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WEEKLY BRIEFING 5TH - 11TH DECEMBER 2012

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Editorial
 

IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Central African Republic

 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi
Other
 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC

 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda

 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC

IPIS Recent publications
 

EDITORIAL


In the absence of President Kabila and the political leader of M23, in Kampala talks between the DRC Government and the rebel movement finally started, amid serious tensions and regarded with a considerable amount of scepticism by many Congolese.
At an extraordinary summit of the SADC South African nations pledged to provide 4,000 troops for the International Neutral Forces to be deployed in eastern DRC.
While in Goma the air and lake traffic resumed, Uganda reopened the Bunagana border post, presumably still controlled by M23.
Reportedly about 20 Rwandan soldiers are detained in Kinshasa after they were arrested in Goma in the ranks of the M23 rebels that occupied Goma.
The UN is investigating recent rapes and other human rights violations by both M23 and the Congolese army.
The US administration is criticized for its weak response to the crisis in the DRC, especially in its stance towards Rwanda.
 
In the Central African Republic, the UFDR rebel group has taken up the arms again and reportedly seized three towns in the northeast.
 
A historic Africa-wide treaty protecting people displaced within their own countries (IDP) came into force last week.
 
The Ugandan parliament passed a controversial petroleum bill, giving discretionary power to the Minister of Energy to grant or revoke oil licenses.
 

 


IPIS’ Latest Publications


Mapping Conflict Motives: M23 | November 2012 | IPIS
In light of the recent occupation of Goma by M23 and the renewed risk of large-scale armed conflict in the DRC, IPIS publishes an update to its 2007-2010 ‘mapping conflict motives’ report series focusing specifically on the intentions of M23.

The M23 rebels show a clear political ambition and a tendency to establish political control over territory and challenge Kinshasa’s authority – strategic interests they might share with Rwanda.

A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment
 
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012.  It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.


 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region. 

LRA
Getting Back on Track: Implementing the UN Regional Strategy on the Lord's Resistance Army | 5th December 2012 | EURAC, African Association for the defence of Human Rights, Invisible Children, Enough Project, Resolve, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, IKV Pax Christi & others
Report: Assessing Implementation of U.N. Strategy to End the LRA Conflict | 5th December 2012 |  The Enough Project
Anti-LRA Campaign Lacks Resources | 5th December 2012 | Voice of America
While there is a limit to how much progress can have been made in the five months since the Strategy was adopted, this report seeks to assess progress made by UN actors against the benchmarks outlined in the UN Regional Strategy against the Lord’s Resistance Army.
 
Senate passes defense bill with new LRA provision | 6th December 2012 | Resolve | Reliefweb
On Dec. 4th, the US Senate passed next year’s defense authorizations bill after adding a new provision urging sustained commitment for efforts to help end LRA atrocities.
 
Bilan mitigé de la mission de l'Union Africaine pour l'éradication de la LRA | 8th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
In November 2011, the LRA has been formally designated by the African Union (AU) as a terrorist group. The AU has since then coordinated a joint operation of the countries concerned to eliminate it. A year later, the balance sheet outlined in Addis Ababa at a conference on the subject is mixed.
 
No Silver Bullet Can Kill LRA - U.S Warns | 10th December 2012 | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
The U.S. Assistant Secretary of State (Bureau of African Affairs), Mr Jonnie Carson, has warned stakeholders involved in global initiatives to end the atrocities attributed to the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels that no single silver bullet can on its own solve the LRA problem.
 
 
Human Rights Day
On Human Rights Day, UN Officials Highlight How Every Voice Counts | 10th December 2012 | UN News Service | allAfrica
United Nations officials today marked Human Rights Day by declaring that everyone has the right to be heard and to shape the decisions that affect their lives and communities.
 
Are We Still Committed to Human Rights for All? | 10th December 2012 | International Center for Transitional Justice (New York) | allAfrica
The United Nations has proclaimed December 10 as International Human Rights Day. The date commemorates the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, which represented the reaction of the international community to the horrors of the Second World War.
 


DRC 

M23 crisis in North Kivu

Kampala peace talks
RDC : le dialogue entre le gouvernement et le M23 pourrait débuter d’ici « un ou deux jours » | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
DR Congo rebels, government prepare for peace talks | 5th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC: Le M23 et Kinshasa dans une délicate phase de négociations | 5th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Rebels in the DR Congo were preparing for peace talks with Kishasa's government, officials said Wednesday, as the pope urged the warring sides to reconcile. Rebel group M23's political leader Jean-Marie Runiga said his guerrillas were "ready" for talks, which are expected to include a raft of potential demands, including major political reform for the war-weary region.
 
M23 Rebels Leave Goma Ahead of Negotiations | 5th December 2012 |  The Enough Project
A semblance of normal life is returning to Goma, with a few banks, shops, and schools reopening. But despite the presence of 600 policemen and a battalion of government forces who deployed to the city following M23’s withdrawal, people are still petrified that M23 might return. Ahead of talks with the Congolese government, the rebels have continued to posture by threatening to retake Goma if their demands are not met.
 
L'opposition congolaise n'ira pas à Kampala pour négocier avec le M23 | 5th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
DRC Opposition Rejects Offer to Join M23 Talks | 6th December 2012 | Voice of America
Opposition parties in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have rejected an invitation by the government to attend talks with the M23 rebels in Kampala.  The talks are due to start on Friday.
 
Pas de dialogue entre Kabila et le M23 à Kampala | 5th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
President Kabila will not go to Kampala for the discussions with M23.
 
DRC, M23 Talks Begin in Kampala | 5th December 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
Delegations representing the government of DRC and the M23 rebels are expected to arrive in Kampala today for peace negotiations. "We were invited by Uganda's Minister of Defence and our team is expected to arrive in Kampala tomorrow (today)," Rene Abandi, the M23 Head of External Relations, said in an interview yesterday.
 
Le M23 confronté à « un problème de logistique » pour se rendre à Kampala, sans Makenga | 5th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
M23 says it is facing a “logistical problem” to get to Kampala. Its military leader, Sultani Makenga, will not go.
 
Dialogue de Kampala : des députés du Nord-Kivu émettent des réserves sur ses chances de réussite | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese Government will start the dialogue with the rebels of M23 on Thursday or Friday in Kampala, capital of Uganda. According to Government sources, this dialogue will evaluate the implementation of the March 23 agreements signed between the Congolese Government and the former rebellion of the CNDP, from which most leaders of the M23 originate. Wednesday, about 20 members of parliament from North Kivu expressed their skepticism about the chances of success of the conference.
 
Kampala: le gouvernement et le M23 divisés sur le contenu et l’agenda de la réunion | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The framework, the agenda and the content of the talks which are to take place Thursday 6 December in Kampala (Uganda) between the Congolese Government and the rebels of the M23 still divide participants a few hours before the opening of the conference.
 
RDC: les évêques catholiques s’interrogent sur « la pertinence » du dialogue avec le M23 | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The bishops and archbishops members of the standing committee of the National Episcopal Conference of Congo (Cenco) wonder about the "relevance" of the dialogue between the Government and the M23 rebels in Kampala.
 
Congo Peace Talks Set to Open in Uganda | 6th December 2012 | The New York Times
Congolese rebels and government officials prepared on Thursday for direct peace talks in the Ugandan capital, Kampala, their first face-to-face encounter since the rebels relinquished Goma, one of the DRC’s principal cities, after capturing it last month. “Since May, we asked Kabila to come to the table,” said Amani Kabasha, a spokesman for the March 23 rebels, or M23, at the rebel-held border post of Rumangabo. Mr. Kabasha said his delegation was awaiting vehicles sent by the Ugandan government to carry them to Kampala. “He didn’t agree, he used force, arms, fighting. But now, because he was defeated, he agrees,” Mr. Kabasha said, referring to President Joseph Kabila.
 
DR Congo rebels, government to start talks Friday: Uganda | 6th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC: rebelles et gouvernement entament vendredi de difficiles discussions | 6th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Congo Government, Rebels Prepare for Talks | 6th December 2012 | Voice of America
RDC: négociations avec le M23 vendredi | 6th December 2012 | BBC Afrique
Les « réunions préliminaires » entre Kinshasa et le M23 vendredi à Kampala | 6th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
L'heure des discussions entre le M23 et Kinshasa a sonné | 7th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Ugandan spokesman Fred Opolot says delegations from the Congolese government and rebel group M23 will begin preliminary meetings in Kampala aimed at resolving their conflict. Talks will focus on ground rules for future meetings and guidelines for "observers" that may monitor the conflict zones in the eastern DRC.
 
DR Congo peace talks likely delayed: rebels | 7th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Congo: Peace Talks Delayed | 7th December 2012 | The New York Times
A Kampala, les discussions entre le M23 et les autorités congolaises tardent à débuter | 7th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Kampala: le début des négociations entre le gouvernement de la RDC et le M23 reporté | 7th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Peace talks between M23 rebels in the DRC and Kinshasa's government scheduled to open Friday in the Ugandan capital will be delayed due to "logistical" reasons, rebels said. M23 political leader Jean-Marie Runiga said the delegation had only held left the rebel-held DR Congolese town of Bunagana, a border post with Uganda, at dawn on Friday, and were not expected in Kampala until late in the day. The Congolese delegation is already in Kampala since Wednesday.
 
RDC : les femmes du Nord-Kivu veulent être associées au dialogue avec le M23 | 7th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Women in the province of North Kivu, grouped within the Partisan Women's Peace Association, demand to be "validly represented at the Kampala talks".
 
Kampala : l’opposition congolaise va « observer » le dialogue avec le M23, selon le député Badibangi | 7th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese political opposition will play the role of "observer" of the dialogue between the Kinshasa Government and the movement of March 23 (M23), said Member of Parliament, Christian Badibangi of the Union socialiste congolaise.
 
RDC : les groupes parlementaires de l’opposition désapprouvent le dialogue avec le M23 | 8th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The presidents of the parliamentary groups of the opposition are calling for "a Republican and inclusive dialogue" to resolve the crisis in the East of the DRC, dismissing the discussions between the Government and the M23.
 
La délégation du M23 est arrivée à Kampala | 8th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
RDC: les discussions débuteront dimanche entre gouvernement et rebelles (rébellion) | 8th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
A Kampala, le M23 veut remettre en cause la légitimité du pouvoir à Kinshasa | 8th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
The delegation of M23 arrived in Kampala on Friday 7 December in the evening. The talks with the delegation from Kinshasa are now planned to start Sunday afternoon.
 
Les délégués du M23 se font discrets à Kampala | 9th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The delegation of the M23 rebellion is discreet in the Ugandan capital. On-site sources do not know who its chairman is nor how it is composed. The political leader of the movement, Jean-Marie Runiga, has not made the trip to Kampala. Another spokesman of the M23, Bertrand Bisimwa, refused to reveal the composition of its delegation.
The Congolese delegation is headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Raymond Tshibanda, and further composed of the vice-president of the National Assembly, Charles Muando, the two presidents of the civil society of North and South Kivu, and the opposition represented by Christian Badibangi and Francois Mwamba. Father Apollinaire Malu Malu leads the group of experts. Also present is the president of the CNDP political party.
The presence of two other personalities is also reported, members of parliament Roger Lumbala and Antipas Mbusa Nyamwisi. A member of the Congolese delegation said they had maybe come on behalf of M23.
 
Kampala: les discussions entre gouvernement et M23 s’ouvrent ce dimanche | 9th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese Government and the rebels of M23 start this Sunday, 9 December, in Kampala negotiations under the mediation of the Ugandan Defence Minister Crispus Kiyonga. The Government only wishes to dialogue on the implementation of the agreement of March 23, 2009, signed in Goma with the former CNDP rebellion, from which the leaders of M23 originated.
 
Kampala : vive tension à l’ouverture des négociations entre le gouvernement et le M23 | 9th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
DR Congo rebel peace talks open to rocky start | 9th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : rebelles et gouvernement congolais enfin réunis pour des discussions | 9th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Les discussions entre le gouvernement congolais et le M23 mal embarquées | 9th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
DR Congo Government, Rebels Start Peace Talks | 9th December 2012 | Voice of America
Kampala : le gouvernement vient avec la volonté de résoudre la crise, affirme Raymond Tshibanda | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
In Kampala, talks between the Congolese Government and the rebel movement M23 began Sunday in a climate of tension.
In his opening speech, M23 representative François Rucogoza blamed the country's conflict on poor governance, and said that the Kinshasa Government is blocking the peace process in the East of the DRC and has killed opponents, civilians and ex-CNDP soldiers.
The head of the Congolese delegation, Minister of Foreign Affairs Raymond Tshibanda, called the speech of the M23 "hardly courteous and tinged with a lot of falsehoods", said the rebels were using the media's presence to accuse the Kinshasa government, and demanded the opportunity to rebut their claims the next day.
 
Pourparlers de Kampala: la rébellion du M23 a boycotté la séance de lundi | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
DR Congo rebel peace talks falter amid tensions | 10th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : le M23 boycotte le deuxième jour des négociations avec Kinshasa | 10th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Discussions Rdc-M23 à Kampala - Les rebelles boudent la séance | 10th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Peace talks between Congolese rebels and the Kinshasa government Monday faltered on the second day after rebels shunned meetings over officials' outrage at their accusations. Both sides however remain committed to the negotiations.
 
Goma's residents sceptical about DR Congo peace talks | 10th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : scepticisme à Goma sur les négociations de Kampala | 10th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
With rebels close by and suspected of preparing for further conflict and mediators accused of not being neutral, residents of Goma are sceptical about peace talks.
 
Kampala: les rebelles du M23 reviennent à la table de négociations | 11th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
DR Congo rebels will 'push on' with peace talks | 11th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC: le M23 revient à la table des négociations avec Kinshasa | 11th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
DRC Refutes M23 Charges of Divisiveness, Rights Violations | 11th December 2012 | Voice of America
A Kampala, le M23 reprend les négociations pour « passer aux discussions sur le fond » | 11th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
The DRC's M23 rebels returned to peace talks with the government Tuesday, saying they were ready to push on with negotiations a day after staging a boycott. For 40 minutes, the head of the Kinshasa delegation refuted all the accusations M23 had made on the first day of the talks.
 
Kinshasa ne clôture pas une guerre avec un pays étranger mais discute avec un groupe armé, selon Lambert Mende | 11th December 2012 | RFI | Digitalcongo.net
“It’s not a war with a foreign country we are ending, it’s a discussion with an armed group”, Governement spokesman Lambert Mende said referring to the negotiations in Kampala.
 
 
Extraordinary Summit of Southern African Development Community (SADC)
RDC: Joseph Kabila participera au sommet de la SADC en Tanzanie | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
La crise dans l'Est au coeur du sommet de la SADC | 6th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Heads of States Seek Solutions for Crises in SADC Region | 7th December 2012 | Angola Press | allAfrica
The President of the DRC, Joseph Kabila, will attend the summit of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) from 7 to 8 December. The meeting will seek strategies to put an end to the military crisis in the DR Congo.
 
SADC Nations Seek to Raise $100 Million for Congo Force | 8th December 2012 | Bloomberg
RDC: les pays d'Afrique australe prêts à contribuer à une "force internationale neutre" | 8th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
The Southern African Development Community said it’s seeking to raise $100 million toward the deployment of an international “neutral force” in the DR Congo, where the eastern city of Goma was under the control of rebels until last week. “DRC has already deposited a contribution, and we urge other members to contribute too,” Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete told reporters today in his country’s commercial capital, Dar es Salaam, after SADC leaders held a summit meeting there. SADC aims to activate a standby brigade by Dec. 14 that will join the Congo force. Tanzania has already committed a battalion to the force, while South Africa has pledged logistical support such as moving troops, he said.
 
Southern Africa pledges 4,000-strong force for eastern Congo | 8th December 2012 | Reuters | AlertNet | Reliefweb
SADC to Provide 4,000 Troops in DR Congo | 10th December 2012 | Tanzania Daily News | allAfrica
Southern African nations pledged on Saturday to provide 4,000 troops for a neutral force to be deployed in eastern Congo where rebels have waged an eight month-long rebellion, the South African Development Community (SADC) said.
 
Selon le président ougandais, la force de l'ONU en RDC fait du "tourisme militaire" | 8th December 2012 | Le Monde
The UN force in the DRC is "a great shame" and it engages "in a sort of military tourism" in the country, said Saturday Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni.
 
RDC: la SADC prête à soutenir la mise en place de la force internationale neutre | 9th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
La SADC se prépare à envoyer des troupes pour la «force neutre» | 9th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Summit Approves Integration of Neutral Military Forces in DRC | 9th December 2012 | Angola Press | allAfrica
The SADC decided on Saturday to send a Standby Force in the eastern region of DR Congo with a group under supervision of the International Neutral Forces (FIN), to guarantee peace in that zone. The Standby Force will be combined with the soldiers to be defined by the UN and the African Union, thus forming FIN.
 
Communique On Extraordinary Summit of SADC Heads of State and Government in Tanzania | 10th December 2012 | South African Government | allAfrica
The Extraordinary Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) was held in Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania from 7 - 8 December 2012.
 
 
Goma after M23’s withdrawal
Nord-Kivu : la Monusco contrôlera seule l’aéroport de Goma « jusqu’à nouvel ordre », assure Richard Muyej | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The airport of Goma will remain under exclusive control of the peacekeepers of the United Nations Mission for Stabilization in the DRC (Monusco) "until the near future", assured on Tuesday 4 December the Congolese Interior Minister, Richard Muyej.
 
Nord-Kivu : la ville de Goma proclamée « cas d’urgence » par le gouvernement congolais | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The city of Goma was proclaimed "emergency case" by the Congolese Government, announced the Interior Minister of the Interior, Richard Muyej, on an inspection tour in the city. According to him, "enormous damage" was caused by armed bandits, especially to some public buildings during the 10 days of occupation of Goma by the M23 rebels. In addition, the insecurity in town remains worrying.
 
RDC : le trafic a repris à l’aéroport de Goma | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Air traffic resumed on Wednesday 5 December at Goma airport.
 
RDC: le trafic lacustre entre Goma et Bukavu a repris | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Lake traffic between Bukavu (South Kivu) and Goma (North Kivu) resumed on Wednesday 5 December.
 
RDC : les rebelles du M23 toujours à proximité de Goma | 6th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
The rebels of M23, who had agreed last Saturday to withdraw to positions at 20 km further to the North, were still on the outskirts of Goma on Thursday.
 
A la recherche des 1 200 détenus libérés avec la prise de Goma | 7th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
1178 détenus libérés par le M23 de la prison Munzenze à Goma | 7th December 2012 | Digitalcongo.net
What has become of the 1,200 prisoners that escaped when Goma was captured? The Mayor believes they are still all in the city, while civil society actors say that some have been recruited by the rebels.
 
Goma: la Banque centrale a repris ses activités | 8th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
Une vingtaine de militaires rwandais du M23 arrêtés à Goma détenus à Kinshasa | 10th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
About twenty Rwandan soldiers are being held in Kinshasa where they were transferred after their arrest in Goma in the ranks of the M23 rebels who occupied the capital of North Kivu from 20 November to 1 December, lepotentielonline.com learned from corroborating sources.
 
Nord-Kivu : 150 militaires recrutés par le M23 ont été remis à la CIRGL | 11th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
150 Congolese soldiers who had joined the M23 rebellion when that movement entered the town of Goma were released on Monday 10 December at the office of the Joint Mechanism of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR).
 
Uganda Reopens Bunagana Border | 11th December 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
The Ugandan government has reopened its western border post of Bunagana, a month after it had closed it on the request of the Congolese government. Uganda's Defence Minister Crispus Kiyonga told The New Times yesterday that the decision was aimed at allowing resumption of local trade between Uganda and DRC communities.
 
 
UN investigates rapes and other abuses by FARDC & M23
Congo Army Arrests Several for Alleged Rapes | 5th December 2012 | Voice of America
UN investigates rapes in DR Congo unrest | 6th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
UN confirms rapes in DR Congo unrest | 7th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
L'ONU confirme des viols commis par les FARDC près de Goma | 7th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
UN alleges rapes in DR Congo unrest | 8th December 2012 | Al Jazeera
Sud-Kivu : un nouveau parquet militaire installé à Minova | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The United Nations is investigating allegations of rapes and other abuses by DRC troops as they pulled back from advancing rebels. The investigation comes amid claims that dozens of women were raped by government forces in the town of Minova in South Kivu last month. "Preliminary investigations by MONUSCO indicate that several human rights violations, including rape and looting, were committed by FARDC elements (in Minova)," UN deputy spokesman Eduardo del Buey told reporters in New York.
The UN also accused M23 rebels of killing civilians and looting when they took Goma last month. "MONUSCO is also able to confirm several serious human rights violations, including the killing and wounding of civilians as well as looting, committed by the M23 in Goma and surrounding areas," the UN spokesman said. "Investigations into these allegations are ongoing," he said.
 
RDC : le Rhenadhoc accuse le M23 d’assassinats, viols et pillages lors de l’occupation de Goma | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
 
MONUSCO / UN & EU statements
Conférence de presse des Nations Unies du mercredi 5 décembre 2012 | 5th December 2012 | MONUSCO
 
Situation in DR Congo’s Kivu provinces remains fragile, UN reports | 5th December 2012 | UN News Centre
The security and humanitarian situation in the Kivu provinces in eastern DR Congo remains fragile, a United Nations spokesperson said today, adding that the world body is continuing to assist the country on both fronts.
 
DR Congo: UN peacekeeping chief presents Security Council with options after M23 withdrawal from Goma | 7th December 2012 | UN News Centre
Hervé Ladsous présente au Conseil de sécurité plusieurs options pour stabiliser l'est de la RDC | 7th December 2012 | UN News Centre
The United Nations peacekeeping chief said today that the Security Council reacted with “considerable interest” to proposed responses to the recent violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) – including one that would see a new peacekeeping force deployed there in addition to UN peacekeepers. “We have to reflect on the concept for the international neutral force,” said the UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Hervé Ladsous.
 
UN official stresses civilian protection on visit to areas affected by DR Congo violence | 9th December 2012 | UN News Centre
While relief workers in the DR Congo have scaled up assistance to those affected by the recent violence in Goma, the protection of civilians remains a major concern, said a senior United Nations official who toured the area.
 
Council conclusions on the situation in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo | 10th December 2012 | European Union | Reliefweb
Conclusions du Conseil sur la situation dans l'est de la République démocratique du Congo | 10th December 2012 | European Union | allAfrica
L’Union européenne et l’Union africaine plaident pour l’intégrité territoriale de la RDC | 11th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
 
US criticized for feeble action
U.S. Africanists Worry Over Obama's Next Secretary of State | 5th December 2012 | allAfrica
Bloggingheads on Susan Rice's troubles in Africa | 7th December 2012 | Foreign Policy
U.N. Ambassador Questioned on U.S. Role in Congo Violence | 9th December 2012 | The New York Times
Susan Rice and Africa’s Despots | 9th December 2012 | The New York Times
Almost two decades after the Clinton administration failed to intervene in the genocide in Rwanda, the United States is coming under harsh criticism for not moving forcefully in another African crisis marked by atrocities and brutal killings, this time in Rwanda’s neighbor, the Democratic Republic of Congo. While President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton have taken some of the blame, critics of the Obama administration’s Africa policy have focused on the role of Susan E. Rice, the United States ambassador to the United Nations and a leading contender to succeed Mrs. Clinton, in the administration’s failure to take action against the country they see as a major cause of the Congolese crisis, Rwanda.
 
Joint NGO Letter on Congo Crisis to President Obama | 10th December 2012 | The Enough Project
Obama accused of failed policy over Rwanda's support of rebel group | 11th December 2012 | The Guardian
The Enough Project and a coalition of international NGOs call on President Obama to lead  the response on the crisis in eastern Congo and to appoint a special Presidental Envoy to support peace efforts in the region. 
 
The Devastating Crisis in Eastern Congo | 11th December 2012 | U.S. Department of State
Testimony of Johnnie Carson, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs, before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, and Human Rights
White House Defends Low-Key Stance on Rwanda, Congo | 11th December 2012 | Inter Press Service
President Barack Obama’s top diplomat on African affairs on Tuesday defended the U.S. administration’s response to the continued crisis in the DR Congo, in the face of stepped up criticism from both civil society and U.S. lawmakers.
US Legislators Seek Action on Rwanda for Supporting of DR Congo Rebels | 11th December 2012 | Voice of America
A number of U.S. lawmakers are calling on the Obama administration to take tougher action on Rwanda for supporting the M23 rebels who are terrorizing civilians in the eastern Congo.
 
 
Comments & analyses
Bordering On the Dangerous - the Invisible Frontline in North Kivu | 5th December 2012 | ThinkAfricaPress | allAfrica
While international media attention focuses on events in Goma, the political and military landscape of the eastern Congo is changing as Kabila's hold crumbles in North Kivu.
 
Exit strategies out of Goma | 5th December 2012 | Pambazuka News
With the on-going conflict in the DRC with the emergence of Rwanda’s proxy, M23, Theogene Rudasingwa puts forward five exit strategies to facilitate a long-term solution to problems in the region
 
Congo's Weak Peace Process | 6th December 2012 | Council on Foreign Relations
Interview with Jason Stearns, Direct of the Usalama Project at the Rift Valley Institute. "The prospects for a comprehensive deal that would lead to a demobilization and reintegration of the rebels are probably still slim."
 
Kampala: comment parler … du non dit? | 6th December 2012 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
The 7 Deadly Sins of Congo's Peace Process | 7th December 2012 | Foreign Policy
John Prendergast (The Enough Project): “Congo is an object lesson in how not to resolve conflicts. It's time we changed that.”
 
Power Vacuum | 8th December 2012 | The Economist
Although they have handed back a city, the rebels have not faded away.
 
What can we expect from Kampala? | 9th December 2012 | Congo Siasa
The M23 and Congolese government delegation have finally begun negotiations today––it wasn't a very promising start, as both sides led off with accusations. 
 
INSIGHT-Congo army debacle at Goma raises spectre of betrayal 10th December 2012 | Reuters | AlertNet
When Congo's government army retreated in panic from the eastern city of Goma last month, many observers blamed the poor morale and leadership, ill discipline and corruption that have sapped its fighting capacity for years.
 
Goma Tombouctou: la paix introuvable | 11th December 2012 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
 
 
New attacks at Mugunga IDP camp
Nord-Kivu: des hommes en armes blessent 3 enfants à Mugunga | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Unidentified armed men injured three children and pillaged several shelters in the Mugunga 3 IDP camp close to Goma.
 
Goma - Dix-sept cas de viols dans un camp de déplacés en 10 jours | 10th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
In total, Caritas Goma recorded 17 cases of rape perpetrated against displaced women and girls between 20 and 30 December in the Mugunga 3 camp. According to the victims, these deeds bear the signature of unidentified armed men in a region teeming with loyalist soldiers, rebels and Mai-Mai militiamen.
 
Nord-Kivu : nouvelle attaque armée près de Mugunga | 11th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
A woman was raped and a dozen goats taken away by armed men, close to the Muganga IDP camp. This is the fouth attack in the Mugunga – Rusayo sector by armed bandits in one month.
 
 
Sexual violence by army and armed groups in Kivus
DRC: Surge in sexual violence in North Kivu | 6th December 2012 | IRIN
Sexual violence is on the rise as armed groups continue to move across the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC) North Kivu Province, officials say.
 
Grave Human Rights Abuses As Thousands Continue to Flee in South Kivu | 7th December 2012 | UNHCR | allAfrica
Graves abus des droits humains ; des milliers de personnes fuient le Sud-Kivu | 7th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
RDC: de graves exactions se déroulent aussi au Sud-Kivu, prévient le HCR | 10th December 2012 | UN News Centre
Sud-Kivu : les auteurs de violations des droits de l’homme sont plus nombreux, selon une ONG | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Attention has been focused in recent weeks on the power struggle between government troops and M23 rebel forces in DRC's North Kivu province and the massive population displacement and suffering that followed. But terrible things have also been happening in neighbouring South Kivu province and the protection needs there are great. UNHCR and its partners have received reports of serious protection incidents in the region, including rape.
 
Le projet conjoint de prévention des violences sexuelles en phase de prolongation au Kivu | 7th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
 
RDC: l’Onu demande au gouvernement de poursuivre les auteurs des violences sexuelles | 8th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
Sexual Violence Not Just a Weapon of War in DRC | 5th December 2012 | Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) | allAfrica
 
 
Mai-Mai in South Kivu surrendering to FARDC to fight M23
Sud-Kivu: 86 miliciens Maï-Maï se rendent aux FARDC afin de combattre les rebelles du M23 | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Eighty-six Mai-Mai militiamen of the group of colonel Mayele, an FARDC deserter, surrendered to the regular army in Fizi territory, South Kivu.
 
Sud-Kivu : reddition du chef d’une milice Maï-Maï | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Colonel Mukelenge, a deserter from the Congolese army, leader of a Mai-Mai group, surrendered to the FARDC with four of his lieutenants in Baraka, Fizi territory.
 
 
FRPI withdraws from Boga locality in Ituri
Ituri : les militaires congolais tentent de déloger des miliciens FRPI à Boga | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Province Orientale: les FARDC contrôlent la localité de Boga après le retrait des FRPI | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
Following an army offensive, the FRPI militia withdrew from Boga in Irumu territory, Ituri, after an occupation of more than two weeks.
 
 
National Human Rights Commission established
Adoption à la Chambre haute du Parlement du projet de loi portant institution et organisation de la Commission nationale des droits de l’homme, CNDH | 5th December 2012 | ACP | Digitalcongo.net
RDC : bientôt une Commission nationale des droits de l’homme | 7th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese Parliament passed the Act establishing the National Human Rights Commission. This creates an independent body for the promotion and protection of human rights in the DRC.
 
Human Rights Day – Violations of press freedom in 2012
10 décembre 2012 : journée mondiale de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l'Homme : Sous prétexte de la guerre, l'année 2012 a battu le record des atteintes à la presse | 9th December 2012 | Journaliste en danger (JED)
RDC : les atteintes à la liberté de la presse en augmentation en 2012, selon Jed | 10th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
RD Congo : 2012, année "record" des atteintes à la liberté de la presse (ONG) | 10th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
The NGO ‘Journaliste en danger’ (Jed) has identified at least 184 cases of violations of the freedom of the press in 2012, against 160 the previous year.

 
 
 

Central African Republic

UN official condemns violations of 2008 peace agreement for Central African Republic | 10th December 2012 | UN News Centre
A United Nations senior official today condemned all violations of a 2008 peace agreement which helped bring a degree of stability to the Central African Republic (CAR), and urged the peaceful resolution of any disputes there.
 
Central African Republic rebels seize Ndele from army | 11th December 2012 | BBC Africa
RCA : des rebelles s'emparent de 3 villes | 11th December 2012 | BBC Afrique
L’UFDR revendique les attaques de Ndélé, Sam-Ouandja et Ouadda | 11th December 2012 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle
Rebel forces in the Central African Republic (CAR) have captured the key northern town of Ndele following a surprise attack. The rebels say they have also seized two smaller towns, Sam Ouandja and Ouadda. This latest conflict involves a faction of the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR), headed by Michel Djotodia, which accuses President Francois Bozize's government of reneging on a peace accord signed in 2008.
 


 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region


African Union Convention on the Protection of and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons in Africa
UN High Commissioner for Refugees hails “historic” breakthrough on the protection of internally displaced people in Africa | 5th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
The Kampala Convention Enters Into Force Tomorrow | 5th December 2012 | ThinkAfricaPress | allAfrica
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres welcomed the entry into force of an Africa-wide treaty on the protection of internally displaced people. Guterres described the coming into force of the African Union Convention on the Protection of and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (the Kampala Convention) as a breakthrough.
The Kampala Convention is the first international treaty for the protection and assistance of people displaced within their own countries across an entire continent. It imposes on states the obligation to protect and assist persons displaced by natural disasters and man-made actions such as armed conflict.
 
Press Release by the Special Rapporteur on Refugees, Asylum Seekers, Internally Displaced Persons and Migrants in Africa on the Occasion of the Entry into Force of the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa | 6th December 2012 | African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
 
UN praises Africa for leading way with landmark treaty protecting internally displaced people | 6th December 2012 | UN News Centre
Le HCR juge «historique» l'entrée en vigueur d'une Convention pour les personnes déplacés en Afrique | 6th December 2012 | UN News Centre
The United Nations refugee chief today saluted the “historic” entry into force of an Africa-wide treaty – the world’s first – that protects people displaced within their own countries by violence, natural disasters or large-scale development projects.
 
IDPs: African IDP Convention comes into force | 6th December 2012 | IRIN
Entrée en vigueur de la Convention pour les PDIP en Afrique | 9th December 2012 | IRIN
 
A Landmark for Human Rights: The Kampala Convention on Internal Displacement Comes into Effect | 6th December 2012 | Brookings
 
 


DRC 

Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo - Note d'information à la presse, 5 décembre 2012 | 5th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Goma: plus de 200 000 déplacés de guerre vivent dans des conditions difficiles | 5th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
Refugees return to northern Congo, but concerns remain | 5th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 49/12, 05 décembre 2012 | 5th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
DR Congo: worrying situation in North and South Kivu | 6th December 2012 | ICRC | Reliefweb
Situation humanitaire préoccupante dans les Kivu | 6th December 2012 | ICRC | Reliefweb
 
North Kivu Situation Report No. 16, 6 December 2012 | 7th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
IOM Ramps Up Eastern DRC Crisis Response | 7th December 2012 | International Organization for Migration (IOM) | Reliefweb
International Organization of Migration Steps Up Efforts in DRC | 7th December 2012 | Voice of America
 
Howard G. Buffett Foundation To Provide $1 Million To WFP In Support Of Returning Congolese Displaced In North Kivu | 7th December 2012 | WFP | Reliefweb
Howard G. Buffett Foundation Funds Hope in Eastern DRC | 10th December 2012 | WFP | Reliefweb
Buffet offre un million de dollars pour aider au retour des réfugiés | 7th December 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
 
Richard, soldat de onze ans, réapprend à vivre libre | 7th December 2012 | WFP | Reliefweb
 
Help for thousands of people in Goma | 7th December 2012 | ICRC | Reliefweb
 
Grave Human Rights Abuses As Thousands Continue to Flee in South Kivu | 7th December 2012 | UNHCR | allAfrica
Graves abus des droits humains ; des milliers de personnes fuient le Sud-Kivu | 7th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
 
RDC- A Goma, les humanitaires font le bilan humain | 7th December 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
The fall of Goma has displaced 130,000 people.
 
Eastern Province: Caritas and the German Government assist 17,000 displaced persons Bafwasende | 7th December 2012 | Caritas | Reliefweb
 
Goma, l’humanitaire dans une guerre particulière | 8th December 2012 | Le Monde
 
UN official stresses civilian protection on visit to areas affected by DR Congo violence | 9th December 2012 | UN News Centre
 
Humanitarian community continues to roll out aid to people affected by recent events in North Kivu | 9th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
La communaute humanitaire poursuit l’aide aux personnes affectees par les récents evenements au Nord-Kivu | 9th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Many Congolese Still Need Emergency Aid | 10th December 2012 | Voice of America
 
16 Days of Activism: a multiple rape victim faces uncertain future | 10th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
Avenir incertain pour une victime congolaise de viols répétés | 7th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
 
North Kivu Situation Report No. 17, 11 December 2012 | 11th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
République Démocratique du Congo : Plan d'action humanitaire 2013 | 11th December 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

 
 

Uganda

New arrivals, growing needs in Ugandan camp | 5th December 2012 | DanChurchAid | Reliefweb
The continued fighting between forces of the rebel M23 and the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has resulted in growing numbers of Congolese refugees in Uganda and Rwanda.

 
 

Rwanda

Through its early childhood development programme, UNICEF helps build a strong foundation for refugee children at Kigeme camp in Rwanda | 10th December 2012 | UNICEF | Reliefweb
 
 

Burundi 

Burundi’s returning refugees face new challenge of deadly cholera outbreak | 7th December 2012 | IFRC | Reliefweb
 
Un accord pour améliorer le retour des rapatriés de Mtabila | 9th December 2012 | UNDP | Reliefweb
 
UNHCR Burundi bulletin spécial sur Mtabila No. 9 | 11th December 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb

 
 

Other

Zambia
More Refugees Flee DRC Fighting | 10th December 2012 | Times of Zambia | allAfrica
The number of refugees entering Zambia from the DR Congo into Luapula Province has risen to more 900, Defence Minister Geoffrey Mwamba has said.
The refugees are running away from that country to seek solace in Zambia because of intense fighting between the DRC forces and a Mai-Mai rebel group in Katanga province.
 
 

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

Procès Chebeya: la partie civile demande la comparution de 3 policiers en fuite | 6th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
 
 
Bemba Hearings Cancelled This Week | 10th December 2012 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
This week's hearings in the war crimes trial of Jean-Pierre Bemba at the International Criminal Court (ICC) were today cancelled due to the unavailability of witnesses. The court was previously scheduled to sit all of this week.
 

 

Rwanda 

La justice française ordonne au préfet d'accorder un titre de séjour à Agathe Habyarimana | 6th December 2012 | Le Monde
Le préfet a un mois pour délivrer des papiers à Mme Habyarimana | 6th December 2012 | Hirondelle News Agency | allAfrica
A French court has "ordered" the prefect of the Essonne Department to issue a residence permit for Agathe Habyarimana, widow of former Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana, her lawyer said. Mrs Habyarimana, 70 years old, is suspected of involvement in the 1994 genocide.
 
 

 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

DRC 

Logging
RDC: des ONG dénoncent le laxisme de l’Etat vis-à-vis des exploitants forestiers | 8th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese NGOs partners of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) denounced the lack of State control in the exploitation of timber in the provinces of Bas-Congo, Bandundu and Equateur. They presented the results of a study they made on logging in these provinces.
 
 
Mineral smuggling (UN Group of Experts)
Great Lakes: the smuggling circuits | 11th December 2012 | Africa Mining Intelligence
According to a recent report by United Nations experts, the smuggling of Congo-K’s minerals to Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda has increased and serious doubt can be cast on the viability of certification systems operating in those countries.
 


 
 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

DRC

Katanga - ENRC buys out Gertler
ENRC ends Congo mining deal with controversial billionaire Dan Gertler | 9th December 2012 | The Guardian
Miner ENRC buys out Gertler in $550m Congo deal | 10th December 2012 | Reuters | Mining Weekly
ENRC takes full control of Congo venture | 10th December 2012 | The Financial Times
The London-listed Kazach mining company ENRC, battling to clean up its governance record, has tightened its control over copper and cobalt operations in the DRC with a $550 million cash deal that ends its links to the controversial Israeli businessman Dan Gertler.
 
Gertler Earns Billions as Mine Deals Fail to Enrich Congo | 6th December 2012 | Bloomberg
Israeli investor Dan Gertler, a personal friend of Congo President Joseph Kabila, earns billions by secretly buying mining assets at bargain prices from the poorest country on earth.
 
Katanga
Panorama économique: les coupures d’électricité affectent la production des entreprises minières au Katanga | 8th December 2012 | Radio Okapi
The mining companies of Lubumbashi in Katanga attribute the decline in their production since a few months to the shortage of electric power. They blame the national electricity company (Snel) for it.
 
Katanga sees new route to Atlantic | 11th December 2012 | Africa Mining Intelligence
After being denied access for 47 years, the province of Katanga can expect to once again be connected to the Atlantic coast by the end of the year. 
 
Banro
Banro reports increased production at DRC mine | 5th December 2012 | Mining Weekly
Gold junior Banro reported increased production from its Twangiza gold mine, in the troubled DRC, saying that following the reinstatement and upgrade of ball mill No 1 in September, gold production had increased and unit costs had declined.
 
Joint venture Kilo Goldmines Randgold on iron
Kilo Goldmines and Randgold Resources Sign Joint Venture Agreement | 6th December 2012 | Kilo Goldmines Ltd. | Marketwire
Kilo Goldmines Ltd. and Randgold Resources plc announcec that they signed a definitive agreement for a Joint Venture on Kilo's KWR Iron Sprl Exploration licences in the DRC".
 

 

Uganda

Contentious oil bill passed
Oil Bill On the Brink | 6th December 2012 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica
 
Civil Society Warns MPs On Clause Nine of the Petroleum Bill | 6th December 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
 
MPs Stick to Their Guns in Oil Debate | 6th December 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
 
Uganda: Oil Industry Regulations Passed | 7th December 2012 | The New York Times
Lawmakers passed legislation on Friday intended to regulate Uganda’s nascent oil industry, but critics say it gives too much authority over the industry to the nation’s energy minister.
The legislation, which has been debated for more than a year, is meant to pave the way for oil production in Uganda. But Global Witness, a group that highlights the links between the exploitation of natural resources and human rights abuses, said that the new legislation would give the president and his energy minister “total control over the sector” and warned that it would “perpetuate the status quo of secrecy, excessive ministerial control and corruption allegations.”
 
Parliament Finally Passes Petroleum Bill | 7th December | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
Parliament today finally passed the Petroleum (Exploration, Development and Production) Bill, 2012 including the contentious Clause 9 that vests power in the hands of the Minister of Energy and Mineral Development to issue and revoke licenses to companies wishing to do business in the oil and gas sector.
 
How the Oil Bill Was Passed | 8th December 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
 
Controversies Behind Delayed Oil Bill Passing | 9th December 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
 
Uganda Opposition Leader Decries ‘Corrupt’ Oil Bill | 10th December 2012 | Voice of America
The leader of Uganda’s main opposition Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) said corruption in the government of President Yoweri Museveni is pervasive and systemic. Kizza Besigye cited as evidence a petroleum bill passed by the parliament, which gives full powers to the Minister of Petroleum to grant and revoke licenses, as well as negotiate and endorse petroleum agreements.  
 
Seeds of East Africa's Oil Curse May Have Been Planted in Kampala | 10th December 2012 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica
Opinion. As expected, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, in power for 27 years so far, defeated Parliament and the civil society to gain absolute and direct control over oil contracts.
 
It Is Not Only the Minister Who Will Make Oil Licensing Decisions | 10th December 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
 
 
Tullow Oil Denies Exit Talk | 11th December 2012 | East African Business Week | allAfrica
Kampala — Irish firm, Tullow Oil has denied that it is planning to pull out the Uganda oil market because of the delays in resolving outstanding issues in the sector.
 
 
“Only the Brave Talk About Oil”: Human Rights Defenders and the Resource Extraction Industries in Uganda and Tanzania | December 2012 | East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project
Report highlighting the harassment and restrictions of human rights defenders engaging with the resource extraction industries in Uganda & Tanzania.

 
 

Rwanda

Oil prospects
Oil Prospects Gain Momentum | 7th December 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
Prime Minister Pierre Damien Habumuremyi recently told parliament that studies done so far have shown that there are very high prospects of oil deposits in East Kivu Graben region of Rwanda. This is the first ever solid confirmation from government on the stretched exploration activity by the Canadian exploration firm, Vanoil Energy Limited.
 

 
 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 


EITI handbook
New Handbook - Implementing Eiti for Greater Impact | 5th December 2012 | World Bank | allAfrica
The key to leverage extractive resources to attain beneficial development outcomes is to increase accountability and transparency as well as improve governance in the sector. A new publication, ‘Implementing EITI for Impact: A Handbook for Policymakers and Stakeholders’, analyzes the importance of implementing the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) to domestic economies, governance structures, and local populations, and suggests measures to leverage its potential to ensure inclusive growth and sustainable development.
 
UN Forum on Business and Human Rights
UN Forum on Business and Human Rights - Presentations & discussions at first annual Forum (Geneva, 3-5 Dec 2012) | Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
Videos of conference sessions & text of remarks are added here as they become available.
 
UN Forum on Business and Human Rights - Materials launched at first annual Forum (Geneva, 3-5 Dec 2012) | Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
This page includes all materials launched at the UN Forum on Business and Human Rights that we are aware of.
 
Corruption Perceptions Index 2012
Africa: Twelve Countries Rank in Top 75 on Anti-Corruption Index | 6th December 2012 | allAfrica
Twelve African countries are ranked among the 75 least corrupt nations in the world, according to the 2012 index published Wednesday by Transparency International.
Published annually, the Corruption Perceptions Index draws upon a range of data sources to determine how corrupt countries' public sectors are perceived to be.
Cameroun, the Congo Republic (Brazzaville) and the Central African Republic are ranked 144. Angola is 157, DR Congo 160 and Equatorial Guinea 163. Crowding the bottom among the most corrupt in the world are Chad (163), Sudan (173 and Somalia (174 - last).
 
Le pays s'enlise dans la corruption | 5th December 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Rapport de Transparency International sur la corruption : RDC, 160è sur 176 pays | 7th December 2012 | Radio Okapi




DRC

Conflict-Free Smelters
29 Smelters Go Conflict Free, More Help from Aerospace Companies Needed | 11th December 2012 | The Enough Project
Last week, the electronics industry updated its list of audited conflict-free smelters to 29. This is up from 11 smelters in the Conflict-Free Smelter program, or CFS, at the start of 2012—nearly tripling the size of the program over the past year.

 
Dodd-Frank Act, Section 1502
Companies must come clean on conflict minerals lawsuit | 10th December 2012 | Global Witness
On 22 August 2012 the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) published the final rule for Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act. The provision aims to prevent the trade in tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold from fuelling conflict and human rights abuses in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

 
IMF loan suspension
Corruption risks mean the IMF was right to halt Congo loan programme | 5th December 2012 | Global Witness
Bloomberg and Reuters news agencies have reported that the International Monetary Fund has halted its loan programme with the Democratic Republic of Congo because of concerns over transparency in the country's mining sector. While Congo is clearly in desperate need of funds, Global Witness believes that concerns over possible corruption in the country's mining sector were so serious that the IMF was justified in stopping its lending.
 
IMF pulls the plug on DRC | 11th December 2012 | Africa Mining Intelligence
On Dec. 2, the representative of the International Monetary Fund in Kinshasa, Oscar Melhado, announced a suspension of payment of the rest of a $240 million loan to Congo-K under the IMF’s extended credit facility.
 

 
 

IPIS Recent Publications



Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework. 
 
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification. 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 
Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix
On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
 
The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R
In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.
 
From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS
The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up.
 
Guide to Current Mining Reform Initiatives in Eastern DRC | April 2011 | IPIS
US legislation has brought on a variety of initiatives aiming at mining reform in EDRC. This paper describes the basic elements of these initiatives, their genesis, the current state of affairs, the linkages between the initiatives and the main challenges they face. Further, the paper briefly evaluates the initiatives while focussing on the steps ahead.  
  
 
 
 
 
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