment rights. Its latest target is the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), an international treaty to establish common international standards for the import, export, and transfer of conventional arms presently under discussion at the United Nations. The international community has been calling for the inclusion of ammunition and civilian arms within the scope of the ATT. This reasonable call is used by the NRA to claim that the ATT could restrict the lawful ownership of firearms in the United States.


Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | OECD - IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.


 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region 


UN Final Conference on Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
Arms trade treaty talks enter stormy final straight | 25 March 2013 | AFP | Space War
More than 100 countries complained Monday that talks on a conventional arms trade treaty had gone "backwards" from a vow to conclude a strong accord on the $80 billion a year trade.
 
States Must Urgently Shore Up 'Serious Deficiencies' in Draft Arms Treaty Text | 25 March 2013 | Amnesty International | allAfrica
Serious deficiencies in a new draft Arms Trade Treaty text would fail to prevent arms transfers to countries where they could be used to commit or facilitate summary and arbitrary killings, torture and enforced disappearances, Amnesty International said today.
 
U.S. Statement on the Arms Trade Treaty in Plenary | 25 March 2013 | U.S. Department of State
Remarks by Thomas Countryman, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
 
UN chief urges determination to achieve substantial arms trade treaty as conference nears end | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Alors que la Conférence sur un traité sur le commerce des armes touche à sa fin, Ban exhorte à la détermination | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today urged participants at the United Nations Final Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) to show a shared determination to put in place substantial measures that would establish standards for the international trade in conventional weapons.
 
Final Conference On the Arms Trade Treaty Control Arms Coalition Calls On Chair Not to Cave in to Pressure From India and P5 As New Text Falls Short | 26 March 2013 | Oxfam International | allAfrica
Campaigners today say radical changes must be made to the latest draft of the Arms Trade Treaty by the Presidency of the Conference, if the treaty is to save lives. The Control Arms coalition said the latest text, issued on Friday, falls short of what the majority of member states demanded, and looks like a deal cooked up largely by the major exporters.
 



DRC 

MONUSCO weekly press conference
Conférence de presse des Nations Unies du mercredi 27 mars 2013 | 27 March 2013 | MONUSCO
Weekly update by UN Mission in DR Congo on the security situation in the country.
 
 
Bakata Katanga militia attacks Lubumbashi
Panique à Lubumbashi à la suite de l’arrivée des miliciens «Bakata Katanga» | 23 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des coups de feu ont été entendus à hauteur de la commune Rwashi et Kapemba de Lubumbashi, ce samedi 23 mars. Ils seraient tirés par des Maï-Maï du groupe dénommé «Bakata Katanga», arrivés ce matin dans la ville par la commune de la Rwashi.
 
Lubumbashi: le calme est revenu après la reddition des miliciens «Bakata Katanga» | 23 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La situation est redevenue calme, ce samedi 23 mars à Lubumbashi, chef-lieu du Katanga, après une matinée agitée notamment par des tirs qui retentissaient à travers le centre-ville. A la base, les Maï-Maï dénommés Bakata Katanga qui y ont fait leur entrée par la commune de la Rwashi.
 
Lubumbashi: des miliciens « Bakata Katanga » transférés à Kinshasa | 24 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des miliciens du groupe Maï-Maï dénommé « Bakata Katanga » ont été remis au gouvernement provincial du Katanga par la Monusco. Ces rebelles qui s’étaient rendus dans le camp de la mission onusienne à Lubumbashi (Katanga), samedi 23 mars, après avoir marché sur la ville et échangé des tirs avec les militaires, ont embarqué dans des bus pour l’aéroport international de la Lwano où un vol spécial a été affrété pour Kinshasa.
 
Entrée des Maï-Maï à Lubumbashi : des habitants évoquent une défaillance des services de sécurité | 24 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Congo Rebel Attack in Katanga Province Leaves 35 Dead, UN Says | 24 March 2013 | Bloomberg
At least 35 people died in the Democratic Republic of Congo yesterday when a separatist militia attacked the capital of copper-rich Katanga province, the United Nations mission in the country said.
 
Des Mai Mai révoltés envahissent Lubumbashi | 24 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Lubumbashi a commencé le week end dans le crépitement des balles et les cris des manifestants. « Les combattants Mai Mai étaient vêtus de costumes traditionnels, brandissaient des manchettes, des arcs et des flèches et ils criaient « Kata Katanga », nous raconte un ressortissant belge, encore sous le choc de la violence avec laquelle les forces de l’ordre ont dispersé quelque 300 manifestants.
 
RDC: 230 miliciens «Bakata Katanga» transférés de Lubumbashi à Kinshasa | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Deux cent trente miliciens du groupe «Bakata Katanga», qui s’étaient rendus samedi à la Monusco à Lubumbashi ont été transférés à Kinshasa, ce lundi 25 mars dans la matinée, ont indiqué des sources aéroportuaires. Le bilan officiel des accrochages entre ces Maï-Maï fait état de vingt-trois morts et de plusieurs blessés. La ville est restée ce lundi dans la psychose. Les autorités ont démenti la rumeur faisant état d’une entrée imminente d’autres combattants restés en brousse.
 
DR Congo: UN peacekeepers transfer rebels to authorities after peaceful surrender | 25 March 2013 | UN News Centre
RDC : la MONUSCO remet des rebelles aux mains des autorités congolaises | 25 March 2013 | UN News Centre
The United Nations peacekeeping mission in the DR Congo today transferred hundreds of Mayi-Mayi combatants to Kinshasa after the rebels turned over their weapons to the peacekeepers this weekend and took part in UN-led mediation.
 
RDC: le Gouvernement diligente une enquête sur l’entrée des Maï-Maï à Lubumbashi | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: les rebelles maï-maï menacent le découpage du Katanga | 25 March 2013 | RFI
RDC : la mystérieuse "reddition" des "Kata Katanga" à Lubumbashi | 25 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
En République démocratique du Congo, de nombreuses questions sur l'attaque samedi 23 mars de la ville de Lubumbashi au Katanga continuent d'être posées. L'autorité centrale voudrait faire la lumière sur cette affaire et dégager les responsabilités. Une mission partie dimanche 24 mars de Kinshasa est arrivée à Lubumbashi pour enquêter sur place.
 
Security scare in Lubumbashi | 26 March 2013 | Africa Mining Intelligence
Mining operations are being disrupted by growing insecurity in Katanga.
 
Rebel attack hurt image of DRC mining hub - governor | 26 March 2013 | Reuters | Mineweb
An attack by some 300 rebels on the Democratic Republic of Congo's second city, Lubumbashi, has tarnished the image of the country's mining hub but has not interrupted operations, the region's governor said on Monday.
 
Curfew Imposed in DRC Mining Hub After Shootout | 26 March 2013 | Voice of America
Lubumbashi : les autorités instaurent un couvre-feu dans la ville | 26 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Lubumbashi: le maire de la ville lève le couvre-feu | 26 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Congo Reassures Copper Miners Rattled by Attack in Katanga | 27 March 2013 | Bloomberg
Democratic Republic of Congo’s mines minister reassured investors after separatists attacked the capital of mineral-rich Katanga province, raising concern among analysts that the region faces increased conflict.
 
L’Assemblée nationale va dépêcher une mission d’information sur la situation sécuritaire au Katanga | 27 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Une commission d’information de l’Assemblée nationale a été mise en place pour enquêter sur l’incursion des miliciens Maï Maï « Bakata Katanga » à Lubumbashi, le samedi 23 mars. Le président de la chambre basse du parlement, Aubin Minaku l’a annoncé mardi 26 mars à l’ouverture de la plénière.
 
 
UN Security Council discusses MONUSCO reinforcement/Intervention Brigade
Interrogations à l’ONU sur le renforcement de la Monusco en RDC | 22 March 2013 | RFI
Beaucoup de questions se posent à l’ONU sur le renforcement de la Monusco en RDC. La France a fait circuler une résolution qui prévoit de muscler la présence des forces de l’ONU dans l’est de la RDC et de créer une Brigade d’intervention (BI) contre les groupes armés, mais plusieurs pays font part de leurs doutes.
 
Ban and officials from DR Congo discuss fragile security situation | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
26 March 2013 – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today discussed the fragile security and humanitarian situation in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in a meeting with the country’s Foreign Minister, Raymond Tshibanda N'tungamulongo.
 
DRC: An intervention brigade within MONUSCO would require further human rights protection mechanisms | 27 March 2013 | FIDH
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is slated to pass a resolution this week that would extend MONUSCO’s mandate until March 2014, and add a new “intervention brigade” authorized to engage in offensive military action against armed groups in Eastern DRC. FIDH and its member organisations in the DRC, the ASADHO, Groupe Lotus (GL) and Ligue des Électeurs (LE), express their concerns regarding the implication of such a decision on civilian populations.
 
L’ONU se prononce sur une «Brigade d’intervention» en RDC | 28 March 2013 | RFI
L’ONU doit adopter ce jeudi 28 mars le renforcement de la Monusco en RDC. Le Conseil de sécurité va notamment se prononcer sur la création d’une «Brigade d’intervention», sorte de force spéciale de l’ONU chargée de combattre les groupes armés. Cette brigade marque un tournant dans la doctrine du maintien de la paix.
 
 
Regional Mini Summit on Framework agreement
Sassou Nguesso, Kabila, Kagame et Museveni s’engagent à appliquer l’accord d’Addis-Abeba | 24 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Brazzaville : ouverture d’un sommet régional sur la sécurité dans l’Est de la RDC | 24 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Sommet régional sur la paix dans l'est de la RDC | 24 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Un sommet sur la sécurité dans l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo s’est ouvert, dimanche 24 mars à Oyo, la ville natale du président congolais Denis Sassou Nguesso. Les chefs d’Etat du Congo, de l’Ouganda, du Rwanda et de la République démocratique du Congo y participent.
 
Oyo Summit Boosts Regional Peace Process for Eastern DR Congo | 24 March 2013 | Government of Rwanda | allAfrica
President Kagame today in Oyo, Northern Republic of Congo, participated in the Heads of State Sub-Regional meeting hosted by President Sassou-N'Guesso and attended by President Kabila of the DRC and President Museveni of Uganda.
 
Kagame Attends Summit On DR Congo Crisis | 24 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Four Heads of State at a Sub-Regional Summit on Peace, Security in the region yesterday expressed the need for the ongoing DRC peace negotiations in Kampala, Uganda to lead to a speedy, positive outcome.
 
Museveni in Brazaville for Security Summit | 25 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
President Yoweri Museveni is in the Republic of Congo Brazaville for a one day mini summit on regional security. The President joins President Paul Kagame of Rwanda and Joseph Kabila of the DRC for the summit.
 
 
M23
Purported Draft of Congo-M23 Agreement Leaked | 21 March 2013 | Voice of America
The text of a proposed peace agreement between the Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC's) government and rebel group M23 has apparently been leaked to the media. The rebels, who took over parts of eastern Congo last year, were scheduled to sign an agreement earlier this month but didn't.
 
More Rebels Seek Asylum After War Crimes Suspect’s Surrender | 22 March 2013 | Inter Press Service
As the Rwandan government said on Thursday Mar. 21 that it would do all it could to ensure the speedy transfer of war crimes suspect General Bosco Ntaganda to the International Criminal Court, fighters loyal to him are also seeking asylum in the central African nation.
 
Democratic Republic of Congo braced for more conflict | 27 March 2013 | The Guardian
Sultani Makenga strengthens his grip on the M23 rebel group and reinforces his position around Goma.
 
 
Mai-Mai attack Manguredjipa, Lubero territory, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: un groupe Maï-Maï occupe Mangurejipa, selon la société locale | 22 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des sources de la société civile de Mangurejipa rapportent que des miliciens Maï-Maï du groupe du colonel déserteur Hilaire Kombi occupent cette localité du territoire de Lubero depuis ce jeudi 22 mars dans la matinée. Le commandant FARDC à Lubero dément cette information et affirme que les combats entre militaires et miliciens se poursuivent.
 
 
Mai-Mai Nyatura from Kalehe territory, South Kivu, surrender
Sud- Kivu : Plus de 170 miliciens Nyatura se sont rendus à la 10e région militaire | 27 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Plus de 170 combattants du groupe armé Nyatura se sont rendus à la dixième région militaire depuis le 12 mars 2013. Ils sont regroupés au camp militaire de Nyamunyuni près de l’aéroport de Kavumu.
 
 
Raia Mutomboki in Shabunda territory, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: situation sécuritaire toujours précaire à Shabunda | 21 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Un mouvement massif de la population est observé à l’intérieur du territoire de Shabunda (Sud-Kivu), à cause des affrontements sporadiques entre les FARDC et la milice Raïa Mutomboki.
 
 
Yakutumba surrenders in Fizi territory, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: le chef milicien Yakutumba se rend aux FARDC à Sibele | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le chef milicien William Amuri dit Yakutumba s’est rendu aux Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC), dimanche 24 mars, dans la localité de Sebele, à 37 km au Sud-Est de Baraka, en territoire de Fizi (Sud-Kivu). Des sources militaires de la 10è région militaire affirment que ce chef milicien s’est rendu avec son épouse et une soixantaine d’hommes de son escorte, tous armés.
 
 
FARDC harass population in Fizi territory, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu : la population dépose une plainte contre le commandant des Forces navales de Yungu | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les habitants de Kichala ont déposé, dimanche 24 mars, à l’auditorat de garnison d’Uvira au Sud-Kivu, une plainte contre le commandant des Forces navales de Yungu en territoire de Fizi, le premier lieutenant Amisi. Ils l’accusent de tortures, pillages, extorsion et menaces de mort à l’endroit des pêcheurs de cette cité.Dans leur plainte, les habitants du village de Kichala racontent que vendredi 15 mars, le premier lieutenant Amisi, accompagné de sept militaires ont exigé aux pêcheurs de lui donner la sommes deux cent cinquante mille francs congolais (271$US). Ceux-ci lui ont remis cent mille francs congolais (108$US) mais le commandant a refusé. Il a alors ordonné à ses hommes de tabasser les pêcheurs.
 
 
Poachers kill 14 people in Maniema
Maniema: les braconniers ont abattu 14 personnes entre janvier et février à Kaïlo | 26 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Au Maniema, les braconniers ne tuent pas que des animaux. Depuis le début de cette année, ils ont déjà tué quatorze personnes dans le parc de la Lomami, en territoire de Kaïlo, affirme le directeur provincial de l’Institut congolais pour la conservation de la nature (ICCN) au Maniema, Jean de Dieu Biaombe. Il a indiqué, lundi 25 mars, que ces chasseurs, munis de calibres 12, viennent principalement du Kasaï-Oriental voisin.
 
 
Militia chief Cobra Matata demands amnesty, Ituri, Province Orientale
Ituri: le chef milicien Cobra Matata réclame à nouveau d’être amnistié par Joseph Kabila | 27 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le chef milicien Cobra Matata, leader de la Force de résistance patriotique de l’Ituri (FRPI), réitère sa demande d’être amnistié par le Chef de l’Etat pour réintégrer « définitivement » l’armée. Au cours d’une conférence de presse tenue, mardi 26 mars, dans la cité de Gety-centre que sa milice occupe, il a également réclamé la reconnaissance des grades de ses combattants. C’est la troisième fois que le chef milicien exprime son souhait de réintégrer les FARDC.
 
 
Mai-Mai violence in Mambasa territory, Ituri, Province Orientale
Province Orientale: environ 3 000 personnes fuient des miliciens à Mabutua | 21 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les exactions et pillage systématique perpétrés à Mabutua par les hommes du milicien Manu ont provoqué, depuis lundi 18 mars, un déplacement d’environ trois mille personnes dans le groupement Baiko à 160 kilomètres au sud-est du territoire de Mambasa (Province Orientale), ont indiqué les sources locales. Ces miliciens ont pillé les boutiques et des maisons d’habitation à Mabutua, a précisé la société civile locale.
 
Province Orientale : les commerçants quittent Mambasa à cause de l’insécurité | 21 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le président de la Fédération des entreprises du Congo (Fec), Amoma Mukoko, a plaidé mardi 19 mars pour le retour de la paix dans le territoire de Mambasa en Province Orientale. Selon lui, l’insécurité dans cette région est la cause du départ de plusieurs opérateurs économiques vers d’autres contrées moins troubles.
 
 
Plot against Kabila?
RDC : arrestation de deux hommes accusés d’avoir comploté pour tuer Joseph Kabila | 22 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC: un nouveau complot contre le président Kabila aurait été déjoué | 22 March 2013 | RFI
Le ministre congolais de l’Intérieur, Richard Muyej, a présenté ce vendredi 22 mars à Kinshasa deux personnes accusées d’avoir comploté pour tuer le président Kabila.
 
Un complot serait parti de Belgique | 22 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Un complot parti de Belgique a été déjoué à Kinshasa et deux suspects, dont l’un est un Congolais de nationalité belge, ont été présentés par le ministre congolais de l’Intérieur Richard Muyej.
 
 
Sexual violence
Goma : Zainab Bangura se dit déterminée à faire cesser les violences sexuelles en RDC | 23 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La représentante spéciale de Ban Ki moon chargée de la question des violences sexuelles commises en période de conflit, Zainab Bangura a déclaré que les Nations Unies vont continuer à soutenir la RDC dans la lutte contre les violences sexuelles.
 
Goma : Zainab Bangura s’entretient avec les FARDC sur la question des violences sexuelles | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La guerre est à la base de la recrudescence des violences sexuelles dans l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo. Les militaires du 41è bataillon commando basé au camp Katindo, à Goma (Nord-Kivu), l’ont déclaré dimanche 24 mars dans l’entretien qu’ils ont eu avec la représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général de l’Onu pour la question des violences sexuelles commises en période de conflits, Zainab Bangura.
 
Goma : la Grande Bretagne et le HCR plaident pour la fin des violences sexuelles | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC - Rwanda : William Hague et Angelina Jolie en tournée contre les "viols de guerre" | 26 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Angelina Jolie envoyée spéciale en RDC et au Rwanda | 26 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Angelina Jolie and William Hague form unlikely double act to tackle rape in war | 27 March 2013 | The Guardian
Le ministre britannique des Affaires Etrangères et du Commonwealth, William Hague et l’envoyée spéciale du Haut commissariat des Nations unies en matière de violences sexuelles, l’actrice américaine, Angelina Jolie, ont plaidé pour l’éradication des violences sexuelles dans les zones en conflit.
 
Province Orientale : 262 cas des violences sexuelles enregistrés en 8 mois en 2012 à Mambassa | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Deux cent soixante-deux cas des viols et mutilations sexuelles ont été enregistrés entre les mois de mars et de novembre en 2012 à Mambasa dans la Province Orientale. Les auteurs de ces violences sexuelles ont été commis par des hommes du chef milicien Paul Sadala « Morgan » et des pygmées Manu, a révélé, lundi 25 mars, la responsable de service du genre, famille et enfants de ce territoire, Roba Jeannette.
 
Ituri: plus de 1 500 cas des violences sexuelles enregistrés en 2012 | 27 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le chargé de protection du Haut commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés en Ituri, a indiqué, mardi 26 mars, que plus de mille cinq cents cas de violences sexuelles ont été enregistrés en 2012 dans ce district de la Province Orientale.
 
L'ONU donne à la RDCongo une semaine pour agir contre ses soldats violeurs | 28 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Les Nations unies ont donné mercredi à la République démocratique du Congo une dernière semaine pour agir contre les soldats de deux bataillons de l'armée accusés d'avoir commis au moins 126 viols en novembre dernier, selon des diplomates.
 
 
Landmines
La RDC a enregistré 2 458 victimes des mines antipersonnel en 10 ans | 26 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La RDC a enregistré, de 2002 à 2012, 2 458 victimes de mines antipersonnel, selon le Centre congolais de lutte anti-mines gouvernement (CCLAM). Cette structure a livré ces chiffres, lundi 25 mars, au lancement de l’enquête nationale sur l’identification des zones contaminées par les mines.
 
RDC : lancement d’une enquête nationale sur les mines anti-personnel | 27 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le Centre congolais de lutte anti-mines (CCLAM) a lancé officiellement l’enquête nationale sur la contamination par mines antipersonnel en République Démocratique du Congo. Le coordonnateur de ce centre, Sudi Alimasi l’a annoncé, mardi 26 mars à Kinshasa, lors de la clôture d’un atelier sur la question des mines antipersonnel.
 


 

Rwanda

Grenade attack in Kigali
Rwanda grenade attack kills one, injures eight: police | 26 March 2013 | Reuters
Rwanda grenade attacks kills one: police | 26 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
A grenade blast in the Rwandan capital Kigali on Tuesday killed one person and injured eight others, a police spokesman said, in an attack reminiscent of similar incidents beginning in 2010.
 
Rwanda : attentat meurtrier à Kigali | 27 March 2013 | RFI
Rwanda : un nouvel attentat à la grenade fait un mort à Kigali | 27 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Une personne a été tuée et huit ont été blessées le 26 mars en début de soirée à Kigali dans l'explosion d'une grenade lancée à proximité d'un marché et de la gare routière. Deux personnes ont été arrêtées. L'attentat n'a pas été revendiqué.
 
 
Rwanda “not supporting M23”
No Evidence for Rwandan Support to M23 - Foreign Secretary Hague | 25 March 2013 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica
The UK Foreign Secretary has said that the world can see that Rwanda is not supporting the M23. William Hague made the declaration after meeting President Paul Kagame on Monday.
 
Correction and Apology | 26 March 2013 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica
This morning, we ran a report on the meeting between President Kagame and the UK Foreign Secretary William Hague under the headline 'No evidence for Rwandan support to M23 - Foreign Secretary Hague.'
In the article, we wrote that Hague affirmed that "the world is able to see that Rwanda is not supporting the M23. There is no evidence for that."
It has since emerged that the quote was misheard, and that the Foreign Secretary actually said: "It is important that the world is able to see that Rwanda is not supporting the M23."
 
 
Donors restore aid
Donors Restore Aid to Rwanda | 22 March 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Rwanda has regained financial aid from various donors who had withheld some payments last year citing the country's alleged role in the conflict in Eastern DR Congo, a senior treasury official has confirmed. The Secretary to the Treasury says Germany, Britain, the World Bank, the European Union and the African Development Bank (AfDB) are some of the donors who have reinstated financial support to Rwanda.
 

 

Central African Republic

Seleka resumes fighting
RCA : François Bozizé signe deux décrets | 21 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Bozizé annonce la libération des détenus politiques, Séléka continue d’exiger son départ du pouvoir | 21 March 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
Le premier décret supprime le couvre-feu à Bangui. Cela signifie que les barrages érigés dans la capitale centrafricaine par les milices favorables au gouvernement seront supprimés.
 
Nicolas Tiangaye invite la Seleka à «renouer le dialogue» | 21 March 2013 | RFI
En Centrafrique, la coalition rebelle Seleka a annoncé mercredi 20 mars qu'elle allait reprendre les armes. L'ultimatum de 72 heures qu'elle avait donné au gouvernement pour satisfaire ses nombreuses revendications a expiré. Nicolas Tiangaye, le Premier ministre de transition nommé à la mi-janvier à l'issue des accords de Libreville, souhaite que les rebelles reviennent à la raison.
 
UPDATE 2-Central African Republic rebels resume fighting | 21 March 2013 | Reuters
Central African Republic Rebels Reject Peace Offer | 21 March 2013 | Voice of America
Central African Rebels Reject Concessions, Plan to Resume Combat | 21 March 2013 | Bloomberg
Les rebelles de la Seleka affirment être entrés dans Bouka et Batangafo, au nord de la RCA | 21 March 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique : nouvelles offensives de la séléka sur Bouka et Batangafo | 21 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Central African Republic Seleka rebels 'seize' towns | 21 March 2013 | BBC Africa
Rebels in the Central African Republic clashed with government forces on Thursday and threatened a renewed assault on the capital, after rejecting a last-ditch peace offer. The Seleka rebel group seized two northern towns, hundreds of kilometers north of the capital Bangui, dismissing an offer from President Francois Bozize to agree to some of their demands as "too little, too late.''
 
CAR Rebels Demand President's Resignation | 21 March 2013 | Cameroon Tribune | allAfrica
RCA: la rébellion exige le départ pur et simple du président Bozizé | 21 March 2013 | RFI
 
RCA : la Seleka poursuit son avancée | 22 March 2013 | RFI
Crise en Centrafrique : Bozizé en Afrique du Sud | 22 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Après la chute des villes du centre-nord, à savoir Bouca et Batangafo jeudi et la ville de Bossangoa ce vendredi matin, les combattants du Séléka ont franchi la « ligne rouge » érigée par les Forces multinationales de l’Afrique centrale (FOMAC), la ville de Damara, située à 75 kilomètres de Bangui, la capitale centrafricaine. Ce qui a provoqué la fuite du président Bozizé en Afrique du Sud.
 
Centrafrique : après la reprise des hostilités, la jeunesse s’organise | 22 March 2013 | RFI
 
Central African Republic: Ban, Security Council urge parties to immediately halt fighting | 22 March 2013 | UN News Centre
République centrafricaine : l'ONU préoccupée par l'avancée de la Séléka vers la capitale Bangui | 22 March 2013 | UN News Centre
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and members of the Security Council, expressing strong concern over reports of armed groups advancing toward Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic (CAR), today urged all parties in the troubled country to immediately cease hostilities.
 
RCA: revivez la journée du vendredi 22 mars | 22 March 2013 | RFI
En Centrafrique, les rebelles de la Seleka ont forcé, ce vendredi 22 mars 2013, un barrage de la force africaine au nord de Bangui dernier verrou menant à la capitale.
 
Centrafrique : inquiétude à Bangui à l'approche des rebelles de la Seleka | 23 March 2013 | RFI
Les rebelles de la Seleka ont effectué une percée le 22 mars en direction de Bangui et affirment désormais se trouver à 55 km de la capitale.
 
Les rebelles de la Seleka poursuivent sans relâche leur avancée vers Bangui | 23 March 2013 | RFI
Les troupes de la coalition rebelle de la Seleka semblent rapidement progresser vers la capitale, Bangui, ce samedi 23 mars à la mi-journée. Les troupes de la rébellion progressent depuis le nord du pays sur deux axes routiers menant à la capitale centrafricaine. Sur l'axe Bangui-Damara-Sibut, les rebelles affirment qu'ils sont en train de combattre les forces sud-africaines à hauteur du PK 55.
 
RCA: revivez la journée du samedi 23 mars | 23 March 2013 | RFI
Les combattants de la Seleka sont depuis samedi soir 23 mars aux portes de Bangui. Des habitants ont vu des combats entre rebelles et forces armées centrafricaines dans le PK 12, le point kilométrique qui marque l'entrée de la capitale.
 
 
Seleka takes Bangui – Bozizé flees
RCA: les rebelles de la Seleka sont désormais aux abords de Bangui | 24 March 2013 | RFI
Les rebelles centrafricains de la Seleka ont annoncé le 23 mars être aux portes de Bangui. Ils ont même revendiqué être entrés dans la capitale, mais les autorités ont démenti. La Seleka exige que le président François Bozizé quitte le pouvoir, et que les Forces armées centrafricaines ne combattent pas.
 
République centrafricaine: «journée décisive» à Bangui | 24 March 2013 | RFI
Selon nos informations, les hostilités ont repris à Bangui tôt dans la matinée. Des tirs de kalachnikov puis d'armes lourdes ont été entendus dans l'ensemble du centre-ville. Les rebelles tentent de s'approcher du palais présidentiel que la Seleka pointe comme un objectif clair.
 
Déclaration officielle de la Séléka | 24 March 2013 | Afrik.com
“En ce dimanche 24/03/2013, la page Bozizé est tournée. Une nouvelle page s’ouvre pour la paix et la démocratie en RCA. Avec la prise de Bangui et la fuite de Bozizé, l’objectif principal de notre lutte est atteint.”
Le Président des Forces Révolutionnaires pour la Démocratie, Porte-Parole de la Seleka
François Nelson N’DJADDER
 
Rebels claim seizing presidential palace in Central African Republic | 24 March 2013 | RFI English
Rebels in the Central African Republic claim to have seized the presidential palace as fighting intensified in the capital Bangui. It comes as former colonial power France called for an emergency meeting at the United Nations on the deteriorating situation.
 
France confirms Central African Republic president has fled the capital | 24 March 2013 | RFI English
The French government has confirmed that the president of the Central African Republic, François Bozizé, has left the capital Bangui after it fell to rebel hands.
 
UPDATE 5-Rebels capture C.African Republic capital, Bozize flees | 24 March 2013 | Reuters
CAR President Flees Capital as Rebels Take Bangui | 24 March 2013 | Voice of America
Rebels in Central African Republic seized the riverside capital Bangui in fierce fighting on Sunday, forcing President Francois Bozize to flee and sowing confusion over who rules the mineral-rich heart of Africa.
At least nine South African soldiers were killed trying to prevent the rebels from taking Bangui, a Reuters witness said, dealing a blow to Pretoria's attempt to stabilise the chaotic central African nation and assert its influence in the region.
 
RDC : des membres de la famille de François Bozize ont trouvé refuge à Zongo | 24 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Des dignitaires du régime de François Bozize et des membres de la famille du chef de l’Etat centrafricain ont trouvé refuge à Zongo dans la province congolaise de l’Equateur après la chute de Bangui, capitale centrafricaine, entre les mains de la coalition rebelle de la Seleka. Ils ont traversé ce dimanche 24 mars la rivière Ubangi qui sépare Zongo et Bangui.
 
Situation in the Central African Republic | 24 March 2013 | U.S. Department of State
Press Statement by Victoria Nuland.
The United States is deeply concerned about a serious deterioration in the security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR). We urgently call on the Seleka leadership which has taken control of Bangui to establish law and order in the city and to restore basic services of electricity and water. We also urge all parties to allow for unhindered humanitarian access.
 
Central African Republic coup leaders 'must remain calm' | 24 March 2013 | BBC Africa
France has urged restraint on coup leaders in the Central African Republic, who have stormed the capital and overthrown the president.
 
Mise en garde de N'Djamena | 24 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Après la chute du régime de Francois Bozizé, arrivé au pouvoir il y a dix ans grâce au soutien du président Idriss Deby, appelle à la retenue et met en garde toutes les parties contre toute violation des droits de l'Homme.
 
Centrafrique: revivez la journée du dimanche 24 mars | 24 March 2013 | RFI
Michel Djotodia, chef de la Seleka, a annoncé être le nouveau président de la République, ce dimanche 24 mars à Bangui et annoncé la mise en place d’un couvre-feu sur la capitale.
 
Séléka conquiert enfin la ville de Bangui, les FACA battent en retraite | 25 March 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
 
Centrafrique: Michel Djotodia, le nouvel homme fort du pays | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique : Michel Djotodia, nouvel homme fort de Bangui | 25 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
RCA: la situation reste instable à Bangui | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Michel Djotodia doit faire une déclaration solennelle ce lundi 25 mars à Bangui. La veille, quelques heures après la prise de la capitale, le chef de la Seleka s'est déclaré président de l'Etat centrafricain. Michel Djotodia a annoncé qu'il souhaitait conserver Nicolas Tiangaye, le Premier ministre issu des accords de Libreville, à la tête du gouvernement. Il promet également d'organiser des élections d'ici trois ans maximum.
 
Michel Djotodia sur RFI: «Nous ne sommes pas là pour faire une chasse aux sorcières» | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Dans une interview exclusive accordée à notre envoyé spécial à Bangui, le président autoproclamé de la République centrafricaine Michel Djotodia revient sur les raisons du coup d'Etat, et sur la situation politique centrafricaine à court et moyen terme.
 
Central African Republic rebel chief to keep power-sharing government | 25 March 2013 | Reuters
The leader of rebels in Central African Republic will keep a power-sharing government named under a January peace deal after declaring himself president, a spokesman for the insurgents said on Monday.
 
Centrafrique : Michel Djotodia suspend la Constitution | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Le chef de la rébellion Seleka, Michel Djotodia, s’est posé ce lundi 25 mars en successeur du président François Bozizé qui s’est réfugié au Cameroun. Dans une allocution en fin de journée, il a indiqué vouloir organiser « des éléctions libres et transparentes avec le concours de tout le monde » d’ici trois ans et qu’il gardait à son poste l’actuel Premier ministre du gouvernement d’union nationale, Nicolas Tiangaye, opposant de François Bozizé.
 
France says troops in Central Africa kill two Indian citizens | 25 March 2013 | Reuters
French troops patrolling the international airport in the capital of the Central African Republic killed two Indian citizens when three vehicles tried to enter the facility, France's defense ministry said on Monday.
 
Centrafrique : les réactions de la communauté internationale | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Vingt-quatre heures après le renversement du président Bozizé, l'Union africaine suspend la Centrafrique et impose des sanctions à sept responsables de la Seleka, dont son chef Michel Djotodia.
 
L'Union africaine suspend la Centrafrique et prend des sanctions contre Michel Djotodia | 25 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
L'Union africaine a annoncé, lundi 25 mars, avoir suspendu la Centrafrique de son organisation et gelé les avoirs de sept responsables de la Séléka, dont Michel Djotodia.
 
Central African Republic: UN chief calls for restoration of constitutional order | 25 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Ban appelle au rétablissement de l'ordre constitutionnel en République centrafricaine | 25 March 2013 | UN News Centre
RCA: Ban-ki Moon s'inquiète | 25 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called for the swift restoration of constitutional order in the Central African Republic (CAR) after rebels seized the capital, Bangui, in fierce fighting, forcing President François Bozizé to flee.
 
Hollande appelle au dialogue autour du gouvernement d'union nationale | 25 March 2013 | Gabonews | allAfrica
Le président français François Hollande a pris acte du départ du président François Bozizé de Centrafrique et appelle toutes les parties au calme et au dialogue autour du gouvernement d'union nationale, selon un communiqué de l'Elysée publié dimanche.
 
Centrafrique: François Bozizé «en transit» au Cameroun | 25 March 2013 | RFI
On savait que François Bozizé avait quitté la Centrafrique, on sait désormais qu'il se trouve au Cameroun. L’information a été confirmée par la présidence camerounaise dans un communiqué lu à la radio nationale. Yaoundé précise que c’est « dans l'attente de son départ vers un autre pays d'accueil », sans préciser lequel.
 
CAR Leader Flees; Rebel Chief Declares Self President | 25 March 2013 | Voice of America
Coup d'Etat en RCA, Bozizé en fuite au Cameroun | 25 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Centrafrique : le président François Bozizé réfugié au Cameroun | 25 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
The ousted president of the Central African Republic has fled to Cameroon, as rebels who overthrew him named a new head of state and pledged to hold elections within three years.
 
CAR rebel head Michel Djotodia 'suspends constitution' | 26 March 2013 | BBC Africa
RCA : la Constitution suspendue | 26 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Centrafrique: Michel Djotodia promet de respecter «l'esprit des accords de Libreville» | 26 March 2013 | RFI
Rebel Chief Suspends Constitution for 3 Years | 26 March 2013 | The New York Times
CAR Rebel Leader Suspends Constitution | 26 March 2013 | Voice of America
Centrafrique : Djotodia suspend les institutions et gouverne par décrets | 26 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
The leader of rebels who have seized the capital of the Central African Republic says he is suspending the constitution and dissolving parliament. Michel Djotodia said there would be a transition period until "credible and transparent" elections, during which he would "legislate by decree".
 
Eric Massi : « Le plus dur reste à faire en Centrafrique » | 26 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Entretien avec Eric Massi, porte-parole de la rébellion.
 
Central African Republic rebel chief to name power-sharing government | 26 March 2013 | Reuters
The leader of rebels in Central African Republic pledged to name a power-sharing government in a bid to defuse international criticism of a coup that killed 13 South African soldiers and has plunged the mineral-rich nation into chaos.
 
Central African Republic: after power grab, Security Council calls for protecting civilians | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Centrafrique : le Conseil de sécurité condamne le putsch de la Séléka | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Centrafrique: le Conseil de sécurité prudent dans sa condamnation | 26 March 2013 | RFI
The Security Council called on all parties in the Central African Republic (CAR) to refrain from acts of violence against civilians, following a week of fierce fighting that led to rebels seizing the capital, Bangui, on Sunday and forcing President François Bozizé to flee.
 
Looters, gunmen roam Central African Republic capital after coup | 26 March 2013 | Reuters
Patrouilles à Bangui contre les pillards | 26 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Centrafrique : pillages et pénuries à Bangui | 26 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Centrafrique : patrouilles mixtes pour sécuriser Bangui | 27 March 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique : Bangui en état de siège | 27 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Looters and gunmen roamed the streets of Central African Republic's capital Bangui on Tuesday as rebels and regional peacekeepers struggled to restore order two days after a coup plunged the mineral-rich country into chaos.
 
Nicolas Tiangaye à la VOA : "Nous ne pouvons pas être abandonnés par la communauté internationale" | 26 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Le Premier ministre centrafricain ne s'était pas exprimé depuis le coup d'Etat à Bangui. Il affirme qu'il continuera à travailler avec la Séléka malgré la suspension de la constitution.
 
RCA : Bangui broie du noir | 26 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Selon Elizabeth Kofio, directrice générale de l'Energie Centrafricaine (ENRCA), rétablir l’électricité dans la capitale centrafricaine n’est pas chose aisée.
 
French soldiers kill two Indian nationals in CAR | 26 March 2013 | BBC India
French troops guarding the Central African Republic capital Bangui's international airport have accidentally killed two Indian citizens, the French defence ministry said.
 
Gabon : Réaction du gouvernement suite à la situation en RCA | 26 March 2013 | Africa Info (Douala) | allAfrica
Le ministère gabonais en charge des affaires étrangères, dans un communiqué dont copie a été envoyée à l'Agence Africa info, dit avoir appris avec une vive inquiétude l'incident survenu en République centrafricaine. « Le gouvernement gabonais a appris avec une vive inquiétude l'incident survenu au sud de Damara, près de 75km de Bangui, au cours duquel un hélicoptère des forces armées centrafricaine (FACA), aurait tiré sur un véhicule de la mission de la consolidation de la paix en Centrafrique (MICOPAX), occasionnant des blessés dont trois gabonais », a fait savoir le communiqué.
 
François Bozizé à Yaoundé | 26 March 2013 | Mutations (Yaoundé) | allAfrica
La présidence camerounaise prévient qu'il n'est qu'en transit au Cameroun.
 
Centrafrique : des proches de François Bozizé accueillis à Kinshasa | 26 March 2013 | RFI
 
La vie reprend timidement à Bangui | 27 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Les coups de feu ainsi que les pillages sont de moins en moins fréquents à Bangui, mais la situation humanitaire se dégrade avec les centres hospitaliers débordés de patients.
 
The African Union Condemns the Military Offensive By Rebels in Central African Republic | 27 March 2013 | African Union | allAfrica
The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU), Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, is deeply concerned by the resurgence of armed conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR), which undermines the progress that had been achieved following the signing of the 11 January 2013 Libreville Agreements, negotiated under the auspices of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
 
Centrafrique: "Les hommes en armes" doivent "se faire identifier" avant 18h | 27 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
"Tous les hommes en armes" doivent "se faire identifier", a annoncé mercredi le ministre de la Communication centrafricain et porte-parole du Séléka Christophe Gazam Betty, pour tenter de mettre un terme à la situation d'insécurité à Bangui.
 
Pockets of resistance still in Central African Republic | 27 March 2013 | Reuters
Central African Republic: U.N. Official Says Situation in Capital Is Improving | 27 March 2013 | Reuters | The New York Times
Rebel forces and international peacekeepers mopped up pockets of resistance on Wednesday in Central African Republic after a weekend coup but life in the capital was mostly returning to normal after three days of looting.
 
Centrafrique: Nicolas Tiangaye reconduit au poste de Premier ministre | 27 March 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique : les défis du Premier ministre Nicolas Tiangaye | 27 March 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique : la nouvelle chance de Nicolas Tiangaye | 27 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Centrafrique : Nicolas Tiangaye, un pragmatique au pouvoir ? | 27 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Nicolas Tiangaye est reconduit à son poste de Premier ministre et ce n’est pas une surprise.
 
Will CAR Rebels Respect the Peace Agreements? | 27 March 2013 | Inter Press Service
Despite assurances by the leader of the Séléka rebel alliance, self-proclaimed president of the Central African Republic Michel Djotodia, that a “red brigade” would be established to stop the looting and violence that has ensued since Sunday’s coup, citizens do not feel security has been restored.
 
Les premières heures de Bozizé à Yaoundé | 27 March 2013 | Mutations (Yaoundé) | allAfrica
 
François Bozizé, ce prisonnier | 27 March 2013 | Mutations (Yaoundé) | allAfrica
 
 
South Africans killed
L’armée sud-africaine confirme la mort de plusieurs de ses hommes à Bangui | 24 March 2013 | RFI
 
Condolences for Fallen SA Soldiers | 25 March 2013 | SouthAfrica.info | allAfrica
President Jacob Zuma has conveyed his deepest condolences to the families of the 13 South African soldiers who were killed after clashes with the Seleka rebel alliance in the Central African Republic (CAR) on the weekend.
 
Jacob Zuma: 13 South African soldiers killed in CAR | 25 March 2013 | BBC Africa
Zuma: CAR Rebels Kill 13 South African Soldiers | 25 March 2013 | Voice of America
South African says 13 of its soldiers were killed and 27 others wounded in fighting with rebels in the capital of the Central African Republic. President Jacob Zuma says that one soldier remains missing after the clashes that began Saturday in Bangui.
 
South African Troops Should Have Been Withdrawn - SANDU | 25 March 2013 | South African Press Association | allAfrica
President Jacob Zuma should have withdrawn South African troops when Central African Republic president Francois Bozize failed to honour a peace agreement, the SA National Defence Union (Sandu) said on Monday.
 
Zuma sous le feu des critiques après la mort de 13 soldats sud-africains en Centrafrique | 25 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Les autorités de Pretoria sont sous le feu des critiques après la mort d’au moins 13 soldats sud-africains, samedi lors de la prise de Bangui.
 
S.Africa sees worst troops loss in years in C.Africa battles | 25 March 2013 | AFP | Space War
South Africa on Monday said the country had suffered its heaviest military loss since apartheid after 13 soldiers were killed in weekend clashes with rebels seizing power in the Central African Republic.
 
Situation Regarding the South African National Defence Force Contingent in the Central African Republic - Briefing By Brigadier General Xolani Mabanga | 25 March 2013 | South African Government | allAfrica
“Fellow compatriots, as you are all aware in the recent days there have been speculations into what had happened to the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) members deployed in Central African Republic. It is my wish to put this matter to rest by giving you this briefing.”
 
Call for probe into S.Africa military presence in C.Africa | 26 March 2013 | AFP | Africa Daily
Centrafrique : la polémique enfle à Pretoria après la mort de 13 soldats sud-africains | 26 March 2013 | RFI
South Africa's government on Tuesday faced calls for an inquiry into why troops were sent to the Central African Republic, after 13 soldiers died there in weekend clashes with rebels who seized the country.
 
Bozize Falls And Zuma Fails In The CAR | 26 March 2013 | African Arguments
One of the tangential aspects of the deteriorating situation in the Central African Republic is the controversial role of South African Defence Forces (SADF). Sent in via a 2007 bilateral agreement between Presidents Bozize and Zuma, the SADF forces (originally called trainers in some reports and peacekeepers in others) suffered up to a dozen casualties over the weekend, making it the greatest loss of South African soldiery since the end of apartheid. “This is tremendously damaging for South Africa and the reputation of what was perceived as one of the major military powers in Africa,” said Alex Vines, an analyst at the Chatham House think-tank in London, speaking to Reuters.
 
Defence Force Denies Troops Attacked By CAR Soldiers | 27 March 2013 | South African Press Association | allAfrica
The SA National Defence Force (SANDF) on Wednesday rejected reports that Central African Republic (CAR) troops attacked and killed its soldiers.
 
La polémique continue sur le rôle du contingent sud-africain en Centrafrique | 27 March 2013 | RFI
La presse sud-africaine affirme que le bilan humain du contingent en Centrafrique s'est alourdi côté sud-africain. Le quotidien Beeld, un journal en afrikaans, croit savoir qu'au-delà des treize soldats tués au cours des combats de samedi contre les rebelles, six membres des forces spéciales ont également trouvé la mort lors des combats face aux rebelles de la Seleka.
 
 
Background, comments & analysis
Centrafrique: «François Bozizé s’est révélé incapable de sécuriser le territoire» | 24 March 2013 | RFI
Thierry Vircoulon, responsable pour l’Afrique centrale de l’International Crisis Group, basé à Nairobi, analyse les événements de ces derniers jours et explique comment la rébellion Seleka a pu progresser aussi vite. Pour lui, « la prise de Bangui est le point final de la logique d’affaiblissement du régime Bozizé ».
 
President Michel Djotodia? | 24 March 2013 | Foole’s No Man’s Land
When the Union des Forces Démocratiques pour le Rassemblement (UFDR) announced its presence by capturing CAR's northeasternmost town, Birao, at the end of October 2006, a few people starting working their sat phones, each declaring himself to be the leader. There was Abakar Sabone, formerly best known as a Chadian recruiter of men-in-arms who'd helped Bozize take power in 2003 but became disgruntled with his former ally over a perceived lack of proper payment for his services. There was Damane Zakaria, a counselor in Tiringoulou who was with the men on the ground. And there was Michel Djotodia, who few people knew much about at all.
 
Centrafrique: quels sont les groupes qui composent la Seleka? | 24 March 2013 | RFI
 
La coalition Séléka - une rébellion hétéroclite | 25 March 2013 | Mutations (Yaoundé) | allAfrica
Sans véritable programme, les forces qui contrôlent Bangui sont une compilation de groupes armés.
 
Bozize ouster is latest power grab in Africa's "phantom state" | 25 March 2013 | Reuters
The French dubbed it the neglected "Cinderella" of their African colonial empire; modern observers have called it a "phantom state".
 
Centrafrique : comment François Bozizé a perdu ses alliés | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Comme un éternel recommencement. Presque dix ans, jour pour jour, après avoir renversé l'ancien président Patassé, François Bozizé a, lui aussi, été chassé du pouvoir par les armes.
 
Centrafrique : « Bozizé n’a pas respecté les accords de Libreville » | 25 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Lydie Boka, Directrice de l’agence d’analyse de risques StrategiCo, explique à Afrik.com pourquoi les alliés historiques de Bozizé ont laissé les rebelles renverser l’ancien putschiste. Interview.
 
International Implications of the Rebel Victory in the Central African Republic | 25 March 2013 | Chatham House | allAfrica
The Central African Republic, known best for its history of coups, military revolts and brutal rule has always been fragile but predicting actual events can be difficult. Observers on the ground report, but getting the political will to act in such a marginalized remote country is always a low priority.
 
Centrafrique: faut-il craindre des tensions religieuses? | 25 March 2013 | RFI
Ces derniers mois, des tensions religieuses sont apparues en Centrafrique. En janvier, le régime du président renversé, François Bozizé, avait accusé la coalition Seleka de prôner un islam intégriste. Et ce dimanche, à Bangui, lors de la prise de la capitale par la rébellion de la Seleka, la communauté musulmane a été pointée du doigt à la suite de pillages dont ont été victimes des chrétiens. Faut-il craindre une montée des tensions interreligieuses en Centrafrique ? Joint par RFI ce lundi 25 mars, Monseigneur Dieudonné Nzapalainga, archevêque de Bangui, a réagi aux derniers événements.
 
What's behind the turmoil in the Central African Republic | 25 March 2013 | CNN
Questions abound over the future of impoverished, landlocked country -- and what this uprising means for its 5.1 million residents.
 
Looking for Answers after CAR Coup D’etat | 25 March 2013 | Al Jazeera | Inter Press Service
Days after the sudden fall of the Central African Republic to Séléka rebels, questions are being raised about the circumstances surrounding the hasty departure of President Francois Bozizé.
 
Michel Djotodia - Du Bozizé sans Bozizé ? | 25 March 2013 | L’Observateur Paalga | allAfrica
Plus que jamais, la République centrafricaine vient de confirmer qu'elle est bel et bien un pays d'instabilité chronique.
 
Centrafrique : un contre coup d’Etat à l’horizon ? | 25 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Le chef de la séléka, Michel Djotodia, s’est autoproclamé président de la Centrafrique après avoir évincé François Bozizé. Mais sa prise de pouvoir est déjà contestée. François Nelson N’Djadder, président de la rébellion Forces Révolutionnaires pour la Démocratie, a annoncé à Afrik.com son intention de mener un contre coup d’Etat dans les prochains jours.
 
La chute de Bangui dégarnit la frontière nord du Congo Kinshasa | 25 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Indignée, l’Union Africaine a suspendu la Centrafrique, et refusé de reconnaître le nouveau pouvoir, dirigé par l’un des chefs de la coalition rebelle, Michel Djotodia.
 
Martin Ziguélé sur RFI: «Il faut que ce gouvernement ait une feuille de route précise» | 26 March 2013 | RFI
Pourquoi les rebelles ont-ils gagné en Centrafrique ? Ont-ils été aidés par le Tchad et le Congo-Brazzaville ? Combien de temps vont-ils rester au pouvoir, et à quoi joue la France ? Autant de questions que Christophe Boisbouvier a posé à Martin Ziguélé, qui dirige le plus grand parti du pays, le Mouvement de libération du peuple centrafricain (MLPC).
 
Michel Djotodia - Le chef rebelle devenu président | 26 March 2013 | Mutations (Yaoundé) | allAfrica
Ancien diplomate, le nouvel homme fort de Bangui était en rébellion depuis 8 ans.
 
Michel Djotodia: Central African Republic rebel leader | 26 March 2013 | BBC Africa
A Soviet-trained civil servant who turned into a rebel leader, Michel Djotodia has finally achieved his long-held ambition of becoming leader of the Central African Republic (CAR).
 
Centrafrique : « Je fais confiance à Michel Djotodia » | 26 March 2013 | Afrik.com
A la suite du Coup d’Etat en Centrafrique, Michel Djotodia, autoproclamé président de la transition, promet d’organiser des élections d’ici 2016. Jean-Baptiste Koba, Président du MESAN, Mouvement pour l’Evolution Sociale de l’Afrique Noire, assure à Afrik.com que sa formation participera aux échéances électorales à venir, à savoir : les législatives et la présidentielle. Interview.
 
Centrafrique: Bozizé lâché par Déby, ignoré par Hollande | 26 March 2013 | RFI
Le Tchad n'est pas intervenu pour sauver le soldat Bozizé. Les militaires tchadiens intégrés au sein de la Fomac sont restés l'arme au pied et ont laissé la coalition rebelle Seleka poursuivre sans résistance leur avancée jusqu'à Bangui.
 
Centrafrique : la dernière interview de François Bozizé avant sa chute | 27 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
L'ex-président François Bozizé s'était confié à "Jeune Afrique" le 13 mars, une dizaine de jours avant sa chute. Pour lui, cela ne faisait alors aucun doute : les rebelles de la Séléka étaient financés et activés de l'extérieur. Une interview parue dans J.A. n° 2724.
 
Centrafrique : Nicolas Tiangaye, un Premier ministre depuis longtemps sous les projecteurs | 28 March 2013 | RFI
Déjà Premier ministre de François Bozizé, le président centrafricain renversé il y a trois jours par la rébellion, l’avocat Nicolas Tiangaye a été confirmé à son poste par le nouvel homme fort du pays, Michel Djotodia, ce mercredi 27 mars. Défenseur de Bozizé lors de son procès en 1989, Tiangaye est depuis dix ans un personnage central de la vie politique de Centrafrique.
 

 
Hunt for Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) continues
Uganda Troops to Stay in CAR Hunting for Kony | 26 March 2013 | Reuters | New Vision | allAfrica
Uganda plans to keep its African Union-mandated troops hunting for Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) fighters in Central African Republic, it said on Tuesday, even after rebels seized power and threatened to expel all foreign forces. Uganda has more than 3,000 troops that form the backbone of the AU force hunting Joseph Kony's LRA rebels roaming jungles that straddle the borders of Central African Republic, South Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
 
Kony hunt still on after CAR coup | 26 March 2013 | IRIN
The search for the Ugandan rebel group the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in the rainforests of the Central African Republic (CAR) will continue despite the ouster of President François Bozizé by rebel group Séléka, officials say.
 

 
 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 

RDC/Province du Sud-Kivu : Bulletin humanitaire provincial - janvier-février 2013 | 28 February 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale N° 11/13, 19 mars 2013 | 21 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de Maniema N° 04/13, 20 mars 2013 | 21 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Boosting support for IDPs outside DRC’s formal camps | 21 March 2013 | IRIN
 
Outdated Approach, Misplaced Priorities | 26 March 2013 | Refugees International | Reliefweb
Une approche obsolète, des priorités égarées | 26 March 2013 | Refugees International | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 13/13, 26 mars 2013 | 26 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N° 10/13, 26 mars 2013 | 27 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
DR Congo: situation dire for civilians in Kitchanga and North-Kivu | 26 March 2013 | ICRC | Reliefweb
RD Congo : conditions toujours très difficiles des civils à Kitchanga et dans le Nord-Kivu | 26 March 2013 | ICRC | Reliefweb
 
Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo : Note d’information à la presse, 27 mars 2013 | 27 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Democratic Republic of Congo: Population movement (as of 21 Mar 2013) | 27 March 2013 | IFRC | Reliefweb
 
 
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de l’Equateur N° 08/13, 20 mars 2013 | 21 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Equateur: arrivée de nouveaux réfugiés centrafricains après l’entrée des rebelles à Bangui | 24 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Des milliers des réfugiés centrafricains sont arrivés en RDC, selon Lambert Mende | 25 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de l’Equateur N° 09/13, 27 mars 2013 | 27 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Plus de 35 000 nouveaux réfugiés centrafricains identifiés en RDC | 27 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 

 

Rwanda

Congolese refugee camps in Rwanda “full” | 27 March 2013 | IRIN
 
 
Over 90 Per Cent Refugees Will Beat Cessation Clause Deadline - Mukantabana | 25 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
 

 

Burundi 

In Burundi, refugees and ex-combatants turn to business | 25 March 2013 | UN Development Programme | Reliefweb
 

 
 

Central African Republic

ICRC Appeals for Civilians to Be Spared | 24 March 2013 | ICRC | allAfrica
 
DRC Urges Civilian Protection in Neighboring CAR | 24 March 2013 | Voice of America
 
CAR coup comes amid deepening humanitarian crisis | 25 March 2013 | IRIN
Coup d’État sur fond de crise humanitaire en RCA | 26 March 2013 | IRIN
 
MSF demande un accès immédiat aux soins de santé pour la population | 25 March 2013 | MSF | allAfrica
 
Hundreds of Thousands of Children Affected by CAR Conflict | 26 March 2013 | Voice of America
 
Central African Republic - Interview With Our Head of Delegation in Bangui | 27 March 2013 | ICRC | allAfrica
 
Tchad: le HCR veut dix millions de dollars supplémentaires pour aider les réfugiés | 27 March 2013 | RFI
 
 

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

Bosco Ntaganda at the ICC
Bosco Ntaganda: Kagame promises to help transfer to ICC | 21 March 2013 | BBC Africa
Paul Kagame accepte de faciliter le transfert de Bosco Ntaganda à la CPI | 21 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Rwanda's President Paul Kagame has given his backing for the speedy transfer of Congolese war crimes suspect Bosco Ntaganda to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
 
ICC team in Kigali to transfer DR Congo rebel boss | 21 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Une équipe de la CPI au Rwanda pour le transfert du rebelle Ntaganda (Washington) | 21 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Experts from the International Criminal Court have arrived in Kigali to help transfer Democratic Republic of Congo warlord Bosco Ntaganda to the Netherlands to face trial, a US official said.
 
La RDC et le Rwanda sont liés par des conventions d'extradition « jamais appliquées » | 21 March 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
 
Warlord Bosco Surrenders: Implications for Rwanda and the DRC | 21 March 2013 | Chatham House
Expert Comment.
 
Ntaganda - Causes et conséquences de sa reddition | 21 March 2013 | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
"Bosco Ntaganda a servi le régime de Kinshasa et celui de Kigali. Une fois transféré à la CPI, il peut faire des révélations... (qui) n'auront aucune signification majeure puisque Thomas Lubanga aussi l'avait fait, mais elles n'étaient pas prises en considération."
 
Bosco Ntaganda en route pour La Haye | 22 March 2013 | RFI
Bosco Ntaganda a quitté le Rwanda pour la CPI | 22 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda now in custody of International Criminal Court | 22 March 2013 | UN News Centre
La CPI détient le Congolais Bosco Ntaganda, premier suspect à se rendre volontairement à cette juridiction | 22 March 2013 | UN News Centre
DR Congo's Bosco Ntaganda in ICC custody | 22 March 2013 | BBC Africa
Congolese Warlord in Custody at The Hague | 22 March 2013 | Voice of America
Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda in custody at International Criminal Court | 22 March 2013 | The Guardian
The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has welcomed the news of the transfer of Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda to The Hague, where he faces charges for a range of alleged war crimes, including rape, murder and the recruitment of children.
 
The Bosco surrender: more questions than answers | 22 March 2013 | Congo Siasa
There has been a lot of conjecture and speculation surrounding Bosco's "surrender" to the US embassy on Tuesday morning. In recent weeks, various parties to the conflict have been purposely spreading false information, which has made it difficult to parse the facts. Here are my own thoughts on some of these points.
 
DR Congo: Bosco Ntaganda’s Trail of Atrocities Ends at the ICC | 22 March 2013 | Human Rights Watch
The Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda is on a plane to The Hague, where he will face justice at the International Criminal Court (ICC), almost seven years after the court issued its first arrest warrant against him.
 
La dernière cavale de Terminator | 22 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
Ne pas pavoiser trop vite… | 22 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
La reddition et le transfert de Bosco Ntaganda représentent certainement un succès pour la CPI car le fait que les Etats Unis, qui ne sont pas signataires, pas plus que le Rwanda, aient accepté de coopérer avec la justice internationale, représente un précédent important, un avertissement pour d’autres criminels.
 
Initial appearance of Bosco Ntaganda scheduled for 26 March 2013 | 23 March 2013 | ICC-CPI
The initial appearance of Bosco Ntaganda before Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is scheduled for Tuesday, 26 March 2013 at 11:00 (The Hague local time).
 
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda aux mains de la CPI | 23 March 2013 | RFI
 
Transfert de Bosco Ntaganda à la CPI: majorité et opposition satisfaites | 23 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Congolese warlord to make first appearance before Hague court | 25 March 2013 | Reuters
DR Congo: Bosco Ntaganda to appear before ICC | 26 March 2013 | BBC Africa
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda, écroué à La Haye, comparaît devant la CPI | 26 March 2013 | RFI
Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda makes his first public appearance before the International Criminal Court in the Hague on Tuesday after evading arrest on war crimes charges for seven years - a boost to the court following a string of setbacks.
 
DR Congo: Warlord Ntaganda at ICC a Victory for Justice | 25 March 2013 | Human Rights Watch
The Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda’s first appearance before the International Criminal Court (ICC) on March 26, 2013, will be a major achievement on the path to ending human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Human Rights Watch said today.
 
CPI - Pour que Ntaganda parle, il faut sécuriser sa famille | 25 March 2013 | Le Phare | allAfrica
 
DR Congo: Victims, Activists Respond to Warlord’s Surrender | 26 March 2013 | Human Rights Watch
Congolese human rights activists and victims of abuses allegedly carried out by Bosco Ntaganda’s troops have expressed support and relief at the rebel leader’s transfer to the International Criminal Court in new video clips released by Human Rights Watch today.
 
Ntaganda case: Confirmation of charges hearing to start on 23 September 2013 | 26 March 2013 | ICC-CPI
Affaire Ntaganda : L’audience de confirmation des charges s’ouvrira le 23 septembre 2013 | 26 March 2013 | ICC-CPI
Congolese rebel leader makes initial appearance before International Criminal Court | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Affaire Ntaganda : la CPI annonce que l'audience de confirmation des charges s'ouvrira le 23 septembre | 26 March 2013 | UN News Centre
On 26 March 2013, Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC) set the date of the beginning of the confirmation of charges hearing in the case of The Prosecutor v. Bosco Ntaganda for 23 September 2013. This date was announced at the initial appearance of Bosco Ntaganda before the ICC.
 
Ntaganda Says He Is Innocent, to Apply for Interim Release | 26 March 2013 | Lubanga Trial Website | allAfrica
At large for nearly seven years since the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant against him, Bosco Ntaganda today made his first appearance before the court. The Congolese national, who was indicted together with Thomas Lubanga -whose trial resulted in a conviction one year ago - pleaded not guilty to charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. His lawyer said Mr. Ntaganda planned to apply for interim release.
 
Congolese Rebel Leader Ntaganda Faces ICC | 26 March 2013 | Voice of America
Bosco Ntaganda a comparu pour la première fois devant la CPI | 26 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Congolese Rebel Commander Tells War Crimes Court He Was Just ‘a Soldier’ | 26 March 2013 | The New York Times
 
M23 Rebel Leader Bosco Ntaganda Pleads 'Not Guilty' at the International Criminal Court | 26 March 2013 | The Enough Project
Bosco Ntaganda denies Congo atrocities at international criminal court | 26 March 2013 | The Guardian
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda nie les accusations de la CPI | 26 March 2013 | Afrik.com
RDC - CPI : Bosco Ntaganda veut plaider "non coupable" | 26 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
 
Big step for justice, small step for peace in DRC | 26 March 2013 | OSISA
 
A warlord faces justice at the ICC after six years on the run | 27 March 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
 
A Goma, "l'absence de Ntaganda ne va rien changer" | 27 March 2013 | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
La reddition de Bosco Ntaganda et son transfer au siège de la Cour pénale internationale alimentent encore les discussions les rues de Goma au Nord-Kivu.
 
Congo. A hint of peace | 30 March 2013 | The Economist
The arrest of a warlord may help a bit to calm down a turbulent region.
 
 
ICC trial against Bemba
Prosecutors Challenge Witness On Date Bemba Troops Joined Conflict | 21 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Prosecution Contests 'Script' Used by Bemba's Witness | 21 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Former MLC Insider Concludes Testimony | 22 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Soldier Defends Conduct of Bemba's Troops but Prosecutors Reject His Account | 22 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
 

 

Rwanda 

Ingabire appeal case
Opposition Leader's Right to a Fair Trial in Jeopardy | 25 March 2013 | Amnesty International | allAfrica
Rwandan opposition leader Victoire Ingabire must be allowed an appeal that meets international fair trial standards after being convicted and sentenced to eight years' imprisonment in October 2012, said Amnesty International in a new report released today.
 
Judiciary Accuses Amnesty International of Prejudice | 26 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The Supreme Court has termed the comments by Amnesty International on the ongoing trial of Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza as "tendentious and prejudicial" to the independent judge adjudicating the appeal case.
 
Ingabire Appeal Case Opens in Supreme Court | 26 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The Supreme Court yesterday began to hear the appeal case of Victoire Ingabire who was last year convicted of terrorism, endangering state security and denying the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. Ingabire's lawyers and prosecution lodged appeals against the October 2012 High Court decision to hand Ingabire an eight-year jail term. She was, however, cleared of promoting genocide ideology.
 
Two Arrested Over Inciting Violence At Court Premises | 26 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Two men were yesterday arrested in Kigali for allegedly inciting illegal demonstration and disrupting public order, the Rwanda National Police (RNP) has said.
 
Rwanda : des proches de Victoire Ingabire arrêtés à l'ouverture du procès en appel de l’opposante | 26 March 2013 | RFI
Au Rwanda, on a appris ce mardi 26 mars que des proches de l'opposante Victoire Ingabire ont été arrêtés alors que s'ouvrait hier, lundi, son procès en appel à Kigali.
 

 
 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region


1000 soldiers to fight elephant poaching in Central Africa
L'Afrique centrale prépare son plan d'urgence anti-braconnage | 21 March 2013 | Cameroon Tribune | allAfrica
Avant la réunion des ministres, les experts de la sous région ont entamé les réflexions hier à Yaoundé.
 
Afrique Centrale: 1000 soldats pour sauver ses éléphants | 26 March 2013 | Africa Info (Douala) | allAfrica
Les Etats d'Afrique centrale ont annoncé qu'ils vont mobiliser 1000 soldats responsables des forces de l'ordre pour initier des opérations militaires conjointes pour sauver ses derniers éléphants de savane, menacés par des braconniers soudanais opérants dans la région, a rapporté un communiqué de WWF Central Africa Program Office dont une copie est apparue à l'agence Africa info.
 



DRC 

Artisanal mining
RDC: vers une relance officielle des activités minières au Nord-Kivu | 22 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La coordination nationale de la Conférence internationale de la région des Grands lacs (CIRGL) et le ministère provincial des Mines du Nord-Kivu veulent relancer les activités minières dans cette province. Dans un atelier organisé 19 au 20 mars, ils ont appelé au renforcement de sécurité dans les carrés miniers.
 
Small Miners – from Digging in Danger to Becoming Legal | 27 March 2013 | Inter Press Service
Congolese small-scale miner Elizabeth Tshimanga has made a successful living from prospecting. But like many artisanal miners in Africa, hers has been a long and tough journey marred by harassment and disputes over her legal status as a miner.
 

 
 

Uganda

Artisanal gold mining by children
Uganda's Child Gold-Seekers | 23 March 2013 | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
Busia — When it comes to gold deposits, eastern Uganda's Busia district may be rich, but the precious metal is being mined by those who are anything but. In fact, the majority of today's miners are underage - some are children as young as six years old.
 
 
 
 
 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

DRC

Alluvial gold mining by Chinese Fametal in Province Orientale
Fametal is SOKIMO’s partner | 26 March 2013 | Africa Mining Intelligence
In difficulty with the authorities in Oriental province and with Congo-K’s tax collector, the Chinese firm Fametal Mining Congo, an offshoot of CRAA International Trade, has turned the situation around in spectacular fashion.
 

 
 

Uganda

Oil
Tullow Must Explain Bribery Claim - Museveni | 21 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
President Yoweri Museveni has given the oil company, Tullow Uganda Limited, three days to explain reports that it considered paying him $50m (about sh130b) to meet his "short term needs and demands."
 
Tullow Uganda Refutes Bribery Allegations | 22 March 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Tullow Oil Writes Apology to Museveni | 22 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Tullow Oil has refuted claims its officials contemplated bribing President Yoweri Museveni with $ 50 million to meet "M7′s short-term needs and demands". The claims emerged at a tax dispute in a London court where Tullow is suing Heritage oil for the taxes it paid in Uganda on the latter's behalf.
 
Did Tullow Oil Bribe Museveni? | 22 March 2013 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Allegations expose Tullow and British Foreign Office Reveal danger of Museveni directly managing the sector Reinforce need for transparency Re-awaken debate about Shs 2 trillion oil earnings.
The on-going tax dispute in London between Tullow Oil and Heritage has lifted a lid off the dark side of oil companies, how their governments back them and why governments like Uganda need to make their oil industries as transparent as can be to avoid the oil curse.
 
 
Uganda contracts with US firm to advise on oil refinery plan | 22 March 2013 | Engineering News
The Ugandan government has demonstrated its resolve to invest in an oil refinery by contracting an American firm to advise on the implementation of the project.
 
Sh70 Billion Set for Oil Refinery Compensation Exercise | 23 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The Government has earmarked sh70b for the compensation of people who will be displaced to pave way for the construction of an oil refinery in Kabaale parish, Buseruka sub-county in Hoima district.
 
Hoima Town, Heart of the Oil Kingdom | 25 March 2013 | East African Business Week | allAfrica
Hoima — It is one of the historical towns in Uganda, being at the heart of another historical establishment in the country, Bunyoro Kingdom.
 
Tullow Oil Wins NSSF Best Employer | 25 March 2013 | East African Business Week | allAfrica
Tullow Oil has emerged the Best Overall Employer in the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) Best Employers' Awards, beating 10,182 other employers to the inaugural award. The award recognizes employers who fulfil their social security obligations by timely payment of all their employees' contributions.
 
No Clear Date for Oil Production | 26 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
There is uncertainty regarding the time frame for reaching peak oil production, revenue generation and even when oil production will begin. Since commercial reserves were confirmed five years ago in 2008, oil companies and government officials have come up with many production time frames, some of which have passed.
 
Total Moves to Clear Oil Waste in Nwoya | 26 March 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
The location of some oil wells at the banks of Lake Albert and right inside Murchison Falls national park justifies the debate as to why Uganda needs to balance oil exploitation and environmental protection and conservation.
 
 
Mining
Amuria District Residents Face Eviction Over Minerals Exploration | 23 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Seated on a mat under a tree near her grass thatched house, Mzee Grace Aryokot looks distraught. The 82-year-old from Aleceu village in Orungo sub-county, Amuria district has lived in this area all her life. But the news of the planned mineral prospecting in her village haunts her as she fears that she will be evicted from her ancestral village.
 
Massive Effort Needed to Revive Mining Sector | 24 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Poor financial support to monitor and supervise the mining industry is costing the country billions in under-declared royalties and taxes, a senior mines inspector has said.
 

 
 

Central African Republic 

AXMIN - industrial gold mining project
AXMIN Enters Into Subscription Agreement With Dickson Resources Limited | 25 March 2013 | AXMIN Inc. | Marketwire
(...)
"As much as I look forward to working with the Dickson team and the new combined board of directors, I further welcome the reassurance from a CAR Government Spokesperson that the Company's tenements, licenses and agreements are valid and will be respected by the new Government, and that the Government remains committed to facilitating a stable environment as quickly as possible to allow AXMIN to proceed to completion of the debt finance arrangements that are on hold during the current Force Majeure. I feel it opportune to remind our Shareholders that in our opinion, Passendro Project in the Central African Republic remains one of the most financially robust "ready to build" projects available in Africa today."
 
AXMIN Monitors Events in the Central African Republic | 26 March 2013 | AXMIN Inc. | Marketwire
Toronto, Ontario - AXMIN Inc. announced today that it is closely monitoring developments and news reports in the Central African Republic. President and CEO of AXMIN, Mr. George Roach, comments, "We note the undertaking to respect the terms of the Libreville peace accord signed in January that led to the appointment of a new Government in CAR and we remain confident that the Government will prioritise a stable environment in which we will be able to develop the Passendro Mine."
 
 
IPIS study on gold and diamond mining
Gold and diamonds in the Central African Republic. The country's mining sector, and related social, economic and environmental issues | 26 March 2013 | IPIS
This report aims to analyse both the Central African Republic’s gold and diamond mining sector and related environmental and socio-economic issues.
 
 

 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 


UK opposes exemptions in EU extractive industry transparency law
UK Government Minister opposes exemptions in European Union extractive industry disclosure law | 21 March 2013 | Publish What You Pay UK
The UK government has gone on record as opposing exemptions in the country- and project-level disclosure requirements for oil, gas, mining and forestry companies currently under discussion between EU Member States, the Commission and the European Parliament.
 



DRC

Conflict minerals bill in Canada
NDP to introduce federal bill on conflict minerals | 25 March 2013 | The Globe and Mail
Canada's New Democrats propose law on conflict minerals | 26 March 2013 | Mining.com
Conflict Minerals bill expected to be tabled in Canadian Parliament | 26 March 2013 | Mineweb
Ottawa MP launches new Conflict Minerals Bill | 27 March 2013 | Mineweb
Canada's national New Democratic Party re-introduces Tuesday legislation designed to ensure Canadian companies are not using conflict minerals in their supply chain – and that consumers can be certain their smartphones and other electronics are free of minerals fuelling violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
 
 
EITI
KCC et Ruashi mining accusées d'empêcher la RDC de devenir pays conforme à l'ITIE | 25 March 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Le comité exécutif de l'Initiative pour la transparence des industries extractives accuse, dans l'« Annexe IV à compléter du Certificat de paiement » de son rapport de validation de février 2013, les entreprises minières KCC et Ruashi Mining d'empêcher la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) de devenir pays conforme à l'ITIE.
 
 
EU consultation on conflict minerals
Public consultation on a possible EU initiative on responsible sourcing of minerals originating from conflict-affected and high-risk areas | 27 March 2013 | European Commission
The European Commission has launched a public consultation on so-called "conflict minerals". The aim of the consultation is to get interested parties' views on a potential EU initiative for responsible sourcing of minerals coming from conflict-affected and high-risk areas – for example, war zones, post-war zones, and areas vulnerable to political instability or civil unrest. The Commission wants to deepen its understanding of issues such as the sourcing and security of supply of minerals, supply chain transparency and good governance.
 
 
ICC on corporate liability in conflict zones
ICC Prosecutor Reaffirms Commitment to Investigating the Link Between Business and International Crimes at the Paris Conference on International Corporate Liability in Conflict Zones, 21 March 2013 | 27 March 2013 | Global Diligence
A high-level conference held at the French Foreign Ministry last week saw the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, ambassadors, senior executives, corporate lawyers and NGO representatives discuss issues of international corporate liability in conflict zones such as the Democratic Republic of Congo.
 

 
 
 
 

IPIS' Recent Publications


 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix
On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
 
The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R
In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.
 
From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS
The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up.

 
 
 
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