|WEEKLY BRIEFING 24TH - 30TH OCTOBER 2012|
IPIS’ Latest Publications
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
Refugee and IDP Reports
Justice and Tribunals
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
IPIS Recent publications
In Goma, North Kivu, last week the Ministers of Defence of the Great Lakes region discussed the operationalisation of the international neutral force that is meant to be deployed along the border between Rwanda and the DRC. A few days earlier in Brussels, Congo’s Prime Minister Matata Ponyo doubted the possibility of a regional solution to the conflict in eastern DRC, calling it “almost hypothetical”.
On the ground no clashes between the Congolese army and the M23 rebels, but an incident with soldiers thinking they were attacked by M23 left several people dead.
In the Virunga National Park, Mai-Mai fighters ambushed a patrol and killed two park rangers and a soldier.
Shocking news again came from the areas in Ituri and North Kivu where the Mai-Mai militiamen of Chief Morgan and his Pygmy lieutenant Manu keep on terrorising the population.
In Bukavu, South Kivu, the renowned gynaecologist and human rights activist Dr Mukwege escaped an attack at his home and was brought to safety in Burundi.
The Burundian rebels of FNL created havoc in the south of South Kivu.
A report by the Enough Project draws the attention to the illegal gold trade in eastern DRC, which is now financing more than other minerals rebels and army commanders.
Global Witness published a report on the widespread illegal logging and timber trade in the DRC.
In the upcoming revision of the DRC mining code, Congo’s government wants a bigger share in mining projects.
Rwanda’s High Court sentenced leading opposition politician Victoire Ingabire to eight years in prison for conspiracy against the authorities through terrorism and war, and denial of the genocide.
A Code of Conduct for Arms Transport by Air. Transport Services under an Arms Trade Treaty Series | August 2012 | IPIS
This report is a discussion of some key considerations for the development of a Cargo Industry Voluntary Code of Conduct relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment (ACI Code). The purpose of such a Code is to encourage as many aviation companies and other actors as possible in the air cargo industry to adhere to existing and new standards relating to the transport of arms, ammunition and other military equipment
Rough Seas. Maritime Transport and Arms Shipments | July 2012 | IPIS
As stated by the authors in their report “Transparency and Accountability” (February 2012), the Chairman’s Draft Paper (14 July 2011) presented by the Arms Trade Treaty's Preparatory Committee (ATT PrepCom), included within the ATT’s scope certain “services”, such as transport and brokering. However, no provision has been envisaged for the monitoring or ATT-related regulation of arms transport services. Monitoring transport services may be key to implementing and enforcing the Arms Trade Treaty. This report will demonstrate how arms shipments may be monitored and reported where there is a substantial risk that the shipments could contribute to fuelling conflict, repressive state practices, and other human rights abuses. The report provides examples of the monitoring of actual conventional arms shipments to Egypt and Syria in 2011 and 2012, and of suspected conventional arms shipments to Syria in 2012. It also shows that where there is an open society, or at least a fair degree of access to government activities, arms transfers can be monitored and discussed without jeopardizing legitimate security policies.
Upstream Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Cycle 2 Interim Progress Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | May 2012 | OECD – IPIS
The following report is the second in a cycle of three on upstream companies’ implementation of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten to the OECD’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The objective is to report on progress made by upstream companies in their implementation of due diligence, with a focus on current practices and experiences in developing systems and processes for the implementation of the Five-Step OECD Framework.
Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region.
International force against armed groups in Eastern DRC (ICGLR)
RDC-Rwanda: un plan d’opérationnalisation de la force neutre adopté à Goma | 26th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Defence Ministers of the member states of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) adopted the operationalisation plan of the international neutral force that is to be deployed on the border between the DRC and Rwanda to fight the armed groups.
Kinshasa annonce la nomination « dans un bref délai » du commandant de la force internationale neutre | 26th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
The DRC Defence Minister announced that the heads of State of the Great Lakes region will appoint “within a short time” the commander of the International neutral force and his deputy.
Guerre dans l'est - la SADC prête à participer à la force neutre | 27th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
The States of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are ready to take part in the international neutral force that will be deployed in eastern DRC.
Rébellion du M23 : les parlementaires de la CIRGL préconisent des solutions diplomatique et politique | 30th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
La solution de la crise en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) passe uniquement par la voie diplomatique et politique, a déclaré mardi 30 octobre à Kinshasa, le secrétaire général du forum des parlements de la Conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs (CIRGL), Higiro Prosper.
Military cooperation in East Africa (EAC)
Defence Minister Calls for Strong Regional Military Cooperation | 27th October 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
The EAC military cooperation should be taken as a key ingredient in the regional integration process, Defence Minister Gen James Kabarebe said yesterday.
He was closing the regional military training that has been ongoing for the last two weeks at Rwanda Military Academy-Gako.
EAC Beefs Up Early Warning Systems | 27th October 2012 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica
EAC Strengthens Early Warning Systems Amid Security Challenges | 28th October 2012 | Tanzania Daily News
In an effort to improve regional peace and security mechanisms, the East African Community is beefing up its Early Warning unit and mediation capacity.
Violence by Mai-Mai of Morgan in Province Orientale & North Kivu
Province Orientale : un chef coutumier décapité par les Maï-Maï de Manu à Lumu | 30th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Mai-Mai fighters of Manu, the Pygmy lieutenant of militia chief Paul Sadala alias Morgan, reportedly beheaded a customary chief, in front of the population of his village, close to Mangurejipa in North Kivu.
Province orientale : le chef des Walesse-Karo menacé de mort par les Maï-Maï de Morgan | 30th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
The chief of Walese-Karo chefferie in Mambasa territory, Province Orientale, has sougth refuge in Bunia, claiming he received death threats from the militiamen of Paul Sadala alias Morgan, for opposing poaching in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve.
Congo-Kinshasa: Le M23 en ordre de bataille | 28th October 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
No fighting is going on between the army and the rebellion which destabilises since May the East of the DRC. But the M23 hold manoeuvres and and say they are ready to hold off the enemy.
L'UDPS dément tout contact avec le M23 | 26th October 2012 | Le Phare | allAfrica
Opposition party UDPS strongly denies being in contact with the M23 rebel movement.
Nord-Kivu - Le M23 continue d'insécuriser des zones sous son contrôle | 25th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
According to MONUSCO, the M23 rebels commit rape, kidnapping, arbitrary detention, illegal taxation, acts of banditism and pillage.
Le M23 défait à Kilolirwe | 25th October 2012 | Le Phare | allAfrica
On 17 October, the FARDC repelled an attack of the M23 against their positions in Kilolirwe, 30 km from Sake on the road Sake – Kitchanga, MONUSCO said.
Conflict in the Kivus - UN Report Leaves Peace Process in Uncertain Position | 25th October 2012 | ThinkAfricaPress | allAfrica
Kampala — A leaked United Nations report accusing Rwanda and Uganda of supporting M23 may undermine regional peace talks.
RDC - Julien Paluku : "Le M23 rançonne les opérateurs économiques" | 24th October 2012 | Jeune Afrique
Interview with the Governor of North Kivu province. Julien Paluku talks about his recent decisions to combat crime in Goma and about the rebels of the Revolutionary Army of Congo (ARC), ex-M23, menacing the city.
RDC : Matata Ponyo juge «presqu’hypothétique» une solution régionale de la crise de l’Est | 24th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo judges “almost hypothetical” the possibility of a regional solution to the crisis in the East of the DRC, since some actors in the subregion of the Great Lakes are implicated in the war.
Deadly incident west of Goma, North Kivu
RDC : combats à l’arme lourde à l’ouest de Goma-Romandie | 29th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
RDC : 4 morts dans un échange de tirs entre FARDC à Sake | 29th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Gunfire in DR Congo due to 'drunk soldiers': army | 29th October 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC: 4 morts dimanche dans des tirs dus à une confusion entre soldats (officier) | 29th October 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Nord-Kivu: après l’échange des tirs à Sake, des officiers des FARDC interpellés | 30th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
RDCongo: 4 officiers arrêtés après les tirs meurtriers de dimanche | 30th October 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
A shooting incident among FARDC in Sake, North Kivu, left four dead and 19 wounded. Apparently two drunken soldiers shooting during a fight made other military think they were being attacked by M23.
Renowned activist against sexual violence attacked in Bukavu
PHR Urges DRC Government to Protect Hospital Director After Violent Attack | 25th October 2012 | Physicians for Human Rights | allAfrica
RDC : des hommes armés attaquent la résidence du docteur Mukwege à Bukavu | 26th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Noted Women’s Rights Activist in Congo Eludes Group of Gunmen | 26th October 2012 | The New York Times
Denis Mukwege: DR Congo anti-rape doctor attacked | 26th October 2012 | BBC Africa
UN chief condemns attack on home of renowned doctor in eastern DR Congo | 26th October 2012 | UN News Centre
Congolese doctor who worked with rape victims survives murder attempt | 26th October 2012 | The Guardian
Dr Denis Mukwege: we have few heroes in this world. He is one | 26th October 2012 | The Guardian
Activist, Prominent Doctor Denis Mukwege Targeted in Congo Attack | 26th October 2012 | The Enough Project
Le Dr Denis Mukwege échappe à la mort | 26th October 2012 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Govt Must Investigate Assassination Attempt On Activist Dr Denis Mukwege | 26th October 2012 | Amnesty International | allAfrica
Attack on Congolese doctor sparks outrage from UN envoy on sexual violence in conflict | 27th October 2012 | UN News Centre
Attempted Murder of DRC Healer and Hero | 28th October 2012 | Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa | allAfrica
A leading human rights activist from the Democratic Republic of Congo said on Friday that he had narrowly escaped what appeared to be an assassination attempt when gunmen infiltrated his home, took his children hostage and killed a security guard in a spray of bullets before fleeing in the family car.
Dr. Mukwege is a world-renowned obstetric surgeon who is founder and medical director of Panzi Hospital in Bukavu, where he and his staff have helped treat over 30,000 survivors of sexual violence.
RDC: le Docteur Mukwege évacué de Bukavu « pour des raisons de sécurité », assurent ses proches | 27th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Le Dr Mukwege se trouve au Burundi | 28th October 2012 | Le Soir
RDC: le Dr Mukwege en sécurité au Burundi, pourrait venir en Belgique -RTBF | 28th October 2012 | RTBF | Radio Okapi
Congo-Kinshasa: L'émotion toujours vivace à Bukavu après l'agression d'un «homme de paix» | 29th October 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
The Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs said that Dr Mukwege is safe in Burundi and could go to Belgium.
Mai-Mai kill 3 in Virunga National Park, North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : les miliciens Maï-Maï tuent 3 membres d’une patrouille mixte ICCN-FARDC | 25th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Rebels kill two park rangers in eastern Congo | 26th October 2012 | Reuters Africa
Virunga National Park: DR Congo rangers killed | 26th October 2012 | BBC Africa
8 Killed in Clash at DRC's Virunga National Park | 26th October 2012 | Voice of America
Eight killed in militia attack at DR Congo wildlife reserve | 26th October 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
RDC : 8 morts lors d'une attaque de miliciens dans le parc des Virunga | 26th October 2012 | AFP | Reliefweb
Two park rangers and a soldier were killed in a firefight with local Mai-Mai in the Virunga National Park on the western side of Lake Edward, near the border with Uganda. Five rebels were also killed in the attack in the park, which is one of the world's last refuges for mountain gorillas.
Nord-Kivu : les FARDC délogent les Maï-Maï à Kanzama | 30th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
The Congolese military attacked and chased Mai-Mai rebels from a village on the shores of Lake Edward.
Mai-Mai Nyatura to be integrated into army
Nord-Kivu: environ 1 000 ex-miliciens Maï-Maï Nyatura en voie d’intégration dans l’armée | 24th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
About a thousand ex-combatants of the Nyatura Mai-Mai group from Kalehe territory, South Kivu, will soon be integrated into the army.
MCC rebels surrender in Uvira, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: 30 miliciens se rendent aux FARDC | 28th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
An officer and 29 elements of MCC, a new militia operating in Uvira territory, surrendered to the FARDC.
Burundi FNL in Uvira, South Kivu
Sud-Kivu : des rebelles burundais incendient 300 cases à Uvira, 7 morts | 29th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Burundi rebels of the FNL killed seven people and set on fire 300 straw houses in ten villages in Uvira territory.
Sud-Kivu : un groupe d’auto-défense libère 4 personnes enlevées par le FNL | 24th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
An self-defence group rescued four boys that had been kidnapped by FNL in Uvira.
Military operation in Fizi, South Kivu
Fizi/Kivu : Tahazari, nouvelle opération militaire contre les groupes armés | 26th October 2012 | L’Observateur | Digitalcongo.net
The FARDC and MONUSCO launched a new joint military operation, called Taharazi (Alert), against the armed groups operating in Fizi territory.
UN destroys arms in Goma
Nord-Kivu : 242 armes légères détruites par l’UNMacc à Goma | 27th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
In Goma, North Kivu, the UN Mine Action Coordination Centre (UNMACC) destroyed 242 small arms and light weapons, mostly from ex-FDLR combatants.
Fighting sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo | 26th October 2012 | UNDP | Reliefweb
A United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) project in the Kivus and Ituri Districts, part of a broader Access to Justice Programme in DRC, is hoping to restore trust in the justice system; provide better access to justice, safety and security for victims of sexual violence; train police to investigate and the judiciary to prosecute those responsible; raise awareness about rights; and documenting the many crimes committed.
UPDF Overruns Al-Shabaab Hideout | 25th October 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
The Uganda contingent of the African Union forces in Somalia has raided an al-Shabaab hideout in the thickets of Albao, 20km north-west of Mogadishu, seizing several military hardware and items used for terrorism attacks.
Uganda mulls peacekeeping missions after UN Congo charges | 25th October 2012 | Reuters Africa
Uganda will reassess its military and peacekeeping operations in regional hotspots, a government minister said on Thursday, after the United Nations accused it and neighbouring Rwanda of backing Congolese rebels.
Britain Criticized For Rwanda Aid Donation | 24th October 2012 | Voice of America
Reprise de l'aide publique de la Grande-Bretagne au Rwanda - l'opposition britannique crie au scandale | 25th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Human rights groups have criticized Britain for handing the Rwandan government $26 million in aid, after most international donors had frozen payments because of allegations that Rwanda was supporting a rebellion in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The British donation has been caught up in a political scandal in London.
Blood stains Rwanda's seat in the UN | 25th October 2012 | European Voice
The EU could – and should – do more to hold Rwanda to account for fuelling the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
New armed group
L'armée burundaise aux prises avec de nouveaux groupes rebelles dans le nord du pays | 25th October 2012 | RFI
The Burundi army is confronting a new armed group in the northwest of the country. The otherwise unknown group launches its attacks from neighbouring DRC.
Burundi: Bye-bye Arusha? | 25th October 2012 | International Crisis Group
Africa Report N°192. Although the institutions are functioning and the government has been priding itself on its development and security achievements, Burundi is regressing.
Geneva conference on development in Burundi
Burundi: Make Human Rights a Conference Priority | 26th October 2012 | Human Rights Watch
The Burundian government and partners attending a conference on development in Burundi should make human rights issues a top priority. The conference in Geneva on October 29 and 30, 2012, will bring together representatives of the Burundian government, foreign governments, donor agencies, and others.
Central African Republic: Victims cry foul over Uganda’s LRA strategy | 30th October 2012 | IRIN
Uganda’s practice of pardoning and then integrating into its military captured or surrendered members of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), getting them to hunt down their former comrades-in-arms, has come in for criticism by civilians affected by the rebel group in the Central African Republic (CAR).
Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region
What Does the Kampala Convention on Internal Displacement in Africa Mean for Housing, Land and Property Restitution? | 25th October 2012 | Brookings
Central Africa: Humanitarian presence in the LRA-affected region (October 2012) | 24th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Central African Republic: Humanitarian presence in bordering regions (October 2012) | 24th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Action humanitaire en Province Orientale - Rapport mensuel septembre 2012 | 29th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
R.D. Congo - Quel quotidien et quel avenir pour les déplacés ? | 25th October 2012 | Première Urgence – Aide Médicale Internationale | Reliefweb
DRC Humanitarian Crisis Growing Severe - OCHA | 25th October 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
Nord-Kivu: des déplacés affluent vers Sake | 25th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Sud-Kivu - 5.000 déplacés victimes d'insécurité alimentaire à Uvira | 25th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord Kivu N° 38/12, 24 octobre 2012 | 24th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Bulletin d'information humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 43/12, 24 octobre 2012 | 24th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de Orientale N° 39/12, 23 octobre 2012 | 24th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de l’Equateur N° 41/12, 24 octobre 2012 | 24th October 2012 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Brazzaville : le HCR a rapatrié plus de 30 000 Congolais de la RDC en 5 mois | 30th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Burundi struggles to cope with Congolese influx | 24th October 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
Le Burundi fait face à l'afflux de Congolais | 24th October 2012 | UNHCR | Reliefweb
Le HCR épaule le Burundi pour faire face à l'afflux de réfugiés en provenance de RDC | 25th October 2012 | UN News Centre
While tens of thousands of Congolese refugees have fled to Uganda and Rwanda since April, a smaller but significant number of frightened civilians have been fleeing from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and seeking shelter in Burundi.
Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region
Procès Chebeya en appel: le général John Numbi ne comparaîtra pas | 24th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Procès Chebeya: Numbi ne comparaîtra pas | 24th October 2012 | BBC Afrique
Procès Chebeya - Inculpation du général John Numbi : les requêtes des parties civiles rejetées | 24th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Affaire Chebeya - «La justice est en train d'organiser un procès crédible» | 25th October 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Procès Chebeya : la Haute cour militaire refuse la liberté provisoire au Colonel Daniel Mukalay | 25th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | Digitalcongo.net
Procès Chebeya - Matata « ne voit pas la relation entre le chef de l'etat et un citoyen en rapport avec la police » | 25th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Affaire Chebeya : une étrange vidéo pour décrédibiliser le témoignage de Paul Mwilambwe | 26th October 2012 | RFI
Procès Chebeya en appel: «Les Amis de Nelson Mandela» récuse la justice congolaise | 27th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Affaire Chebeya - les défenseurs des droits humains en appellent aux instances internationales | 27th October 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Procès Chebeya - Les ONGDH retirent leurs avocats pour non implication de John Numbi | 30th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
L'affaire Chebeya bientôt devant les juridictions insternationales | 29th October 2012 | Le Phare | allAfrica
ICC trial against Bemba
Patassé Cited in MLC Command | 24th October 2012 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
RDC: la juge Fatumata Diara de la CPI déplore le retard enregistré dans le procès Bemba | 25th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Command Structure Dominates Bemba Trial This Week | 26th October 2012 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
Witness Denies Being Paid to Testify for Bemba | 26th October 2012 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
New Defense Witness Gives All Evidence in Closed Session | 29th October 2012 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
Witness Denies Being Coached By Bemba's Lawyers | 30th October 2012 | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
Victoire Ingabire sentenced to 8 years in prison
Rwanda's High Court on Tuesday sentenced a leading opposition politician to eight years in prison. Victoire Ingabire, leader of the unregistered FDU-Inkingi party, had faced six charges and was found guilty of two: “conspiracy in harming authorities through terrorism and war" and denial of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. Ingabire had pleaded not guilty. She was accused of transferring money to FDLR Hutu rebels and of questioning why no Hutu victims were mentioned in a genocide memorial.
Rwandan opposition politician jailed for eight years | 30th October 2012 | Reuters Africa
Rwanda Opposition Leader Sentenced to 8 Years | 30th October 2012 | The New York Times
Rwanda : l'opposante Ingabire condamnée à huit ans de prison ferme | 30th October 2012 | Le Monde Afrique
Huit ans de prison ferme pour l'opposante victoire ingabire | 30th October 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Rwanda: Victoire Ingabire condamnée à 8 ans de prison | 30th October 2012 | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
Eight Years for Victoire Ingabire | 30th October 2012 | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
Rwanda jails opposition leader for 'treason' | 30th October 2012 | Al Jazeera
Rwandan opposition leader jailed for treason | 30th October 2012 | The Guardian
Rwanda: Eight-Year Sentence for Opposition Leader | 30th October 2012 | Human Rights Watch
Rwanda : Une peine de huit années d’emprisonnement est prononcée contre une dirigeante de l’opposition | 30th October 2012 | Human Rights Watch
Victoire Ingabire condamnée | 30th October 2012 | BBC Afrique
Rwandan opposition leader Victoire Ingabire jailed | 30th October 2012 | BBC Africa
Ingabire Handed Eight Years | 30th October 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
Victoire Ingabire Sentenced to Eight Years in Prison | 30th October 2012 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica
Rwandan Minister Defends Ingabire 8-Year Prison Sentence | 31st October 2012 | Voice of America
Ingabire Sentenced to Eight Years in Prison | 31st October 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
Genocide suspect arrrested in DRC
Genocide Suspect Arrested in DRC | 25th October 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
RDC/Rwanda - Un suspect de génocide rwandais arrêté en RDCongo | 26th October 2012 | Hirondelle News Agency
RDC : un présumé génocidaire rwandais arrêté par Interpol | 27th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Genocide conviction in Finland
Finnish Court Upholds Pastor Life Sentence | 24th October 2012 | Hirondelle News Agency | allAfrica
La perpetuité confirmée pour un pasteur baptiste vivant en Finlande | 24th October 2012 | Hirondelle News Agency | allAfrica
Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.
8th African Development Forum
Recipes for Overturning Africa’s Resource Curse to Blessing | 24th October 2012 | African Development Bank Group
Africans Come Together to Benefit from Their Own Natural Resources | 25th October 2012 | Voice of America
Delegates from around Africa wrapped up the 8th African Development Forum, ADF, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on Thursday, October 25. African countries were called on to harness their abundant natural resources for the sustainability of economies and the empowerment of the people of the continent.
‘Conflict gold’ financing armed groups in eastern DRC
From Child Miner to Jewelry Store: The Six Steps to Conflict Gold in Congo | 25th October 2012 | The Enough Project
RDC: le trafic d’or nourrit la guerre | 25th October 2012 | BBC Afrique
Un réseau de contrebande minière signalé dans l’Est de la Rdc | 25th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | Digitalcongo.net
Nord-Kivu : Exploitation illégale des minerais par le M23 qui contrôle les mines d’or | 26th October 2012 | Le Phare | Digitalcongo.net
L'ONG américaine Enough accuse le M23 de trafic d'« or de sang » au Nord-kivu | 26th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
The conflict-gold rush is thriving in eastern Congo. Recent U.S. legislation and supply-chain pressure from tech companies has made it difficult for armed groups in the region to sell the 3-T minerals—tin, tantalum, and tungsten—and as a result, rebels and army commanders have increasingly turned to gold. In a report released today, the Enough Project looks at the illegal conflict-gold trade in eastern Congo that is fueling one of the most violent conflicts in the world. The paper traces the gold trade industry from mines in eastern Congo into its final form: jewelry or gold bars sold to consumers worldwide.
Opaque Chinese gold mining companies in Ituri
Province Orientale : une entreprise chinoise sommée d’arrêter l’exploitation de l’or à Irumu | 27th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Province Orientale: des sociétés chinoises accusées d’exploiter illégalement de l’or à Irumu | 26th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
Local authorities in Ituri are ordering a Chinese gold mining company to stop its activities and three others to regularise their situation, because they are working in “total opacity”.
Widespread abuse of logging permits opens up Congo’s forests to more destruction | 25th October 2012 | Global Witness
L’utilisation abusive généralisée des permis de coupe expose les forêts du Congo à un risque croissant de destruction | 25th October 2012 | Global Witness
Global Witness dénonce le pillage des forêts de la RDC | 25th October 2012 | Radio Okapi
'Wild West' timber trade threatening Congo forests – Global Witness | 26th October 2012 | Reuters | Engineering News
Exploitation illégale des forêts : agents de l’Etat et exploitants industriels indexés | 27th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | Digitalcongo.net
Congo-Kinshasa: Une Ong dénonce les pratiques illégales de l'exploitation des forêts | 28th October 2012 | RFI | allAfrica
Mise en place d’une commission interne pour examiner les différents permis de coupe de bois | 29th October 2012 | Digitalcongo.net
Industrial logging companies and officials are systematically abusing community logging permits in order to bypass the Democratic Republic of Congo’s freeze on new logging concessions, says a new report by Global Witness. The “Artisanal Logging Permits” are designed to allow Congolese communities to carry out small-scale logging in their forests. But in practice, they are being used by foreign loggers to exploit Congo’s forests on an industrial scale, primarily for buyers in China.
DRC Revises Land Policy | 26th October 2012 | Voice of America
GOMA — Farmers organizations have been meeting in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo to discuss changes to the country’s land law, which is being revised. Experts say the current law, mainly dating from colonial times, is out of date and failing to prevent conflict. The land problems are acute in the country's North Kivu province.
Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region
Africa: Managing Risks in the Extractive Industries | 25th October 2012 | African Arguments | allAfrica
ANALYSIS. Rising demand fuelled by emerging countries, most notoriously China and India, has led to increased competition for natural resources. Despite recurrent volatility in the markets, the trend is a rise in prices, oil being the prime example. In this context, frontiers have disappeared and previously overlooked regions, which include Western and Central Africa, constitute the new El Dorados.
Congo Government Wants 35% of Mining Projects in Code Revisions | 30th October 2012 | Bloomberg
DR Congo says seeks bigger stake in mine projects | 30th October 2012 | Reuters Africa
Miners rattled by DR Congo plan to raise stakes | 31st October 2012 | Reuters | Mining Weekly
Democratic Republic of Congo will seek to raise its stake in new mining projects to 35 percent in a revised mining code, up from 5 percent now, the country's top mining official said on Tuesday.
Telferscot Resources Provides Operational Update on Copper Exploration in the Democratic Republic of Congo | 29th October 2012 | Marketwire
Telferscot Resources Inc. provides an operational update for its Kolwezi Project situated in the copper-cobalt rich Kolwezi District located in Katanga Province.
Diamant : l’Etat investit dans l’ex-Sengamines | 29th October 2012 | L’Avenir | Digitalcongo.net
The State will fund the construction of a hydroelectric power plant and a modern factory for the treatment of diamonds in Kasai Oriental Province.
Additional Drilling Results at Africo's Kalukundi Copper-Cobalt Project | 25th October 2012 | Marketwire
Africo Resources Ltd. reports that the resource drilling at its Kalukundi property has been completed and results for much of the drilling undertaken on the Anticline Fragment have been received and assessed.
Loncor Resources Reports Further Drill Intersections at Its Ngayu Project in DRC | 25th October 2012 | Marketwire
Loncor Resources Inc. announces further core drilling results at the company's Makapela and Itali prospects, Ngayu Gold Project, northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Congo’s Gecamines Plans 500 Megawatt Coal-Fired Plant | 24th October 2012 | Bloomberg
Gecamines, Democratic Republic of Congo’s state-owned copper miner, will build a 500-megawatt coal-fired plant to help mining companies address electricity shortages, Chief Executive Officer Ahmed Kalej Nkand said.
Mills head to Kibali as development progresses | Randgold Resources Ld | Marketwire
Indicative of the steady progress being made with the development of the Kibali gold project, two giant 7 megawatt mills are currently being trucked halfway across Africa, from the east coast port of Mombasa to the mine site at Doko in the north east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Kibali mine will be one of the largest of its kind in Africa when it pours its first gold, scheduled for the end of 2013.
Dig Oil the president's pet | 24th October 2012 | Africa Energy Intelligence
The firm Dig Oil has succeeded in starting the first-ever exploration campaign in the huge central basin without officially winning a permit.
La Corée du Sud manifeste son intérêt pour le pétrole de la Cuvette centrale | 24th October 2012 | Le Potentiel | Digitalcongo.net
South Korea is interested in the DRC’s mineral oil, particularly in the Central Basin.
Uganda: Battle Over National Oil Company Reveals Strains of the Sector | 29th October 2012 | African Arguments | allAfrica
Uganda's Oil Is Taking Too Long to Flow | 27th October 2012 | The Star | allAfrica
Nile Powers Uganda Slowly | 24th October 2012 | IPS
Uganda is facing the unwelcome possibility of increased costs for building a projected 600-megawatt hydropower plant at the Karuma Falls, on the Victoria Nile, owing to construction delays.
Karuma Dam Project Back on Course | 24th October 2012 | The New Vision | allAfrica
Solomon Signs Formal Option Agreement on Rwanda Property; Balance of Unit Private Placement to be Completed | 26th October 2012 | Marketwire
Solomon Resources Limited reports it has signed a definitive agreement whereby it has been granted an option to acquire 100% of the Rurembo Property, a prospecting licence for tin, tantalum, niobium and tungsten covering approximately 1,000 square kilometers in the Republic of Rwanda.
Angelique on Kabu 16 at last | 24th October 2012 | Africa Energy Intelligence
A go-ahead from lenders and backing from India have combined to clear the way for a dam project on the Kaburantwa river.
Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region
Transparency and conflict mineral reporting
Oil Company Lawsuit Against US Securities and Exchange Commission Threatens Global Transparency Initiative | 24th October 2012 | Publish What You Pay USA
EITI makes partial progress despite Big Oil resistance to contract and project level disclosure | 30th October 2012 | Global Witness
The international board of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) made partial progress to strengthen the initiative during its meeting in Lusaka, Zambia on October 25-26th. While the EITI Board agreed to expand EITI’s reporting requirements, extractive industry companies continued to block the inclusion of transparency of resource contracts and project level payments. This comes at a time when the European Union (EU) Council agreed on October 26th to include project level reporting in transparency directives designed to mirror U.S. law.
U.S. Companies Making Strides to be Conflict-free in Congo, Despite Industry Lawsuit | 24th October 2012 | The Enough Project
ICGLR Regional Initiative on Natural Resources
Regional Countries Urged to Streamline Mining Trade | 30th October 2012 | The New Times | allAfrica
Countries from the region have been asked to implement the six tools put in place to guide the exploration of mineral resources under the Regional Initiative on Natural Resources (RINR). The six specific tools were put in place to curb the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the Great Lakes Region, and were approved by all 11 member states of the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR).
U.S. Companies Making Strides to be Conflict-free in Congo, Despite Industry Lawsuit | 24th October 2012 | The Enough Project
'Zambia's Transparency On Mining Revenue Good' | 27th October 2012 | Times of Zambia | allAfrica
Govt to Introduce Law On Extractive Industries 30th October 2012 | Times of Zambia | allAfrica
Government will introduce an Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) Act that will compel all mining firms operating in Zambia to disclose their production figures and all material payments they make.
The legal framework will among other things compel all mining companies including Gemstone and small-scale miners to disclose their production and payments made to Government to promote transparency and accountability.
AngloGold says Tanzania law changes worry investors | 29th October 2012 | Mining Weekly
Tanzania should stick to existing agreements in the fast-growing mining sector or investors will lose confidence, the company which owns the country's biggest gold mine, said on Saturday.
Major international miners are still in talks with the government two years after it passed mining legislation that included a rise in royalties on gold exports to 4% of gross value from 3% of netback value.
Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS
Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification.
Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS
Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.
Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS
IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS
Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER
In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series
Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix
On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R
In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.
From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS
The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up.
Guide to Current Mining Reform Initiatives in Eastern DRC | April 2011 | IPIS
US legislation has brought on a variety of initiatives aiming at mining reform in EDRC. This paper describes the basic elements of these initiatives, their genesis, the current state of affairs, the linkages between the initiatives and the main challenges they face. Further, the paper briefly evaluates the initiatives while focussing on the steps ahead.
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