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WEEKLY BRIEFING 14TH - 20TH MARCH 2013

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EDITORIAL


In a surprising development, ICC-indicted Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda showed up in the US Embassy in Kigali, Rwanda, on Monday, asking to be transferred to the International Criminal Court. Two days earlier, the faction of the M23 rebel movement loyal to him had been chased from its stronghold in North Kivu by the rival pro-Makenga faction, and had fled into neighbouring Rwanda. Ntaganda is to be transferred to The Hague within the next days. He will stand trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed between 2002 and 2003 in Ituri. The charges include recruiting and deploying child soldiers, murder, rape and sexual slavery.
Also on Monday, former President of Ireland Mary Robinson was appointed UN Envoy for the Great Lakes Region. Her role will be to support the Framework agreement for the DRC and the Great Lakes Region that was signed in Addis Ababa in February.
 
Heavy fighting took place in Walikale territory, North Kivu, between the Raia Mutomboki militia and the Congolese army (FARDC).
 
In the Central African Republic (CAR) the situation is deteriorating again. While last week the UN envoy to CAR had cited reports of widespread rape, looting, recruitment of children and risk of starvation, on Sunday the Seleka rebel coalition gave the Government a 72-hour ultimatum to meet a series of demands, including the liberation of political prisoners and the departure of the South African troops in the capital Bangui. On Wednesday the rebels said they were ending the ceasefire that was agreed on in the January Libreville peace deal.

The EU failed to agree on a planned transparency law requiring oil, gas and mining companies to declare their payments to governments.
 

The DR Congo was ranked last, together with Niger, on the UNDP’s Human Development Index for 2012.
 

 

IPIS’ Latest Publications



Major Powers Fuelling Atrocities. Why the world needs a robust Arms Trade Treaty | March 2013 | Amnesty International
IPIS contributed to the research for this AI report.
Every year, thousands of people are killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes as a result of abuses and atrocities committed with conventional arms and ammunition. Harrowing testimonies and images from conflict zones and human rights crises around the world underline the urgent need to end irresponsible arms transfers and illicit trafficking.

The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | 19 March 2013 | Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.

Exploitation minière industrielle et artisanale au Sud-Kivu. Possibilités d'une cohabitation pacifique ? | December 2012 | Gabriel Kamundala Byemba
Le secteur minier en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) en général et au Sud-Kivu en particulier alimente toujours les débats tant au niveau international qu’au niveau national. Présenté sous plusieurs facettes, ce secteur au Sud-Kivu a été dans le temps industriel, puis artisanal et aujourd’hui il est en même temps artisanal et industriel. Le retour en force, ces dernières années, des sociétés industrielles dans le paysage minier du Sud-Kivu coïncide avec l’accélération des dynamiques minières, grâce aux opportunités qu’offre la RDC en matière d’investissements privés et aux réformes amorcées du cadre législatif et réglementaire du secteur minier congolais. Ces réformes ont abouti à la mise en place du nouveau Code minier en 2002 et du Règlement minier en 2003.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Final Report on one-year pilot implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | January 2013 | IPIS
This report is the final in a cycle of three reports on the pilot implementation by upstream companies of the "Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas". The goal of the report is to provide an overall assessment of the progress and impact of the one-year pilot implementation phase of the OECD Guidance and its Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The pilot implementation phase of the Guidance focused on Africa’s Great Lakes region and was carried out during the period August 2011 – October 2012. Drawing on lessons from the ground, this final report identifies key trends and common approaches to overcome challenges as well as tools used by companies to implement the OECD Guidance.

Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits : le M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
À la lumière de la récente occupation de Goma par le M23 et eu égard à la recrudescence du risque de conflit armé à grande échelle en RDC, IPIS publie une brève mise à jour de sa série de rapports « Cartographie des motivations derrière les conflits » (2007-2010), en se focalisant spécifiquement sur les intentions du M23.
Ces rebelles affichent clairement une ambition politique et s’orientent vers l’instauration d’un contrôle politique sur le territoire, en contestant l’autorité de Kinshasa – intérêts stratégiques qu’ils pourraient partager avec le Rwanda.

Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.
The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment.

 

 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region 


UN Final Conference on Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament | March 2013 | The Solutions Journal
By S. Finardi, B. Wood, P. Danssaert, K. Matthysen.
The goal of this article is to examine and suggest proposals that could enhance the role of the international Arms Trade Treaty—presently in discussion at the United Nations—in the regulation of the international arms trade and in addressing the role of the legal trade in: a) providing the bulk of the arms used in armed conflicts, armed violence and human rights abuses; b) the excessive arming of developing countries; and c) the continuous unsettling of power balances in sensitive world regions, not least because of competition amongst arms-exporting countries.
 
The United States Supports the Arms Trade Treaty | 15 March 2013 | U.S. Department of State
Press Statement by John Kerry, Secretary of State
The United States looks forward to working with our international partners at the upcoming conference from March 18-28 to reach consensus on an Arms Trade Treaty that advances global security and respects national sovereignty and the legitimate arms trade. We supported and actively participated in negotiations on an Arms Trade Treaty held at the United Nations in July 2012. Those negotiations made considerable progress, but ended before a treaty could be concluded. Accordingly, the United States supported a UN General Assembly resolution December 24, 2012 to convene the conference this month to build on those efforts.
 
Time for Govts to Make History and Agree to an Arms Trade Treaty | 18 March 2013 | Oxfam International | allAfrica
Governments from over 190 member states have a second chance to make history this month by agreeing the first ever Arms Trade Treaty, the Control Arms coalition, a coalition of NGOs and human rights groups, said today.
 
Don't Waste Historic Chance for a Lifesaving Arms Trade Treaty | 18 March 2013 | Amnesty International | allAfrica
The time has come for world leaders to address the poorly regulated global arms trade that fuels grave human rights abuses of tens of millions of people and claims countless lives each year, Amnesty International said today as the Final UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) opened in New York.
 
UN chief urges consensus on robust arms trade treaty as conference begins | 18 March 2013 | The Enough Project
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today urged participants of the United Nations Final Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) to conclude work by 28 March on a comprehensive instrument that would establish standards for international trade in conventional weapons.
 
'Bullet-Proof' Arms Trade Treaty to Regulate Arms Flow | 18 March 2013 | Times of Zambia | allAfrica
Today (March 18, 2013) will be a crunch day of epic proportions when the United Nations Organisation (UN) convenes at its New York Headquarters to start negotiations to conclude an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) that has the potential to forever regulate the hitherto unregulated trade in conventional weapons.
 
The Arms Trade Treaty: In Search of a Silver Bullet | 18 March 2013 | ThinkAfricaPress
Delegates are at the UN negotiating a treaty regarding the world's most corrupt and corrosive trade. What could a global arms treaty mean for Africa?
 
UN chief urges approval of arms trade treaty | 19 March 2013 | Al Jazeera
Diplomats from over 150 countries gather to discuss treaty aimed at limiting trade of illegal conventional weapons.
 
Will states agree on how to regulate the international weapons trade? | 19 March 2013 | Institute for Security Studies
The United Nations (UN) Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is underway at the UN Headquarters in New York from 18–28 March 2013. These negotiations are seen as the most important initiative yet regarding conventional arms regulation within the UN.
 
Africa: Curbing the Arms Trade? | 19 March 2013 | AfricaFocus Bulletin
Editor's Note
The United Nations began new meetings this week to finalize negotiations on an international treaty governing trade in conventional arms. But enacting a strong treaty without major loopholes faces many obstacles, not least the fact that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council are among the largest exporters of conventional arms. And, in the United States, the powerful National Rifle Association is campaigning against the treaty.

 
 
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)
African Commission Silent On Detention of Lord's Resistance Army Commander Thomas Kwoyelo | 14 March 2013 | African Arguments
ANALYSIS
A decision by the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (ACHPR) on whether it would hear a petition to have Lord's Resistance Army Commander Thomas Kwoyelo released from detention in Uganda was not delivered at its meeting in the Gambia last month as expected.
 
ICC Assures Kony Group of Safety | 20 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has assured the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) top commanders that they will get a fair trial and will not be executed. The ICC said that information reaching its Office of the Prosecutor indicates that members of the LRA are being misled that they will be killed or tortured by the ICC if they try to escape. The Court did not say who was misleading the LRA thus.

 


DRC 

MONUSCO weekly press conference
Conférence de presse des Nations Unies du mercredi 20 mars 2013 | 20 March 2013 | MONUSCO
 
 
M23 – pro-Bosco faction defeated
Nord-Kivu: les deux factions rivales du M23 observent une accalmie à Rugari | 15 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La situation est redevenue calme, ce vendredi 15 mars, à Rugari à 40 km de Goma (Nord-Kivu), après d’intenses combats entre le deux factions rivales du M23. Des sources locales affirment que la contrée est sous l’occupation des hommes fidèles à Sultani Makenga, chef militaire de la rébellion du M23. Ce que rejette la faction pro Ntaganda qui affirme conserver une partie de Rugari.
 
Nord-Kivu: les hommes de Makenga délogent Bosco Ntaganda et ses combattants de Kibumba | 16 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les hommes fidèles au chef militaire du M23, Sultani Makenga, ont délogé, ce samedi 16 mars, Bosco Ntaganda et sa troupe de la localité de Kibumba, à 30 km au Nord de Goma (Nord-Kivu) après d’intenses combats. 
 
Hundreds of DR Congo rebels flee to Rwanda | 16 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC: débâcle d'une faction des rebelles du M23, en fuite au Rwanda | 16 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Rebels in Congo Loyal to Warlord Flee or Give Up | 16 March 2013 | Reuters | The New York Times
RDC : les membres du M23 fidèles à Runiga se réfugient au Rwanda | 16 March 2013 | RFI
En débandade, une faction du M23 se réfugie au Rwanda | 16 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Several hundred fighters from the Democratic Republic of Congo's M23 rebel group fled to neighbouring Rwanda Friday and Saturday after heavy fighting with a rival faction, Rwandan officials said. Rwandan Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo confirmed that 600 fighters were among an influx of people that crossed into her country late Friday and early Saturday from DR Congo's chronically restive east.
"The soldiers and officers from DR Congo that have entered Rwanda have been disarmed and detained. Several wounded among them are receiving treatment with assistance from the Red Cross," she said in a statement.
Among the fighters was M23's ex-political leader Jean-Marie Runiga, whose faction has been fighting rivals loyal to the group's military chief, Sultani Makenga, since March 9.
700 M23 Rebels Flee to Rwanda | 16 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Fierce fighting between two DR Congo rebel factions of M23 broke out on Friday with one group led by Gen. Sultani Makenga causing 718 rebel fighters led by ex-political leader Jean-Marie Runiga to flee to Rwanda.
Among those who fled to Rwanda include close to 50 politicians in Runiga's faction as well as Col. Baudoin Ngaruye, who a few weeks defected to Runiga's camp.
Upon arrival in Rwanda, the rebels were disarmed and secured at Gasizi and Kabuhanga hills in Rubavu District along the Rwanda-DR Congo border, Army spokesman Brig. Joseph Nzabamwita said.
At Gasizi, the rebels looked worn out, dressed in civilian and military attires. Among them were 159 casualties.
The rebels crossed over with weapons that included submachine guns, machine guns, 12.5mm, Rocket Propelled Grenade Launchers (RPGs) pistols and ammunition.
 
M23 : "Une guerre par procuration" | 16 March 2013 | La Libre.be
Le chef d’une des factions voit la main de Kinshasa dans la scission de la rébellion du Nord-Kivu.
 
One-On-One With M23 Rebel Leader | 17 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Goodluck Musinguzi had a chat with M23 rebel leader Bertrand Bisiimwa about his vision for the Democratic Republic of Congo.
 
M23 appeals to France to help restore peace in the DRC | 17 March 2013 | The London Evening Post
In an exclusive telephone interview with The London Evening Post on Saturday from the M23 headquarters in Bunagana, M Bisiimwa said the majority of his countrymen and women are fed up with the current fighting and would like to taste peace and rebuild their country as well as their often disrupted lives.
 
Nord-Kivu: le calme revient à Kibumba après les combats entre les deux factions du M23 | 18 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le calme est revenu à Kibumba dimanche 17 mars au lendemain de sa prise par la faction du M23 conduite par Sultani Makenga qui a délogé les hommes fidèles à Bosco Ntangada. Certains habitants qui avaient fui  les affrontements ont commencé à rentrer. Des sources sur place assurent même que certaines activités comme le commerce ont repris dans la cité.
 
Les rebelles du M23 réfugiés au Rwanda doivent être traduits en justice, estime Aubin Minaku | 18 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le président de l’Assemblée nationale de la RDC, Aubin Minaku Ndjalandjoko, a indiqué, dimanche 17 mars à Kinshasa, que la RDC doit s’impliquer pour que les rebelles du M23, arrêtés au Rwanda, soient traduits en justice. La veille, Jean-Marie Runiga qui dirigeait jusque là l’une des factions rebelles du M23 avait traversé la frontière rwandaise avec son cabinet politique après avoir été délogés de la localité de Kibumba (30 km de Goma) par la faction du M23 dirigée par Sultani Makenga.
 
RDC : selon la Monusco, les hommes fidèles à Bosco Ntaganda sont «en débandade» | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
S’exprimant lors de la conférence de presse des Nations unies mercredi 20 mars à Kinshasa, le porte-parole militaire de la Monusco, le lieutenant colonel Félix prospère Basse a affirmé que les hommes fidèles à Bosco Ntaganda sont «en débandade», après avoir traversé la frontière rwandaise au niveau de Gasizi.
 
 
Bosco Ntaganda
RDCongo : Bosco Ntaganda, recherché par la CPI, en fuite au Rwanda, selon Kinshasa | 17 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Le général rebelle Bosco Ntaganda, recherché par la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) pour crimes contre l'humanité et qui se cachait dans l'est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), est passé au Rwanda, selon le gouvernement congolais qui a demandé à Kigali de ne pas le protéger.
 
Kigali dément la présence de Bosco Ntaganda sur son territoire | 17 March 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
RDC : la localisation du général Ntaganda toujours incertaine | 18 March 2013 | RFI
La RDC a accusé, dimanche 17 mars, le Rwanda d'avoir accueilli sur son sol le général Bosco Ntaganda, toujours recherché pour crimes de guerre par la Cour pénale internationale. Kigali s’est contenté de qualifier de balivernes les propos du porte-parole du gouvernement congolais malgré l’arrivée samedi au Rwanda de quelque 700 combattants du M23 tendance Runiga, une faction réputée proche de Bosco Ntaganda. Ce dernier avait disparu depuis plus d’un an, et n’est pas encore vraiment réapparu.
 
Bosco Ntaganda in U.S. Embassy in Kigali | 18 March 2013 | Government of Rwanda | allAfrica
Bosco Ntaganda Entered Rwanda, Now in U.S. Embassy | 18 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Bosco Ntaganda Surrender | 18 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Foreign Minister and Government Spokesperson Louise Mushikiwabo said today that new information indicates that Gen Bosco Ntaganda has reported to the US Embassy in Kigali this morning.
Breaking the news on Twitter, she wrote: "We have just learned that Gen Ntaganda presented himself at the US Embassy early this morning."
 
U.S. State Department Daily Press Briefing: General Bosco Ntaganda | 18 March 2013 | U.S. Department of State | allAfrica
US Says Wanted Congo General At Embassy in Rwanda | 18 March 2013 | Voice of America
Bosco Ntaganda: Wanted Congolese in US mission in Rwanda | 18 March 2013 | BBC Africa
Wanted Congolese Rebel Leader Turns Himself In to U.S. Embassy | 18 March 2013 | The New York Times
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda s’est rendu à l’ambassade des Etats-Unis à Kigali | 18 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC : depuis l’ambassade des Etats-Unis à Kigali, Bosco Ntaganda demande son transfert à la CPI | 18 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La cavale de Bosco Ntaganda prend fin à Kigali | 18 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
RDC : recherché par la CPI, Bosco Ntaganda "s'est rendu à l'ambassade des États-Unis" à Kigali | 18 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Excerpt from the United States Department of State daily press briefing:
QUESTION: Okay. More importantly, there are reports that a Rwandan-born, former Congolese general, Bosco Ntaganda, has turned himself in to the U.S. Embassy in Kigali. Is there any truth to that?
MS. NULAND: I can confirm that this morning Bosco Ntaganda, an ICC indictee and leader of one of the M23 factions walked into U.S. Embassy Kigali. He specifically asked to be transferred to the ICC in The Hague. We're currently consulting with a number of governments, including the Rwandan government, in order to facilitate his request.
 
Rebel Surrender, a Boost to DRC Peace Process, Says Official | 18 March 2013 | Voice of America
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has expressed confidence the U.S embassy in neighboring Rwanda will ensure Bosco Ntaganda is prosecuted on war crimes charges.
 
Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda hands himself in in Rwanda | 19 March 2013 | Reuters | The Guardian
US embassy official says staff 'shocked' as fugitive surrenders and asks to be transferred to ICC to face war crimes charges.
Notorious warlord gives himself up to international criminal court | 19 March 2013 | The Guardian
Bosco Ntaganda flees Congolese jungle for Rwanda after his forces are scattered by rivals.
 
RDC: la Monusco espère un transfert de Bosco Ntaganda à la CPI « dans les plus brefs délais » | 19 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Au lendemain de la reddition de Bosco Ntaganda à l’ambassade des Etats-Unis au Rwanda, la Monusco espère que le chef rebelle sera transféré à la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) « dans les plus brefs délais ».
 
ICC welcomes Bosco 'Terminator' Ntaganda's surrender | 19 March 2013 | BBC Africa
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has welcomed Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda's surrender to stand trial on war crimes charges.
 
La CPI réclame le transfert « immédiat » de Bosco Ntaganda à la Haye | 19 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
RDC : la CPI réclame le transfert "immédiat" de Bosco Ntaganda | 19 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
La Cour pénale internationale (CPI) salue la reddition du chef rebelle congolais Bosco Ntaganda à l’ambassade des Etats-Unis au Rwanda et réclame son transfert « immédiat » à La Haye pour qu’il soit jugé. Bosco Ntaganda est poursuivi pour des crimes contre l’humanité et crimes de guerre qu’il aurait commis en Ituri entre 2002 et 2003.
 
UN officials welcome surrender of wanted Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda | 19 March 2013 | UN News Centre
RDC : l'ONU se félicite de la reddition de l'ancien chef du groupe rebelle M23, Bosco Ntaganda | 19 March 2013 | UN News Centre
United Nations officials today welcomed the surrender of rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda, who is wanted by an international court for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including recruiting children, murder and rape.
 
SRSG Zerrougui calls for immediate transfer of Congolese warlord Ntaganda to the International Criminal Court | 19 March 2013 | UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict
“For years, Ntaganda and armed elements under his command have ravaged eastern Congo, killing, raping and recruiting children on a large scale,” said the Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Ms. Leila Zerrougui. “I call on all parties involved for a swift transfer of Ntaganda to the International Criminal Court to ensure that justice is done for these children.”
 
Bosco Ntaganda: US wants swift ICC transfer from Rwanda | 20 March 2013 | BBC Africa
Les Etats-Unis souhaitent transférer Bosco Ntaganda à la CPI « dès que possible » | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
US Diplomat Urges Rwanda to Transfer Ntaganda to ICC | 20 March 2013 | Voice of America
The US is working for a swift transfer of a Congolese war crimes suspect from its embassy in Rwanda to the International Criminal Court (ICC), a senior US official for Africa has said.
 
ICC officials en route to collect DR Congo warlord: US | 20 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Team on the Way to Collect Congo War Crimes Suspect | 20 March 2013 | The New York Times
Officials From the ICC coming for Ntaganda | 20 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
ICC Officials 'en Route to Rwanda for Ntaganda' | 20 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
International Criminal Court officials are travelling to Rwanda to collect Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda, who is holed up in the US embassy there, a top American diplomat said Wednesday.
 
Le chef rebelle de la RDC Bosco Ntaganda à La Haye "dans les deux jours" (procureur CPI) | 20 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda sera transféré à la CPI « dans les deux jours », affirme Fatou Bensouda | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le général congolais rebelle Bosco Ntaganda, qui s'est livré lundi à l'ambassade des Etats-Unis au Rwanda, sera transféré à la Haye "dans les deux jours", a déclaré mercredi à Paris la procureur de la Cour pénale internationale, Fatou Bensouda.
 
 
Background & comments
Amid good news, doubts | 18 March 2013 | Congo Siasa
Two bits of good news broke today––first, Bosco Ntaganda turned himself in at the US embassy in Kigali. Apparently, he thought an almost sure prison sentence was better than his other options––the Rwandan government probably either forced him to hand himself over or he was so afraid of what would happen if they arrested him (or Makenga got a hold of him) that he made a run for the embassy.
 
Wanted Congolese Rebel Leader Turns Himself In to U.S. Embassy | 18 March 2013 | The New York Times
Bosco Ntaganda, a Congolese rebel general accused of massacring civilians and building an army of child soldiers — considered one of Africa’s most wanted men — surprisingly turned himself in to the American Embassy in Rwanda on Monday, saying he wanted to be sent to the International Criminal Court.
 
The Enough Project on the Surrender of Congolese Warlord Bosco 'The Terminator' Ntaganda | 18 March 2013 | The Enough Project
Enough Project Field Researcher Fidel Bafilemba, based in Goma, DR Congo, said: 
"Bosco Ntaganda would have considered all his options before deciding to surrender to the US embassy. He may have felt that his best chance for survival was to surrender to people he believes can ensure his safety. Now that Bosco is in custody, justice can be done for the Congolese people."
 
DR Congo: Congolese Warlord Should Face Justice | 18 March 2013 | Human Rights Watch
 
Ntaganda's Surrender Vindicates Rwanda | 18 March 2013 | The New Times (Kigali) | allAfrica
Editorial. “The surrender of General Bosco Ntaganda to the US embassy in Kigali might have caught many by surprise, but at least it further exposes the unfounded allegations that Rwanda has a hand in DRC's recurrent woes.”
 
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda, l’itinéraire d’un chef de guerre surnommé « Terminator » | 19 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Qui est donc Bosco Ntaganda, cet homme dont le nom a été associé aux crises sécuritaires récurrentes de ces dernières années dans l’Est de la RDC ?
 
RDC: les raisons de la reddition surprise de Bosco Ntaganda | 19 March 2013 | RFI
 
Will Bosco Ntaganda's surrender bring peace to DR Congo? | 19 March 2013 | BBC Africa
On the retreat in the battlefield, wanted war crimes suspect and Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda has raised the white flag, fleeing to Rwanda and handing himself into the US embassy in Kigali.
 
Most-Wanted Warlord Ntaganda in U.S. Custody While Rwandan Authorities Detain Other Key M23 Officials | 19 March 2013 | Voice of America
Wanted by the ICC since 2006, Ntaganda, who is known as “The Terminator” for his ruthless tactics, including recruitment of child soldiers, murder, and sexual slavery, has been elusive ever since international pressure mounted for his arrest in early 2012. Protecting Ntaganda and his lucrative links to eastern Congo’s illicit minerals trade is seen as a key rationale behind the M23 mutiny in April 2012.
 
Bosco Ntaganda, Congolese General - The Terminator | 19 March 2013 | Voice of America
 
Cautious Optimism Over Congolese Warlord’s Surrender | 19 March 2013 | Voice of America
People in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo say they are glad former warlord Bosco Ntaganda has turned himself in at the U.S. embassy in Rwanda, and say they want him tried by the International Criminal Court. They also say, though, that he is not the only war criminal in Congo who should face justice.
 
Warlord's Surrender Could Herald New Chapter For Congo | 19 March 2013 | Voice of America
Despite facing charges of crimes against humanity, Ntaganda apparently assumed he would be safer in The Hague than on the battlefield of eastern Congo.
 
Congo warlord surrender offers opportunity for justice | 19 March 2013 | Global Witness
Global Witness welcomes the move by Rwandan-born warlord Bosco Ntaganda to turn himself in at the U.S. Embassy in Kigali yesterday. The group warns, however, that lasting peace in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) will only be possible once the M23 rebels, previously led by Ntaganda and still active in the Kivu provinces, are dismantled and their remaining leaders held to account.
 
Bosco Ntaganda must be surrendered to the ICC | 19 March 2013 | Amnesty International | Reliefweb
The United States and Rwandan governments must move quickly to ensure the safe surrender of Bosco Ntaganda, to the International Criminal Court (ICC), Amnesty International said today.
 
Bosco Ntaganda should finally face justice in The Hague | 19 March 2013 | FIDH
 
UN chief meets with Rwanda’s President Kagame to discuss security in the Great Lakes region | 20 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Rwandan President Paul Kagame met today to discuss the newly signed United Nations-backed accord aimed at stabilizing the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the context of bringing peace to the Great Lakes region. (...) Today’s meeting also touched on matters concerning the International Criminal Court (ICC). Mr. Ban underlined the need for all States of the region to cooperate with the ICC, and welcomed the surrender of Bosco Ntaganda to the US Embassy in Kigali. The Congolese rebel leader is accused of being responsible for the use of children in armed conflict and acts of murder, rape and sexual slavery.
 
Bosco Ntaganda: Next Stop The Hague For The Terminator? | 20 March 2013 | African Arguments
 
Reddition de Bosco Ntaganda: les chefs de guerre sont un «épiphénomène» en RDC | 20 March 2013 | RFI
Le chef rebelle congolais Bosco Ntaganda est depuis lundi 18 mars réfugié à l'ambassade américaine à Kigali au Rwanda. Pourquoi s'est-il rendu alors qu'il s'expose à de lourdes peines à la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) où il devrait être transféré? Quelle est l'impact de sa reddition sur les discussions visant à ramener la paix dans l'est de la RDC? Eléments de réponse avec Séverine Autesserre, de l'Université de Columbia à New York, spécialiste de la RDC et des processus de paix.
 
La reddition de Bosco Ntaganda pourrait avoir été planifié par Kigali | 20 March 2013 | Le Potentiel | Digitalcongo.net
Des sources confirment qu’après avoir traversé la frontière, Bosco Ntaganda a été pris en charge par le gouvernement rwandais.
 
10 Facts You Should Know About the Crisis in the DRC | 20 March 2013 | Amnesty International | allAfrica
 
 
M23 – Kampala peace talks
RDC : un projet d’accord entre le gouvernement et le M23 circule dans les cercles politiques | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
RDC : le M23 pro-Makenga nie l'existence d'un projet d'accord avec Kinshasa | 14 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
 

RDC: la division au sein du M23 empêche la signature d’un accord de paix | 15 March 2013 | RFI
 
RDC : négociations au point mort sur fond de division du M23 | 15 March 2013 | RFI
 
Pourparlers kinshasa-M23 - la fin dépend des conclusions de Museveni, « seul détenteur de l'impérium » | 15 March 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
 
DR Congo talks with rebel M23 to resume next week: mediator | 18 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Est de la RDC : reprise dans une semaine des pourparlers rebelles-Kinshasa | 18 March 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb
Peace talks between the government of Democratic Republic of Congo and M23 rebels are set to resume in Kampala in one week following a delay caused by vicious infighting between different rebel factions, the mediator of the talks said Monday.
 
Uganda Optimistic of Congo, M23 Rebels Talks | 19 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Kampala talks between the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the M23 rebel movement will resume next week. Delegations for both parties took a break from the talks over the weekend to consult their leaders, the facilitator of the talks, Dr Chrispus Kiyonga told journalists on Monday.
 
Pourparlers de Kampala: les délégués gouvernementaux « en consultation » à Kinshasa | 19 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les pourparlers de Kampala entre le gouvernement congolais et les rebelles du M23 ne sont pas encore clos. Mais, les délégués du gouvernement sont rentrés, dimanche 17 mars à Kinshasa. François Muamba, l’expert du gouvernement à ces pourparlers, a indiqué que sa délégation est rentrée sur demande du chef de l’Etat pour une consultation afin de déterminer une nouvelle feuille de route des négociations.
 
 
UN Envoy for Great Lakes appointed
Former Irish leader Mary Robinson appointed UN envoy for Africa’s Great Lakes region | 18 March 2013 | UN News Centre
L'ancienne Présidente de l'Irlande, Mary Robinson, nommée Envoyée spéciale de l'ONU pour la région des Grands Lacs | 18 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today announced the appointment of former Irish president Mary Robinson as the new Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region of Africa. She will “play a key role in supporting the implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Great Lakes region of Africa,” said the announcement.
 
Amid good news, doubts | 18 March 2013 | Congo Siasa
 
UN chief meets with Rwanda’s President Kagame to discuss security in the Great Lakes region | 20 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Rwandan President Paul Kagame met today to discuss the newly signed United Nations-backed accord aimed at stabilizing the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the context of bringing peace to the Great Lakes region. The meeting was the first since the Secretary-General selected Mary Robinson as his Special Envoy to support the signatories in implementing the Framework.
 
 
Mai-Mai Shetani in Virunga National Park, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : une ONG appelle les autorités militaires à déloger les Maï-Maï Shetani du parc de Virunga | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le Centre de recherche sur l’environnement, la démocratie et les droits de l’homme (Credho) a appelé, mardi 19 mars, les responsables militaires à déloger les Maï-Maï Shetani du parc national de Virunga. Selon des sources locales, ces miliciens, venus du territoire de Rutshuru, se sont installé depuis trois jours à Kyanika, un centre de pêche de ce parc, situé à 50 km à l’Est de Kanyabayonga, sur la cote Ouest du lac Edouard.
Les acteurs impliqués dans la protection de l’environnement dans la région craignent que ces Maï-Maï puissent détruire l’écosystème du parc national de Virunga.
 
 
Masisi territory, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: 3 personnes tuées à Ndondo en moins d’une semaine | 15 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
En moins d’une semaine, trois personnes ont été tuées par des inconnus à Ndondo, village situé à environ 75 km au Nord-Ouest de Goma dans le territoire de Masisi. Le dernier cas en date concerne un homme qui a été égorgé jeudi soir. Ces tueries font monter des tentions entre différentes communautés locales, selon la société civile Kitshanga.
 
Local Communities Forced to Pay Salaries of DRC Army and Rebels | 15 March 2013 | Inter Press Service
On the way to his fields, Denise Mambo, a resident of Kitshanga, North Kivu in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, stops at a rope laid across his path.
 
RDC: les députés appellent les communautés de Masisi à une cohabitation pacifique | 19 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les députés nationaux élus de Masisi appellent les communautés de ce territoire à cohabiter pacifiquement pour promouvoir la paix et le développement. Ils ont lancé cet appel, dimanche 17 mars à Goma, chef-lieu du Nord-Kivu, où ils visitaient les blessés des affrontements entre militaires et miliciens Maï-Maï APCLS, à Kitshanga.
 
 
Clashes Raia Mutomboki-FARDC in Walikale territory, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : les miliciens Raia Mutomboki et les FARDC s’affrontent depuis samedi à Walikale | 17 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les combats entre les miliciens Maï-Maï Raia Mutomboki et militaires ont débuté samedi 16 mars dans les localités d’Itebero et de Likoka dans le territoire de Walikale dans la province du Nord-Kivu.
 
 
“Social dialogue” on armed groups in Beni, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: le gouverneur Julien Paluku invite les groupes armés à participer au dialogue social | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le gouverneur du Nord-Kivu, Julien Paluku, invite les groupes armés à participer au « dialogue social » qui débute ce jeudi 14 mars dans la cité d’Oïcha. Ce dialogue annoncé depuis plusieurs semaines est destiné à «identifier les causes profondes de l’insécurité dans le territoire de Beni». Ces deux territoires sont en proie à l’activisme des groupes armés locaux et étrangers.
 
Nord-Kivu: le dialogue social sur la sécurité s’ouvre à Beni sans les groupes armés | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Environ deux cents personnes de différentes couches sociales prennent part au dialogue social sur la sécurité qui s’est ouvert, jeudi 14 mars, dans la ville de Beni au Nord-Kivu. Aucun groupe armé ne prend part à ces assises convoquées par le gouverneur Julien Paluku. Cette rencontre de deux jours a pour but d’échanger sur les problèmes sécuritaires dans la région, afin de proposer des solutions pour le rétablissement de la paix.
 
Nord-Kivu : un chef milicien s’est rendu aux FARDC | 15 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le leader des Forces œcuméniques pour la libération du Congo (FOLC), général autoproclamé, Kava Seli, s’est rendu aux Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC), après des discussions avec le gouverneur de la province du Nord Kivu, à la clôture du dialogue social qui s’est tenu à Beni. Cet échange avec les différentes communautés de la ville avaient pour but de réfléchir sur les solutions à proposer afin de mettre fin à l’insécurité dans la région.
 
Nord-Kivu: les participants au dialogue social s’engagent pour le retour de la paix à Beni | 16 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La société civile, les chefs coutumiers, les groupes armés et les confessions religieuses se sont engagés, samedi 16 mars, à œuvrer pour le retour de la paix dans le territoire de Beni (Nord-Kivu). Ils ont pris cet engagement au terme d’un dialogue social que le gouvernement provincial du Nord-Kivu, Julien Paluku, a organisé dans la cité d’Oicha.
 
 
Clashes FARDC-FNL in Uvira territory, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: les FARDC ont tué 6 rebelles FNL à Mangunda | 16 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les affrontements qui opposent depuis trois jours les Forces armées de la RDC (FARDC) aux Forces nationales de libération (FNL) ont fait six morts du côté rebelles, à Magunda, à 70 km au Sud de Bukavu (Sud-Kivu). 
 
Sud-Kivu: retour des habitants de Masango après le déploiement des FARDC | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les habitants Masango reviennent vivre dans cette localité de la province Sud-Kivu depuis deux jours. Le calme y est revenu depuis le déploiement des militaires du 1005è et du 1011è régiment des Forces armées de RDC, indiquent des commerçants de cette localité.
 
 
Insecurity in Ituri district, Province Orientale
Province Orientale : les députés de l’Ituri plaident pour le retour de la paix dans leur région | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les députés nationaux de l’Ituri demandent à la Monusco de plaider auprès du gouvernement pour que celui-ci mette fin à l’activisme des miliciens des FRPI de Cobra Matata dans le territoire d’Irumu et ceux de Morgan dans le territoire de Mambasa dans la Province Orientale. Ils ont formulé cette requête, mercredi 13 mars, à Bunia au cours d’un échange sur la situation sécuritaire de cette région avec Roger Meece, représentant spécial du secrétaire général des Nations unies en RDC.
 
Ituri: recrudescence de vol à mains armées au poste de Lolwa | 17 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les opérateurs économiques du poste administratif de Lolwa ont été victime de vol à mains armées dans la nuit du vendredi 15 mars dernier.
 
Congo 'Fugitive' Rebel Leader Held in Arua | 17 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Arua, Northern Uganda — Colonel Eric Zachariah Ndosa, the alleged fugitive leader of the Congolese M18 rebel group is in military custody at the UPDF 409 brigade in Arua district.
 
Le ministre de l’Intérieur de la Province Orientale s’inquiète de la situation sécuritaire en Ituri | 19 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Le ministre provincial de l’Intérieur de la Province Orientale, Hubert Pierre Moliso, a qualifié d’inquiétante la situation sécuritaire en Ituri. Lors de sa visite, mardi 19 mars à Bunia, il a indiqué que des groupes armés commettent des exactions chaque jour « contre les institutions et la population ».
 
Ituri : les communautés Hema et Lendu demandent à la milice de Cobra Matata de déposer les armes | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les communautés Hema-Sud et Lendu Bindi du district de l’Ituri (Province Orientale) ont décidé d’œuvrer pour mettre fin à l’insécurité dans leur région, notamment dans le territoire d’Irumu. Dans une déclaration commune rendue publique, mardi 20 mars, elles ont demandé aux hommes de la milice de Cobra Matata de mettre fin aux exactions contre les populations civiles et d’accepter leur intégration « rapide » au sein des Forces armées de la RDC.
 
 
Human rights violations in Basoko territory, Province Orientale
Basoko: une ONG a répertorié 150 cas de violations des droits humains en 5 mois | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
L’ONG Lotus  pour la défense de droits humains indique avoir enregistré près de 150 cas de violations de droits de l’homme en l’espace de cinq mois dans la cité de Basoko, à 250 kilomètres à l’Ouest de Kisangani dans la Province Orientale. Son président, José Bosulu, a déclaré, mercredi 13 mars, que ces violations des droits de l’homme ont été commises pour la plupart par des policiers et certaines autorités politico-administratives.
 
 
Katanga
Katanga: Kyungu estime nécessaire d’amnistier les «Maï-Maï» qui déposeront les armes | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Pour lutter contre l’insécurité qui a élu domicile dans plusieurs coins de la province du Katanga, le président de l’Assemblée province, Gabriel Kyungu wa Kumwanza, estime qu’il convient d’accorder une amnistie aux miliciens Maï Maï qui accepteront de déposer les armes. Dans une interview accordée, mardi 13 mars à Radio Okapi, il a condamné les exactions perpétrées contre les civils et demandé aux autorités militaires et civiles de sécuriser la population.
RDC: l'Unafec suspend les activités de sa branche jeunesse | 14 March 2013 | RFI
En République démocratique du Congo, le Katangais Gabriel Kyungu wa Kumwanza, président de l'Union des nationalistes fédéralistes congolais (l'Unafec), suspend les activités de la jeunesse de son parti pour plus de trois mois. Cette structure est accusée d'attiser la haine tribale et de prôner un discours sécessionniste.
 
Katanga: 30 000 déplacés vivent dans des conditions difficiles à Kilwa | 15 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Ces déplacés fuient leurs villages suite aux incursions de Maï-Maï et craignent le riposte des Forces armées de la RDC.
 
Retour au calme à Kinseveré, après les attaques de la milice «Bakata Katanga» | 16 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
La situation est relativement calme ces deux dernières semaines à Kinseveré, a constaté une délégation de la Monusco/Lubumbashi qui s’est rendue, vendredi 15 mars, dans cette localité située à environ 30 de Km de Lubumbashi pour une évaluation sécuritaire. Les 17 et 25 février derniers, des miliciens du groupe «Bakata Katanga» avaient attaqué cette localité, qui s’était vidée de sa population.
 

 

Central African Republic

UN envoy to Central African Republic voices deep concern over renewed fighting | 14 March 2013 | UN News Centre
L'ONU préoccupée par la reprise des combats en République centrafricaine | 14 March 2013 | UN News Centre
Renewed rebel attacks in the Central African Republic (CAR) have isolated much of the population of the impoverished country, multiplying suffering and requiring increased attention by the international community, a United Nations envoy says. She cited reports of widespread rape, looting, recruitment of children and risk of starvation as residents of villages hide in the bush out of fear of the violence and neglect to sow their crops.
 
CAR Gov't Condemns Rebel Advance After Peace Deal | 14 March 2013 | Voice of America
The government of the Central African Republic is condemning recent advances by the Seleka rebel coalition, who retain de-facto control over parts of the north and have seized new territory in the past week.  Both sides accuse the other of not fully respecting the terms of a January 11th peace accord. 
 
UNHCR warns of risks to civilians in Central African Republic as refugee numbers rise | 15 March 2013 | UNHCR
Le HCR prévient des risques pour les civils en République centrafricaine ; le nombre de réfugiés augmente | 15 March 2013 | UNHCR
UN increasingly worried for civilians as fighting spreads in Central African Republic | 15 March 2013 | UN News Centre
UN: Civilians at Risk as CAR Rebels Advance | 15 March 2013 | Voice of America
The United Nations says a renewed rebel advance in the Central African Republic is threatening civilians and prompting thousands more to flee the country.
 
RCA: l'incertitude persiste sur le cantonnement des rebelles | 15 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Le Général Essongo, représentant du médiateur Denis Sassou Nguesso, visitera toutes les localités occupées par les rebelles, à partir du 18 mars. En République centrafricaine, le gouvernement d’union nationale de Nicolas Tiangaye, issu de l’accord de Libreville, peine à imposer le cantonnement des éléments de Séléka qui prend prétexte du refus du président Bozizé de libérer les prisonniers politiques et de faire retirer les troupes sud-africaines pour occuper d’autres villes.
 
Central African Republic: Peace Talks Without The Talks | 15 March 2013 | African Arguments
It took three days for the Seleka Coalition and the Government of the Central African Republic (CAR) to reach a peace agreement mediated by the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) in the Gabonese capital Libreville.
 
L’opposant centrafricain Jean-Jacques Demafouth se dit menacé d’expulsion par le Tchad | 15 March 2013 | RFI
Ancien ministre et ancien chef rebelle en Centrafrique, Jean-Jacques Demafouth avait trouvé refuge au Tchad mercredi pour échapper, disait-il, à des menaces d’arrestation.
Jean-Jacques Demafouth a été renvoyé du Tchad vers la Centrafrique | 16 March 2013 | RFI
Les autorités tchadiennes ont extradé l'opposant centrafricain alors qu'il se dit menacé et malgré l'opposition du Haut commissariat de l'ONU aux réfugiés (HCR), qui, jusqu'au bout, a tenté de s'opposer à cette expulsion.
Zones d'ombre autour de l'expulsion de Jean-Jacques Demafouth du Tchad vers la Centrafrique | 17 March 2013 | RFI
L'opposant centrafricain et ancien chef rebelle Jean-Jacques Demafouth a bel et bien été refoulé vers la République centrafricaine samedi 16 mars 2013, avant d’être escorté jusqu'à Paoua où il se trouve sous protection de la Fomac (Force multinationale de l'Afrique centrale).
Centrafrique: Extradition de Demafouth - retour au non-envoyeur | 17 March 2013 | L’Observateur Paalga | allAfrica
Fin de cavale pour Jean-Jacques. Ainsi pourrait se résumer la dernière mésaventure de l'opposant centrafricain, Jean-Jacques Demafouth.
 
State Department On Deteriorating Security in Central African Republic | 17 March 2013 | U.S. Department of State | allAfrica
The United States is deeply concerned about the continued deterioration in the security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR). We call on President Bozize and the leadership of the Seleka alliance to cease hostilities immediately, and implement the provisions of the Libreville Agreement.
 
Central Africa Republic Rebels Issue Ultimatum, Detain Ministers | 18 March 2013 | Voice of America
RCA: cinq ministres issus des rangs de la coalition Seleka retenus par les rebelles à Sibut | 17 March 2013 | RFI
Centrafrique: cinq ministres "retenus" par les rebelles | 18 March 2013 | AFP | Jeune Afrique
Centrafrique : le coup de force de la Séléka | 18 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
RCA : la Seleka menace de reprendre les armes si Bangui n'accède pas à ses revendications | 18 March 2013 | RFI
RCA: Séléka menace de reprendre les armes | 18 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Rebels in the Central African Republic have detained their five ministers in the government and threatened to break a January ceasefire unless prisoners are freed and other demands met.
 
RCA : dissensions au sein de la coalition Séléka | 18 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Ce désaccord a débouché sur la prise en otage de cinq ministres issus de la rébellion.
 
Centrafrique- Eric Massi : « L’accord que nous avons signé avec Bozizé est caduc ! » | 18 March 2013 | Afrik.com
Eric Massi, porte-parole de la rébellion, nous donne les raisons de la colère de son mouvement.
 
RCA : les revendications de la Seleka en question | 19 March 2013 | RFI
La rébellion de la Seleka « retient » toujours avec elle cinq ministres du gouvernement d'union nationale qui sont également des responsables rebelles, et a lancé un ultimatum de 72 heures aux autorités leur demandant de respecter un certain nombre de revendications dont certaines déjà anciennes et d'autres neuves. La présidence centrafricaine a d'ores et déjà répondu que les points compris dans l'accord Libreville pourraient être pris en considération mais que les autres devraient faire l'objet de nouvelles discussions. Certains observateurs internationaux ne cachent pas leur irritation sur le comportement des rebelles.
 
RCA: l’ultimatum lancé par les rebelles de la Séléka arrive à échéance | 19 March 2013 | RFI
En République centrafricaine, le délai de trois jours donné dimanche dernier par la rébellion de la Séléka aux autorités centrafricaines, pour répondre à ses revendications, expire mercredi 20 mars.
 
Situation précoccupante en Centrafrique | 19 March 2013 | RFI
Selon Roland Marchal, chercheur au CNRS et spécialiste de la Centrafrique, la situation dans ce pays est préoccupante.  Analyse.
 
Centrafrique: les ministres de la coalition Séléka seraient des otages volontaires | 20 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Les ministres de la coalition Séléka seraient complices de leur propre « prise en otage » par les hommes de Djouma Narkoyo à Sibut.
 
CAR Rebels Declare End to Cease-fire | 20 March 2013 | Voice of America
Rebels in the Central African Republic said they are ending a cease-fire after the government failed to meet a series of recent demands. Eric Massi, a spokesman for the Seleka rebel coalition said on Wednesday that the rebel ultimatum has "expired" and hostilities may resume.
 
La Séléka hausse le ton contre Bozizé | 20 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Un chef de la rébellion centrafricaine, Séléka, affirme que sa coalition reprendrait les armes contre le régime de Bozizé à l'expiration d'un ultimatum lancé au président Bozizé.
 
Fin de l’ultimatum de 72 heures de la Séléka à Bozizé, et après ? | 20 March 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
 
Centrafrique : les rebelles de la Séléka vont reprendre les armes | 20 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
 
Centrafrique : psychose à Bangui suite à l’ultimatum du Séléka | 20 March 2013 | Afrik.com
 
Security Council voices concern over deteriorating security in Central African Republic | 20 March 2013 | UN News Centre
RCA : le Conseil de sécurité condamne la reprise des combats et appelle les parties à mettre en œuvre les accords de Libreville | 20 March 2013 | UN News Centre
The Security Council today voiced strong concern over the deterioration of the security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR), where renewed fighting is threatening civilians and the fragile peace reached earlier this year.
 
Centrafrique : la rébellion met fin au cessez-le-feu | 20 March 2013 | La Voix de l’Amérique
Libération de prisonniers en RCA | 20 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
Le président centrafricain François Bozizé a promulgué un décret pour libérer les prisonniers politiques détenus dans le pays depuis mars 2012.
 

 
 
 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

DRC 

Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de Maniema N° 03/13, 12 mars 2013 | 12 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Sud-Kivu: le HCR rapatrie 166 réfugiés congolais qui vivaient au Burundi | 14 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Katanga: début d’enregistrement des déplacés internes à Pweto | 18 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Funding the transition, a major innovation for the humanitarian community in DR Congo | 19 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
The Common Humanitarian Fund of the Democratic Republic of Congo has allocated USD 70 million to United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations, traditionally specialized in emergency interventions, to finance long-term projects, a major innovation for the DRC, a country that is plagued with a multi- faceted and complex humanitarian crisis.
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord-Kivu N° 09/13, 19 mars 2013 | 19 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 12/13, 19 mars 2013 | 19 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province Orientale N° 11/13, 6 mars 2013 | 19 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de l’Equateur N° 08/13, 13 mars 2013 | 20 March 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Le nombre de déplacés a augmenté au Nord-Kivu après les derniers combats | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
Newly displaced in eastern Congo need urgent assistance | 20 March 2013 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
 

 
 

Uganda

Horror of Being a Refugee in Uganda | 17 March 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
 

 
 

Rwanda

New Influx of Congolese Refugees Enter Rwanda | 16 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda : afflux de réfugiés congolais | 16 March 2013 | BBC Afrique
A new wave of Congolese refugees including combatants fleeing recent fighting between two factions of M23 rebels have crossed into North Western Rwanda overnight.
 

 
 

Central African Republic

UNHCR warns of risks to civilians in Central African Republic as refugee numbers rise | 15 March 2013 | UNHCR
Le HCR prévient des risques pour les civils en République centrafricaine ; le nombre de réfugiés augmente | 15 March 2013 | UNHCR
UN: Civilians at Risk as CAR Rebels Advance | 15 March 2013 | Voice of America
The United Nations says a renewed rebel advance in the Central African Republic is threatening civilians and prompting thousands more to flee the country.
 
 

 
 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

ICC trial against Bemba
Bemba's Soldiers Were 'Integrated' Into Central African Army | 15 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
Witness Says Bemba Troops Did Not Commit Crimes | 18 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 
MLC Troops 'Were Not Present in Towns Where Crimes Were Committed' | 19 March 2013 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
 

 
 

Rwanda 

Attentat du 6 avril 1994 : l'appel d'Agathe Habyarimana contre l'expertise Trévidic rejeté | 19 March 2013 | Jeune Afrique
Le recours déposé par certaines parties civiles, dont Agathe Habyarimana, la veuve de l’ancien président rwandais, contre l’expertise balistique portant sur l’attentat du 6 avril 1994, a été rejeté par la chambre de l’instruction de la Cour d’appel de Paris, mardi 19 mars. Les avocats des sept Rwandais mis en examen dans ce dossier espèrent que cette décision conduira à un non-lieu pour leurs clients.
 
Habyarimana Plane Missiles Fired From Kanombe - French Court | 19 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The Paris Court of Appeal has dismissed attempts by the widow of Juvenal Habyarimana to disallow the results of a ballistics report that supported the finding that the missiles that brought down the former president's plane was fired from Kanombe Military Barracks.
 
French Judges Asked to Annul Rwandan Indictments | 20 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
Lawyers for seven senior Rwandan officials indicted by former French terror judge Jean-Louis Bruguière have called for the indictments to be quashed following new developments in the case. The seven were among those accused by Bruguière of being part of a plot behind the shooting down of former President Juvenal Habyarimana's plane in 1994 that signalled the beginning of the Genocide against the Tutsi that claimed over a million lives.
 
 

 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

DRC 

Illegal logging in North Kivu
Butembo: début de la sensibilisation contre le déboisement anarchique | 15 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Butembo : les autorités durcissent les conditions d’abattage des arbres | 20 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
Les autorités de la ville de Butembo ont lancé, le jeudi 14 mars dernier dans la commune de Bulengera, la campagne de lutte contre l’abattage anarchique des arbres. Elles ont décidé d’exiger une autorisation préalable avant toute coupe de bois.
 
 
“Conflict-free” mining in North Kivu?
DRC: Mined Metals Conflict-Free | 14 March 2013 | Voice of America
Africa's Great Lakes region has gotten a reputation in recent years as a source of so-called conflict minerals - ore and extracted metals like tin and tantalum that are sold or taxed by rebel groups. But now the region's biggest producer, the Democratic Republic of Congo, is saying the problem is largely over and most of its production can be labelled conflict-free.
 
 


Rwanda

Mineral traceability
Govt to Tighten Mineral Traceability to Boost Market | 17 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The government will more than double the number of tag managers from 97 to 200 to tighten the mineral traceability scheme and enhance the marketability of the country's minerals on the international market.
 
 

 
 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region


Resource nationalism or fair mining deals?
Resource nationalism thread weaving its way through African continent | 15 March 2013 | Mining Weekly
Mining law specialist Peter Leon took the opportunity to tell the story of the growth of resource nationalism on the continent of Africa when he addressed MineAfrica’s eleventh annual seminar in Toronto last week.
 
East African Community wants better mining deals | 20 March 2013 | The Citizen
Experts from the East African Community (EAC) partner states are fine-tuning final drafts of frameworks to guide the development and promotion of extractive industries and value-addition in the region. Currently meeting in Bujumbura, Burundi, representatives from the five partner states are examining and identifying the mineral resource potential and opportunities for value-addition within the region.
 

 

DRC

Mining
Banro Files 43-101 Technical Report on Lugushwa Property, Democratic Republic of the Congo | 18 March 2013 | Banro Corporation | Marketwire
Toronto, Ontario – Banro Corporation announces that it has filed on SEDAR a National Instrument 43-101 technical report in respect of the Company's Lugushwa gold project. This report is entitled "Independent National Instrument 43-101 Technical Report on the Lugushwa Gold Project, South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo."
 
 
Hydropower
Mise en service du groupe Inga 12 - 55 MW de plus sur le réseau de la SNEL | 15 March 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
La production du barrage hydroélectrique d'Inga augmente de 55 mégawatts avec la mise en service de la machine 12 Inga 1.
 

 
 

Uganda

Oil
Oil Firms Non-Commital About Uganda Refinery | 18 March 2013 | East African Business Week | allAfrica
The Parliament of Uganda recently passed The Petroleum (Refining, Gas Processing and Conversion, Transportation and Storage) Bill 2012 making a faint leap towards the much awaited progress as regards extraction of oil and gas resources.
 
Tullow & Heritage face off | 19 March 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
Battling one another for the past two years. Tullow and Heritage have carried their dispute before the High Court in London
 
President Museveni, Total Boss Discuss Oil Development | 19 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
President Yoweri Museveni has called on oil companies to exploit the investment potential in Uganda to achieve maximum returns on their investments.
 
Uganda Must Reject Quick Wins in Oil - U.S. Ambassador | 19 March 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
US Ambassador Scott DeLisi says Uganda must reject temptations to seek quick gains from its oil industry.
 
Public Finance Bill May Jeopardise Petroleum Sector | 19 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
 
MPs Demand Explanation in Oil Bribery Claims | 20 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
Four Members of Parliament have urged President Yoweri Museveni to explain press reports that top officials from an oil company mooted an idea of making an "undocumented" US$50m to him before switching to consider financing the re-election campaign.
 
Total to Drill More Wells in Nebbi | 20 March 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica
The Government is negotiating with Total E&P Uganda, to carry out more drilling in search of commercially-viable hydrocarbons in Nebbi district.
 
Uganda's oil: lessons on governance and the resource curse | 20 March 2013 | The Guardian
The successes and failures of other oil producing countries show that technical expertise can take you only so far. Good legislation can be rapidly undermined by bad governance.
 
 

 

Rwanda

Govt Targets Rwf268 Billion From Mineral Exports | 18 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The mining sector is steadily becoming one of Rwanda's biggest foreign exchange earners, fetching $136.6m (about Rwf86.7b) last year, only bettered by tourism.
The government targets $407m (Rwf268.6b) from mineral exports by 2017. Evode Imena, the Mines State Minister, explained to Business Times' Ivan R. Mugisha, how this will be achieved.
 


 

Central African Republic 

Oil
Obed Namsio | 19 March 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence
The former mines minister of Central African Republic, Obed Namsio, has taken up work on the president’s staff following a recent cabinet shakeup. (...)
 
 

 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 


EU fails to agree oil, gas anti-corruption law | 19 March 2013 | Reuters | TrustLaw
The European Union failed to reach agreement on Tuesday on a planned law that would require oil, gas and mining companies to declare payments to governments.
The law is part of efforts to end poverty in resource-rich nations and follows similar legislation passed in the United States.

 


Rwanda

Mineral traceability
Govt to Tighten Mineral Traceability to Boost Market | 17 March 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica
The government will more than double the number of tag managers from 97 to 200 to tighten the mineral traceability scheme and enhance the marketability of the country's minerals on the international market.
 

 
 
 

Other


DRC last on Human Development Index
Human Development Index: Democratic Republic of the Congo | UNDP | 14 March 2013
Indice de développement humain : Rép. dém. du Congo | PNUD | 14 mars 2013
 
Norway tops UN development rankings while Niger is placed last | 14 March 2013 | UN News Centre  
Norway, Australia and the United States lead this year’s Human Development Index (HDI) rankings, the annual United Nations measure of progress in human well-being, while Niger, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Mozambique are at the bottom.
 
La RDC classée en dernière position sur l’indice de développement humain du PNUD | 15 March 2013 | Radio Okapi
 
 
 

 
 

IPIS' Recent Publications


 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.

Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix
On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
 
The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R
In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.
 
From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS
The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up.
 
 
 
 
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